Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1629
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Dai Chenkai - - 2007
HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of middle ear fluid and pressure on tympanic membrane mobility by using laser Doppler interferometry and to compare these results with tympanometry. BACKGROUND: Tympanometry has been commonly used for evaluation of otitis media with effusion, a middle ear disease ...
Gadagkar Vikram - - 2007
We have used Raman spectroscopy to study the behavior of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNT) under hydrostatic pressure. We find that the rate of change of the tangential mode frequency with pressure is higher for the sample with traces of polymer compared to the pristine sample. We have performed classical molecular ...
Bodin Aase - - 2007
Bacterial cellulose (BC) was deposited in tubular form by fermenting Acetobacter xylinum on top of silicone tubes as an oxygenated support and by blowing different concentrations of oxygen, that is, 21% (air), 35%, 50%, and 100%. Mechanical properties such as burst pressure and tensile properties were evaluated for all tubes. ...
DiGiovanni Jeffrey J - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate modified acoustic reflex diagnostic protocols for a group of individuals (n = 9) with high peak compensated static acoustic admittance (Y(tm)) tympanograms. METHOD: A modified procedure designed to improve acoustic stapedius reflex threshold (ASRT) measurements in individuals with high-admittance tympanograms was employed in both an experimental and ...
Valencia Mauricio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aspiration of subglottic secretions colonized by bacteria pooled around the tracheal tube cuff due to inadvertent deflation (<20 cm H2O) of the cuff plays a relevant role in the pathogenesis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. We assessed the efficacy of an automatic, validated device for the continuous regulation of tracheal ...
Michelet P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The oesophagectomy procedure includes the formation of a gastric tube to re-establish the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract. The effect of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) on gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF) remains unknown in clinical practice. The aim of this prospective observational study was to assess the microcirculatory changes ...
Sharnez Rizwan - - 2007
The ability of pressure-driven leaks to provide an effective barrier against microbial ingress was investigated experimentally. The leak was simulated by circulating growth promoting media through a section of flexible tubing that had a 3/4-inch breach. The flow rate of the media was adjusted until the leak was barely visible; ...
Decraemer W F WF University of Antwerp, CGB, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerpen, Belgium. - - 2007
It was shown that the mode of vibration of the stapes has a predominant piston component but rotations producing tilt of the footplate are also present. Tilt and piston components vary with frequency. Separately it was shown that the pressure gain between ear canal and scala vestibuli was a remarkably ...
Santoro Antonio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The removal of small and middle molecules has a relevant impact on haemodialysis (HD) patient survival. Mid-dilution (MD) is a technique combining ease of use with high diffusive-convective clearances. However, MD may increase the intrafilter blood pressure due to the high filtration fraction. We devised a new filter configuration, ...
Karaaslan Kazim - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of tympanometric changes on the frequency of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 49 ASA physical status I, nonpremedicated children undergoing elective strabismus surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Frequency of PONV was assessed at various time intervals (0-2, 2-6, and ...
Roscoe Andrew - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High endotracheal cuff pressures have been shown to cause high mucosal pressures and a reduction in mucosal blood flow, with the risk of mucosal ischemia. We aimed to directly measure the pressure exerted by the bronchial cuffs of double-lumen tubes (DLT) and by the cuffs of three new designs ...
Steiger James R - - 2007
We examined a 38-year-old male with syringohydromyelia and concomitant symptoms suggestive of intracranial hypertension including unilateral low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss and objective pulsatile tinnitus. The tinnitus was heard by the authors (through a hearing aid stethoscope tube), measured objectively (with a probe microphone), measured subjectively (as minimum masking levels and ...
Weiss Markus - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if inspiratory pressure from intermittent positive pressure ventilation may be sufficient to inflate the cuff (thus 'auto-inflation') and thereby seal the trachea. METHODS: In a laboratory model we investigated the ability of cuffs of seven 5.0 mm internal diameter (ID) tracheal ...
Allan Patrick F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of endotracheal-tube cuff deflation on airflow and F(IO2) during high-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV), and explore methods of correcting the cuff-deflation-associated decrease in mean airway pressure and F(IO2) at the carina. METHODS: Using a mechanical lung model in our respiratory research laboratory, we measured circuit pressure ...
Mann Catherine - - 2007
Helicopters and light (unpressurised) aircraft are used increasingly for the transport of ventilated patients. Most of these patients are ventilated through endotracheal tubes (ETTs), others through laryngeal mask airways (LMAs). The cuffs of both ETTs and LMAs inflate with increases in altitude as barometric pressure decreases (30 mbar/1000 feet). Tracheal ...
Suzuki Manzo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A common problem during lung separation is malposition of the double-lumen tube (DLT). It was hypothesized that inflation of the distal cuff with saline instead of air may reduce the incidence of malposition of the endobronchial tube. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients who were scheduled to undergo thoracic surgery ...
Mitchell Mark A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a combination of 2 nonantibiotic microbicide compounds, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), as a treatment to suppress or eliminate Salmonella spp from red-eared slider (RES) turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) eggs and hatchlings. SAMPLE POPULATION: 2,738 eggs from 8 turtle farms in Louisiana. PROCEDURES: Eggs were ...
Jespersen Anders - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of computerized cuff pressure algometry (CPA) in fibromyalgia (FM) and to correlate deep-tissue sensitivity assessed by CPA with other disease markers of FM. Forty-eight women with FM and 16 healthy age-matched women were included. A computer-controlled, pneumatic tourniquet cuff was ...
Svenson James E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cuffed endotracheal tubes are used to prevent gas leak and also pulmonary aspiration in ventilated patients. The pressure exerted on the tracheal wall is similar to intracuff pressure. The perfusion pressure for the tracheal mucosa is 40 cm H(2)O. Cuff pressures greater than 40 cm H(2)O may cause various ...
Allan Patrick F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: With a high-frequency percussive ventilator and a mechanical lung model, to measure tidal volume (V(T)), pulsatile pressure amplitude (difference between peak and nadir pulsatile pressure [DeltaP];), and mean airway pressure (P (aw)) at various pulsatile frequencies, pulsatile inspiratory-expiratory ratios (I:E(p)), and pressures (measured at the interface between the pulse-generator ...
Hüttenbrink Karl-Bernd - - 2007
A piston prosthesis in stapedioplasty significantly modifies the function of the normal ossicular chain. Due to the fact that the ear works as a pressure receptor, a piston prosthesis will be displaced at ambient air pressure changes in a different way than the normal stapes. Our ear is constantly exposed ...
Weiss Markus - - 2007
This article reviews recent developments and core topics in the use and design of pediatric cuffed tracheal tubes. A concept for an appropriate pediatric cuffed tracheal tube is introduced. The main points in this concept are evidence-based tracheal tube size recommendation, continuous cuff pressure monitoring and a pediatric tracheal tube ...
Nseir Saad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intubation is frequently performed in intensive care unit patients. Overinflation of the endotracheal tube cuff is a risk factor for tracheal ischemia and subsequent complications. Despite manual control of the cuff pressure, overinflation of the endotracheal cuff is common in intensive care unit patients. We hypothesized that efficient continuous ...
Lantz Johannes - - 2007
Real-ear measurements using the modified pressure method with concurrent (real-time) equalization can be inaccurate, when amplified sound leaks out of the ear canal and reaches the reference microphone. In such situations the reference microphone will detect an increased sound level and reduce the output of the loudspeaker to maintain the ...
Potier Jacky - - 2007
Mid-dilution (MidD) is a new concept allowing post- and predilution in the same dialyser (Olpur MD 190). The aim of the study was to compare, in 6 patients, MidD with post and predilution wird regard to purification tests, such as reduction ratios and instantaneous whole-blood clearances, of urea, creatinine and ...
John Gareth W GW Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering at Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4XN. - - 2007
Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is widely used for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis. The technique involves periodic inflation of a compression cuff around a limb, which acts to simulate the muscle pump mechanism, encouraging venous blood flow. However, there is uncertainty regarding the relationship between compression, vascular effects and clinical ...
Narracott Andrew J AJ Academic Unit of Medical Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2JF, UK. - - 2007
The intermittent compression of the calf with an external pressure cuff for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a well established treatment for surgical patients. The exact mechanisms by which DVT is prevented are poorly understood. This study presents a finite element model of calf cross section, based ...
Doyle William J WJ Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3000 Mt Royal Blvd, Glenshaw, PA 15116, USA. - - 2007
The physiological function of the mastoid air cell system (MACS) with respect to middle ear (ME) pressure-regulation remains controversial because predictive mathematical models and experimental data to formulate and test hypotheses are lacking. A mathematical description of MACS volume effects on the rate of ME pressure change is presented; the ...
Darrouzet Vincent - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To establish that admittance (Y) and susceptance (B) conductance (G) tympanograms at 2 kHz can reflect the status of the annular ligament and the cochlear pressure. METHODS: Seven experiments were set up in 22 guinea pigs: ventilation of the bulla, blockage of the stapes and round window membrane (RWM), ...
Vargas Alfonso - - 2006
BACKGROUND: One of the 2 classification criteria for fibromyalgia (FM) is the presence of tender points on specific anatomic sites. It has been established that these tender points reflect a state of generalized allodynia (defined as pain resulting from a stimulus that does not normally provoke pain). Patients with FM ...
Gan Rong Z - - 2006
An otitis media with effusion model in human temporal bones with two laser vibrometers was created in this study. By measuring the displacement of the stapes from the medial side of the footplate, the transfer function of the middle ear, which is defined as the displacement transmission ratio (DTR) of ...
Pezowicz Celina A - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Microstructural/micromechanical investigation of pathways of anular wall disruption. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the fundamental mechanisms by which both intralamellar and interlamellar relationships are disrupted by nuclear pressurization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Understanding how anular failure might occur following increased nuclear pressurization requires an experimental approach that avoids artifactual injury ...
Didyk L A - - 2007
Atmospheric pressure fluctuations (APF) might induce mechanical effects in the pars flaccida (PF) of the eardrum. To clarify these effects, different kinds of pressure oscillations (PO), chosen within the range of naturally occurring APF, were applied to the middle ears (ME) of gerbils. The linear displacement of the PF during ...
Tsui Ban C H - - 2006
PURPOSE: Presently, no standardized technique exists to monitor injection pressures during peripheral nerve blocks. Our objective was to determine if a compressed air injection technique, using an in vitro model based on Boyle's law and typical regional anesthesia equipment, could consistently maintain injection pressures below a 1293 mmHg level associated ...
Brady Paul C - - 2006
PURPOSE: As arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery has advanced, new techniques have emerged to maximize the biomechanical strength of the repair construct. The double-row repair has been recommended as a means of increasing the contact area of the repaired rotator cuff to the native bone bed. This study attempts to sequentially ...
Hayashi Satoru - - 2006
In this paper, a simulation model based on the partially pressurized collapsible tube model for reproducing noninvasive blood pressure measurement is presented. The model consists of a collapsible tube, which models the pressurized part of the artery, rigid pipes connected to the collapsible tube, which model proximal and distal region ...
Bernet V - - 2006
Cuff volume-pressure curves and cuff pressure-tracheal wall pressure relationships were investigated in eight brands of currently available cuffed, paediatric tracheal tubes with internal diameters of 5.0 mm. Cuff volume-pressure curves were measured with the cuff unrestricted and with the cuff placed within a tracheal model with wall pressure measurements. With ...
Frønes S - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether iodinated radiographic contrast media (IRCM) mimic the hyperpolarizing and vasodilator effects of K+ by comparing the vasodilator effect of a transient rise in extracellular K+ with that of the IRCM iohexol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immersed rabbit central ear arterial rings with and without endothelium and pre-contracted ...
Kawati Rafael - - 2006
Only extreme degrees of endotracheal tube (ETT) narrowing can be detected with monitoring of tidal volume (V(T)) during pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV). To assess the degree of ETT obstruction in PCV and to compare it to V(T) monitoring, we produced 3 levels of partial ETT obstruction in 11 healthy anesthetized piglets ...
Carrasquilla Carlos - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Dilatation of the Roux-limb is sometimes found following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) procedures. This could be the result of a transient episode due to ileus, or a partial or complete obstruction. The risk of this complication is an increase in intraluminal pressure with the potential for leak. Blind insertion ...
O'Connor Kevin N - - 2006
Drive pressure to stapes velocity (V(st)) transfer function measurements are collected and compared for human cadaveric temporal bones with the drive pressure alternately on the ear canal (EC) and middle ear cavity (MEC) sides of the tympanic membrane (TM), in order to predict the performance of proposed middle-ear implantable acoustic ...
Van Wassenbergh Sam - - 2006
The magnitude of sub-ambient pressure inside the bucco-pharyngeal cavity of aquatic animals is generally considered a valuable metric of suction feeding performance. However, these pressures do not provide a direct indication of the effect of the suction act on the movement of the prey item. Especially when comparing suction performance ...
Hamdan Abdul-Latif - - 2007
The objective of this study was to examine the vocal symptoms and acoustic changes perceived in the short period after endotracheal intubation, and to find the association between these changes and the endotracheal tube parameters. A total of 35 subjects were included. They were examined preoperatively, and 2 and 24 ...
Dirckx Joris J J - - 2006
Due to changes in ambient pressure and to the gas-exchange processes in the middle ear (ME) cavity, the ear is subject to ultra-low-frequency pressure variations, which are many orders of magnitude larger than the loudest acoustic pressures. Little quantitative data exist on how ME mechanics deals with these large quasi-static ...
Petrova Petia - - 2006
HYPOTHESIS: To assess the effects of positive and negative middle ear pressures on auditory threshold. BACKGROUND: Nonatmospheric middle ear pressures can alter auditory threshold by their effects on tympanic membrane and ossicular chain mobility. METHODS: Experiments were conducted on guinea pigs by inducing alterations in pressure (positive and negative) with ...
Vanspauwen R - - 2006
CONCLUSIONS: We used a feedback method, based on a blood pressure manometer with inflatable cuff, to control the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) contraction. To obtain comparable left-right VEMP responses, it is necessary (1) to determine which cuff pressures on both sides yield identical mean rectified voltage (MRV) values of the SCM ...
Pagan Vittore - - 2006
Persistent air leak (PAL) is the most common complication after lung resection, requiring additional treatments and hospital stay. Intraoperative prevention of PAL is usually left to the surgeon's subjective judgement, with inconsistent results. The aim of the study was to establish systematic, reproducible quantification of air leaks at thoracotomy in ...
Ceriana Piero - - 2006
RATIONALE: T-piece trials and spontaneous breathing trials through the tracheostomy tube are often used as weaning techniques. They are usually performed with the cuff inflated, which may increase the inspiratory load and/or influence the tidal volume generated by the patient. We assessed diaphragmatic effort during T-piece trials with or without ...
Niinami Hiroshi - - 2006
Recently, flexible fluted small silicone drains have been used widely as chest drains after cardiac surgery. Despite the clinical advantages of using smaller silastic chest drains over conventional chest tubes, an experimental comparison of the drainage capacity between these two drain tubes has not yet been performed. The drainage capacity ...
Linder Stephen P - - 2006
The morphology of the pulsatile component of the photoplethysmogram (PPG) has been shown to vary with physiology, but changes in the morphology caused by the baroreflex response to orthostatic stress have not been investigated. Using two FDA approved Nonin pulse oximeters placed on the finger and ear, we monitored 11 ...
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