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Results 351 - 400 of 1244
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Fernandes Cláudia Regina CR Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, CE. - - 2007
The use of pneumoperitoneum during videolaparoscopic surgeries activates neuroendocrine mechanisms, and causes cardiovascular and hormonal changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of nitrous oxide, to maintain adequate anesthetic levels, on the cardiovascular sympathetic response and in the expired concentration of sevoflurane (ECsevo) ...
Asvold Bjørn O - - 2007
CONTEXT: The association between thyroid function and blood pressure is insufficiently studied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was to study the association between TSH within the reference range and blood pressure. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional, population-based study. SUBJECTS: A total of 30,728 individuals without previously known ...
Mykytenko James - - 2007
: Off-pump, multivessel, endoscopic coronary artery bypass requires cardiac displacement within an intact chest. The current study evaluated right ventricular performance and systemic hemodynamics while exposing the posterior surface of the heart using a novel, low-profile, apical suction-based cardiac positioner in a closed-chest, beating-heart model. : Six pigs underwent instrumentation ...
Kretzer Kikikipa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Self Identity through Ho'oponopono is a step-by-step problem-solving approach to identify and relieve stress. The objective of this study was to determine if Self Identity through Ho'oponopono along with standard medical therapy might better control hypertension than standard therapy alone. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three Asian, Hawaiian, and other Pacific ...
Czupryniak Leszek - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of an antihypertensive treatment adjustment on 24-hour blood pressure variation in type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: The study group included 59 hypertensive type 2 diabetes patients subjected to a single one-step antihypertensive agent dose adjustment (increase or decrease). Ambulatory ...
Farhat Karima - - 2007
Initiation of peritoneal dialysis (PD) induces several changes both locally in the peritoneum and systemically. We performed a pilot study to generate insights into the early clinical and systemic changes after catheter insertion and the first weeks of PD. The study included 11 new PD patients (7 men, 4 women). ...
Mino-León Dolores - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The primary was to assess the frequency of therapeutic non-compliance due to ADRs in a cohort of patients with recently diagnosed systemic hypertension. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the blood pressure control during the follow-up in the whole cohort and in patients who received non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). ...
Fisher Michael - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We describe the relationship between continuity of care and control of hypertension. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study of adults with hypertension. SETTING: University of North Carolina Family Medicine Center. PATIENTS: Hypertensive patients making at least four visits to the Center during a two-year period, 1999-2001. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Longitudinal ...
Mahmud Azra - - 2007
Increasingly combined antihypertensive agents are being used in practice to enhance control and improve compliance. To determine whether a capsule containing a quarter of the standard dose of 4 antihypertensive agents has greater efficacy than the standard dose of each individually, we prospectively randomized 108 untreated white hypertensive patients (55% ...
Twardowski Zbylut J - - 2007
Chronic hemodialysis sessions, as developed in Seattle in the 1960s, were long procedures with minimal intra- and interdialytic symptoms. Over the next three decades, dialysis duration was shorten to 4, 3, even 2 h in thrice weekly schedules. This method spread rapidly, particularly in the United States, after the National ...
Engström G - - 2007
Hypertension has been associated with raised plasma levels of complement factor 3 and 4 (C3 and C4). The nature of this association is unclear. This population-based longitudinal study explored whether C3 or C4 is associated with development of hypertension. Blood pressure and plasma levels of C3 and C4 were determined ...
Cruz Constança S - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have shown high rates of morbimortality associated with hyperkalemia in congestive heart failure (CHF) patients treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) plus spironolactone and the best predictor of this electrolytic disorder was a decrease in renal function. We aim to identify the incidence and predictors of acute ...
Weinreich T - - 2006
Cardiovascular mortality is still high and many risk factors are inadequately controlled in patients on conventional chronic hemodialysis. Recent studies on intensified treatment schedules by either increasing length or frequency of dialysis sessions have shown promising results with better control of blood pressure, reduction of left ventricular hypertrophy and easier ...
Thong J F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of oral diazepam on blood pressure and anxiety in patients with acute epistaxis. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective comparative study in an otorhinolaryngology tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with acute epistaxis requiring hospital admission. INTERVENTION: Oral diazepam. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anxiety and blood pressure ...
Pins Joel J - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that peptides derived from milk proteins can improve blood pressure. Therefore, the authors tested the blood pressure-lowering effects of a hydrolyzed whey protein supplement rich in bioactive peptides. In a 6-week controlled study, 30 prehypertensive or stage 1 hypertensive subjects (blood pressure >or=120/80 mm Hg and ...
Tejada Thor - - 2006
Nondrug therapy of hypertension really does work but requires strong motivation by both patient and physician. In addition to global health benefits, prescription of weight loss, exercise, moderation of salt and alcohol intake, Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan, and tobacco avoidance can decrease the risk for normotensive ...
Lee Ling-Ling - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a community-based walking intervention on blood pressure among older people. METHOD: The study design was a randomized controlled trial conducted in a rural area of Taiwan between October 2002 and June 2003. A total of 202 participants aged 60 years and over with mild ...
Maggiorini Marco - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is caused by exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction associated with decreased bioavailability of nitric oxide in the lungs and by impaired reabsorption of alveolar fluid. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether dexamethasone or tadalafil reduces the incidence of HAPE and acute mountain sickness (AMS) in adults with a ...
Birns Jonathan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review systematically and synthesize quantitatively the evidence from completed randomized, controlled trials of blood pressure reduction on cognitive performance. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched to identify randomized, controlled trials that measured the effect of blood pressure reduction on cognitive performance. Additional studies were identified by ...
Villanueva Noemi - - 2006
According to premarketing studies, at least 1% of ziprasidone-treated patients exhibited hypertension; however, this figure is not necessarily attributable to the drug. A PubMed/MEDLINE search yielded no articles describing hypertension as a possible adverse event associated with oral ziprasidone therapy. We describe a 53-year-old African-American woman with hypertension and schizophrenia ...
Hennessy Sean - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of a multifaceted educational intervention to improve ambulatory hypertension control. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized trial. SETTING: Academic health system using an ambulatory electronic medical record. SUBJECTS: A total of 10,696 patients with a diagnosis of hypertension cared for by 93 primary care providers. INTERVENTION: Academic detailing, ...
Tonstad Serena - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypertension often clusters with metabolic risk factors and its optimal treatment may involve a number of changes in lifestyle. Nurse-led care regarding lifestyle change may improve outcomes in cardiovascular disease prevention involving. OBJECTIVE: To examine if lifestyle guidance given by a nurse improved components of the metabolic syndrome including ...
Prisant L Michael - - 2006
Erectile dysfunction occurs commonly in untreated and treated hypertensive patients, impairing adherence to treatment and quality of life. Furthermore, it is a marker for enhanced risk for cardiovascular disease. Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors, sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil, provide effective treatment of erectile dysfunction. They reduce blood pressure in healthy ...
Boudville Neil - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The risk for hypertension after kidney donation remains uncertain. PURPOSE: To see whether normotensive adults who donate a kidney develop higher blood pressure and risk for hypertension compared with nondonor adults acting as control participants. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index were searched from 1966 until November ...
Roumie Christianne L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Inadequate blood pressure control is a persistent gap in quality care. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate provider and patient interventions to improve blood pressure control. DESIGN: Cluster randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: 2 hospital-based and 8 community-based clinics in the Veterans Affairs Tennessee Valley Healthcare System. PATIENTS: 1341 veterans with essential hypertension ...
Karpanou E A - - 2006
Pulse pressure (PP) is emerging as a major pressure predictor of cardiac disease. The study comprised 10 185 untreated patients with essential hypertension. A total of 5395 men and 4790 women 56+/-13 years old, with uncomplicated essential hypertension, after a 15-day washout period and after 6 months of antihypertensive monotherapy ...
Sowers James R - - 2006
This subgroup analysis of the Irbesartan/Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) Blood Pressure Reductions in Diverse Patient Populations (INCLUSIVE) trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of irbesartan/HCTZ fixed combinations in adults with uncontrolled systolic blood pressure (SBP) (140-159 mm Hg; 130-159 mm Hg for type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM]) after >or=4 weeks of antihypertensive ...
Franklin Stanley S - - 2006
There is overwhelming evidence that pharmacologic treatment of isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) (systolic blood pressure >or=140 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg) reduces cardiovascular events and extends longevity in the elderly; in the very old (80 years or older), the evidence supports decreased incident stroke and heart ...
Foong Athena W P - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship among hypermetropia, axial length, and hypertension in a Chinese population. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study included 1213 Chinese individuals aged 40 to 81 years. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure > or =140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure > or =90 mm ...
Bulc Mateja - - 2006
AIM: To determine 12-year dynamics of the average value of arterial blood pressure and arterial hypertension prevalence among adult residents of Ljubljana area in Slovenia, and to assess the probable contribution of World Health Organization's Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Diseases Intervention Program (CINDI) to observed dynamics. METHODS: A total of 4409 ...
Spoelstra-de Man A M E - - 2006
We investigated the effects of aggressive antihypertensive therapy based on hydrochlorothiazide, candesartan or lisinopril on left ventricular mass (LVM) index and arterial stiffness in hypertensive type II diabetic individuals. Seventy hypertensive type II diabetic individuals were treated with three antihypertensive strategies in a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy design. Blood pressure was ...
García-Bravo A M - - 2006
Prospective, open-label, comparative study, to assess the effects of sildenafil on blood pressure in a population of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). To determine the effect of sildenafil on blood pressure in patients with erectile dysfunction secondary to SCI by comparing changes in blood pressure in SCI patients with ...
Cleophas T J - - 2006
Nebivolol has been adequately tested in clinical efficacy trials of patients with mild hypertension. Clinical efficacy trials or their meta-analyses did not accurately predict the outcome of subsequent large studies. The primary objective was to assess the efficacy/safety of nebivolol 5-10 mg daily in a nationwide study of patients with ...
Elmer Patricia J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The main 6-month results from the PREMIER trial showed that comprehensive behavioral intervention programs improve lifestyle behaviors and lower blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: To compare the 18-month effects of 2 multicomponent behavioral interventions versus advice only on hypertension status, lifestyle changes, and blood pressure. DESIGN: Multicenter, 3-arm, randomized trial conducted ...
Tobe Sheldon W - - 2006
First Nations people with diabetes mellitus and hypertension are at greater risk of renal and cardiovascular complications than are non-native patients because of barriers to health care services. We conducted this randomized controlled trial to assess whether a community-based treatment strategy implemented by home care nurses would be effective in ...
Morris Andrew B - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine characteristics associated with drug adherence and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension, and to assess agreement between self-reported and refill adherences. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from an ongoing randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Primary care center at an urban, county health system in Indianapolis, ...
Julius Stevo - - 2006
Prehypertension is considered a precursor of stage 1 hypertension and a predictor of excessive cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether pharmacologic treatment of prehypertension prevents or postpones stage 1 hypertension. Participants with repeated measurements of systolic pressure of 130 to 139 mm Hg and diastolic pressure of 89 mm Hg or ...
Tunstall-Pedoe Hugh - - 2006
Declining mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were observed in most populations of the World Health Organization MONICA (monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease) project from the mid-1980s to mid-1990s. We tested whether pooled results would show mean change associated with decline in high readings only, resulting from better ...
Hartung R - - 2006
PURPOSE: We assessed in real-life practice the impact of age, cardiovascular comorbidity and co-medication on the tolerability and efficacy of 10 mg alfuzosin OD in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 6,523 men with a mean age of 64.7 ...
Dickinson Heather O - - 2006
To quantify effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for hypertension. Electronic bibliographic databases from 1998 onwards, existing guidelines, systematic reviews. We included randomized, controlled trials with at least 8 weeks' follow-up, comparing lifestyle with control interventions, enrolling adults with blood pressure at least 140/85 mmHg. Primary outcome measures were systolic and diastolic ...
de Alvaro Fernando - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate extended-release doxazosin gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) as add-on therapy in patients with treated, but uncontrolled hypertension. METHODS: A 16-week, open, noncomparative, multicenter, prospective study of patients with hypertension (> or = 140/> or = 90 mm Hg). Doxazosin GITS 4 mg/d was added to entry medication and ...
Cheung Bernard M Y - - 2006
The prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the United States are analyzed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database covering the period 1988-2002. Mean body mass index was 26.1+/-0.1 kg/m2 in 1988-1991 and 27.9+/-0.2 kg/m2 in 2001-2002 (p < 0.001). In the same period, the ...
Parry S W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in cerebral autoregulation in response to controlled, lower body negative pressure-induced hypotension in patients with carotid sinus syndrome (CSS) and case controls. DESIGN: Prospective case controlled study. SETTING: Secondary and tertiary referral falls and syncope service. PATIENTS: 17 consecutive patients with CSS and 11 asymptomatic controls. ...
Karras David J - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Current guidelines advise that emergency department (ED) patients with severely elevated blood pressure be evaluated for acute target organ damage, have their medical regimen adjusted, and be instructed to follow up promptly for reassessment. We examine factors associated with performance of recommended treatment of patients with severely elevated ...
Ferrario Carlos M - - 2006
To evaluate the short- and long-term cost-effectiveness of impedance cardiography (ICG) testing in uncontrolled hypertensives, we analyzed the Consideration of Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring to Target Reduction of Blood Pressure Levels (CONTROL) trial results that compared the blood pressure-lowering effects of standard vs ICG care. Short-term cost-effectiveness was evaluated as the ...
Martínez-Ramírez Héctor R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early referral of patients with end-stage renal disease to a nephrologist is associated with lower morbidity and mortality after initiating dialysis therapy; earlier referral may have better results. The aim of the study is to prospectively determine the impact of earlier referral to a nephrologist on renal damage progression ...
Osher Esther - - 2006
The authors assessed the practicality and results of forced titrating of blood pressure to <130/85 mm Hg based on guidelines of the sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in the setting of a clinical practice in 257 diabetic, hypertensive ...
Kabakov Emma - - 2006
The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) has recommended a downward shift in target blood pressure to <130/80 mm Hg in diabetic patients, thus operatively setting a new threshold level for the definition of hypertension at 130/80 ...
Elley Raina - - 2006
AIM: To assess whether four 10-minute 'snacks' of exercise per day are as effective at lowering blood pressure as 40 minutes of continuous moderate exercise, when compared with no exercise. METHOD: Single blind randomised crossover trial of three 'exercise' regimes in general practice. PARTICIPANTS: 35 hypertensive adults without complications. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Nemesure Barbara - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible relationship of hypertension and diabetes with the ABO, Rhesus, and Duffy blood groups, which are known markers of African ancestry. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 1253 Barbados residents, > or = 40 years of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hypertension was ...
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