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Results 251 - 300 of 670
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Appel Lawrence J - - 2010
In observational studies, the relationship between blood pressure and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is direct and progressive. The burden of hypertension-related chronic kidney disease and ESRD is especially high among black patients. Yet few trials have tested whether intensive blood-pressure control retards the progression of chronic kidney disease among black ...
Ullrich-French Sarah C - - 2010
Physical fitness performance is an important health correlate yet is often unrelated to sedentary behaviour in early adolescence. In this study, we examined the association of sedentary behaviour (i.e. screen time) with weight-related health markers and blood pressure, after controlling for cardiorespiratory fitness performance. American middle school students (N = 153, 56% ...
Izci Yusuf - - 2010
Intracranial hypertension is usually presented with papilledema and headache. Complete ophthalmoplegia without papilledema is a very rare finding of intracranial hypertension in children. A 5-year-old male patient with unilateral ophthalmoplegia due to increased intracranial pressure is presented. The fundoscopic examination and the magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were normal. ...
Yazdanpanah F - - 2010
Broken pellets and fines are produced when pellets are handled. The resistance to air flow was measured for clean pellets and for pellets mixed with 1-20% broken pellets (fines). A pellet diameter was 6mm. The lengths ranged from 6 to 12 mm. Clean pellets were defined as particles that remained ...
Qadir A - - 2010
We present the apparent mass measurements at the bottom of granular packings for different bead and silo sizes. The redirection parameter K in Janssen theory is found to increase with the ratios of the diameter of the silo to the bead. We attribute this feature to the friction between the ...
Bacic Angela - - 2010
Microalbuminuria and hypertension have long been associated with a guarded prognosis in human patients with a variety of diseases. In veterinary medicine, tests for microalbuminuria have been used for detecting early kidney damage, but there is little information regarding its association with high blood pressure in dogs with chronic kidney ...
John Jacob - - 2010
Recommendations for early detection and management of elevated blood pressure through opportunistic clinic-based screening may be inadequate for the rural population in India as access to health facilities is limited. Sixteen Health Aides (trained primary care workers) were trained to measure blood pressure using a standardized training procedure. Six of ...
Elsayed Abdelhakem Selem - - 2010
Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measured noninvasively by ultrasonography is widely used as a marker for increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Also hyperuricemia (HU) is a well recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The study was designed to assess the relation between hyperuricemia and carotid intima-media thickness C-IMT in patients with ...
Lubanski M S - - 2009
Hypertension is both the cause and effect of kidney disease. Together these two diseases have become epidemics in our society and are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Over the last several decades multiple clinical and transplant studies have shown the kidney to be an important determinant of ...
Bethel M A - - 2009
AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and may be an expression of the syndrome within the liver. Using screening data from the Nateglinide And Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research (NAVIGATOR) study (n = 42 149), we examined whether alanine ...
Prodjosudjadi Wiguno - - 2009
AIM: This survey evaluated the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD if estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)) and its risk factors amongst subjects from urban and semi-urban areas. METHODS: History of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases of subjects and their families ...
Vlek Anne L M - - 2009
Increased blood pressure generally is associated with kidney function decrease. We evaluated the rate of kidney function decrease, the effect of blood pressure on kidney function deterioration, and the possible interaction with albuminuria in patients with vascular disease. Prospective cohort study. 745 patients with vascular disease from the Second Manifestations ...
Mazza Nascimento M - - 2009
The incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease have been increasing in recent years in developing countries. The aim of this study was to report the results of a general chronic kidney disease awareness program applied to an urban population in a large Brazilian city. From January 2002 to January ...
Plantinga Laura C - - 2009
Recent guidelines recommending more aggressive blood pressure control in patients with chronic kidney disease have unknown impact. We assessed trends in and predictors of blood pressure control in 8829 adult National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006 participants with hypertension (self-report, measured blood pressure, or use of antihypertensive medications), without ...
Khosla Nitin - - 2009
There is an epidemic of chronic kidney disease in the Western world, with hypertension being the second most common cause. Blood pressure control rates, while improving, are still below 50% for the United States population. The following three challenges remain for the treatment of hypertension and associated prevention of end-stage ...
Kalaitzidis Rigas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem. Systolic blood pressure as an associated feature of CKD has not been fully explored in community volunteer and nationally representative samples of the US population. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis evaluated hypertension and early-stage CKD in participants in the Kidney ...
Hua Rong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) is difficult to recognize in the early and middle stages because it is frequently asymptomatic. As right ventricular function is impaired in patients with moderate and severe PPH, any dramatic hemodynamic changes in liver transplantation or other procedures may result in death from pulmonary and cardiac ...
Liang Mingyu - - 2009
MicroRNA (miRNA) has emerged rapidly as a major new direction in many fields of research including kidney and blood pressure research. A mammalian genome encodes several hundred miRNAs. These miRNAs potentially regulate the expression of thousands of proteins. miRNA expression profiles differ substantially between the kidney and other organs as ...
Lewin Matthew R - - 2009
The Emergency Department (ED) may be an ideal place to screen and refer patients for blood pressure monitoring in the outpatient setting. Yet, little is known about the public health significance of asymptomatically elevated blood pressure measurements in the ED and what to tell patients when these abnormal vital signs ...
Yang Y Tony - - 2009
Since the 1990s, nationwide rates of vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) have decreased sharply and rates of cesarean section have increased sharply. Both trends are consistent with clinical behavior aimed at reducing obstetricians' exposure to malpractice litigation. To estimate the effects of malpractice pressure on rates of VBAC and ...
Al-Asmary Saeed M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of both pre-hypertension and hypertension, and risk factors associated with the newly diagnosed Saudi military active duty personnel. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional screening of 1238 Saudi military active duty service personnel was conducted during the period from September to December 2007 at the military units ...
Terawaki Hiroyuki - - 2008
Both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and masked hypertension (MHT) are known to be linked with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but their relationship has remained unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the CKD incidence in individuals with MHT in the general Japanese population. We recorded self-measured blood ...
Rosenberger Erica L - - 2008
In general, adherence to blood pressure guidelines is low. We assessed whether hypertension recognition and control in North Carolina was consistent with the seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) in primary care practices participating in a quality ...
Izzo Raffaele - - 2008
Background and objectives: Left ventricular hypertrophy, carotid atherosclerosis and renal dysfunction are indicators of target organ damage in hypertension, and independent risk factors for both fatal and non-fatal cardio- and cerebrovascular events. In the general population, smoking is associated with increases in left ventricular mass and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), ...
Svenson James E - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is prevalent in the general population. Emergency Department (ED) follow-up studies show persistence of blood pressure elevations in up to 50% of patients, and ED screening for hypertension has been recommended. Blood pressure elevations are often ignored or attributed to pain or anxiety. Our purpose was to document ...
Mehlsen Jesper - - 2008
Blood pressure at the ankle level is a reliable indicator of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the ankle brachial index (ABI) is a useful non-invasive screening tool for the early detection of atherosclerosis. In the first part of the study, systolic blood pressures obtained by oscillometry and plethysmography were compared ...
Rotin Daniela - - 2008
Hypertension is a serious medical problem affecting millions of people worldwide. A key protein regulating blood pressure is the Epithelial Na(+) Channel (ENaC). In accord, loss of function mutations in ENaC (PHA1) cause hypotension, whereas gain of function mutations (Liddle syndrome) result in hypertension. The region mutated in Liddle syndrome, ...
Sica Domenic A - - 2008
Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and a consequence of hypertension. Extracellular volume expansion is an important, if not the most important, contributing factor to hypertension seen in chronic kidney disease. Beyond volume expansion, chronic kidney disease-related hypertension is without truly defining characteristics. Consequently, the sequencing of antihypertensive medications ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2008
Stroke represents the most devastating cardiovascular (CV) disease in Western countries, accounting for approximately 700 000 cases per year, including 500 000 first attacks and 200 000 recurrent episodes. High blood pressure is the most relevant, modifiable risk factor for developing stroke. Available evidence demonstrates that in hypertensive patients, especially ...
Koeners Maarten P - - 2008
Epidemiological and experimental data strongly suggest that cardiovascular diseases can originate from an aberrant environment during fetal development, a phenomenon referred to as perinatal programming. This review will focus on the role of the kidneys in determining blood pressure, and how (re)programming the renal development can persistently ameliorate hereditary hypertension. ...
Ouzounian Maral - - 2008
Epidemiological and experimental studies have documented both the rising burden of diastolic heart failure (DHF) and several mechanisms that distinguish this disease from systolic heart failure (SHF). Controversies continue to surround the term 'DHF' as well as its existence as a pathophysiological entity distinct from SHF. Approximately half of all ...
Meng Qingli - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To observe and analyze the occurrence and management of the trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) defined as the phenomenon of abrupt drops in heart rate (HR) and blood pressure during skull base surgery. METHOD: One hundred patients underwent skull base surgery for various lesions were recruited and great attention was paid ...
Carlson Andrew P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors report a case of a large intracerebellar hemorrhage that occurred in a professional musician while playing the trumpet. This is the first report of such a complication. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man presented with severe occipital headache accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and dizziness that occurred while he ...
Nguyen-Lam Jenny - - 2008
An acutely hypertensive 55 year-old male experienced seizures and cortical blindness post-operatively. CT scans demonstrated hypointensities in the occipital lobes bilaterally. MRI revealed symmetrical bilateral hyperintense signals in the same region, involving both grey and white matter. Thromboembolic screening investigations including vertebral artery doppler studies were normal and echocardiography demonstrated ...
Babarao Ravichandar - - 2008
We report a molecular simulation study for CO2 storage in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). As compared to the aluminum-free and cation-exchanged ZSM-5 zeolites and carbon nanotube bundle, IRMOF1 exhibits remarkably higher capacity. Incorporation of Na(+) cations into zeolite increases the capacity only at low pressures. By variation of the metal oxide, ...
de Paz L - - 2008
Long term macrobenthos data together with physical habitat parameters were analysed to investigate spatial and temporal changes at an estuary under different anthropogenic pressures, mainly increasing shellfish farming. The aim was to assess the possible impacts of these pressures on the macrobenthic communities by comparing a period before and after ...
Bailey Michael R - - 2008
Kidney injury in lithotripsy can lead to long-term adverse effects, so minimizing injury is beneficial. We have found that injury is significantly reduced when shock wave (SW) administration is halted briefly- 3-minutes-early in treatment. Previous studies have shown that SWs stimulate renal blood vessels to constrict. Therefore, we tested the ...
Kestenbaum Bryan - - 2008
Kidney disease and hypertension commonly coexist, yet the direction of their association is still debated. To evaluate whether early kidney dysfunction, measured by serum cystatin C levels and urinary albumin excretion, predates hypertension in adults without clinically recognized kidney or cardiovascular disease. Observational cohort study using data from 2000 to ...
Sarafidis Pantelis A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and blood pressure control rates in the population with chronic kidney disease are limited. The objective of this study was to determine the state of blood pressure control in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data of participants with ...
Desir Gary V - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent experimental data shed light on the regulation of renalase, a secreted amine oxidase, which circulates in an inactive form (prorenalase). Abnormalities in the renalase pathway are evident not only in animal models of chronic kidney disease, but also during the development of hypertension, at a time ...
Dietrich Peter - - 2008
Information on vertical variations in hydraulic conductivity (K) can often shed much light on how a contaminant will move in the subsurface. The direct-push injection logger has been developed to rapidly obtain such information in shallow unconsolidated settings. This small-diameter tool consists of a short screen located just behind a ...
Kadota Koichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A novel index, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), which reflects the stiffness of the aorta, femoral artery, and tibial artery, was recently developed by measuring brachial - ankle pulse wave velocity and blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study 1,014 Japanese adults from the general population were ...
Kanneganti Praveen - - 2008
We compared treadmill exercise stress testing (EST) in 28 medically screened, chronic cocaine users with the cardiovascular effects of an IV cocaine challenge (25 mg or 50 mg). All subjects had a clinically normal EST and echocardiography (except 2 subjects had septal wall hypokinesis). The EST produced significantly greater increases ...
Ovbiagele Bruce - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hispanic individuals with high blood pressure are less likely than other ethnic groups to be aware of their high blood pressure or to be on medication for the condition. We investigated the feasibility of using high school students in predominantly Hispanic neighborhoods to conduct a large-scale blood pressure screening ...
Ike S O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Theological College is a peculiar setting. This is due to the nature of the job, studies, attitudinal leaning (faith) and influence. There has been no known work to date done on the cardiovascular status in institutions of this nature-both in the country and in the continent of Africa. ...
Król Ewa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is closely associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is one of the main factors of progression of CKD. Early detection of CKD allows introducing a therapy that slows the progression of CKD. SETTING: A prevalence of hypertension and effectiveness of its treatment were assessed during the accomplishment ...
Overbeek Maria J - - 2008
There is no optimal screening tool for the assessment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). A decreasing transfer factor of the lung for CO (TLCO) is associated with the development of PAH in SSc. TLCO can be partitioned into the diffusion of the alveolar capillary ...
- - 2007
DESCRIPTION: Reaffirmation of the 2003 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force statement about screening for high blood pressure. METHODS: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force did a targeted literature search for evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for high blood pressure. RECOMMENDATION: Screen for high blood pressure in adults ...
Wolff Tracy - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is common, and screening is a well-established evidence-based standard of current medical practice. PURPOSE: To perform a literature search for new, substantial evidence on screening for high blood pressure that would inform the reaffirmation of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation on screening for high ...
Kirby Ray - - 2007
An analytic mode matching scheme that includes higher order modes is developed for a straight-through circular dissipative silencer. Uniform mean flow is added to the central airway and a concentric perforated screen separates the mean flow from a bulk reacting porous material. Transmission loss predictions are compared with experimental measurements ...
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