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Results 101 - 150 of 952
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Miettinen Marja H - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We previously found increased urinary protein excretion, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and blood pressure in a retrospective analysis of patients with previous nephropathia epidemica (NE). Here, we evaluated the long-term outcome after NE in a prospectively recruited patient group. METHODS: Proteinuria, GFR and ambulatory 24-hour blood pressure were assessed ...
Sato Yukihito - - 2009
Subclinical myocyte injury plays an important role in the progression of congestive heart failure. However, the clinical and hemodynamic factors that influence the concentrations of biomarkers of myocyte injury have not been clarified. Blood was sampled during diagnostic cardiac catheterization from 108 consecutive patients without acute coronary syndrome and acute ...
Yi S - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The N-amino-terminal fragment of the prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a marker of cardiac stress and elevated levels are indicative of heart failure. Few correlates of NT-proBNP levels have been identified in persons with moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD), and data from those without heart failure and from ...
Fava Cristiano - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the determinants of kidney function and the role of heritable factors in a sample of 249 siblings free from known cardiovascular disease and without antihypertensive drugs belonging to 110 families. Four different measures and estimates of kidney function were considered. Blood pressure ...
Chagnac Avry - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with hypertension and glomerular hyperfiltration. A major mechanism responsible for the obesity-associated hypertension is renal salt retention. An increased glomerular filtration fraction (FF) is expected to raise postglomerular oncotic pressure and to increase proximal tubular sodium reabsorption. The aim of the present study was to verify ...
Hill Gary S - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertensive nephrosclerosis is the second most common cause of end-stage renal disease, however morphologic evidence on the subject is poorly understood. A perennial and vexing problem in understanding kidney hypertension is that correlations between hypertension and vascular and glomerular lesions are only moderate, in part because all ...
VanTeeffelen Jurgen W G E - - 2008
Previous studies have suggested that agonists may increase functionally perfused capillary volume by modulation of blood-excluding glycocalyx volume, but direct evidence for this association is lacking at the moment. Using intravital microscopic visualization of mouse cremaster muscle, we determined the effects of bradykinin (10(-5) M) and sodium nitroprusside (10(-6) M) ...
Hermans Marc M H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Arterial remodeling aims to maintain a constant circumferential wall stress (sigmac). A failing remodeling process is associated with stroke. Data on the relationship between chronic kidney disease and arterial remodeling are scarce. METHODS: We investigated the association between a lower glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and microalbuminuria with arterial remodeling ...
Zhang X - - 2008
A phenomenon that has defied explanation for two decades is the time scale for transient reabsorption in the classic experiments of Michel and Phillips on individually perfused frog mesentery microvessels. One finds that transient reabsorption lasts <2 min before a new steady state of low filtration is established when the ...
Hladunewich M A - - 2008
We evaluated the early postpartum recovery of glomerular function over 4 wk in 57 women with preeclampsia. We used physiological techniques to measure glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow, and oncotic pressure (pi(A)) and computed a value for the two-kidney ultrafiltration coefficient (K(f)). Compared with healthy, postpartum controls, GFR ...
Mulè Giuseppe - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness and mild-to-moderate renal dysfunction are predictors of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Recently, the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) has been proposed as a surrogate index of arterial stiffness. It has been associated with an enhanced risk of stroke. The aim of our study was to assess ...
Saglam F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The observation that long-standing hyperuricemia is associated with chronic tubulointerstitial disease, afferent arteriolopathy, intrarenal vasoconstriction, and increased vascular resistance raises the hypothesis that hyperuricemia might contribute to chronic cyclosporine (CsA) nephropathy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of hyperuricemia on chronic CsA nephropathy. METHODS: ...
Saran Anita M AM Department of Internal Medicine/Nephrology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1053, USA. - - 2008
The prognostic significance of total kidney volume (TKV) in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is unknown. One hundred and seventy unrelated Caucasians with T2DM underwent multidetector-row computed tomography of the neck, chest, and abdomen to measure calcified plaque in the coronary artery (CorCP), carotid artery (CarCP), and infrarenal ...
Thomaseth Karl - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To evaluate the role of glycemic control on the evolution of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with mild-moderate hypertension under tight blood pressure control, and to address the current controversy whether diabetic nephropathy worsens, independently of blood pressure, proportionally to HbA1c at any ...
Boag A K - - 2007
Hyperthyroidism is a common endocrinopathy of older cats and is associated with an increased glomerular filtration rate (gfr). Renal dysfunction is also common in older cats and may develop after they have been treated for hyperthyroidism. This paper describes the changes in the gfr of 27 hyperthyroid cats in the ...
Boubred Farid - - 2007
Various antenatal events impair nephrogenesis in humans as well as in several animal models. The consecutive low nephron endowment may contribute to an increased risk for cardiovascular and renal diseases in adulthood. However, little knowledge is available on the influence of the postnatal environment, especially nutrition, on nephrogenesis. Moreover, the ...
Fesler Pierre - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In large epidemiological studies and using serum creatinine or estimates of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blood pressure has emerged as a predominant determinant of the age-associated decline in renal function. METHODS: The present longitudinal study (median follow-up period of 5.8 years) was conducted in 132 never-treated patients with essential ...
Neal Christopher R - - 2007
Production of urine is initiated by fluid and solute flux across the glomerular filtration barrier. Recent ultrastructural studies have shown that under extreme conditions of no filtration, or very high filtration, a restriction to flow is predicted in a space underneath the podocyte cell body or its processes, the subpodocyte ...
Lee Kyungsoo - - 2007
Internal filtration contributes to convective clearance in high-flux hemodialysis but its contribution is limited by low pressure gradients. Therefore, a modification using a conventional dialyzer was conceived to enhance internal filtration and backfiltration (BF) rates. The modified dialyzer includes two longitudinal independent regions for blood flow, which were created by ...
Foley Robert N - - 2007
Whether the creatinine-based glomerular filtration rate (GFR) thresholds used to define chronic kidney disease (CKD) identify metabolic abnormalities similarly in minority and nonminority populations is unknown. We addressed this question among adult participants in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) (n = 15,837). GFR was estimated ...
Steicke C - - 2007
The aim of this work was to develop a better understanding of a floating medium in a mechanical filtration mode. The experiments were carried out using a commonly available polystyrene floating medium filter with the grain size of 1mm. A sand medium filter with the similar grain size was also ...
Malan C A - - 2007
The filtration performance of five different types of filter intended for use in paediatric anaesthesia was measured. A total of 120 unused filters (24 samples of each filter type) were evaluated. The pressure drop and filtration performance, using challenges of sodium chloride particles, were measured for each filter at 3 ...
Mansano Roy R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA 90502, USA. - - 2007
Maternal water restriction (WR) may induce offspring plasma hypertonicity and enhanced vasopressin secretory responses. We determined effects of pregnancy WR on offspring body composition, renal morphology, and blood pressure. Pregnant Sprague Dawley rats (n = 21) were randomized to WR, pair-fed (PF), and control from embryo day (e) 10 to ...
Thompson Joanne - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease is supranormal in childhood but falls steeply with age, often culminating in renal failure. The risk factors underlying these observations are unclear. We therefore sought to investigate the relationships between blood pressure, renal hemodynamics, and urinary albumin excretion ...
Bagby Susan P - - 2007
A large body of epidemiologic literature supports an inverse relation between birth weight and both systolic blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension, but mechanisms through which lower birth weight increases risk for hypertension are not established. This article advances the view that 1) permanently reduced nephron number is essential but ...
Marsh Donald J - - 2007
The paper presents a study of synchronization phenomena in a system of 22 nephrons supplied with blood from a common cortical radial artery. The nephrons are assumed to interact via hemodynamic and vascularly propagated coupling, both mediated by vascular connections. Using anatomic and physiological criteria, the nephrons are divided into ...
Ferreira-Filho S R - - 2007
The number of healthy individuals undergoing unilateral nephrectomy for kidney donation is increasing world-wide. Obesity and nephron reduction could promote a decline in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and an increase in urinary protein excretion in these individuals. Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is also a risk factor for these patients. This ...
Boerrigter Guido - - 2007
Soluble guanylate cyclase is a heterodimeric enzyme with a prosthetic heme group that, on binding of its main ligand, NO, generates the second messenger cGMP. Unlike conventional nitrovasodilators, the novel direct NO- and heme-independent soluble guanylate cyclase activator BAY 58-2667 is devoid of non-cGMP actions, lacks tolerance development, and preferentially ...
Stanghelle Daniel - - 2007
High temperature cleaning of producer gas from biomass gasification has been investigated with a granular filter. Field tests were performed for several hours on a single filter element at about 550 degrees C. The results show cake filtration on the granular material and indicate good filtration of the biomass gasification ...
Singh Reetu R - - 2007
Maternal treatment with the synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone has been reported to result in a nephron deficit and development of hypertension in the offspring of rats. However, it is not known whether elevated maternal corticosterone (CORT), the natural glucocorticoid, has similar effects on blood pressure and nephron endowment. The present study ...
Seo G T - - 2007
The filtration characteristics of two different module configurations with coarse pore filter (non-woven fabric) were investigated for sludge floc separation in an activated sludge reactor for domestic wastewater reclamation. A polypropylene non-woven fabric filter (35 g/m2) was used for the two different module configurations, one flat and one tubular type, ...
Benck Urs - - 2007
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II (AngII) type 1 receptor blockers lower proteinuria and preserve renal function in diabetic nephropathy (DN). The antiproteinuric effects are greater than their blood pressure reduction, involving the sieving properties of the glomerular filter. In DN, glomerular staining for heparan sulfate proteoglycans is decreased. AngII ...
Pascual Jose Maria - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess factors related to long-term changes in urinary albumin excretion (UAE) of nondiabetic microalbuminuric (n = 252) or proteinuric hypertensive individuals (n = 58) in a prospective follow-up. METHOD: After enrollment, patients were placed on usual care including nonpharmacological treatment and/or ...
Williams Donna A DA S314 Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. - - 2007
A complex glycoprotein meshwork covers the inner wall of blood vessels and is implicated in mechanotransduction of fluid shear stress (tau). A relationship between Deltatau and capillary Lp has been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate Lp in response to Deltatau after exposing the capillary lumen to ...
Just Armin - - 2007
Autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF) is caused by the myogenic response (MR), tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF), and a third regulatory mechanism that is independent of TGF but slower than MR. The underlying cause of the third regulatory mechanism remains unclear; possibilities include ATP, ANG II, or a slow component of ...
Lee Kyung Mi - - 2006
A bed-type filter composed of thin metal alloy fiber was closely examined with dust capturing in cold and hot runs. The investigation of an individual mechanism across the filter bed indicated that the aerated dust could be initially collected by depth filtration, and after a while, surface filtration dominated the ...
Kimura Noriyo - - 2006
The major glomerular abnormalities in hypertensive nephrosclerosis are described as glomerular obsolescence (GO), glomerulosclerosis (GS), and glomerular collapse (GC). However, glomerular cellular changes caused by hypertensive insults have not been well analyzed. Using an immunoenzyme method, we examined eleven biopsy samples from patients with hypertensive nephrosclerosis for two synthetic and ...
Garg A X - - 2006
Although a quarter of children who survive diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome develop long-term renal sequelae, the prognosis of acute, self-limited Escherichia coli O157:H7 gastroenteritis has never been previously studied. Four years after a drinking water outbreak of E. coli O157:H7, we examined the risk of high blood pressure (>95th percentile ...
Palatini P - - 2006
Factors related to the development of microalbuminuria in hypertension are not well known. We did a prospective study to investigate whether glomerular hyperfiltration precedes the development of microalbuminuria in hypertension. We assessed 502 never-treated subjects screened for stage 1 hypertension without microalbuminuria at baseline and followed up for 7.8 years. ...
Rippe B - - 2006
Nephropathia epidemica (NE) is a mild form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, assumed to have a favorable prognosis. NE patients who manifested a higher glomerular filtration rate and mean systolic blood pressure, and more proteinuria, versus controls at 5 years of follow-up demonstrated no major abnormalities after 10 years. ...
Miettinen M H - - 2006
Nephropathia epidemica (NE) is a hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome caused by Puumala hantavirus. Its long-term prognosis is considered favorable. There are, however, some reports about subsequent hypertension, glomerular hyperfiltration, and proteinuria after previous hantavirus infection. Therefore, we studied 36 patients 5 and 10 years after acute NE, with 29 ...
Poladia Deepali Pitre - - 2006
Low birth weight (LBW) infants with reduced nephron numbers have significantly increased risk for hypertension later in life, which is a devastating health problem. The risk from a reduction in nephron number alone is not clear. Recently, using conditional knock-out approach, we have developed a mutant mouse with reduced nephron ...
Redón Josep - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological data on the incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease in chronic renal failure are scant The objective of the present study is to assess the relationship between renal function, measured by the estimated glomerular filtration rate, and the presence of early or established cardiovascular disease, in ...
Saxena Anjali Bhatt - - 2006
We examined the magnitude of adaptive hyperfiltration in the remaining kidney of 16 aging (>57 yr) and 16 youthful (<55 yr) individuals who had undergone a contralateral nephrectomy. Healthy volunteers who were youthful (n = 143) or aging (n = 37) provided control values for the binephric condition. One-kidney glomerular ...
Pedrini L A - - 2006
The aim of the present study was transmembrane pressure (TMP) modulation in high-volume mixed hemodiafiltration (HDF) to optimize efficiency and minimize protein loss. The optimal flow/pressure conditions in on-line mixed HDF assisted with a feedback control of TMP were defined in this prospective randomized study in order to obtain maximal ...
Perrin N E S S - - 2006
Diabetic nephropathy is a severe complication and few studies have described the early morphological changes over time. Two kidney biopsies were performed, within a 6-year interval, in 29 primarily normoalbuminuric patients, aged 24 years at the second biopsy. These were examined with light and electron microscopy. Glomerular filtration rate, and ...
Leong Patrick K K - - 2006
Injection of 50 microl 10% phenol into rat renal cortex activates renal sympathetic nerve activity which provokes acute hypertension that persists for weeks. We have previously shown with membrane fractionation that phenol injury caused a redistribution of the main proximal tubule (PT) apical transporter NHE3 (Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3) to ...
Hilfer R - - 2006
A macroscopic theory for capillarity in porous media is presented, challenging the established view that capillary pressure and relative permeability are constitutive parameter functions. The capillary pressure function in the present theory is not an input parameter but an outcome. The theoretical approach is based on introducing the residual saturations ...
Andronico Giuseppe - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Albumin excretion rate is usually increased in people who smoke, but the physiological basis of this phenomenon is not fully understood. METHODS: The effect of chronic smoking on renal haemodynamics was studied in a cohort of 66 men. Twenty-seven were smokers and 36 were hypertensive. In all subjects, the ...
Kim Sangho - - 2006
Previous studies have shown that functional capillary density (FCD) is substantially reduced by erythrocyte aggregation. However, only supranormal levels of aggregability were studied. To investigate the effect of erythrocyte aggregability at the level seen in healthy humans, the FCD of selected capillary fields in rat spinotrapezius muscle was determined with ...
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