Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1243
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Pereira Erlick A C - - 2010
Deep brain stimulators were implanted in the left periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) and sensory thalamus for right sided neuropathic facial pain refractory to other treatments in a man aged 58 years. PAG stimulation 8 months later acutely reduced systolic blood pressure by 25 mm Hg during revision surgery. One year ...
Lakhal Karim - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Arterial cannulation is strongly recommended during shock. Nevertheless, this procedure is associated with significant risks and may delay other emergent procedures. We assessed the discriminative power of brachial cuff oscillometric noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) for identifying patients with an invasive mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) below 65 mm Hg ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2009
Patients with chronic kidney disease have less than expected decline in blood pressure during sleep (nondipping) and commonly experience the vexing symptom of nocturia. To better understand the relationship among nocturia, nighttime physical activity, and nondipping, we studied 98 patients with chronic kidney disease on 2 occasions, 1 month apart, ...
Tang Hsin-Yi Jean - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stress management is one element of the lifestyle modification that is recommended for blood pressure control. Reduction in sympathetic arousal may be achieved through a series of audio relaxation training. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term effects of two audio relaxation programs ...
Yeh Lan Lan Liang - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported pain intensity as the primary outcome of Four-Agents-Decoction (Si Wu Tang) for treating primary dysmenorrhea. We further explored other effects of this formula in accordance with the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine on anemia-related hemogram parameters for "nourishing blood" and uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) for ...
Kim Sang-Hyun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a new generic formulation of ramipril (test) and the branded formulation of ramipril (reference) to satisfy regulatory requirements for marketing of the generic product for use in Korean patients with mild to moderate hypertension. METHODS: This was an ...
Deinzer Anja - - 2009
The authors assessed whether patient empowerment in the management of hypertension improved more with the practice of shared decision making (SDM) than by education programs. In a prospective controlled clinical study, 15 general practitioners in Nuremberg, Germany who were specially trained to conduct SDM consultations participated in a 12-month study. ...
Lopez-Garcia Esther - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between self-reported sleep duration, prevalent and incident hypertension, and control of high blood pressure in older adults. DESIGN: Logistic regression models were used to investigate the associations of interest in a prospective cohort study conducted from 2001 to 2003. SETTING: Cohort representative of the noninstitutionalized ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2009
This post hoc analysis of the Irbesartan/Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) Blood Pressure Reductions in Diverse Patient Populations (INCLUSIVE) trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose irbesartan/HCTZ in patients with isolated systolic hypertension. Adults with uncontrolled systolic blood pressure (SBP) (140-179 mm Hg; 130-179 mm Hg in type 2 diabetes) after 4 ...
Kadonaga Yumi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of smoking initiation on annual changes in body weight, blood pressure, and blood biochemistry. METHODS: This study analyzed the results of annual health examinations from 1991 to 2005 in male Japanese workers. Subjects who started smoking (n=214) initially responded as non-smokers in a self-administered questionnaire ...
McRae Marc P - - 2009
Folic acid supplementation has been shown to be an effective agent for improving endothelial function, a prognostic factor for cardiovascular disease; but its effects on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive individuals has been met with mixed results. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive ...
Zhang John - - 2009
Arterial hypertension is considered a major contributor to coronary arterial disease. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of Hans electrical stimulation of acupuncture points on blood pressure. Subjects with normal and elevated blood pressure were recruited and randomly assigned into control and experimental groups. Only the ...
Saladini Francesca - - 2009
The evolution of hypertension (HT) subtypes in young-to-middle-age subjects is unclear. We did a prospective study in 1,141 participants aged 18-45 years from the HARVEST study screened for stage 1 HT, and 101 nonhypertensive subjects of control during a median follow-up of 72.9 months. At baseline, 13.8% of the subjects ...
Dempsey E M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Many practitioners routinely treat infants whose mean arterial blood pressure in mm Hg is less than their gestational age in weeks (GA). OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of utilising a combined approach of clinical signs, metabolic acidosis and absolute blood pressure (BP) values when deciding to treat hypotension in ...
Adair C D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: An endogenous digitalis-like factor (EDLF) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE). This hypothesis is supported by two cases of preeclampsia in which administration of digoxin immune Fab (DIF) reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP). STUDY DESIGN: To study this observation further, we performed a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized ...
Chalmers J D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify key factors on admission predicting the development of complicated parapneumonic effusion or empyema in patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS: A prospective observational study of patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia in NHS Lothian, UK, was conducted. Multivariate regression analyses were used ...
Wang Shu-Ming - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Low mean arterial pressure (MAP) is associated with poor outcome in patients with cardiovascular disease; however, the prognostic role of MAP for chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients is unknown. This study was conducted to determine the association between MAP and mortality in chronic HD patients. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed all ...
Aguado Alba - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Information on hypertension in the very elderly is sparse. Until recently evidence of benefits from pharmacological treatment was inconclusive. We estimated the prevalence of hypertension in subjects aged 80 or more, the proportion of awareness, treatment and control. Explanatory variables associated with good control were also studied. METHODS: Cross ...
Musini Vijaya M - - 2009
Systematic reviews can often reveal much more than the original objective of the work. The objectives of this retrospective analysis were to answer three basic questions about blood pressure variability: 1) Does blood pressure entry criterion have an effect on baseline blood pressure variability? 2) Do thiazide diuretics have a ...
Nilsson Mats - - 2009
We evaluated the feasibility and quality of uncomplicated hypertension care based on telemedicine in a rural area of northern Sweden. The intervention subjects were 91 consecutive patients with primary hypertension. For comparison, 182 age- and sex-matched patients with hypertension were randomly selected from a similar health centre. The telemedicine equipment ...
Murphy A W - - 2009
To test the effectiveness of a complex intervention designed, within a theoretical framework, to improve outcomes for patients with coronary heart disease. Cluster randomised controlled multicentre trial. General practices in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, regions with different healthcare systems. 903 patients with established coronary heart disease registered ...
Gusmão Josiane Lima de - - 2009
The goal of antihypertensive treatment is to reduce blood pressure without interfering in health-related quality of life (HRQL) OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the influence of hypertension control upon HRQL in hypertensive patients with and without complications. Seventy-seven hypertensive outpatients (71% women, 58% white, 60% with elementary school level ...
Keenan Katherine - - 2009
To determine the value of monitoring blood pressure by quantifying the probability that observed changes in blood pressure reflect true changes. Analysis of blood pressure measurements of patients in the perindopril protection against recurrent stroke study (PROGRESS). Randomised placebo controlled trial carried out in 172 centres in Asia, Australasia, and ...
Siebenhofer Andrea - - 2009
All major guidelines for antihypertensive therapy recommend weight loss; anti-obesity drugs might be a helpful option. To assess the long-term effects of pharmacologically induced reduction in body weight with orlistat, sibutramine or rimonabant on:- all cause mortality - cardiovascular morbidity - adverse eventsSecondary objectives: - changes in systolic and/or diastolic ...
Williams Bryan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Statins reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in people with hypertension. This benefit could arise from a beneficial effect of statins on central aortic pressures and hemodynamics. The Conduit Artery Function Evaluation-Lipid-Lowering Arm (CAFE-LLA) study, an Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT) substudy, investigated this hypothesis in a prospective placebo-controlled ...
Greenfield Jerry R JR University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United - - 2009
Weight gain and weight loss are associated with changes in blood pressure through unknown mechanisms. Central melanocortinergic signaling is implicated in the control of energy balance and blood pressure in rodents, but there is no information regarding such an association with blood pressure in humans. We assessed blood pressure, heart ...
Potter John F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Raised blood pressure is common after acute stroke and is associated with an adverse prognosis. We sought to assess the feasibility, safety, and effects of two regimens for lowering blood pressure in patients who have had a stroke. METHODS: Patients who had cerebral infarction or cerebral haemorrhage and were ...
Zhang John - - 2008
This study reports on the effects of laser acupuncture on blood pressure, body weight, and heart rate variability by stimulating acupuncture points and meridians on college students and faculty members. Forty-five students and faculty members from a chiropractic college were recruited in the study. All subjects signed a written informed ...
Vinyoles Ernest - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of the COGNIPRES study was to analyze the prevalence of cognitive impairment in hypertensive individuals over 60 years of age, treated in primary care centres in the context of routine clinical practice. Degree of blood pressure control and treatment compliance, as well as other possible ...
Azar Ahmad Taher - - 2008
On-line monitoring devices to control functions such as volume, body temperature, and ultrafiltration, were considered more toys than real tools for routine clinical application. However, bio-feedback blood volume controlled hemodialysis (HD) is now possible in routine dialysis, allowing the delivery of a more physiologically acceptable treatment. This system has proved ...
Wojciechowski David - - 2008
An observational study was conducted in 164 patients with resistant or difficult-to-control hypertension. Treatment was adjusted to achieve blood pressure recommendations from the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7). Patients were mostly male (95.73%) and African American ...
Hersch Moshe - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of intravenous propacetamol, a parenteral bioprecursor of acetaminophen, on systemic blood pressure in critically ill patients with fever, and to establish the prevalence and clinical significance of this effect. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: A six-bed medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university-affiliated ...
Shindo Yuichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The initial assessment of the severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is important for patient management. The Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) has proposed a 6-point scale (0-5) to assess the clinical severity of CAP. The A-DROP scoring system assesses the following parameters: (i) Age (male >or= 70 years, ...
Grassi Daniel - - 2008
To study the efficacy of a treatment strategy for the management of hypertensive urgencies, the authors evaluated 549 patients admitted to the emergency department. They were first assigned to a 30-minute rest period, then a follow-up blood pressure measurement was carried out. Patients who did not respond to rest were ...
Zsom Lajos - - 2008
Decades after the introduction of chronic maintenance hemodialysis, the optimal means of quantifying dialysis dose remains controversial. Differences of opinion in the international dialysis community lead to substantial diversity in everyday clinical practice. Several studies suggest that the well-recognized international mortality differences in hemodialysis populations may result from these divergent ...
Morales José M - - 2008
Results at 1 year of a pilot randomized trial with 87 kidney graft recipients, comparing the maintenance treatment with sirolimus, tacrolimus and steroids (group I) versus tacrolimus withdrawal since the third month onward, followed by maintenance with SRL and steroids (group II) have shown that early elimination of tacrolimus may ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2008
Hyperuricemia is a predictor for the development of hypertension and is commonly present in new-onset essential hypertension. Experimentally increasing uric acid levels using a uricase inhibitor causes systemic hypertension in animal models. To determine whether lowering uric acid lowers blood pressure (BP) in hyperuricemic adolescents with newly diagnosed hypertension. Randomized, ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2008
Hypertension in a nursing home patient is a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher and 130 mm Hg or higher in a patient with diabetes mellitus or chronic renal insufficiency, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher and 80 mm Hg or higher ...
Mullens Wilfried - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine the safety and efficacy of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and low-output states. BACKGROUND: Inotropic therapy has been predominantly used in the management of patients with ADHF presenting with low cardiac output. METHODS: We reviewed all consecutive ...
Hooper Lee - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of flavonoid consumption on cardiovascular risk are supported by mechanistic and epidemiologic evidence. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of different flavonoid subclasses and flavonoid-rich food sources on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and risk factors--ie, lipoproteins, blood pressure, and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). DESIGN: Methods included ...
Ofili Elizabeth O - - 2008
This post hoc analysis of the Irbesartan/Hydrochlorothiazide Blood Pressure Reductions in Diverse Patient Populations (INCLUSIVE) trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in a diverse population of hypertensive women. INCLUSIVE was a multicenter, prospective, open-label, single-arm trial. Adult subjects had uncontrolled systolic blood pressure (SBP 140-159 mm Hg; ...
Dickinson Ho - - 2008
The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of relaxation to lower high blood pressure. We searched electronic bibliographic databases and grey literature to identify randomized controlled trials comparing relaxation therapies with no active treatment or sham therapy, enrolling adult participants with raised systolic blood pressure (SBP) > ...
Baumann Brigitte M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the variability of blood pressure measurements and prevalence estimates of elevated blood pressure in emergency department (ED) patients using 4 different methods of categorization. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted on adult ED patients with elevated triage blood pressures (systolic > or = 140 or ...
Thase Michael E - - 2008
The effects of bupropion on blood pressure and heart rate were evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of community volunteers with untreated mild (stage 1) hypertension (systolic blood pressure [SBP], 140-159 mm Hg, and/or diastolic blood pressure, 90-99 mm Hg). Three hundred subjects were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to 4 weeks ...
Jonas W - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The benefits of breastfeeding for infants are well known. Recently data have started to emerge showing that breastfeeding may also induce positive effects in the mother. This study aimed to investigate the pattern of maternal blood pressure before, during, and after a breastfeed 2 days postpartum. Additionally, ...
Kerr Eve A - - 2008
Factors underlying failure to intensify therapy in response to elevated blood pressure have not been systematically studied. To examine the process of care for diabetic patients with elevated triage blood pressure (> or =140/90 mm Hg) during routine primary care visits to assess whether a treatment change occurred and to ...
Farese Stefan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intradialytic exercise has been described to improve blood pressure stability and dialysis efficacy. However, comorbid conditions in the dialysis population often preclude the widespread use of active intradialytic exercise. Therefore, we investigated the effect of intradialytic transcutaneous muscle stimulation (TEMS) and passive cycling movements (PCMs) on blood pressure and ...
Millar Philip J - - 2008
PURPOSE: Research has demonstrated the efficacy of isometric handgrip (IHG) training to attenuate resting blood pressure. These studies have relied on the use of programmable digital handgrips for training. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of simple, inexpensive spring-loaded handgrip devices in producing hypotensive effects. METHODS: The study was ...
Acar Banu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of peritonitis and of the duration of dialysis on dialysis adequacy and clinical outcome were evaluated in this study. METHODS: The study comprised 24 chronic peritoneal dialysis patients who were followed up at least for 12 months. Casual blood pressure (BP) measurements, echocardiographic evaluation, peritonitis rate, ...
Wills Brandon K - - 2010
Calcium channel blocker (CCB) overdose is associated with dysrhythmias and atrioventricular (AV) block, however, experience with infant CCB overdose is limited. A 9-month-old girl was found playing with tablets of extended-release diltiazem 120 mg. The patient had two episodes of emesis, which contained pill fragments, and was brought to the ...
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