Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1621
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Cinar Surhan Ozer - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective, single-blind study was to assess the variations in the blood levels of PaO(2), PaO(2)/FiO(2), PaCO(2), and acid-base balance of patients undergoing laryngeal microsurgery under general anesthesia using small-bore endotracheal tubes. METHODS: 25 male patients were intubated with endotracheal tubes of 5.5-mm-inner diameter and fifteen ...
Ezri Tiberiu - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Main stem bronchial intubation is not always detected by routine means and may occur more frequently during laparoscopic procedures. Tracheal tube positional changes in non-obese patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were detected by either the Rapiscope (Cook Critical Care, Bloomington, Ind) or chest auscultation. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, crossover study. ...
Hoffman Robert J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Tracheal necrosis, stenosis, and rupture may result from overinflated endotracheal tube cuffs (ETTcs). We sought to determine the ability of faculty emergency medicine (EM) physicians to safely inflate ETTc as well as to estimate pressure of previously inflated ETTc. METHODS: Using a previously tested tracheal simulation model, we assessed ...
Dong Wei - - 2006
The middle ear transmits environmental sound to the inner ear. It also transmits acoustic energy sourced within the inner ear out to the ear canal, where it can be detected with a sensitive microphone as an otoacoustic emission. Otoacoustic emissions are an important noninvasive measure of the condition of sensory ...
Dullenkopf A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the ratio of the cuff diameters of the Microcuff paediatric tracheal tube (Microcuff PET, Weinheim, Germany) to fluoroscopically measured internal transverse tracheal diameters in children from birth to adolescence. METHODS: With Institutional Ethics Committee approval and parental consent, we measured the internal transverse tracheal ...
Maino Paulo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hyperinflation of LMA cuffs carries the risk of airway morbidity by exerting pressure on laryngeal and pharyngeal structures. Cuff hyperinflation in LMAs can result from nitrous oxide diffusion into the LMA cuff and from deliberate manual cuff inflation. METHODS: In an in vitro set up, maximum recommended cuff filling ...
Dullenkopf Alexander - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Acute and chronic hyperinflation of tracheal tube cuffs represents a persistent risk factor for airway damage in children when cuffed tracheal tubes are used. In order to overcome this particular risk, a cuff pressure (CP) pop-off valve has been designed to avoid CP exceeding 20 cmH(2)O. METHODS: The performance ...
D' Eredità Riccardo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate tympanic membrane healing process and biocompatibility of pressure-equalizing (PE) tubes, made of a novel biodegradable, absorbable material, in an animal model. BACKGROUND: Myringotomy and pressure-equalizing tube insertion is a frequent otologic procedure in children. However, results may vary because of the unpredictable extrusion rate of tubes. Furthermore, ...
Liu Yinbo - - 2006
The changes in pulse transit time (PTT) during the continuous slow deflation of brachial cuff were early reported; however, the PTTs obtained for specific cuff pressures during inflation or deflation have not been compared before. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the differences in PTT when cuff ...
Morrow Brenda - - 2006
Endotracheal suctioning is performed regularly in ventilated infants and children to remove obstructive secretions. The effect of suctioning on respiratory mechanics is not known. This study aimed to determine the immediate effect of endotracheal suctioning on dynamic lung compliance, tidal volume, and airway resistance in mechanically-ventilated paediatric patients by means ...
Sichel Jean-Yves - - 2006
Oto-acoustic emissions (OAEs) are low intensity sounds which can be recorded in the external ear canal with a sensitive microphone. They are initiated by the activated motility of the outer hair cells which provide mechanical feedback (the cochlear amplifier) to the basilar membrane, enhancing its displacement. Therefore it has been ...
Cong Peng - - 2006
A novel long-term less-invasive blood pressure monitoring system with fluid-filled cuff is proposed for advanced biological research. The system employs an instrumented elastic cuff attached with a rigid isolation ring on the outside wall of the cuff. The cuff is wrapped around a blood vessel for real-time blood pressure monitoring. ...
Hlatky Roman - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic testing of cerebral pressure autoregulation is more practical than static testing for critically ill patients. The process of cuff deflation is innocuous in the normal subject, but the systemic and cerebral effects of cuff deflation in severely head-injured patients have not been studied. The purposes of this study ...
Borghi Claudio - - 2006
In previous studies the possibility of a mechanism of hemodynamic imbalance consequent to a sharp decrease in blood pressure causing a more or less transient inner ear impairment was evaluated and to some extent demonstrated. In this scenario, tinnitus is very frequently present as a debilitating symptom associated to cochlear ...
Borghi Claudio - - 2006
The important role of atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP) in regulating blood pressure and changing vascular permeability has been widely studied and assessed during the last ten years. Considering the characteristics of this mechanism, which is responsible for a hypotensive and hypovolemic effect, and the possible role of hypotension associated with ...
Vanspauwen Robby - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To improve the reliability of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP), we propose a feedback method making use of a readily available blood pressure manometer with inflatable cuff to control the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) contraction. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The feedback method for SCM contraction consisted of ...
Rajesh Ramesh - - 2006
A series of experiments was carried out to evaluate the expansion characteristics of silicone mock arteries at frequencies from 5 to 100 Hz. Of particular interest was the magnitude of expansion along the length of the tube versus frequency. The tubes were pressurized from one end or from both ends. ...
Atlas Glen M - - 2005
The tracheal tube cuff performs an important function during anesthesia and critical care situations by allowing positive pressure ventilation and isolating the lungs from aspiration. Other maneuvers, such as pressure support ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure, are also cuff-dependent. However, excessive cuff pressure, as well as long-term intubation without excessive ...
Bortolotti M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The problem of eliminating gastroesophageal reflux (GER) with simple, effective and devoid of unpleasant side effects procedures is still unresolved. We tried to settle this problem with a magnetic device that should be applied to the distal end of the esophagus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two plastoferrite magnets of 2 ...
Hsu Chien-Chin - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: With the knowledge of differences in anatomic structures between the trachea and the esophagus, the authors conducted an animal study to evaluate the usefulness of endotracheal cuff pressure in distinguishing endotracheal and esophageal intubations. METHODS: Six swine were anesthetized and endotracheally intubated with 7.5-mm cuffed endotracheal tubes. The intubations ...
Lindquist W Brent - - 2006
We show that arc menisci configuration under primary drainage in capillary tube cross sections and, by extension, in throats in the void structure of rock and soil, can be understood in terms of the computational geometry theory of medial axis analysis. The solution for arc meniscus configuration is developed for ...
Bernet V - - 2005
Cuffed tracheal tubes are becoming increasingly popular in paediatric anaesthesia and intensive care medicine. To avoid cuff related complications and airway morbidity, a thorough understanding of cuff volume/pressure behaviour and management is required. In this study, the outer cuff diameter and form stability of the cuff at high cuff pressure ...
Klokker Mads - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pressure-equalizing earplugs available in major airports and drugstores. No previous study has focused on preventing barotrauma using these earplugs. METHODS: Blinded and double-blinded, one type of pressure-equalizing earplugs (JetEars) was studied in 27 volunteers disposed to ear barotrauma. ...
Galinski Michel - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Excessive pressure exerted on the tracheal mucosa is an avoidable factor implicated as a cause of damage after intubation of the trachea with cuffed tubes. Many patients are intubated in the out-of-hospital setting by emergency medical teams. The time spent in the out-of-hospital setting could very well be ...
Timoshenko Andrei P - - 2005
The two essential regulating mechanisms of the middle ear pressure are the trans-mucosal gas exchange in the middle ear and the ventilation function of the eustachian tube (ET). The physiological mechanism of these both functions is not yet clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of ...
Thompson Matthew V - - 2005
Earlier theoretical analyses of the rate of propagation of pressure-concentration waves in the phloem were performed without adequate attention to the elastic expansion of sieve tube walls. Here, it is shown that the rate of propagation of pressure-concentration waves in phloem sieve tubes is not significantly impeded by wall elasticity, ...
Naili Salah - - 2005
Pressure fields in rigid smooth straight tubes with an axially uniform cross section, in which an incompressible Newtonian fluid flows steadily, have been determined. Five cross section shapes are used. The reference cross section S0 is slightly elliptic (ellipticity of 1.005). Four cross section shapes, which mimic collapsed vessels in ...
Bair Aaron E - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Early detection of an inadvertent esophageal intubation can be particularly challenging in cases when the current standard of care, carbon dioxide detection, is unreliable. We sought to determine the sensitivity and specificity of an inexpensive and portable device, the gum elastic bougie (Eschmann Tracheal Tube Introducer, SIMS Portex, Inc, ...
Abud Tania Mara Vilela - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine, in dogs anesthetized with nitrous oxide (N2O), (whether the endotracheal tube (ETT) cuffed with a Lanz pressure regulating valve decreases the tracheal consequences of tracheal intubation. METHODS: Sixteen mixed-breed dogs were allocated to two groups according to the ETT used: Control group (n = 8) - Rüsch ...
Efrati Shai - - 2005
Inappropriate cuff filling is responsible for various complications related to the use of an endotracheal tube (ETT). In this study, we evaluated an objective, noninvasive method for continuous assessment of leak around the ETT cuff by monitoring carbon dioxide pressure (P(CO2) in the upper airway. P(CO2) levels were measured by ...
Dullenkopf A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a new cuff pressure release valve (CPRV), in which the release pressure can be adjusted from 10 to 25 cmH2O, particularly intended to control pressure in paediatric cuffed tracheal tubes and to avoid cuff hyperinflation caused by N2O ...
Jeselsohn Yael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to quantitatively assess the contribution of various factors to the conductive hearing loss in otitis media. BACKGROUND: In the conductive hearing loss seen in cases of serous otitis media, various volumes of fluid of different viscosities along with subatmospheric (negative) pressure are found in the ...
Gan Rong Z - - 2006
A three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) model of human ear with accurate structural geometry of the external ear canal, tympanic membrane (TM), ossicles, middle ear suspensory ligaments, and middle ear cavity has been recently reported by our group. In present study, this 3D FE model was modified to include acoustic-structural ...
Brattmo Marianne - - 2005
CONCLUSION: The results of this study give support to the theory that opening the middle ear (ME) to the atmosphere leads to a deterioration in its pressure regulation capacity. However, this is probably not the reason why a perforation of the tympanic membrane becomes chronic. OBJECTIVE: Direct, continuous measurement is ...
Toklu Akin S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Submarine escape training is carried out by preselected, healthy young men under strictly controlled conditions regarding exposure to pressure and the rate of pressure change. This provides a unique opportunity to investigate the relations between middle ear characteristics and susceptibility to barotrauma while avoiding possible confounding parameters. We examined ...
Hof J R - - 2005
Middle ear pathology has a negative effect on the detectability of otoacoustic emissions. In this study, we investigated the effect of compensating a deviant static middle ear pressure while measuring transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs). In 59 children (mean age 4 years, 5 months) TEOAEs were measured twice in one ...
Gopalan Pushkas - - 2005
The tracheal mucosa is very a delicate structure, and pressure-ischaemia problems following the use of cuffed tracheostomy tubes are well documented. Iatrogenic tracheal stenosis is one of the consequences of mucosal ischaemia and is very difficult to treat. In this study the accuracy of finger-tip tested tracheostomy tube cuff inflation ...
Hof J R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are widely used for assessing congenital and early-acquired sensorineural hearing loss in young children. Middle ear pathology has a negative effect on the presence of OAEs. In this study we investigated whether measuring OAEs at compensated middle ear pressure (CMEP) resulted in a higher pass rate ...
Aazh Hashir - - 2005
The effect of air pressure change on bone conduction (BC) hearing thresholds in the occluded ear was investigated. The pump manometer system of an impedance bridge was used to change the air pressure in the ear canal of twenty-two normally hearing subjects. BC thresholds were measured with: (1) open ear; ...
Kania Romain E - - 2005
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated errors introduced by the gas permeability of the tubing and additional dead space. Materials with practically no permeability, such as glass, must be used to overcome the loss or gain of gas through the walls of tubes used for studying ME gas variations. Experiments conducted at a ...
Puria Sunil - - 2005
AIMS: To determine 1) the best position for hydroxylapatite malleus-to-footplate (MFP), ossicular replacement prosthesis (ORP) in reconstructed ears, and 2) whether preserving the stapes superstructure (SS), when present, has acoustic advantages. BACKGROUND: Positioning of the MFP-ORP head beneath the neck of the malleus may produce maximal force, whereas positioning beneath ...
Kumar S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Foreign bodies in the ear are mainly encountered in children. This can often pose a problem especially in an accident and emergency department where a microscope or expert help is not routinely available. This paper presents a simple, safe, and effective way of ear syringing. The ease and simplicity ...
Epstein Scott K - - 2005
The trachea is easily accessible at the bedside. As such it provides ready access for emergency airway cannulation (eg, in the setting of acute upper airway obstruction) and for chronic airway access after laryngeal surgery. More commonly, tracheostomy tubes are placed to allow removal of a translaryngeal endotracheal tube. Tracheostomy ...
Graves John W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Self-measurement of blood pressure using an automated home blood pressure monitoring (AHBPM) is increasingly used in hypertension management. Internet commerce increases dramatically each year. This study looked to identify the availability of validity of AHBPM and the correct cuff size to go with the AHBPM. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using ...
Challis M J - - 2005
We investigated the effect of pneumatic pressure applied to the proximal musculature of the sheep foreleg on load at the site of a transverse osteotomy of the distal radius. The distal radii of 10 fresh sheep foreleg specimens were osteotomized and a pressure sensor was inserted between the two bone ...
Klarskov Niels - - 2005
Pressure reflectometry is a new and easily applicable technique for simultaneous measurement of cross-sectional area and pressure in a collapsible biological tube. Related values of pressure and cross-sectional area are relevant for assessment of the mechanical properties of a biological tube. A very thin and highly flexible 6 cm long ...
Therkildsen Anette G - - 2005
HYPOTHESIS: Modern tympanometers run at higher rates of pressure change than older tympanometers, which increases the inaccuracy of determining the middle ear pressure. BACKGROUND: Tympanometric middle ear pressure may be susceptible to both the direction as well as the rate of pressure change, which is reflected by two different pressure ...
Doneley Sarah - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that the life-span of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is shorter than the Classic LMA. We also compared residual cuff volumes and changes in elastance and permeability with use. Six new size 4 ProSeal LMAs and 6 new size 4 Classic LMAs were tested. Each ...
Kolodjaschna Julia - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare dynamic autoregulation in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and the ophthalmic artery (OA) after a step decrease in systemic blood pressure. METHODS: Eighteen healthy male young subjects were studied. Ultrasound parameters and systemic blood pressures were recorded in each subject before, during, and after a step decrease ...
Franz Burkhard - - 2005
Patients suffering from Ménière's disease are particularly sensitive to negative pressure in the middle ear. For example, attacks of vertigo can be triggered by a descent in an aircraft when ventilation of the middle ear can become critical. Positive-pressure pulse treatment has been shown to have a beneficial effect on ...
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