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Bolliger D - - 2007
We determined the accuracy of two transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring systems (SenTec Digital Monitor with V-Sign Sensor and TOSCA 500 with TOSCA Sensor 92) for the measurement of single values and trends in the arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide in 122 adult patients during major surgery and in 50 ...
McIntyre Alyssa R - - 2007
We developed a CO2 euthanasia system that functions as an individually ventilated caging system and that accommodates the simultaneous euthanasia of as many as 70 cages of mice. The automated, logic-controlled system allows euthanasia of mice in their home cage, provides consistent and reproducible delivery of CO2, permits visualization of ...
Desmarchelier Marion - - 2007
The relationship between end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PETCO2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), and blood pH in isoflurane-anesthetized raptors was evaluated. PaCO2 and pH were determined in serial arterial samples from isoflurane anesthetized birds and compared with concurrent end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide measured with ...
Yilmaz Nevin - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study was designed to observe the acute alterations between lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and intraabdominal pressure (IAP) in patients undergoing diagnostic laparoscopy. METHODOLOGY: Eleven patients (7 Male), aged 49 fitting the criteria for manometric research and diagnostic laparoscopy were studied. To measure the IAP in sterile conditions a ...
Demiroluk Sener - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of acute respiratory acidosis on serum potassium level during laparoscopy. The study was performed on ninety patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery. Ventilation parameters were kept constant throughout the study. Samples for assessment of blood gases were collected in the ...
Valverde Alexander - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac output (CO) measured by use of the partial carbon dioxide rebreathing method (NICO) or lithium dilution method (LiDCO) in anesthetized foals. SAMPLE POPULATION: Data reported in 2 other studies for 18 neonatal foals that weighed 32 to 61 kg. PROCEDURES: Foals were anesthetized and instrumented to ...
Saharay Moumita - - 2007
The effect of pressure on supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) has been characterized by using Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations. Structural and dynamical properties along an isotherm of 318.15 K and at pressures ranging from 190 to 5000 bar have been obtained. Intermolecular pair correlation functions and three-dimensional atomic probability density map ...
Bäumchen Carsten - - 2007
The effect of increased dissolved carbon dioxide concentrations on growth of Corynebacterium glutamicum was studied with continuous turbidostatic cultures. The carbon sources were either l-lactate or d-glucose. To increase the dissolved carbon dioxide concentration the carbon dioxide partial pressure of the inlet gas stream pCO2,IN was increased stepwise from 0.0003 ...
Staffieri Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Carbon dioxide (CO2) embolism is a possible complication of capnoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery. Experimentally induced venous CO2 embolism has been studied in pigs. In this paper we report a case of spontaneous CO2 embolism. OBSERVATIONS: A 4-month-old Large White pig weighing 20 kg underwent experimental laparoscopic surgery under general ...
Holser Ronald Alan - - 2007
Vegetable oils are important substrates for the development of biobased products that may replace products derived from petroleum. Carbonated methyl soyates were prepared at atmospheric pressures from epoxy methyl soyate by the introduction of carbon dioxide at the oxirane position. Carbonation was performed by sparging carbon dioxide gas through the ...
Mallick A - - 2007
A neurosurgical patient who required repeated surgery for intracranial haematoma developed acute respiratory distress syndrome. Raised intracranial pressure proved difficult to manage whilst attempting to maintain optimal gas exchange. The resultant arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide remained unacceptably high, and treatment by extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal was started. A ...
Jacobs Volker R - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare 5 laparoscopic insufflators with different gas flow rates with regard to accuracy of preset pressure setting versus real intraoperative intraabdominal pressure. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Fayette Medical Center, Alabama. PATIENTS: Five patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. INTERVENTIONS: Intraoperative intraabdominal and system pressure ...
Hughes J M B - - 2007
In clinical practice there are two sorts of measurements, a) arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaO2, PaCO2) or arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), and b) the transfer capacity for carbon monoxide (TLCO). The former measures the output or performance of the lung as a gas exchanger, and the latter ...
Gentili A - - 2007
AIM: Videoassisted thoracic surgical technique in children is being used with increasing frequency for an extensive variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The aim of the study was to assess respiratory, cardiocirculatory and body temperature changes in children undergoing thoracoscopy and to identify if the trend of such changes was ...
Kuebler Joachim F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There are varying data regarding the degree and extent of abdominal acidification during laparoscopy. The aim of this study was to determine the extent of peritoneal acidification during carbon dioxide insufflation and the effects of different pressures, insufflation rates, and free intraperitoneal fluids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen male Sprague-Dawley ...
Pendergast D R - - 2006
Typically, ventilation is tightly matched to CO2 production. However, in some cases CO2 is retained (SCUBA diving). One factor behind hypoventilation in divers may be low respiratory CO2 sensitivity. If this is due to inadequate respiratory muscle performance it might be remedied by respiratory muscle training (RMT). We retrospectively investigated ...
Kullmann T - - 2007
Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH is considered to reflect the acid-base balance of the airways. Current pH measurements do not take into account the effect of CO2. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of condensate CO2 partial pressure on pH and to provide a more ...
Iglesias Martin - - 2006
Since mechanical retractors in endoscopic plastic surgery cause certain drawbacks, we developed a model in dogs, which, by insufflating CO2 into a subcutaneous cavity, we were able to maintain. We evaluated the magnitude of subcutaneous emphysema and absorption of CO2 by insufflating different pressures and the efficacy of external pressure ...
Singer Pierre - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We compared the Deltatrac II, the M-COVX, and the Evita 4 metabolic monitoring devices under clinical conditions. METHODS: A prospective simultaneous clinical comparison was performed in a general intensive care department of a tertiary university hospital in 43 ventilated, critically ill patients. The monitors were compared simultaneously. After 30 ...
Kaye J M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoids play an essential role in the neuroendocrine response to stress, influencing both the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympatho-adrenomedullary (SAM) axis at several levels. In this pilot study, a clinical model of primary adrenocortical failure (Addison's disease, AD) has been used to evaluate the role of circulating glucocorticoids ...
Ferreira J H T - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to determine the ventilation/perfusion ratio that contributes to hypoxemia in pulmonary embolism by analyzing blood gases and volumetric capnography in a model of experimental acute pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolization with autologous blood clots was induced in seven pigs weighing 24.00 +/- 0.6 kg, ...
Casati Andrea - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and precision of estimation of partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pa(CO2)) using end-tidal or transcutaneous CO2 (TcP(CO2)) measurements during mechanical ventilation in the elderly patient. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study was conducted. SETTINGS: The study was done in the anesthesia department of a university ...
Tobias J D - - 2006
To investigate the cause of acidosis following release of an aortic cross-clamp, we measured tissue PCO2 using a transcutaneous (TC) CO2 monitor placed below the level of the cross-clamp in 10 patients undergoing aortic arch surgery. Following placement of the aortic cross-clamp, the TC CO2 value from the lower extremity ...
Leng J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study aimed too evaluate the proliferation and apoptosis of human ovarian cancer cell lines HO8910 and SKOV3 after exposure to a simulated laparoscopic carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum environment at different pressures and lengths of exposure time. METHODS: The effects of the simulated laparoscopic CO2 pneumoperitoneum environment at different ...
Verreck Geert - - 2006
The aim of the current research project was to explore the possibilities of combining pressurized carbon dioxide with hot stage extrusion during manufacturing of solid dispersions of the thermally labile p-aminosalicylic acid (p-ASA) and ethylcellulose 20cps (EC 20cps) and to evaluate the ability of the pressurized gas to act as ...
Sinclair Scott E - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Hypercapnic acidosis has antiinflammatory effects in animal models of acute lung injury (ALI) and improves ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) matching in normal lungs. The effect of hypercapnia on V/Q matching in ALI is conflicting. Hypercapnic acidosis produced by reduced tidal volumes (Vts) was associated with an increased shunt fraction (QS/QT) ...
Renninger Jonathan P - - 2006
The importance of the ability to accurately evaluate respiratory function in animals has been underscored by the classification of the respiratory system as a vital organ system by regulatory agencies in the United States, the European Union, and Japan. A comprehensive assessment of respiratory function should include an evaluation of ...
Blanch L - - 2006
Expiratory capnogram provides qualitative information on the waveform patterns associated with mechanical ventilation and quantitative estimation of expired CO2. Volumetric capnography simultaneously measures expired CO2 and tidal volume and allows identification of CO2 from 3 sequential lung compartments: apparatus and anatomic dead space, from progressive emptying of alveoli and alveolar ...
Kavanagh B P - - 2006
Hypercapnia has traditionally been avoided in the quest to keep parameters normal. Recent understanding of the role of excessive tidal stretch has prompted clinicians to avoid high tidal volumes or plateau pressures, and the resulting permissive hypercapnia has been increasingly tolerated by clinicians. Newer data point to the potential for ...
Abu-Rafea Basim - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine height, weight, body mass index (BMI), parity, and age effect on the volume of CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic access in women. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-1). SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENTS: From January through June 2004, 100 healthy women underwent operative ...
Chiu Kuan-Ming - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic saphenous vein harvesting (EVH) introduced in coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is associated with less wound complication and postoperative pain. Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation is used during EVH to facilitate the procedure. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of CO2 embolism during ...
Jacobs Volker R - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare laparoscopic insufflators with different insufflation characteristics and evaluate the effects of resistance and leakage on maintenance of nominal pressure. DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Laboratory of university clinic. INTERVENTIONS: Measurement in an abdomen box model of insufflator response to different resistance and ...
Choudhury Minati - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the arterial-to-end-tidal carbon dioxide tension difference (deltaPaCO2-PE'CO2) in children with congenital heart disease; evaluated whether hyperventilation can reduce this difference; and analyzed the relationship between the difference and the oxygen saturation (SaO2) and hemoglobin level. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Tertiary health care center. PARTICIPANTS: One ...
Aldridge R D - - 2006
A retrospective analysis comparing intraoperative physiological variables during laparoscopic and open pyloromyotomies was undertaken during an 18-month period at our institution. Fifty cases were examined (22 laparocopic and 28 open). Operative time, temperature change, end-tidal CO2, heart rate, and blood pressure were examined and compared. No significant differences were found ...
Chen Jianmeng - - 2006
Long-term (>8 months) results of nitric oxide (NO) removal in biofilters, respectively, packed with lava and two different pore sizes of carbon foam (24 pores/cm (PPC) and 18 PPC) were measured. During the operation, NO removal efficiency, pressure drops, pH dependence and removal profile were evaluated. NO removal efficiencies were ...
Sümpelmann R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The anaesthetic management of small infants during advanced laparoscopic surgery can be complicated by the major pathophysiological effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure. In this study haemodynamic, acid-base and blood volume changes were investigated during pneumoperitoneum in a small animal model. METHODS: Ten fasted, anaesthetized, mechanically ventilated and multi-catheterized New ...
Eash Heide J - - 2006
We are developing an intravenous respiratory assist catheter, which uses hollow-fiber membranes wrapped around a pulsating balloon that increases oxygenation and CO2 removal with increased balloon pulsation. Our current pulsation system operates with a constant rate of pulsation and delivered balloon volume. This study examined the hypothesis that random balloon ...
Werner B G - - 2006
The effect of pressurized (<50 MPa) CO2 as a nonthermal process for bacterial reduction in raw skim milk was examined using a unique pressurized continuous flow system. The lethal effects of subcritical and super-critical CO2 applied at different temperatures and pressures toward total native psychrotrophic microbial populations, total inoculated Pseudomonas ...
Dickson Jasper L - - 2006
A novel high-pressure apparatus and technique were developed to measure CO2/water/solid contact angles (theta) in situ for pressures up to 204 bar. For two glass substrates with different hydrophilicities, theta increased significantly with CO2 pressure. As the pressure was increased, an increase in the cohesive energy density of CO2 caused ...
Martino P F - - 2006
Our objective in this study was to test the hypothesis that focal acidosis (FA) in the cerebellar fastigial nucleus (CFN) of awake goats arising from global brain acidosis induced by increasing inspired CO2 will increase breathing. FA was created by reverse microdialysis of mock cerebral spinal fluid, equilibrated with 6.4, ...
Feng Xiaoying - - 2006
The effect of compressed CO2 on the solubilization of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in water/sodium bis-(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT)/isooctane reverse micelles was studied by observing phase behavior and recording UV-visible spectra under different conditions. The pH values within the water cores of reverse micelles at different CO2 pressures were also determined. ...
Creteur Jacques - - 2006
To test the hypothesis that microcirculatory blood flow is the main determinant of sublingual carbon dioxide pressure in patients with septic shock. Prospective, open-label study. A 31-bed medico-surgical department of intensive care. Eighteen consecutive mechanically ventilated patients with septic shock. A 5 microg/kg x min dobutamine infusion was used to ...
Akça Ozan - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review assesses whether there is a carbon dioxide concentration range that provides optimum benefit to the patient intraoperatively. It includes the physiological effects of carbon dioxide on various organ systems in awake and anesthetized individuals and its clinical effects in the ischemia/reperfusion setting. This review will ...
Sakurazawa Shinobu - - 2006
Electroconvulsive therapy induces hypermetabolism and elevates oxygen and energy demands, while more carbon dioxide is produced than usual. The purpose of the present study was to determine the elevated carbon dioxide exhalation and the adequate ventilation volume during electroconvulsive therapy. Carbon dioxide exhalation during an electrically induced seizure was continuously ...
Fauroux Brigitte - - 2006
The aim of the study was to determine whether a decrease in the ventilatory response to carbon dioxide (CO2) in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) is related to a mechanical limitation of the respiratory muscle capacity. The ventilatory response during CO2 rebreathing was performed in 15 patients (mean forced expiratory ...
Kalfa Nicolas - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Video-surgery in neonates is recent. Data on the respiratory, hemodynamic, and thermic effects during the first month of life are still sparse. This study aimed to evaluate the tolerance of video-surgery in neonates and to determine the risk factors of per-operative complications. METHODS: From 1994 to 2004, 49 neonates ...
Siegenthaler Urs - - 2005
A record of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations measured on the EPICA (European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica) Dome Concordia ice core extends the Vostok CO2 record back to 650,000 years before the present (yr B.P.). Before 430,000 yr B.P., partial pressure of atmospheric CO2 lies within the range ...
Verreck Geert - - 2005
The aim of the current research project was to explore the possibilities of combining pressurized carbon dioxide with hot stage extrusion during manufacturing of solid dispersions of itraconazole and polyvinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate 64 (PVP-VA 64) and to evaluate the ability of the pressurized gas to act as a temporary plasticizer as ...
Hellevang Helge - - 2005
Thermodynamic calculations indicate that although dawsonite (NaAlCO3(OH)2) is favored to form at the high CO2 pressures associated with carbon dioxide injection into sandstone reservoirs, this mineral will become unstable as CO2 pressure decreases following injection. To assess the degree to which dawsonite will persist following its formation in sandstone reservoirs, ...
Belpomme Vanessa - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: This study was carried out to estimate the relationship between arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) and end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) during prehospital controlled ventilation and also to evaluate variation of the gradient between PCO2 and PETCO2 during prehospital transport. METHODS: Measurements of PETCO2 from capnography values and PaCO2 from arterial blood ...
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