Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1270
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Peralta Carmen A - - 2005
Although improved control of hypertension is known to attenuate progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), little is known about the adequacy of hypertension treatment in adults with CKD in the United States. Using data from the Fourth National Health and Nutrition Survey, we assessed adherence to national hypertension guideline targets ...
Reid Ian R - - 2005
CONTEXT: Epidemiological data suggest that high calcium intakes are associated with decreased body weight and blood pressure. However, there is little evidence from randomized trials that addresses these important issues. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the long-term effects of calcium on body weight and blood pressure. ...
Taneja Indu - - 2005
The autonomic effects of modafinil (Provigil), a psychostimulant widely used to attenuate fatigue and promote wakefulness, are currently unexplored. We assessed the effect of modafinil on autonomic nervous system. We compared oral modafinil (400 mgx1) versus placebo in 12 healthy hospitalized normal subjects in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study ...
Wilens Timothy E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of medications used in the treatment of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on blood pressure and pulse. METHOD: Subjects were those with DSM-III-R-/DSM-IV-diagnosed ADHD enrolled in placebo-controlled studies of 5 different medications for ADHD. Cardiovascular data from these studies of both stimulants (methylphenidate, amphetamine compounds, ...
Luque Otero Manuel - - 2005
Blood pressure reduction is associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular events and death, particularly in patients with both hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the antihypertensive efficacy, tolerability, and effect on metabolic risk factors of manidipine, a new dihydropyridine calcium channel ...
Gabutti Luca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In a previous study we demonstrated that mild metabolic alkalosis resulting from standard bicarbonate hemodialysis induces hypotension. This study aimed to compare hemodynamic consequences of either a decrease in the dialysate bicarbonate from 32 to 26 mmol/l or an increase in the dialysate calcium of 0.25 mmol/l and to ...
Kreijkamp-Kaspers Sanne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cardiovascular disease increases after menopause, possibly because of the decline in estrogen. Soy protein, a rich source of estrogen-like isoflavones, is hypothesized to improve vascular function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether supplementation with soy protein, a rich source of estrogen-like isoflavones, ...
Lugon Jocemir R - - 2005
The whole initial Brazilian experience with short-duration in-center daily hemodialysis is summarized here. The study was performed at a time when low-flux membrane and nonproportional dialysis represented the standard dialysis treatment in Brazil. Five patients were treated for 2 years. The subject is developed in a way to narrate the ...
Safar Michel E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure (PP) >60 mm Hg is an independent predictor of cardiovascular (CV) risk. Controlled studies showed that, unlike systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), PP responds minimally to placebo or no treatment. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate PP as a parameter of BP control ...
Auerbach Stephen M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To assess the pharmacodynamic effects of coadministered vardenafil and tamsulosin in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) undergoing stable tamsulosin therapy. METHODS: In this Phase 1, placebo-controlled, two-stage, two-way, crossover study, 22 patients undergoing stable (longer than 4 weeks) tamsulosin therapy for BPH (18 using 0.4 mg and 4 ...
Papademetriou Vasilios - - 2004
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) candesartan can reduce the risk of stroke in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). Isolated systolic hypertension is the predominant form of hypertension in the elderly, and stroke is the ...
Dalziel Stuart R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prenatal exposure to betamethasone for the prevention of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) alters blood pressure in childhood. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: National Women's Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand). PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred twenty-three 6-year-old children of mothers who presented with ...
Mendelson Gad - - 2004
The most recent guidelines do not mention which arm to use to measure blood pressure or interarm blood pressure differences. In 357 women and 171 men, mean age 79 +/- 10 years, 2 geriatricians simultaneously measured brachial artery blood pressure (BABP) with the patient in the sitting position. All blood ...
Izzo Joseph L JL - - 2004
The AMAZE (A Multicenter Trial Using Atacand and Zestril vs. Zestril to Evaluate the Effects on Lowering Blood Pressure) program included two identical studies sponsored by AstraZeneca LP. The oral form of candesartan is candesartan cilexetil; for simplicity, the term "candesartan" is used throughout this manuscript. Two identical multicenter, randomized, ...
Chaudhry Sarwat I SI Department of Veterans Affairs, West Haven Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Haven, Conn 06520-8088, - - 2004
The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure emphasizes the importance of systolic hypertension (SH), defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of at least 140 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure of less than 90 mm Hg, in older persons ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic value of ECG voltages at baseline and their serial changes during follow-up in a large prospective study with standardized follow-up and strictly defined end points. Patients who were 60 years old or older, with systolic blood pressure of 160 ...
Lindenauer P K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To protect the ischemic penumbra, guidelines have recommended against treating all but the severest elevations in blood pressure during acute ischemic stroke. OBJECTIVE: To determine how often antihypertensive agents were used in routine clinical practice and whether this use was consistent with guideline recommendations. METHODS: The records of patients ...
Prakash Suma - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dialysis-induced hypotension is an important complication of haemodialysis. Midodrine is an oral alpha-1 agonist that has been used in several small studies to prevent intradialytic hypotension (IDH). METHODS: The authors searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ASN conference proceedings, and references of potentially relevant articles, and contacted industry (Shire Pharmaceuticals) for unpublished ...
Hatazawa Jun - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor-based therapy reduces the recurrence of stroke. The present study assessed the effects of long-term ACE inhibitor therapy on cerebral circulation in patients with previous minor stroke. METHODS: After a run-in period, 19 patients were randomized to ACE inhibitor therapy (n=9; 4 mg of ...
Andrade Susan E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how well hypertension is managed in HMO patients and to assess opportunities for improvement. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population included HMO members (age 45-84 years) who had at least 1 ambulatory encounter with an ICD-9-CM diagnosis code of essential hypertension during ...
McKerracher A - - 2004
Control of blood pressure levels in hypertensive patients often fails to meet the targets suggested by the British Hypertension Society (BHS) guidelines. The optimal treatment target for non-diabetic patients is < or = 140/85 mm Hg. Data from the health survey for England show that in 1998 only 8% of ...
Muntner Paul P Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, La 70112, USA. - - 2004
The prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents increased between 1988 and 2000. The change in blood pressure among children and adolescents over that time and the role of overweight is unknown. To examine trends in systolic and diastolic blood pressure among children and adolescents between 1988 and 2000. Two ...
Weber Michael A - - 2004
This report of a practice-based clinical trial describes an open-label, multicenter dose-titration study of an elderly (age >or=65 years) subset of patients (N=628) with systolic blood pressures between 140 and 179 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressures between 90 and 109 mm Hg, to assess the effects of the Chronotherapeutic ...
Tsai Jen-Chen - - 2004
Regular aerobic exercise can reduce blood pressure and is recommended as part of the lifestyle modification to reduce high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. Hypertension itself, or/and pharmacological treatment for hypertension is associated with adverse effects on some aspects of quality of life. This study was performed to evaluate the ...
Neutel Joel M - - 2004
Hypertension guidelines recommend a stepped-care approach that starts with titration of the initial agent followed by the addition of other agents, as necessary, to achieve goal blood pressure. This study assessed the effectiveness of an antihypertensive treatment algorithm with olmesartan medoxomil as the initial agent. This was a 24-week, open-label ...
Bizien Marcel D - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To estimate blood pressure control and identify treatment variables predicting control in treatment-compliant, hypertensive, male veterans. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of a Veterans Affairs medical center. DESIGN: Retrospective review of computerized patient records over a 12-month period for demographics, comorbidities, patient-specific blood pressure goals, blood pressure history, antihypertensive therapy, ...
Gillman Matthew W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate perinatal predictors of newborn blood pressure. STUDY DESIGN: Among 1059 mothers and their newborn infants participating in Project Viva, a US cohort study of pregnant women and their offspring, we obtained five systolic blood pressure readings on a single occasion in the first few days of life. ...
Cardoso Mônica Maria Siaulys Capel MM Hospital e Maternidade Santa Joana, São Paulo, - - 2004
In has been shown in non-obstetric patients, that a fast acute fluid preload immediately after spinal anesthesia was more effective than a slow preload before regional block to decrease the incidence and severity of arterial hypotension after spinal anesthesia. This study aimed at comparing the incidence of arterial hypotension and ...
Muntner Paul - - 2004
We studied factors associated with awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension (systolic/diastolic blood pressure measurements >/=140/90 mm Hg, respectively, and/or current drug treatment for hypertension) in a representative sample of the Chinese population (n=15 838). Awareness, treatment, and control were defined by self-report of a hypertension diagnosis, self-report of current ...
Izhar Munavvar - - 2004
Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors attenuate the antihypertensive effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and reduce kidney function. The study tests the hypothesis that these two classes of drugs have similar effects on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and 24-hour blood pressure. The primary endpoint was change in 24-hour systolic blood pressure. Using ...
Figar Silvana - - 2004
Hypertension control is a difficult goal to achieve in common practice even when its benefits have been widely proved. We assessed the effectiveness of a Complex Antihypertensive Intervention Program in the Elderly (CAPE). A program trial of 500 elderly hypertensive patients was conducted. 250 were followed by primary care physicians ...
Ullian Michael E - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although maintenance of iron stores by intravenous iron infusion has become increasingly common in chronic hemodialysis patients, the effects of intravenous iron on blood pressure are not clear. METHODS: In 52 mostly African-American patients in an urban setting, we reviewed blood pressure data over the course of hemodialysis on ...
Julius Stevo - - 2004
The authors evaluated, in a community-based open-label trial, the effectiveness and safety of perindopril in 13,220 US hypertensive patients and studied how physicians adhere to hypertension treatment guidelines. Patients received perindopril 4 mg q.d. for 6 weeks. Based on physicians perception of blood pressure response, the patient was either maintained ...
Jaber Bertrand L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although conventional hemodialysis (CHD) is currently provided primarily on an intermittent basis for patients with end-stage renal diseases (ESRD), the value of daily dialysis is well documented. Daily hemofiltration (DHF) is a convective therapy that has received little attention as an alternative to CHD. The aim of this feasibility ...
Pepine Carl J CJ Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville 32610, - - 2003
Despite evidence of efficacy of antihypertensive agents in treating hypertensive patients, safety and efficacy of antihypertensive agents for coronary artery disease (CAD) have been discerned only from subgroup analyses in large trials. To compare mortality and morbidity outcomes in patients with hypertension and CAD treated with a calcium antagonist strategy ...
Wolf-Maier Katharina - - 2004
Levels of hypertension treatment and control have been noted to vary between Europe and North America, although direct comparisons with similar methods have not been undertaken. In this study, we sought to estimate the relative impact of hypertension treatment strategies in Germany, Sweden, England, Spain, Italy, Canada, and the United ...
Kloner Robert A - - 2003
To determine the effects of tadalafil on the cardiovascular system, safety assessments were performed on a database of >4000 subjects who received tadalafil in >60 clinical pharmacology, phase 2, phase 3, and open-label studies. In healthy subjects, tadalafil resulted in small changes in blood pressure, which are not believed to ...
Coca Antonio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: More than 60% of patients with hypertension included in morbidity and mortality trials needed >or=2 drugs to achieve a substantial, sustained reduction in blood pressure. Tolerable combinations using higher doses of antihypertensive drugs are frequently required to control blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess ...
Charra Bernard - - 2003
A long hemodialysis (HD), 3 x 8 hours/week, has been used without significant modification in Tassin for 35 years with excellent morbidity and mortality results. It can be performed during the day or overnight. The relatively good survival is mainly due to a lower cardiovascular mortality than usually reported in ...
Gabutti Luca - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The bicarbonate concentration in dialysis fluids for intermittent haemodialysis usually is between 32 and 35 mmol/l. The severity of chronic metabolic acidosis secondary to end-stage renal failure is very variable, however, so that in some patients pre-dialysis acidosis is overcorrected. This study aimed to analyse haemodynamic tolerances to metabolic ...
Vasavada Nina - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is largely attributed to positive sodium balance. It is unclear how loop diuretics affect fluid volume compartments, especially with respect to their antihypertensive effect. METHODS: Subjects with CKD were administered a single therapeutically equivalent dose of an oral ...
Lok Ingrid Hung - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in intrauterine pressure during thermal balloon endometrial ablation and to identify risk factors associated with treatment failure. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Seventy two consecutive patients with idiopathic menorrhagia refractory to medical treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Thermal balloon endometrial ablation under patient-controlled sedation. ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2003
Long-term nocturnal hemodialysis, which uses longer and more frequent sessions than conventional hemodialysis, lowers clinic blood pressure and left ventricular mass. We tested the hypotheses that short-term nocturnal hemodialysis would (1) reduce ambulatory blood pressure; (2) cause peripheral vasodilation; (3) lower plasma norepinephrine concentration; and (4) improve the arterial response ...
Bell Lorraine - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Children with renal failure need their dialysis time optimized. Although traditional surrogate markers of outcome in pediatric patients have been growth and development, increasing attention is being focused on cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, volume overload, malnutrition, and elevated calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) levels. We have previously ...
Gadegbeku Crystal A - - 2003
Cardiovascular responses to hemodialysis have been characterized by invasive monitoring techniques. These techniques are not feasible for evaluation of hemodynamic status during dialysis in the outpatient setting. In this study, we used pulse waveform analysis (PWA), a noninvasive tool designed for the ambulatory setting, to assess hemodynamic responses of dialysis ...
Neter Judith E - - 2003
Increased body weight is a strong risk factor for hypertension. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed to estimate the effect of weight reduction on blood pressure overall and in population subgroups. Twenty-five randomized, controlled trials (comprising 34 strata) published between 1966 and 2002 with a total of 4874 ...
De Schryver E L L M - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Trial data suggest that dipyridamole, with or without aspirin, is more efficacious in the secondary prevention of stroke than of coronary events. This selective effect might be attributed to blood pressure lowering by dipyridamole. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect on blood pressure in the setting ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common in chronic hemodialysis patients, yet there are limited data on the epidemiology of hypertension in these patients in the United States. METHODS: We assessed the prevalence, treatment, and control of hypertension in a cohort of 2535 clinically stable, adult hemodialysis patients who participated in a multicenter ...
Cho Jeannie - - 2003
The objective of this study was to compare the difference between celecoxib and rofecoxib on blood pressure change. A retrospective review of medical records where the mean blood pressure in a 90-day period before and after start of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors, celecoxib, and rofecoxib was compared. Data were abstracted ...
Barreto-Filho José Augusto S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: During hypoxia, active substances released by the endothelium play a key role in the cardiovascular and respiratory responses elicited to optimize oxygen delivery. As hypercholesterolemia is a major cause of endothelial dysfunction, it may interfere with these responses. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied cardiovascular and ventilatory responses to acute ...
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