Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 694
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Langkamp-Henken Bobbi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) or MNA Screening Form and standard indicators of nutritional status in male elders with pressure ulcers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MNA and MNA Screening Form scores were related to nutritional indicators using the Pearson correlation. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Residents (79+/-1 years, N=23 ...
Fleming J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether an emergency department (ED) is a suitable location for the targeted screening of hypertension. METHODS: This was a prospective targeted screening study based at the ED of an inner city teaching hospital. Non-acute subjects over 18 years were recruited consecutively from the "minors" section of the ...
Leuthard Jürg - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine hand-centered coordinate systems for left-right discriminations in representational space, including scenes imagined behind one's head ("backspace"). METHOD: Thirty-two healthy men responded with the index or ring finger of their right (dominant) hand to numbers presented in the center of a screen. These indicated hours on the right ...
Chambers J C - - 2005
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is defined as a reduction in systolic blood pressure of at least 20 mm Hg or a reduction in diastolic blood pressure of at least 10 mm Hg within three minutes of standing, with a reported prevalence of 40% in the hospice setting. Dizziness, falls and fractures ...
Caruana M F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing sophistication of vascular surgical practice, more than three decades after its introduction to clinical practice, the ankle to brachial pressure index (ABPI) remains the cornerstone of non-invasive assessment of the patient with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). AIM: To summarise what is known about ABPI and ...
Fink Gregory D - - 2005
1. The purpose of the present paper is to discuss the long-term regulation of arterial blood pressure. Current thinking on the topic favours the theory that tight regulation is achieved through the action of a central (or primary) controller, usually assumed to be in either the brain or kidneys. 2. ...
Xu Jianchao - - 2005
The kidney not only regulates fluid and electrolyte balance but also functions as an endocrine organ. For instance, it is the major source of circulating erythropoietin and renin. Despite currently available therapies, there is a marked increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients suffering from end-stage renal disease. We ...
Li Philip Kam-Tao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is epidemic worldwide. In Hong Kong, the annual incidence of ESRD has risen from 100 pmp (per million population) in 1996 to 140 pmp in 2003. SHARE (Screening for Hong Kong Asymptomatic Renal Population and Evaluation program) is a population-based screening program aimed at identifying ...
- - 2005
Counseling patients about other options for nonurgent care can help ease the pressure on your ED. This process has the potential to decompress your ED by as much as 40%. Implementing post-screening counseling will put pressure on your competitors to follow suit. If the patient does not have an emergency ...
Sarnak Mark J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for progression of chronic kidney disease. The optimal blood pressure to slow progression is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a low target blood pressure on kidney failure and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: Long-term follow-up of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study, ...
Unal Birsen - - 2005
We aimed to assess the hemodynamic effects of nonionic low-osmolarity contrast media (CM) on kidneys with ureteral stone (KUS). A total of 16 patients with KUS (group A) and 25 control patients (group B) were evaluated with Doppler ultrasound (US) bilaterally for main (MRA), interlobar (ILA) and arcuate renal arteries ...
Reid Christopher M - - 2005
The characterization of blood pressure in treatment trials assessing the benefits of blood pressure lowering regimens is a critical factor for the appropriate interpretation of study results. With numerous operators involved in the measurement of blood pressure in many thousands of patients being screened for entry into clinical trials, it ...
Utah. Heart Disease and ...
Presents data on persons who had their blood pressure checked in the past two years, Utah & U.S. adults, 1991-1993, 1995, 1997, and 1999.
Maclurg Katherine - - 2004
We examined the effect of mobility on health screening for people with multiple sclerosis. General practice records were searched for blood pressure and cholesterol measurements, lifestyle advice, cervical smears, and mammograms. Blood pressure measurement decreased with decreasing mobility (P <0.001). Lifestyle advice was also related to mobility (P <0.01), with ...
Benigni Ariela - - 2004
Endothelin (ET) is a pivotal physiological regulator of blood pressure through its effects on blood vessels, heart, lung and kidneys, and the ET system can be overactive in disorders such as pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and renal disease. Such observations stimulated interest among scientists and pharmaceutical companies that have set ...
Praetorius H A - - 2005
The release of nucleotides is involved in mechanosensation in various epithelial cells. Intriguingly, kidney epithelial cells are absolutely dependent on the primary cilium to sense changes in apical laminar flow. During fluid passage, the renal epithelial cells are subjected to various mechanical stimuli in addition to changes in the laminar ...
Aertsen Abram - - 2004
Although pressure is an important environmental parameter in microbial niches such as the deep sea and is furthermore used in food preservation to inactivate microorganisms, the fundamental understanding of its effects on bacteria remains fragmentary. Our group recently initiated differential fluorescence induction screening to search for pressure-induced Escherichia coli promoters ...
Zdrojewski T - - 2004
Arterial hypertension represents a serious medical, social and economic problem in Poland. Owing to a small number of studies concerning HT epidemiology in Poland and large differences in methodology, it is difficult to make an objective verification of the changes regarding principal parameters in our country within the last decade. ...
Sonkodi B - - 2004
The prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension are important epidemiological research topics worldwide. The screening of hypertension in a workplace has some special aspects. We have screened the employees in a Hungarian salami factory (Pick Salami Factory, Szeged, Hungary) for hypertensives. In a cross-sectional survey, the blood pressure (BP) was ...
Schaefer Liliana - - 2004
There is growing evidence that the two small leucine-rich proteoglycans biglycan and decorin regulate the assembly of connective tissues and alter cell behavior during development and pathological processes. In this study, we have used an experimental animal model of unilateral ureteral ligation and mice deficient in either biglycan or decorin. ...
Textor Stephen C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rising numbers of patients reaching end-stage kidney disease intensify the demand for expansion of the living-kidney-donor pool. On the basis of low risk in white donors with essential hypertension, our transplant center undertook a structured program of accepting hypertensive donors if kidney function and urine protein were normal. This ...
Ioffe M E - - 2004
The aim of the study reported here was to investigate impairments on the learning of voluntary control of the center of pressures using visual feedback in patients with lesions of the corticospinal and nigrostriatal systems. Participants were 33 patients with Parkinson's disease and 20 patients with hemipareses due to circulatory ...
Buhling Kai J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Although gestational diabetes is among the most common diseases arising during pregnancy, glucose stix is the only screening test to date in Germany. Our goal was to evaluate the sensitivity of the glucose-stix for diabetes screening and the possible influence of other parameters. METHODS: 1001 patients who underwent the ...
Eknoyan Garabed - - 2004
Elevated arterial pressure had long been surmised from the strength of the pulse. Its association with contracted kidneys and hypertrophied hearts was described by Richard Bright (1789-1858). Microscopic observations of the narrowed and obliterated vasculature initially observed in the kidneys of Bright's disease, and subsequently throughout the body, launched clinical ...
Soares Lucio F B - - 2004
This study was designed to gauge the attitude and practice towards monitoring of blood pressure among dentists in Fiji and to assess whether they were willing to participate in a national health campaign to screen blood pressure of dental patient without remuneration. Sixty-two questionnaires were mailed out to all General ...
Singh Gurmeet R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Australian Aborigines are experiencing epidemic proportions of renal disease, marked by albuminuria and, variably, hematuria. They also have high rates of low birth weight, which have been associated with lower kidney volumes and higher blood pressures. The authors evaluated relationships between kidney volume, blood pressure, albuminuria, and hematuria in ...
Loske Achim M - - 2004
PURPOSE: To perform in vitro and in vivo tests using a clinical lithotripter in order to determine whether a bifocal reflector is more efficient and produces the same or less tissue damage than a conventional ellipsoidal reflector for electrohydraulic lithotripters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standard ellipsoidal and a novel bifocal ...
Lajiness Michael S - - 2004
Mounting pressures in pharmaceutical research necessitate ever increasing efficiency to lower cost and produce results. This is especially true in the realm of high-throughput screening (HTS) where large pharmaceutical companies historically test many hundreds of thousands of compounds in the search for new drug leads. As a result of this ...
Trevisan Andrea - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Fluoride, a main metabolite, and one degradation product of sevoflurane (SEV), called Compound A, are known to cause kidney effects in experimental animals. Other than in volunteers and patients, no research is available on exposed workers. The possible effects on the kidney in workers exposed in surgical areas were ...
Khoury Haytham - - 2003
Association between certain surface markers and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) has been described. The specificity and the predictive values of these markers have never been assessed. In this study, we aimed, to explore whether a specific pattern could predict for this translocation. Of 405 consecutive AML, 18 (4.4%) ...
Smallegange Corry - - 2003
The kidney plays a critical role in regulating the level of arterial pressure and in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Important evidence has come from studies in which hypertension is generated by transplanting kidneys from genetically hypertensive rats into normotensive recipients, suggesting that the level of blood pressure is strongly influenced ...
Sheridan Stacey - - 2003
CONTEXT: In 1996, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended screening adults for hypertension. Since that time, the published literature on hypertension has expanded rapidly, necessitating a new examination of the evidence supporting screening. OBJECTIVE: Update the 1996 evidence review on screening for hypertension. DATA SOURCES: The 1996 Guide ...
Devroey D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the characteristics of Belgian people who declare that they have a personal GP (PGP) compared with those who do not. Furthermore, patterns of cardiovascular prevention and care are described for these two groups. METHODS: The data are derived from the 1997 Belgian Health Interview Survey (HIS) ...
Chandra M - - 2003
Despite enormous research in the field of hypertension, its pathophysiology still remains largely unresolved and appears to be multifactorial. In the present communication, we have analyzed the status of nitric oxide (NO) in the patients with essential hypertension and age matched controls. We have found that the levels of NO ...
Nicholson J P - - 2003
We report on the anaesthetic management of a 28-year-old woman presenting for excision of a reninoma. This is a very rare tumour of the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney, which can be cured immediately by surgery. Previous reports have failed to record the presence or absence of peri-operative cardiovascular lability. ...
Sharabi Yehonatan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with long-term cardiovascular morbidity. Little is known about these relations at early stages. We conducted a case-control study in which we analyzed the clinical characteristics of young adults who underwent a periodic health examination and were screened for, and eventually found to ...
Steen V D - - 2003
Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) represents the classic manifestation of kidney involvement in SSc. It particularly occurs in patients with early, rapidly progressive, diffuse skin involvement. Its detection requires the assessment of a few core set variables: arterial blood pressure, serum creatinine, and urinalysis. In clinical investigations SSc patients developing arterial ...
Wan Hong - - 2002
A method applying pressure-assisted capillary electrophoresis combined with short-end injection has been developed for the rapid screening of the pKa values of pharmaceuticals. The electrophoretic separation is performed on a short capillary length with short-end injection under an applied pressure, and the effective mobility is measured in a series of ...
Price D - - 2002
A membrane-screening method was developed in conjunction with flow cytometric (FC) analysis for determining the efficacies of antimould pressure-treatment formulations for mould species of cosmetic significance on southern pine. Fusarium subglutinans, Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium chrysogenum, and Paecilomyces spp. were the predominant moulds colonizing surfaces of the variously treated pine stored ...
Mounier-Vehier Claire - - 2002
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess parenchymal consequences of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) renal artery stenosis (RAS) in hypertensive patients by spiral computed tomographic angiography (CTA). METHODS: Spiral CTA was performed in 20 essential hypertensive (EH) patients (40 EH kidneys and 20 hypertensive patients with unilateral FMD stenosis ...
Dodic Miodrag - - 2002
The results from numerous epidemiological studies suggested that there was a link between low birth weight (low for gestational age) and development of high blood pressure in adulthood. More recently, it has been shown that one important determinant is the early exposure of the developing fetus to excess glucocorticoid (GC). ...
Goraca Anna - - 2002
Endothelin was isolated and identified in 1988 by Yanagisawa et al. The endothelin family consists of 21 amino acid isoforms endothelin-1, endothelin-2 and endothelin-3. Endothelin receptors are present in many internal organs, e.g. heart, adrenals, kidneys, lung tissue, central nervous system. ET-1 is the main isoform which is synthesized in ...
Mounier-Véhier Claire - - 2002
PURPOSE: To assess clinical, biological, and kidney parameters before and 6 months after revascularization of renal artery stenosis due to fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD). METHODS: Twenty hypertensive patients (18 women; mean age 48.7 +/- 15.4 years) with unilateral de novo FMD stenosis were studied before and 6 months after revascularization (balloon ...
Khan Islam - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Functional differences between the clipped and unclipped kidneys in a 2-kidney-1-clip (2K-1C) hypertension model have been reported. However, the molecular basis of these changes is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: Expression of NHE-1 and NHE-3 isoforms and sodium pump activity (PNP), and their modulation by blood pressure (BP), PGE(2) and TXB(2) ...
Graciani Auxiliadora - - 2002
This study assessed a training programme attended by 25 observers, intentionally chosen for their lay status, who were invited to participate in a prevalence of hypertension study. The results highlight the fact that the 14 trainee observers finally selected were comparable to professionals in terms of both the estimated validity ...
Greenwood M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To survey the attitudes, knowledge and practice of general dental practitioners (GDPs) with regard to hypertension in dental patients and to assess opinion with regard to the concept of screening. SETTING: General dental practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: GDPs via a postal survey. To achieve an acceptable level of accuracy, ...
Coulthard Paul - - 2002
OBJECTIVE:To survey the attitudes, knowledge and practice of general dental practitioners (GDPs) with regard to hypertension in dental patients and to assess opinion with regard to the concept of screening. SETTING:General dental practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:GDPs via a postal survey. To achieve an acceptable level of accuracy, at least 196 ...
Loske Achim M - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using a pressure-release reflector instead of a rigid reflector to concentrate shockwaves for extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: As in all electrohydraulic lithotripters, shockwaves were generated by electrical breakdown of water between two electrodes, located at the focus (F1) closest ...
Schmitz Kenneth S - - 2002
There is a controversy regarding the mechanism of phase separation in highly charged macroion systems. Volume-term (VT) theories propose that the transition is due to a spinodal instability sensitive only by the microions, the Sogami-Ise theory gives an attractive tail in the pair interaction potential, which promotes the formation of ...
Pyron Martha I - - 2002
A collegiate freshman golfer was hypertensive at her preparticipation physical exam (PPE). Further investigation revealed coarctation of the aorta with secondary hypertension that had been asymptomatic. The PPE is a good forum for hypertensive screening because it may be one of the few times an apparently healthy adolescent is seen ...
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