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Chaki Tomohiro T *Department of Anesthesiology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo ‡Department of Clinical Pharmaceutics, Hokkaido Pharmaceutical University School of Pharmacy, Otaru, Hokkaido, Japan †Department of Anesthesiology, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Mixtures of various local anesthetics, such as lidocaine and ropivacaine, have been widely used. However, their efficacy and safety for scalp nerve blocks and local infiltration during awake craniotomy have not been fully elucidated. We prospectively investigated 53 patients who underwent awake craniotomy. Scalp block was performed for the blockade ...
Taverna Domenico - - 2014
Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) was employed for the analysis of frozen skin biopsies to investigate the differences between stage IV pressure ulcers that remain stalled, stagnant and unhealed versus those exhibiting clinical and histological signs of improvement. Our data reveal a rich diversity of proteins that are dynamically modulated and ...
Lorriaux A A Department of Dermatology, Université de Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens University Medical Center, North Hospital, Amiens, - - 2014
Calciphylaxis is a rare cause of skin ulcerations and necrosis in patients with both normal renal and parathyroid function. Although calciphylaxis appears to be on the increase, treatments are mainly empirical, especially for wound care. The lesions in calciphylaxis are typically very painful and carry a high risk of infection, ...
Maguire Patrick P From the New York Veterinary Specialty Center, Farmingdale, - - 2014
ABSTRACT A 5 mo old female Akita and a 1 yr, 5 mo old male German shorthaired pointer were both evaluated for soft-tissue lesions characterized by rapidly expanding edema, erythema, and pain. Ultrasound was utilized to locate and sample fluid accumulations, and β-hemolytic Streptococcus was isolated from the wounds. Development ...
Baadjies Ruth R Clinical Nurse Specialist Continence - - 2014
Individuals who suffer with incontinence, especially in relation to faeces, will often be at risk of skin breakdown and develop incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) which, if left untreated, can lead to pressure ulcer formation ( Gray, 2004 ). IAD is caused by increased, unrelieved moisture against the skin, usually from liquid ...
Newton Heather H Consultant Nurse Tissue Viability, Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust. Truro, - - 2014
Pressure ulcer prevention is high on the quality agenda and provision of pressure-relieving equipment to meet patients' needs is an essential part of this process. This can be challenging in today's NHS and this article explores the evaluation process that supported the procurement of the AtmosAir™ 4000 pressure-redistributing mattress replacement ...
Shon Yoo-Seok YS Department of Plastic Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is believed to accelerate wound healing by altering wound microvascular blood flow. Although many studies using laser Doppler have found that NPWT increases perfusion, recent work using other modalities has demonstrated that perfusion is reduced. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of ...
Kim Jung Yoon JY 0000-0002-5941-7391 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the positive effects of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) on the wound-healing process in pressure ulcers. In this randomized controlled trial, the effects of PDRN were compared over time between an experimental group (n=11) and a control group (n=12). The former was administered the same dose of PDRN ...
Crea Simona - - 2014
Here we describe a novel wearable feedback appara-tus for lower-limb amputees. The system is based on three modules: a pressure-sensitive insole for the measurement of the plantar pressure distribution under the prosthetic foot during gait, a computing unit for data processing and gait segmentation, and a set of vibrating elements ...
Nolff M C MC Clinic for Small Animal Surgery and Reproduction, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, - - 2014
A 10-year-old, domestic shorthair cat was presented for acute lameness of the left forelimb accompanied by severe pain, swelling, skin necrosis, malodorous discharge and pyrexia. Following a presumptive diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis aggressive surgical debridement of the affected soft tissues of the antebrachium and negative pressure wound treatment of the ...
Maeda T M TM Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hakodate General Central Hospital, Hakodate, - - 2014
Skin perfusion pressure (SPP) is the perfusion pressure at the skin level, and it can serve as an index of peripheral circulation in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. We report a 78-year-old man with critical limb ischaemia who, despite having undergone several catheter interventions, still had severe ulcers with exposed ...
Sueki Shina S Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the most important vascular access method for hemodialysis (HD). However, ischemic steal syndrome occasionally develops. This study evaluated the change in skin perfusion pressure (SPP) after the creation of upper limb AVF and analyzed the relationship between blood flow measurements and the change in SPP. The ...
Issa Maria Cláudia Almeida - - 2014
Abstract Background: Transepidermal drug delivery (TED) is a new potential method in dermatology. Permeability alterations induced by ablative fractional resurfacing have been described with the aim to increasing the delivery of different substances into the skin. Objective: To evaluate clinical response and side effects of TED in areata alopecia (AA) ...
Gilpin Sarah - - 2014
Abstract Dermal exposure is an important route of entry for chemicals in occupational and consumer settings. Key to this exposure is the penetration of the skin's barrier, and key to this penetration is a chemical's vapor pressure. Until now, vapor pressure and its effects on the skin have yet to ...
Wijewardena Aruna A Department of Burns and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, - - 2014
Pressure ulcers present a major clinical challenge, are physically debilitating and place the patient at risk of serious comorbidities such as septic shock. Recombinant human activated protein C (APC) is an anticoagulant with anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective and angiogenic effects that promote rapid wound healing. Topical negative pressure wound therapy (TNP) has ...
Park Kyung Hee KH Samsung Medical Center International Wound Ostomy Continence Nursing Educational Program, Department of Nursing, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea; email: - - 2014
Stage II pressure ulcers (PUs) should be managed promptly and appropriately in order to prevent complications. To identify the factors affecting Stage II PU healing and optimize care, the electronic medical records of patients with a Stage II PU in an acute care hospital were examined. Patient and ulcer characteristics ...
Jeffery Steven L A - - 2014
In negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), wound fillers are used to ensure that the negative pressure is applied across the entire wound surface. At present, foam and gauze are the most commonly used fillers. Both ensure equal distribution of negative pressure, but foam is more absorbent, while gauze is more ...
Calestani Gianluca G Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Parma , Parco Area delle Scienze 17A, I-43124 Parma, - - 2014
The structural behavior of BiMnO3 under pressure was studied in a quantitative way by single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction up to 36 GPa. Two phase transitions were observed at moderate pressures (1 and 6 GPa, respectively), leading the system at first to the P21/c and then to the Pnma symmetry. The ...
Ding Dale D Departments of Neurological Surgery, - - 2014
Increasing evidence supports dural venous sinus stenosis as the patho-etiology of pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) in a subset of affected patients. In this video, we demonstrate our technique for 1) diagnostic venous manometry to identify a flow-limiting stenosis of the transverse sinus in a PTC patient; and 2) successful treatment of ...
Rabin Igor - - 2014
Claudication is one of the sequelae of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). To date, no effective treatment has been found for this condition. To investigate a new device to treat PAD. The device administers pre-programmed protocols of oscillations to the foot. Fifteen patients aged 40-70 years who suffered from intermittent claudication ...
Rathee M M Department of Prosthodontics, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
Keloid is dermal lesion characterized by nodular fibroblastic proliferation, which is considered an aberration of wound healing process. It is believed to be the confused scar that does not know when to stop growing. Pressure therapy using clips or splints is widely used for the treatment of keloids; however, it ...
Huang Zixin Z School of Chemistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, - - 2014
We have experimentally investigated the effects of pressure on the magnetoelastic transitions associated with the opening of spin-gaps in Ba3BiIr2O9 and Ba3BiRu2O9. For both compounds, reducing the unit cell volume by either external physical and internal chemical pressure was found to reduce the temperature T(*) of the transition and, to ...
Zocco D A DA Department of Physics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, - - 2014
Iridium-based 5d transition-metal oxides are attractive candidates for the study of correlated electronic states due to the interplay of enhanced crystal-field, Coulomb and spin-orbit interaction energies. At ambient pressure, these conditions promote a novel Jeff = 1/2 Mott-insulating state, characterized by a gap of the order of ∼0.1 eV. We ...
Shin Sung Hyun SH Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine and Biomedical Research Institute, Busan, - - 2014
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is defined as increased intracranial pressure of unknown origin. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a rare condition in adolescence. We report the case of a 14-year-old girl with sudden onset of decreased visual acuity, headache and menstrual irregularity. Clinical neurological examination and ...
Stelzle Florian - - 2014
Purpose: Because the maxilla and its alveolar process are prone to resorption after tooth loss, it is often necessary to perform a bone augmentation procedure to successfully carry out implant treatment in that region. The aim of this study was to determine the adhesive force between the sinus membrane and ...
De Simone Roberto R Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, Headache Centre, University Federico II of Naples, Via S. Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
To assess the prevalence and possible pathogenetic involvement of raised intracranial pressure in patients presenting with unresponsive chronic migraine (CM), we evaluated the intracranial opening pressure (OP) and clinical outcome of a single cerebrospinal fluid withdrawal by lumbar puncture in 44 consecutive patients diagnosed with unresponsive chronic/transformed migraine and evidence ...
Hu Hao H Department of Anesthesiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, - - 2014
Cerebral venous sampling may be useful in the evaluation of cerebral damage. A catheter was successfully inserted 18 cm deep from the right internal jugular vein into the transverse sinus in a 38 year old man with B-mode ultrasound guidance to measure pressure and sample blood. Transverse sinus venous oxygen ...
Onaran Zafer Z Department of Ophthalmology, Kırıkkale University School of Medicine , Kırıkkale , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of combined orbital bone and fat decompression on intraocular pressure (IOP) and superior ophthalmic vein blood flow velocity (SOV-BFV), and their association with the clinical features of Graves orbitopathy (GO). Methods: During the 2002-2008 period, 72 eyes of 36 GO cases demonstrating moderate to ...
Isaac Adam L AL Southern Arizona Limb Salvage Alliance, Department of Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, - - 2014
The use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) as a bolster for split-thickness skin grafts has been well documented in the literature. It facilitates the removal of transudate, which can result in the formation of seroma, and mitigates shear stress, which can detach the graft from the underlying wound bed. ...
Doherty Marcus W MW Laser Physics Centre, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory 0200, - - 2014
The negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV-) center in diamond has realized new frontiers in quantum technology. Here, the optical and spin resonances of the NV- center are observed under hydrostatic pressures up to 60 GPa. Our results motivate powerful new techniques to measure pressure and image high-pressure magnetic and electric phenomena. Additionally, ...
Kaur Ramandeep - - 2014
Inspired by recent experiments, we have theoretically explored the nature of itineracy in CoV2O4 under pressure and investigated, using first-principles density functional theory calculations, whether it has any magnetic and orbital ordering. Our calculations indicate that there could be two possible routes for obtaining the experimentally observed pressure induced metallicity ...
Lopez Michele Antonio MA From the *Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
The current study describes an innovative protocol for the surgical maxillary sinus augmentation via a crestal approach that uses hydraulic pressure to lift the Schneiderian membrane and simultaneously fill the subantral space with a biomaterial for bone regeneration (nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite in aqueous solution). The technique in question combines the advantages ...
Misra Amit A 1 University of Washington Astronomy Department , Seattle, Washington, USA - - 2014
Abstract We present a new method to probe atmospheric pressure on Earth-like planets using (O2-O2) dimers in the near-infrared. We also show that dimer features could be the most readily detectable biosignatures for Earth-like atmospheres and may even be detectable in transit transmission with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). ...
Bateman Grant A GA Department of Medical Imaging, John Hunter Hospital, Locked Bag 1, Newcastle Region Mail Center, Newcastle 2310, Australia ; Newcastle University Faculty of Health, Callaghan Campus, Newcastle, - - 2014
The lack of absorption of CSF at the vertex in chronic hydrocephalus has been ascribed to an elevation in the arachnoid granulation outflow resistance (Rout). The CSF infusion studies measuring Rout are dependent on venous sinus pressure but little is known about the changes in pressure which occur throughout life ...
Dohmen Pascal M PM Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South - - 2014
Abstract Negative pressure wound therapy is a concept introduced initially to assist in the treatment of chronic open wounds. Recently, there has been growing interest in using the technique on closed incisions after surgery to prevent potentially severe surgical site infections and other wound complications in high-risk patients. Negative pressure ...
Maldonado Andrés A AA Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Burn Unit, University Hospital of Getafe, Madrid, - - 2014
Pressure ulcers are a prevalent health problem in today's society. The shortage of suitable animal models limits our understanding and our ability to develop new therapies. This study aims to report on the development of a novel and reproducible human skin pressure ulcer model in mice. Male non-obese, diabetic, severe ...
Towe Christopher C Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, - - 2014
Subcutaneous emphysema frequently occurs after pulmonary resection, but is usually mild and self-limiting. Patients can, however, develop severe symptomatic subcutaneous emphysema despite adequate thoracic drainage. There is a paucity of efficacious treatments for subcutaneous emphysema that does not respond to chest tube drainage. Previous reports have suggested that thoracoscopy may ...
Mehmood Nasir N School of Engineering, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia. - - 2014
This paper presents the development of an improved mobile-based telemetric dual mode sensing system to monitor pressure and moisture levels in compression bandages and dressings used for chronic wound management. The system is fabricated on a 0.2 mm thick flexible printed circuit material, and is capable of sensing pressure and ...
Alnemrat S S Department of Physics, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA. Physics Department, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, - - 2013
The present study provides new insights into the pressure dependence of magnetism by tracking the hybridization between crystal orbitals for pressures up to 600 GPa in the known hcp, bcc and fcc iron. The Birch-Murnaghan equation of state parameters are; bcc: V0 = 11.759 A(3)/atom, K0 = 177.72 GPa; hcp: V0 = 10.525 A(3)/atom, K0 = 295.16 GPa; and fcc: V0 = 10.682 A(3)/atom, K0 = 274.57 GPa. These ...
Chung Seung-Kyu SK Department of Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
The effects of middle meatal antrostomy (MMA) on air and nitric oxide exchange in the human maxillary sinus were quantified using the computational fluid dynamics technique. One full period of respiration was considered in the anatomically correct numerical domain. The simulation results showed that MMA did not cause any noticeable ...
Cheng J-G JG Materials Science and Engineering Program and Texas Materials Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX - - 2013
Perovskite oxides ABO3 are important materials used as components in electronic devices. The highly compact crystal structure consists of a framework of corner-shared BO6 octahedra enclosing the A-site cations. Because of these structural features, forming a strong bond between A and B cations is highly unlikely and has not been ...
Jesch Philip - - 2013
To evaluate medical efficacy and safety of crestal, minimally invasive sinus floor augmentation (MISFA) using an innovative method based on high hydraulic pressure. Twenty MISFA using the novel Jeder-System were performed in 18 patients at 2 study sites in Vienna, Austria. The Jeder-System consists of the Jeder-drill, the Jeder-pump, and ...
Kirshenbaum Kevin - - 2013
Simultaneous low-temperature electrical resistivity and Hall effect measurements were performed on single-crystalline Bi_{2}Se_{3} under applied pressures up to 50 GPa. As a function of pressure, superconductivity is observed to onset above 11 GPa with a transition temperature T_{c} and upper critical field H_{c2} that both increase with pressure up to 30 GPa, where ...
Grant Joshua - - 2013
Transverse (lateral) sinus thrombosis is a well-known complication of acute otitis media and mastoiditis in the pediatric and adult population. Thrombosis involving the transverse sinus can ultimately cause elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) as a result of decreased cerebrospinal fluid absorption. If treatment to lower ICP is not undertaken, it ...
Ptaszynski Pawel - - 2013
Inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) is a clinical syndrome characterized by excessive resting heart rate (HR) or disproportional HR increase during exercise. The etiology of IST has not been fully elucidated and remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to assess autonomic function by means of noninvasive tests and ...
Degerliyurt Kagan - - 2013
PURPOSE:: Although epinephrine is one of the most commonly used vasoconstrictor in association with local anesthesia in dentistry, systemic effects of topical admission of epinephrine for sinus augmentation have not been investigated yet. The purpose of this study was to reveal the safety of epinephrine as a topical vasoconstrictor in ...
Rose G E GE Orbital Clinic, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK. - - 2013
Vascular events in the orbit can present with an acute onset of symptoms, and, if untreated, raised orbital pressure and reduced arterial perfusion can lead to loss of orbital functions. Such events are commonly due to haemorrhage, but can also be due to arterio-venous shunts and very rarely arise from ...
Barisic Ivan - - 2013
We demonstrate the full counteracting ability of stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 against KCl-overdose (intraperitoneal (i), intragastric (ii), in vitro (iii)), NO-system related. (i) We demonstrated potential (/kg) of: BPC 157 (10ng, 10μg ip, complete counteraction), L-arginine (100mg ip, attenuation) vs. L-NAME (5mg ip, deadly aggravation), given alone and/or combined, ...
Schipke Jochen D - - 2013
Unintentional mechanical manipulation anywhere in the distribution of the trigeminal nerve might activate a reflexive bradycardia. Neurosurgeons need to bear in mind detrimental consequences on cardiac function. A female patient (53 years) underwent a computer-assisted (CAS), paranasal sinus operation performed under general anesthesia. During left sided CAS and preparation of ...
Jordan Jens - - 2012
Treatment resistant arterial hypertension is commonly defined as blood pressure that remains above goal in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents of different classes. The sympathetic nervous system promotes arterial hypertension and cardiovascular as well as renal damage, thus, providing a logical treatment target in these patients. ...
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