Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 699
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Rosenberger Erica L EL Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA. - - 2008
In general, adherence to blood pressure guidelines is low. We assessed whether hypertension recognition and control in North Carolina was consistent with the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) in primary care practices participating in a quality ...
Svenson James E - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is prevalent in the general population. Emergency Department (ED) follow-up studies show persistence of blood pressure elevations in up to 50% of patients, and ED screening for hypertension has been recommended. Blood pressure elevations are often ignored or attributed to pain or anxiety. Our purpose was to document ...
Izzo Raffaele R Department of Clinical Medicine, Cardiovascular and Immunological Sciences, University Federico II, Via S. Pansini n. 5, 80131, Naples, - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy, carotid atherosclerosis and renal dysfunction are indicators of target organ damage in hypertension, and independent risk factors for both fatal and non-fatal cardio- and cerebrovascular events. In the general population, smoking is associated with increases in left ventricular mass and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and impaired renal ...
Mehlsen Jesper - - 2008
Blood pressure at the ankle level is a reliable indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the ankle brachial index (ABI) is a useful non-invasive screening tool for the early detection of atherosclerosis. In the first part of the study, systolic blood pressures obtained by oscillometry and plethysmography were compared ...
Rotin Daniela - - 2008
Hypertension is a serious medical problem affecting millions of people worldwide. A key protein regulating blood pressure is the Epithelial Na(+) Channel (ENaC). In accord, loss of function mutations in ENaC (PHA1) cause hypotension, whereas gain of function mutations (Liddle syndrome) result in hypertension. The region mutated in Liddle syndrome, ...
Sica Domenic A - - 2008
Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and a consequence of hypertension. Extracellular volume expansion is an important, if not the most important, contributing factor to hypertension seen in chronic kidney disease. Beyond volume expansion, chronic kidney disease-related hypertension is without truly defining characteristics. Consequently, the sequencing of antihypertensive medications ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2008
Stroke represents the most devastating cardiovascular (CV) disease in Western countries, accounting for approximately 700 000 cases per year, including 500 000 first attacks and 200 000 recurrent episodes. High blood pressure is the most relevant, modifiable risk factor for developing stroke. Available evidence demonstrates that in hypertensive patients, especially ...
Koeners Maarten P - - 2008
Epidemiological and experimental data strongly suggest that cardiovascular diseases can originate from an aberrant environment during fetal development, a phenomenon referred to as perinatal programming. This review will focus on the role of the kidneys in determining blood pressure, and how (re)programming the renal development can persistently ameliorate hereditary hypertension. ...
Ouzounian Maral - - 2008
Epidemiological and experimental studies have documented both the rising burden of diastolic heart failure (DHF) and several mechanisms that distinguish this disease from systolic heart failure (SHF). Controversies continue to surround the term 'DHF' as well as its existence as a pathophysiological entity distinct from SHF. Approximately half of all ...
Meng Qingli - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe and analyze the occurrence and management of the trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) defined as the phenomenon of abrupt drops in heart rate (HR) and blood pressure during skull base surgery. METHOD: One hundred patients underwent skull base surgery for various lesions were recruited and great attention was paid ...
Carlson Andrew P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors report a case of a large intracerebellar hemorrhage that occurred in a professional musician while playing the trumpet. This is the first report of such a complication. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man presented with severe occipital headache accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and dizziness that occurred while he ...
Nguyen-Lam Jenny - - 2008
An acutely hypertensive 55 year-old male experienced seizures and cortical blindness post-operatively. CT scans demonstrated hypointensities in the occipital lobes bilaterally. MRI revealed symmetrical bilateral hyperintense signals in the same region, involving both grey and white matter. Thromboembolic screening investigations including vertebral artery doppler studies were normal and echocardiography demonstrated ...
Babarao Ravichandar - - 2008
We report a molecular simulation study for CO2 storage in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). As compared to the aluminum-free and cation-exchanged ZSM-5 zeolites and carbon nanotube bundle, IRMOF1 exhibits remarkably higher capacity. Incorporation of Na(+) cations into zeolite increases the capacity only at low pressures. By variation of the metal oxide, ...
de Paz L - - 2008
Long term macrobenthos data together with physical habitat parameters were analysed to investigate spatial and temporal changes at an estuary under different anthropogenic pressures, mainly increasing shellfish farming. The aim was to assess the possible impacts of these pressures on the macrobenthic communities by comparing a period before and after ...
Bailey Michael R - - 2008
Kidney injury in lithotripsy can lead to long-term adverse effects, so minimizing injury is beneficial. We have found that injury is significantly reduced when shock wave (SW) administration is halted briefly- 3-minutes-early in treatment. Previous studies have shown that SWs stimulate renal blood vessels to constrict. Therefore, we tested the ...
Sarafidis Pantelis A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and blood pressure control rates in the population with chronic kidney disease are limited. The objective of this study was to determine the state of blood pressure control in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data of participants with ...
Kestenbaum Bryan B University of Washington, Division of Nephrology, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104-2499, USA. - - 2008
Kidney disease and hypertension commonly coexist, yet the direction of their association is still debated. To evaluate whether early kidney dysfunction, measured by serum cystatin C levels and urinary albumin excretion, predates hypertension in adults without clinically recognized kidney or cardiovascular disease. Observational cohort study using data from 2000 to ...
Desir Gary V - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent experimental data shed light on the regulation of renalase, a secreted amine oxidase, which circulates in an inactive form (prorenalase). Abnormalities in the renalase pathway are evident not only in animal models of chronic kidney disease, but also during the development of hypertension, at a time ...
Dietrich Peter - - 2008
Information on vertical variations in hydraulic conductivity (K) can often shed much light on how a contaminant will move in the subsurface. The direct-push injection logger has been developed to rapidly obtain such information in shallow unconsolidated settings. This small-diameter tool consists of a short screen located just behind a ...
Kadota Koichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A novel index, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), which reflects the stiffness of the aorta, femoral artery, and tibial artery, was recently developed by measuring brachial - ankle pulse wave velocity and blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study 1,014 Japanese adults from the general population were ...
Kanneganti Praveen - - 2008
We compared treadmill exercise stress testing (EST) in 28 medically screened, chronic cocaine users with the cardiovascular effects of an IV cocaine challenge (25 mg or 50 mg). All subjects had a clinically normal EST and echocardiography (except 2 subjects had septal wall hypokinesis). The EST produced significantly greater increases ...
Ovbiagele Bruce - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hispanic individuals with high blood pressure are less likely than other ethnic groups to be aware of their high blood pressure or to be on medication for the condition. We investigated the feasibility of using high school students in predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods to conduct a large-scale blood pressure screening ...
Ike S O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Theological College is a peculiar setting. This is due to the nature of the job, studies, attitudinal leaning (faith) and influence. There has been no known work to date done on the cardiovascular status in institutions of this nature-both in the country and in the continent of Africa. ...
Król Ewa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is closely associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is one of the main factors of progression of CKD. Early detection of CKD allows introducing a therapy that slows the progression of CKD. SETTING: A prevalence of hypertension and effectiveness of its treatment were assessed during the accomplishment ...
Overbeek Maria J - - 2008
There is no optimal screening tool for the assessment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). A decreasing transfer factor of the lung for CO (TLCO) is associated with the development of PAH in SSc. TLCO can be partitioned into the diffusion of the alveolar capillary ...
- - 2007
DESCRIPTION: Reaffirmation of the 2003 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force statement about screening for high blood pressure. METHODS: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force did a targeted literature search for evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for high blood pressure. RECOMMENDATION: Screen for high blood pressure in adults ...
Wolff Tracy - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is common, and screening is a well-established evidence-based standard of current medical practice. PURPOSE: To perform a literature search for new, substantial evidence on screening for high blood pressure that would inform the reaffirmation of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation on screening for high ...
Kirby Ray - - 2007
An analytic mode matching scheme that includes higher order modes is developed for a straight-through circular dissipative silencer. Uniform mean flow is added to the central airway and a concentric perforated screen separates the mean flow from a bulk reacting porous material. Transmission loss predictions are compared with experimental measurements ...
Rappoport Karen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Concern exists regarding the combined effect of the burn itself in addition to the continuous use of the pressure garments on craniofacial structures. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the available evidence regarding dental and skeletal changes produced during pressure garment use in facial burns. METHODS: ...
Omuemu V O - - 2007
A cross-sectional study was carried out in Udo, a rural community in Ovia South-west LGA of Edo State to assess the level of awareness of high blood pressure status, treatment and control. Cluster sampling method was used to select participants and data collection was by researcher administered questionnaire. Blood pressure ...
Stormark Tor André - - 2007
As volume changes are a typical finding in the two-kidney, one-clip hypertensive rat model (2K1C), it is of interest to investigate within what time frame these volume changes occur and their relation to hypertension. Kidney volume changes in Wistar rats were measured by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography (USG). Clipped induced stenosis ...
Wilking James N - - 2007
Many materials weaken through fracturing when subjected to extreme stresses. By contrast, we show that breaking down repulsive bits of matter dispersed in a viscous liquid can cause a dramatic and irreversible increase in the dispersion's elasticity. Anionically stabilized microscale emulsions subjected to a history of high-pressure microfluidic flow can ...
Campbell Neil C - - 2007
Screening of high-risk groups for peripheral arterial disease has been advocated because the condition underdiagnosed and secondary prevention can reduce cardiovascular event rates. To establish the feasibility of screening for peripheral arterial disease in people aged 60 years or over with hypertension, and to estimate the potential to improve secondary ...
Chen Pei-Jen - - 2007
Polychromatic ultraviolet irradiation, such as from medium pressure (MP) Hg lamps may enhance the UV degradation of environmental pollutants as compared to low pressure (LP) Hg UV sources emitting monochromatic irradiation. Typically, studies involving destruction of environmental pollutants such as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are based on measurement of the ...
Podoll Amber - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is common in the pediatric population. There is increasing evidence for early hypertensive target organ damage that may lead to substantial long-term morbidity. Because a critical aspect of any screening program for hypertension is the ability to measure blood pressure accurately, we compared typical blood pressure measurements at ...
Rhode Mary Ann - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if urinary tract infection, high blood pressure and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are underdiagnosed when prenatal urine testing is done on a clinically indicated vs. routine basis. STUDY DESIGN: Prenatal and delivery records of 2,981 subjects were reviewed in a predominantly Hispanic and medically underserved population. Patients ...
Engström Sevek - - 2007
A hypertension screening project was performed jointly at a dental clinic and a primary health care centre. In this report the hypothesis that there is an association between high diastolic blood pressure and deep periodontal pockets was tested. A total of 1,239 consecutive patients aged 35-65 years had their blood ...
Yagiela John A - - 2007
Hypertension is a common malady and a harbinger of such diseases as heart attack and stroke. Because millions of Americans are not aware they are hypertensive or it is not adequately controlled, dentists can contribute significantly to national health by screening their patients. Dentists must also be cognizant of the ...
Kiberd James - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many kidney transplant recipients have hypertension. Elevated systolic blood pressures are associated with lower patient and kidney allograft survival. METHODS: This retrospective analysis examined the prevalence of clinical inertia (failure to initiate or increase therapy) in the treatment of hypertension before and after the introduction of an automated device ...
Mohseni Mohammad Ghasem - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to study the changes in resistive index (RI) of the ipsilateral and contralateral kidneys following electromagnetic extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) of the kidney calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using color Doppler ultrasonography, the RI was determined in 21 patients with unilateral caliceal and pelvic kidney calculi. ...
Krzesinski J M JM Division of Nephrology/Transplantation, University of Liège, Sart Titman B35, Belgium. - - 2007
The kidney could be the cause of essential hypertension which can also cause renal disease. High blood pressure is also very common in chronic kidney disease, and is moreover a well-known risk factor for a faster progression of kidney failure. Hypertension and kidneys are thus closely linked. Hypertension must be ...
Kanbe Hideyoshi - - 2007
Fine spherical granules of uniform particle size less than 500 microm are desired for easy handling in dispensing pharmacy. These fine particles have been produced by layering an active ingredient and excipients on a core; however, several technical problems have been difficult to overcome, e.g., the amount of layered ingredients ...
Angel Roger - - 2006
If it were to become apparent that dangerous changes in global climate were inevitable, despite greenhouse gas controls, active methods to cool the Earth on an emergency basis might be desirable. The concept considered here is to block 1.8% of the solar flux with a space sunshade orbited near the ...
Hozawa Atsushi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of personality on screening blood pressures measured in clinical settings and home blood pressure measurements. METHODS: From 1997 to 1999, 699 participants underwent screening and home blood pressure measurements and completed the Japanese version of the short-form Eysenck personality questionnaire. An increased screening blood pressure ...
Greitz Dan D Department of Neuroradiology and MR Research Center, Karolinska University Hospital; Sweden - - - 2006
It is almost a century since Dandy made the first experimental studies on hydrocephalus, but its underlying mechanism has been unknown up to now. The conventional view is that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) malabsorption due to hindrance of the CSF circulation causes either obstructive or communicating hydrocephalus. Analyses of the intracranial ...
Khire Milind V - - 2007
Leachate recirculation or liquid injection in municipal solid waste landfills offers economic and environmental benefits. The key objective of this study was to carry out numerical evaluation of key design variables for leachate recirculation system consisting of vertical wells. In order to achieve the objective, numerical modeling was carried out ...
Hozawa Atsushi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Many hypertensive individuals are not under medical management. We studied whether incorporating home blood pressure measurement and subsequent tailored advice into the primary care system improved hypertension management among untreated hypertensive individuals (screening systolic blood pressure >or= 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure >or= 90 mmHg and not taking ...
Cortadellas Oscar - - 2006
A prospective study was performed (November 1998 to December 2003) to determine the prevalence of systemic hypertension (SH) in dogs with glomerular disease secondary to leishmaniasis. One hundred and five dogs with leishmaniasis were screened and staged for the presence of renal disease (RD) and SH. For the purpose of ...
Hughes Cynthia T - - 2006
An estimated 50 million Americans have high blood pressure (HBP), with 30% of them unaware of their condition. Both the American Dental Association (ADA) and the American Dental Hygienists' Association (ADHA) have advocated including recording blood pressure during the dental appointment. Recording blood pressure is also a standard procedure in ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >