Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1261
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Elmer Patricia J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: To compare the 18-month effects of 2 multicomponent behavioral interventions versus advice only on hypertension status, lifestyle changes, and blood pressure. DESIGN: Multicenter, 3-arm, randomized trial conducted ...
Tobe Sheldon W - - 2006
First Nations people with diabetes mellitus and hypertension are at greater risk of renal and cardiovascular complications than are non-native patients because of barriers to health care services. We conducted this randomized controlled trial to assess whether a community-based treatment strategy implemented by home care nurses would be effective in ...
Morris Andrew B - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine characteristics associated with drug adherence and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension, and to assess agreement between self-reported and refill adherences. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from an ongoing randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care center at an urban, county health system in Indianapolis, ...
Julius Stevo - - 2006
Prehypertension is considered a precursor of stage 1 hypertension and a predictor of excessive cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether pharmacologic treatment of prehypertension prevents or postpones stage 1 hypertension. Participants with repeated measurements of systolic pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg and diastolic pressure of 89 mm Hg or ...
Tunstall-Pedoe Hugh - - 2006
Declining mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were observed in most populations of the World Health Organization MONICA (monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease) project from the mid-1980s to mid-1990s. We tested whether pooled results would show mean change associated with decline in high readings only, resulting from better ...
Hartung R - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assessed in real-life practice the impact of age, cardiovascular comorbidity and co-medication on the tolerability and efficacy of 10 mg alfuzosin OD in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 6,523 men with a mean age of 64.7 ...
Dickinson Heather O - - 2006
To quantify effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for hypertension. Electronic bibliographic databases from 1998 onwards, existing guidelines, systematic reviews. We included randomized, controlled trials with at least 8 weeks' follow-up, comparing lifestyle with control interventions, enrolling adults with blood pressure at least 140/85 mmHg. Primary outcome measures were systolic and diastolic ...
de Alvaro Fernando - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate extended-release doxazosin gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) as add-on therapy in patients with treated, but uncontrolled hypertension. METHODS: A 16-week, open, noncomparative, multicenter, prospective study of patients with hypertension (> or = 140/> or = 90 mm Hg). Doxazosin GITS 4 mg/d was added to entry medication and ...
Cheung Bernard M Y - - 2006
The prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the United States are analyzed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database covering the period 1988-2002. Mean body mass index was 26.1+/-0.1 kg/m2 in 1988-1991 and 27.9+/-0.2 kg/m2 in 2001-2002 (p < 0.001). In the same period, the ...
Parry S W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in cerebral autoregulation in response to controlled, lower body negative pressure-induced hypotension in patients with carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) and case controls. DESIGN: Prospective case controlled study. SETTING: Secondary and tertiary referral falls and syncope service. PATIENTS: 17 consecutive patients with CSS and 11 asymptomatic controls. ...
Karras David J - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines advise that emergency department (ED) patients with severely elevated blood pressure be evaluated for acute target organ damage, have their medical regimen adjusted, and be instructed to follow up promptly for reassessment. We examine factors associated with performance of recommended treatment of patients with severely elevated ...
Ferrario Carlos M - - 2006
To evaluate the short- and long-term cost-effectiveness of impedance cardiography (ICG) testing in uncontrolled hypertensives, we analyzed the Consideration of Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring to Target Reduction of Blood Pressure Levels (CONTROL) trial results that compared the blood pressure-lowering effects of standard vs ICG care. Short-term cost-effectiveness was evaluated as the ...
Martínez-Ramírez Héctor R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early referral of patients with end-stage renal disease to a nephrologist is associated with lower morbidity and mortality after initiating dialysis therapy; earlier referral may have better results. The aim of the study is to prospectively determine the impact of earlier referral to a nephrologist on renal damage progression ...
Osher Esther - - 2006
The authors assessed the practicality and results of forced titrating of blood pressure to <130/85 mm Hg based on guidelines of the sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in the setting of a clinical practice in 257 diabetic, hypertensive ...
Kabakov Emma - - 2006
The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) has recommended a downward shift in target blood pressure to <130/80 mm Hg in diabetic patients, thus operatively setting a new threshold level for the definition of hypertension at 130/80 ...
Elley Raina - - 2006
AIM: To assess whether four 10-minute 'snacks' of exercise per day are as effective at lowering blood pressure as 40 minutes of continuous moderate exercise, when compared with no exercise. METHOD: Single blind randomised crossover trial of three 'exercise' regimes in general practice. PARTICIPANTS: 35 hypertensive adults without complications. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Nemesure Barbara - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible relationship of hypertension and diabetes with the ABO, Rhesus, and Duffy blood groups, which are known markers of African ancestry. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 1253 Barbados residents, > or = 40 years of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hypertension was ...
Sporer Karl A - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital treatment of patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) has been shown to decrease mortality and morbidity. Vital sign changes have been proposed as clinical endpoints in the evaluation of prehospital treatment for this condition. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of prehospital treatments on vital signs among patients ...
Conen David - - 2006
PURPOSE: Countless blood pressure measurements are performed every day for almost every hospitalized patient. We analyzed the value of routine blood pressure measurements on patient care in an unselected group of hospitalized patients. METHODS: The study included 639 patients who were admitted to the hospital with a broad range of ...
Takeda Atsushi - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intradialytic hypotension is the most common complication associated with hemodialysis, and its cause is multifactorial. However, the relationship between hypertension and intradialytic hypotension is not clear. We investigated the influence of predialysis blood pressure and antihypertensive drugs on intradialytic hypotension. METHODS: Risk factors for intradialytic hypotension were analyzed in ...
McRae Marc P - - 2006
Hypertension is a common condition with high mortality from associated diseases. Epidemiological evidence suggests that a dietary deficiency of vitamin C may be a risk factor for hypertension. However the literature on vitamin C interventional trials appears divided on the efficacy of vitamin C utilization clinically. A literature search and ...
Fillion Myriam - - 2006
Fish is considered protective for coronary heart disease (CHD), but mercury (Hg) intake from fish may counterbalance beneficial effects. Although neurotoxic effects of methylmercury (MeHg) are well established, cardiovascular effects are still debated. The objective of the present study was to evaluate blood pressure in relation to Hg exposure and ...
Ikram M Kamran - - 2006
Generalized retinal arteriolar narrowing is an important sign of systemic hypertension, and a lower arteriolar:venular diameter ratio predicts the risk of hypertension. We investigated whether this association was based on arteriolar or venular diameters or both. This study was based on the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study (1990-1993) and included 1900 ...
Mottram P M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of arterial compliance to diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients with suspected diastolic heart failure (HF). PATIENTS: 70 medically treated hypertensive patients with exertional dyspnoea (40 women, mean (SD) age 58 (8) years) and 15 normotensive controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mitral annular early diastolic velocity with ...
Gonçalves Luciana Oliveira LO Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, - - 2005
Alveolar recruitment maneuver (ARM) is the reopening of lung tissue collapsed by increased airway inspiratory pressure, primarily performed in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. This study aimed at evaluating ARM in anesthesia, how to do it and in which clinical situations. Literature review using MedLine database in the period ...
Asceri? Mensura - - 2005
Arterial hypertension is a common finding in patients with end stage renal disease (80% patients are hypertensive). Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in haemodialysis. The present study was performed to asses' successful treatment in hypertensive chronic haemodialysis patients by ultra filtration only and ultra filtration combined with ...
Katzir Ze'ev - - 2005
BACKGROUND: During maintenance hemodialysis acute elevation in serum calcium is common. Low calcium dialysis is advocated as a therapy for prevention of dialysis-induced hypercalcemia. Approximately 16% of our chronic hemodialysis patients experience elevated arterial blood pressure during the hemodialysis session, becoming hypertensive by the end of the treatment. All these ...
Peters Paul G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A short-term isometric exercise protocol was tested in ten hypertensive individuals to determine its efficacy as a high blood pressure-reducing intervention. DESIGN: The study was a prospective case study of 10 hypertensive individuals (8 men, 2 woman, mean age = 52 + 5 years) who underwent six weeks of ...
Neutel Joel M - - 2005
This multicenter, prospective, open-label, single-arm study determined the efficacy and safety of irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) fixed combinations in patients (n=1005), aged 18 years and older, with uncontrolled systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140-159 mm Hg (130-159 mm Hg for type 2 diabetes mellitus) after at least 4 weeks of antihypertensive monotherapy. ...
Cornelissen Véronique A - - 2005
Previous meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials on the effects of chronic dynamic aerobic endurance training on blood pressure reported on resting blood pressure only. Our aim was to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis including resting and ambulatory blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating mechanisms, and concomitant cardiovascular risk factors. Inclusion criteria of studies ...
Escalante Carmen P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objectives were to describe clinical factors associated with hypertension or increased blood pressure in cancer patients seeking acute care, to describe the outcomes of these patients related to hypertension or increased blood pressure, and to determine whether these patients receive appropriate treatment and follow-up instructions. METHODS: We retrospectively ...
McManus R J - - 2005
To assess whether blood pressure control in primary care could be improved with the use of patient held targets and self monitoring in a practice setting, and to assess the impact of these on health behaviours, anxiety, prescribed antihypertensive drugs, patients' preferences, and costs. Randomised controlled trial. Eight general practices ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2005
Patients with resistant hypertension present high prevalence of a non-dipper blood pressure pattern. Recent results indicate that non-dipping is related partly to the absence of 24-hour therapeutic coverage in patients treated with single morning doses. Accordingly, we investigated the impact of treatment time on the blood pressure pattern in 700 ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2005
Aspirin is a potent antioxidative agent that reduces vascular production of superoxide, prevents angiotensin II-induced hypertension, and induces NO release. Low-dose aspirin administered at bedtime, but not on awakening, has also been shown to reduce blood pressure, possibly enhancing the nocturnal trough in NO production. Because endothelium-dependent vasodilation is blunted ...
Townsend Raymond R - - 2005
Hypertension is a common disorder with well-recognized consequences on the heart, brain, and kidney as target organs. Guidelines espouse a treatment goal of blood pressure reduction to <140 mm Hg for the systolic pressure and <90 mm Hg for the diastolic pressure in most hypertensive patients. In this review, the ...
He Jiang - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest that vegetable protein intake is inversely related to blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of soybean protein supplementation on blood pressure in persons with prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. SETTING: Three communities in the People's Republic of China. PATIENTS: 302 ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Impaired neural control of heart rate, elevated arterial stiffness, and hypertension place patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) at increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. Nocturnal hemodialysis (6 x 8 hours/week), a more intense program than conventional hemodialysis (3 x 4 hours/week), lowers blood pressure and restores brachial dilator responses ...
Pascual Jose Maria - - 2005
The objective was to assess the temporal impact of factors related to the development of microalbuminuria during the follow-up of young adult normoalbuminurics with high-normal blood pressure or at stage 1 of essential hypertension. Prospective follow-up was conducted on 245 normoalbuminuric hypertensive subjects (mean age 40.9 years; 134 men; blood ...
Schrader Joachim - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In hypertensive stroke patients, for the same level of blood pressure control, eprosartan will be more effective than nitrendipine in reducing cerebrovascular and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A total of 1405 well-defined, high-risk hypertensives with cerebral event during the last 24 months (proven by cerebral computed ...
Tseng Yung-Zu - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical importance of white coat hypertension (WCH) remains to be clarified. This study investigated the target organ damage in Taiwanese with WCH. METHODS: A total of 188 consecutive Taiwanese (88 men and 100 women), aged 26 to 75 years who had an abnormal office casual blood ...
Hsu Chi-yuan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are ascribed to hypertension. However, because renal disease itself can raise blood pressure, some investigators argue that ESRD seen in patients with hypertension is due to underlying primary renal disease. Previous cohort studies of the relationship between blood pressure and ESRD did ...
Peralta Carmen A - - 2005
Although improved control of hypertension is known to attenuate progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), little is known about the adequacy of hypertension treatment in adults with CKD in the United States. Using data from the Fourth National Health and Nutrition Survey, we assessed adherence to national hypertension guideline targets ...
Reid Ian R - - 2005
CONTEXT: Epidemiological data suggest that high calcium intakes are associated with decreased body weight and blood pressure. However, there is little evidence from randomized trials that addresses these important issues. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the long-term effects of calcium on body weight and blood pressure. ...
Taneja Indu - - 2005
The autonomic effects of modafinil (Provigil), a psychostimulant widely used to attenuate fatigue and promote wakefulness, are currently unexplored. We assessed the effect of modafinil on autonomic nervous system. We compared oral modafinil (400 mgx1) versus placebo in 12 healthy hospitalized normal subjects in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study ...
Wilens Timothy E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of medications used in the treatment of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on blood pressure and pulse. METHOD: Subjects were those with DSM-III-R-/DSM-IV-diagnosed ADHD enrolled in placebo-controlled studies of 5 different medications for ADHD. Cardiovascular data from these studies of both stimulants (methylphenidate, amphetamine compounds, ...
Luque Otero Manuel - - 2005
Blood pressure reduction is associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular events and death, particularly in patients with both hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the antihypertensive efficacy, tolerability, and effect on metabolic risk factors of manidipine, a new dihydropyridine calcium channel ...
Gabutti Luca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In a previous study we demonstrated that mild metabolic alkalosis resulting from standard bicarbonate hemodialysis induces hypotension. This study aimed to compare hemodynamic consequences of either a decrease in the dialysate bicarbonate from 32 to 26 mmol/l or an increase in the dialysate calcium of 0.25 mmol/l and to ...
Kreijkamp-Kaspers Sanne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cardiovascular disease increases after menopause, possibly because of the decline in estrogen. Soy protein, a rich source of estrogen-like isoflavones, is hypothesized to improve vascular function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether supplementation with soy protein, a rich source of estrogen-like isoflavones, ...
Lugon Jocemir R - - 2005
The whole initial Brazilian experience with short-duration in-center daily hemodialysis is summarized here. The study was performed at a time when low-flux membrane and nonproportional dialysis represented the standard dialysis treatment in Brazil. Five patients were treated for 2 years. The subject is developed in a way to narrate the ...
Safar Michel E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure (PP) >60 mm Hg is an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) risk. Controlled studies showed that, unlike systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), PP responds minimally to placebo or no treatment. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate PP as a parameter of BP control ...
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