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O'Collins Victoria E - - 2013
Hypertension is an established target for long-term stroke prevention but procedures for management of hypertension in acute stroke are less certain. Here, we analyze basic science data to examine the impact of hypertension on candidate stroke therapies and of anti-hypertensive treatments on stroke outcome. Methods: Data were pooled from 3,288 ...
Calcinaghi Novella - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Arterial hypertension is an important risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases, such as transient ischemic attacks or stroke, and represents a major global health issue. The effects of hypertension on cerebral blood flow, particularly at the microvascular level, remain unknown. METHODS: Using the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model, ...
White Carole L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the most powerful risk factor for stroke. The aim of this study was to characterize baseline blood pressure in participants in the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes trial. METHODS: For this cross-sectional analysis, participants were categorized by baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 120, 120-139, 140-159, ...
Gorelick Philip B - - 2013
Stroke is the 4th leading cause of death in the US and a leading cause of disability among adults. Stroke is broadly classified into ischemic and hemorrhagic subtypes. Although the pathogenesis may differ between ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke subtypes, a unifying feature is that hypertension is a major risk factor ...
Pottecher Julien - - 2013
Emergency physicians and anesthesiologists need accurate estimates of stroke volume when massive unexpected hemorrhage occurs. Using an animal model of hemorrhagic shock under general anesthesia, we hypothesized that the pulse pressure-heart rate ratio (PP/HR) would be an accurate marker of stroke volume changes during hemorrhage and resuscitation. In 16 swine ...
Borgdorff Marinus Alexander J - - 2013
Right ventricular (RV) failure due to chronically abnormal loading is a main determinant of outcome in pulmonary hypertension (PH) and congenital heart disease. However, distinct types of RV loading have been associated with different outcomes. To determine whether the adaptive RV response depends on loading type, we compared hemodynamics, exercise ...
Jang Mi - - 2013
Many theories have been postulated to date regarding mechanisms involved in intracranial hypertension in patients with long-term, shunt-induced slit ventricle syndrome (SVS), but it still seems difficult to define this entity more clearly. Many hypotheses have attempted to explain the causes of SVS as chronic or intermittent catheter obstruction, brain ...
Smith Steven M - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem, which, until recently, has received little attention in the medical literature. With this increased attention has come a considerably better understanding of disease epidemiology, prognosis, and treatment, yet much remains unknown. Current data suggest that the prevalence of resistant hypertension has been increasing ...
Preuß M - - 2013
A case of an 8-year-old-boy with shunt-dependent occlusive hydrocephalus after resection of a cerebellar medulloblastoma is presented, who experienced repeated episodes of severe neurologic deterioration with signs and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure after spinal tapping. However, intracranial pressure was recorded within low ranges, only up to the opening pressure ...
Fornal Maria - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationships of red blood cell distribution width (RDW), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and erythrocyte deformability with pathological changes of selected target organs, and with inflammation markers interleukin-6 (IL-6) and fibrinogen, in a group of newly diagnosed, never-treated and otherwise healthy hypertensive patients. METHODS: The study ...
- - 2013
Lowering of blood pressure prevents stroke but optimum target levels to prevent recurrent stroke are unknown. We investigated the effects of different blood-pressure targets on the rate of recurrent stroke in patients with recent lacunar stroke. In this randomised open-label trial, eligible patients lived in North America, Latin America, and ...
Zhao Wenhui - - 2013
Context:Blood pressure (BP) control can reduce the risk of stroke among diabetic patents, however, it is not known if the lowest risk of stroke is among diabetic patients with the lowest BP level.Objective:To investigate the race-specific association of different levels of BP with stroke risk among diabetic patients in the ...
Takagi Hisato - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Lowering systolic blood pressure (BP) (SBP) by 10 mmHg or diastolic BP by 5 mmHg using any of the main classes of BP lowering drugs reduces stroke by about a third. The objective of the present study is to determine whether there is a limit to the extent to which BP ...
Mourer Jacqueline S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) have an unfavorable cardiovascular risk profile in renal transplant recipients. The aim of this substudy was to assess the effects of late CNI or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) withdrawal on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and carotid intima media thickness. METHODS: A total of 119 stable renal transplant ...
Shaposhnikov Dmitry - - 2013
Evidence of the impact of air temperature and pressure on cardiovascular morbidity is still quite limited and controversial, and even less is known about the potential influence of geomagnetic activity. The objective of this study was to assess impacts of air temperature, barometric pressure and geomagnetic activity on hospitalizations with ...
Wu Shyh-Jong - - 2013
Most non-significant individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were undiscovered in hypertension association studies. Their possible SNP-SNP interactions were usually ignored and leaded to missing heritability. In present study, we proposed a particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm to analyze the SNP-SNP interaction associated with hypertension. Genotype dataset of eight SNPs of ...
Ott Christian - - 2013
In the majority of hypertensive patients, no particular cause for abnormal blood pressure is evident (primary or essential hypertension). In contrast, in the minority of patients with secondary hypertension a specific underlying cause is responsible for the elevated blood pressure. The prevalence of secondary hypertension is higher in patients with ...
Struhal Walter - - 2013
In pure autonomic failure (PAF) - a rare form of primary dysautonomia - some patients show cerebrovascular lesions usually found in hypertensive subjects. In an autonomic laboratory records of patients with a definitive diagnosis of PAF having had cerebral imaging (cMRI, cCT) were analysed retrospectively. Tilt table data (supine/tilted), 24hour ...
Gandolgor Tsend-Ayush - - 2013
To clarify the genetic mechanisms of stroke susceptibility in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHRSP), a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was performed. Using 295 F2 rats of a cross between SHRSP/Izm and SHR/Izm, 2 major QTLs for stroke latency under salt loading were identified on chromosomes (chr) 1 and ...
Muehlmann Marc - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the pressure setting of the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt valve and a magnetic resonance (MR)-based estimate of intracranial pressure (ICP) in children with shunt-treated hydrocephalus without clinical signs of shunt malfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was ...
Pires Paulo W - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Hypertensive animals have an increased number of perivascular macrophages in cerebral arteries. Macrophages might be involved in remodeling of the cerebral vasculature. We hypothesized that peripheral macrophage depletion would improve middle cerebral artery (MCA) structure and function in hypertensive rats. METHODS: ...
Fukuhara Masayo - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: On the basis of combined measurements of clinic blood pressure (CBP) and home blood pressure (HBP), blood pressure status can be divided into normotension, white-coat hypertension (WCHT), masked hypertension (MHT), and sustained hypertension (SHT). Despite the clear impact of MHT and SHT on clinical and subclinical arterial ...
Jones W Schuyler - - 2013
Hypertension is thought to contribute to more than 7 million deaths worldwide each year and contributes to the development of atherosclerotic lesions that lead to myocardial infarction and stroke. While lifestyle modifications (diet, exercise, weight loss) and pharmacotherapy have been proven to be effective in the treatment of hypertension, as ...
Marrocco-Trischitta Massimiliano M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the long-term effect of the eversion technique for carotid endarterectomy (e-CEA) on arterial baroreflex and peripheral chemoreflex function. METHODS: The study included 13 patients who underwent, between 2001 and 2006, bilateral e-CEA and 16 who underwent bilateral standard CEA (s-CEA) to eliminate the complicating effects of ...
Painschab Matthew S MS School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2013
Biomass fuels are used for cooking in the majority of rural households worldwide. While their use is associated with an increased risk of lung diseases and all-cause mortality, the effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) are not well characterised. Exposure to biomass fuel smoke has been associated with lung-mediated inflammation and ...
Viigimaa M - - 2013
Only 20-30% out of the treated hypertensive patients in Europe are achieving blood pressure (BP) control. Among other recognized factors, these poor results could be attributable to the fact that for many doctors it is very difficult to detect which is the predominant hemodynamic cause of the hypertension (hypervolemia, hyperinotropy ...
Takaya Masahiko - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus often show neuropsychiatric symptoms besides the triad of 'classic' symptoms. Memantine has been reported to have positive effects on the neuropsychiatric symptoms of patients with Alzheimer's disease and patients with dementia with Lewy bodies. We administered memantine to a Japanese patient with probable ...
- - 2013
In Nigeria's megacity of Lagos, lifestyles resemble those of developed countries and hypertension is increasingly becoming a problem. Motunrayo Bello reports.
Oliveira Matheus Fernandes de - - 2013
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is characterized by gait disturbance, dementia and /or urinary incontinence, dilation of the ventricular system and normal opening cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Shunt surgery is the standard treatment of iNHP. Diversions with programmable valves are recommended, once drainage pressure can be changed. However, well-defined protocols still ...
Sandler Adam L - - 2013
A subset of hydrocephalic patients in whom shunts are placed at an early age will develop craniocerebral disproportion (CCD), an iatrogenic mismatch between the fixed intracranial volume and the growing brain. The lack of a reliable, reproducible method to diagnose this condition, however, has hampered attempts to treat it appropriately. ...
Ohta Yuko - - 2013
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) has emerged as a predictor of cardiovascular events. Home blood pressure (BP) is more closely associated with cardiovascular prognosis than clinic BP. The aim of this study was to compare the progression of carotid IMT with respect to strict and mild control of morning home ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2013
The importance of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP), on the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke are known. However, the importance of blood pressure (BP)-age shifts regarding the stroke incidence is not clearly known. The BP changes with the advancement of ...
Lamotte Christophe - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure the carotid intima-media-thickness (cIMT) and to assess its determinant factors in healthy adolescents. METHODS: 319 adolescents aged 12.5-17.5 years (135 boys, 184 girls) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. cIMT and carotid diameter were measured by high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. Anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, physical activity (PA), aerobic ...
Ding Chao - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The hemodynamics of patients with portal hypertension within 4 hours after a single injection of terlipressin has been studied. However, the hemodynamics in a longer phase under different infusion styles is unknown. This study aims to compare the effects of bolus and continuous infusion of terlipressin on ...
Vikholm Per - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Right heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. This study evaluated the approach of a cavoaortic shunt included in the LVAD circuit, which would aim to relieve venous congestion and improve hemodynamics with preserved oxygen delivery during induced right ...
Solini Anna - - 2013
Resistant hypertension is highly prevalent, and is the form of arterial hypertension that is most difficult to treat. Many patients diagnosed with this disease do not have resistant hypertension, but rather have mismanaged primary hypertension. In many cases blood pressure can be controlled by directly addressing underlying causes such as ...
Romero Jose R - - 2013
In the present historical review, we highlight several articles outlining contributions of the Framingham Heart Study over the span of nearly seven decades to our understanding of the epidemiology of blood pressure (BP), atrial fibrillation and genetic factors as they relate to cerebrovascular disease. In 1970, Framingham investigators led by ...
Thompson Matthew - - 2013
The prevalence of hypertension is increasing in children, and may persist into adulthood. This systematic review was conducted for the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation on the effectiveness of screening asymptomatic children and adolescents for hypertension in order to prevent cardiovascular disease. Eligible studies were identified from Medline and ...
Bruckheimer Elchanan - - 2013
PURPOSE: Congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) with portal venous hypoplasia cause hyperammonemia. Acute shunt closure results in portal hypertension. A transcatheter method of staged shunt reduction to afford growth of portal vessels followed by shunt closure is reported. METHODS: Pressure measurements and angiography in the CPSS or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ...
Qvarlander Sara - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that disturbed CSF dynamics are involved in the pathophysiology of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH). The pulsatility curve describes the relationship between intracranial pressure (ICP) and the amplitude of cardiac related ICP pulsations. The position of baseline ICP on the curve provides information about the physiological ...
Delwel Ernst J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In treating idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) with a shunt there is always a risk of underdrainage or overdrainage. The hypothesis is tested whether patients treated using an adjustable valve preset at the highest opening pressure leads to comparable good clinical results with less subdural effusions than in a ...
Kitagawa Hiroaki - - 2013
PURPOSE: A valved ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (V-P shunt) as a vesico-amniotic shunt (V-A shunt) preserves the filling/emptying cycle and normal bladder development in fetal lambs with bladder outlet obstruction. The optimal pressure for such shunts is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created obstructive uropathy in 60-day gestation fetal lambs. A V-A ...
Guay Joanne - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the ability of different types of brain monitoring systems vs clinical monitoring of the brain function to detect cerebral ischemia during cross-clamping of the carotid artery under regional anesthesia. METHODS: In May 2012, a search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Central ...
Zis Panagiotis - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Time rate of blood pressure (BP) variation is a measure of the speed of BP fluctuations derived from a computerized analysis of ambulatory BP monitoring. The aim of this study was to identify pathophysiological differences in the time rate of BP variation between stroke subtypes, on the basis of ...
Kalani M Yashar S - - 2013
Low-pressure hydrocephalus is a rare type of hydrocephalus characterized by negative intracranial pressure (ICP) and ventriculomegaly. Given the shortcomings of available methods to treat refractory low-pressure hydrocephalus, we set out to develop a new system for evacuation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the ventricular system where existing shunt systems do ...
Demirel Serdar - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is associated with a profound effect on blood pressure. The aim of this study was to evaluate 24 h ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) after eversion (E-CEA) and conventional (C-CEA) endarterectomy including a midterm follow-up. METHODS: Seventy-one patients were included in this prospective study [E-CEA (37)/C-CEA (34)]. ...
Butts Ryan J - - 2013
We present pressure-volume loops obtained from two patients with single-ventricle physiology, one with a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt and one with a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt. The dissimilarities in pressure-volume loop contour and related indices highlight potentially important differences in ventricular mechanics between the shunt types.
Santovito Donato - - 2013
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, short, single-stranded RNAs and represent a new class of gene regulators. Recent evidence supports a role for miRNAs in cardiovascular pathophysiology and atherosclerosis development. We have previously demonstrated that miR-145 is widely expressed in human atherosclerotic lesions and its downregulation has been correlated with ...
Jung Oliver - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: Uncontrolled hypertension under antihypertensive multidrug regimen is not necessarily always true resistance. Incomplete adherence is one of several possible causes of uncontrolled hypertension. Nonadherence remains largely unrecognized and is falsely interpreted as treatment resistance, as it is difficult to confirm or exclude objectively. This is the first study assessing ...
Vimlati Laszlo - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: During mechanical ventilation (MV), pulmonary shunt is cardiac output (CO) dependent; however, whether this relationship is valid during unsupported spontaneous breathing (SB) is unknown. The CO dependency of the calculated venous admixture was investigated, with both minor and major shunt, during unsupported SB, MV, and SB with continuous positive ...
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