Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 689
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Inui T S - - 1981
The substantial prevalence of noncompliance with drugs in populations of patients with treated hypertension suggests that a reliable, clinically applicable screening test for this behavior is needed. Among employed white males, patient response to a nonjudgmental clinician inquiry has been reported to be highly predictive of noncompliance when positive but ...
Grundmann R - - 1981
The influence of the length and severity of hypotension on the results of kidney preservation was examined in dogs. Successful 24-hr hypothermic kidney storage was possible, if the donor animal was subjected to hypovolemic hypotension (mean blood pressure 60 mm Hg) for a duration 1 to 4 hr. If the ...
Artz L - - 1981
This study explores a community-based approach to health care. Community volunteers were trained and then conducted door-to-door screening for hypertension. Three large apartment complexes were selected for screening. In the two experimental communities, a letter was sent to each household soliciting volunteers who were then trained to measure blood pressure, ...
Jackson A S - - 1981
This study evaluated the NASA/Johnson Space Center's blood pressure screening program, which was designed to identify the proportion of NASA employees who were hypertensive and to identify self-report variables related to elevated pressures. In 1978, a random sample of 3892 employees was selected from over 2,100 NASA employees. Twenty-eight percent ...
Yamamoto J - - 1981
Mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) and total blood volume (BV) were determined in conscious rats during the early, intermediate, and chronic phases of one-kidney, one-clip Goldblatt hypertension. MCFP was determined from arterial and venous plateau pressures during brief circulatory arrest, which was accomplished by inflating an indwelling right atrial balloon. ...
Harf A - - 1981
A modification of conventional signal processing for the pressure-compensated flow plethysmograph is proposed to correct the nonlinearity of the flow element that appears for high flows as encountered during forced expiration. Woven screens behave as porous media with a viscous and an inertial component in the resistance; this explains the ...
Tracy R E - - 1981
Replicate slides of autopsy specimens (kidney, pancreas, adrenal glands, and liver) from 66 hospital patients who had lengthy outpatient records of their blood pressure levels were randomized and graded blindly for the severity of hypertensive fibroproliferative-mediodegeneration lesions of arterioles (arplasia). For all four tissues, the severity of lesions correlated significantly ...
Juan D - - 1981
Pheochromocytoma accounts for about 0.1 per cent of patients with diastolic hyperstension. It mimics many diseases varying from anxiety psychoneurosis to intracranial tumors. Cardinal symptoms include sevre headache (72 to 92 per cent), sweating (60 tp 70 per cent), palpitations (51 to 73 per cent), and hypertension (> 90 per ...
Ohlsson O - - 1981
A total of 1075 relatives of 106 individuals (probands) with treated essential hypertension and heredity for this disease have been investigated concerning the existence of hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension or hypertensive diseases was near 50%. Of the decreased relatives, 77% had a positive history for hypertension. Of the decreased ...
Kinn A C - - 1981
44 patients with idiopathic hydronephrosis underwent intrapelvic pressure flow studies. An increased basal pressure and an increased pressure during flow loading were found compared with the findings in 10 control kidneys. The method is relatively easy to perform and has few complications. It may be of value in determining the ...
Török E - - 1981
The study procedures and the results of blood pressure screening from 8 centres are reported. Data are also presented on age, sex, sexual maturity for girls, height, weight, Quetelet's index, smoking, and use of antihypertensive drugs for 92.1% of the 18 609 children born in 1964 in the 8 districts ...
Koivo A J - - 1981
The screening of renovascular hypertensive patients can be performed on the basis of the blood-pressure response of the patients to saralasin (Sarenin) infusion. A new approach is proposed here for the screening. The blood-pressure responses to the saralasin are modelled first, using autoregressive time series models. The constant parameters of ...
Oviasu V O - - 1980
The blood pressures of the employees of the civil services in Benin, the capital of Bendel State of Nigeria were measured. Out of a total workforce of 970 males and 360 females to whom the screening was offered, 916 males and 347 females between 15 and 60 years responded, giving ...
Heller R F - - 1980
First-degree relatives of hypertensive patients are more likely to comply with a request to visit their general practitioner for a screening blood-pressure measurement than are the relatives of normotensive controls. On average they have higher blood-pressure levels and are more likely to be started on treatment as a result of ...
Goldberg E L - - 1980
Blood pressure levels as recorded in a community-wide screening programme were compared with findings in an earlier mental health study for persons who participated in both programmes. Blood pressure was not related to previously ascertained psychosocial characteristics among persons who were not under treatment for hypertension, suggesting that depression, hostility, ...
Berkson D M - - 1980
Of 177,692 persons screened in 1977 as part of an ongoing City-Wide Hypertension Screening Program in Chicago, 14,988 (8.4%) had diastolic blood pressure (BP) greater than or equal to 95 mm Hg as compared to 13.2% of a similar population in 1976. Only 7% (3,910) of the hypertensive population (diastolic ...
Garbus S B - - 1980
Appropriate control of adult hypertension is currently challenging our health care system. Evaluation of juvenile hypertension may assist in alleviating this massive medical problem by helping to identify potentially remediable risk factors. Assessment of "normal" blood pressure values for children and adolescents must first be accomplished before attempting modification of ...
Risberg B - - 1980
Screen filtration pressure (SFP), quantity of microaggregates and debris weight were measured in stored human blood. The number of aggregates correlated with the debris weight but not with SFP. No correlation was seen between the debris weight and SFP. The mechanisms behind and the functional importance of these findings are ...
Hardes G R - - 1979
15,746 people had their blood pressure measured in a hypertensive screening programme conducted in the Hunter Region of New South Wales. High blood pressure readings were found in 10.4 per cent (1,634) of the screened population. Followup information received from local general practitioners indicated that, of screened subjects attending the ...
Islam N - - 1979
A total of 8,172 persons constituting 98.6% of the total Secretariate Population of Bangladesh were screened for elevated blood pressure. One thousand and ninety cases (13.3%) showed diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or above. Those with diastolic blood pressure of 95 or above constituted 3.7% of the population. More ...
Theisen V - - 1979
A hypertension program staffed largely by volunteer nurses in a hospital outpatient department is described. A three-year evaluation shows 19% of 4,282 clients screened as having high readings, 86% of those referred saw a physician for high blood pressure, 92% of those who saw a physician began treatment for high ...
Krishan I - - 1979
A pronounced decline in blood pressure levels of hypertensive patients occurred in each of three rural Minnesota communities 1 to 2 years after the inception of community programs to control high blood pressure in these populations. An experimental hypertension clinic was established in one community to integrate a nurse practitioner ...
Brennan L A LA - - 1979
As part of a broader community program to evaluate approaches to hypertension control, a Community Hypertension Clinic, staffed by two nurse practitioners, was set up in a rural community. Hypertensive persons were identified either by an initial central blood pressure screening or by a subsequent home screening. Slightly more than ...
Barber J H - - 1979
Since April 1975 all men aged 35-69 years registered with four general practices in west central Scotland have had their blood pressure checked whenever they visit the surgery. Although the practice locations range from rural to city centre and observers comprise receptionists, nurses, and doctors, a standard procedure has been ...
Lo K S - - 1979
2 adult siblings with Ebstein's anomaly are presented in this report. The second sibling was found to have the anomaly 20 years after the first sibling was diagnosed. The use of echocardiography in screening for Ebstein's anomaly and the diagnostic features are emphasized. Documentation by electrode catheter recording intracardiac electrocardiogram ...
Fixler D E - - 1979
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of persistent blood pressure elevations in an eighth-grade population composed of three ethnic groups, and to determine the feasibility of using school health facilities for hypertension screening. Blood pressure was recorded in 10,641 subjects (90% of the total eighth-grade population) ...
Svendsen U G - - 1979
Treatment with penicillamine was capable of bringing down the elevated systemic arterial pressure in the thymus-dependent phase of infarct-kidney hypertension in mice; a marked improvement in the clinical condition of the treated animals was observed as compared with untreated hypertensive mice. No pathological changes in either kidney or heart could ...
Böcker R - - 1979
By means of a newly developed high-pressure liquid chromatographic method the organ distribution of tetracycline (TC) and pyrrolidinomethyl-tetracycline (PMT) has been studied. When mice were treated with 50 mg/kg i.v. TC or PMT these antibiotics could be detected in all organs investigated (liver, kidney, heart, lung, muscle, spleen). Especially high ...
Hartford M - - 1979
Severity of hypertension, frequency of secondary hypertension and prognosis have been compared in two groups of hypertensive men. The first group (n=686) was taken from a blood pressure screening of a total population sample. The other group (n=154) consisted of hypertensive men, referred to a hypertension clinic by physicians. The ...
Heller R F - - 1978
A blood pressure measurement was part of a cardiovascular screening examination of 8397 middle-aged men taking part in the intervention section of the United Kingdom Heart Disease Prevention Project. Standardised training techniques reduced observer bias to acceptable limits in four out of a total of five observers. The time of ...
Kasl S V - - 1978
This review brings together studies dealing with factors that affect participation in screening, referral, and treatment for high blood pressure (HBP). Community-based screening programs are examined first, in order to describe the changing and the current distribution of hypertensives as "unaware," untreated, treated but uncontrolled, and controlled by treatment. Factors ...
Stamler R - - 1978
In the nationwide Community Hypertension Evaluation Clinic screening of more than 1 million people, the group classifying itself as overweight had prevalence rates of hypertension 50% to 300% higher than other screenees. Frequency of hypertension in overweight persons aged 20 to 39 years was double that of normal weight and ...
Haynes R B - - 1978
A study of hypertension in an industrial setting allowed us to confirm and explore an earlier retrospective finding that the labeling of patients as hypertensive resulted in increased absenteeism from work. After screening and referral, we found that absenteeism rose (mean +/- 1 S.E.) 5.2 +/- 2.3 days per year ...
Harris J P - - 1978
Many clinical parameters and biochemical values normally change as a result of the profound effect of pregnancy on the kidney. These changes include hydronephrosis, decreased BUN and uric acid, proteinuria and glycosuria (70 percent one time), frequency, nocturia, edema (80 percent) and reductions in blood pressure. "Normal is abnormal." A ...
Oviasu V O - - 1978
In 1976 a blood pressure survey was conducted in Isiuwa village to determine the prevalence of hypertension in a rural Nigerian Community and the effect of re-examination of those subjects who were found to be 'hypertensive' at the primary screening. Out of the 2082 subjects aged 15 to 59 years ...
Wassertheil-Smoller S - - 1978
Our data indicate that voluntary casual screenings in essentially middle class locations may be of limited value in attracting the young, the black, and the male relative to the target population. Our screens attracted a large proportion of individuals who where already aware of their high blood pressure. Nevertheless, these ...
Smith R M - - 1978
The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry has been actively involved in teaching the fundamentals of blood pressure screening since 1964. To determine the effectiveness of this instruction a sample of practitioners who have graduated since 1964 was surveyed to determine the degree to which they use blood pressure screening ...
Seedat Y K - - 1978
In a random house-to-house study of 1 000 Indians the prevalence of essential hypertension according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria was 19% (females 22%; males 15%). The study revealed that the prevalence of hypertension was higher than in published data from India. Ethnicity in our study caused a ...
Kulbertus H E - - 1978
A hypertension screening program was conducted by means of mobile units generally used for detection of tuberculosis and chest diseases. From 1st October 1973 to 31st July 1976, 24, 462 individuals aged 35 and over were examined. 10.7% were found to have elevated blood pressure (greater than 160/95 mm Hg). ...
Christmas B W - - 1978
Two years after a hypertension screening survey conducted at Napier in 1973 the blood pressure levels of 350 adults were re-examined. The sample comprised 152 persons previously referred for investigation because of high blood pressure detected during the 1973 survey, a matched control group of 146 normotensives and a small ...
Kaszuba A L - - 1978
To see if the emergency department is an appropriate site for hypertension screening, the coverage, appropriateness of the target population and the adequacy of follow-up procedures were evaluated. The study was conducted in the Adult Emergency Department of The Johns Hopkins Hospital, which 61% of the community regard as their ...
Shapiro M - - 1978
A hypertension survey was conducted in Montreal to determine the extent, nature and distribution of the control of hypertension. Of the 12 055 persons screened in shopping centres, workplaces and a random sample of homes in four census tracts the hypertension was not controlled in 69.0% to 80.3% of those ...
Mathison I W - - 1977
A series of derivatives of the novel cyclopentano[f]- and [h]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines has been synthesized and screened by hypotensive properties in the unanesthetized DCA hypertensive rat and for acute toxicity in the mouse. Substitutions were made in the parent structures at both the heteroatom and the 5 and 6, and 7 and ...
Fujii J - - 1977
The development of collaterals to an ischemic kidney was studied in rabbits with two-kidney Goldblatt hypertension. Hypertension was produced by applying a silver clip of 0.9 mm in internal diameter on the left renal artery with the right kidney intact. Peri-ureteric collaterals were found at autopsy in 27 (32.9%) of ...
Fridd C W - - 1977
The rabbit kidney was subjected to exposure from an unfocused ultrasound source in an effort to create a relatively large volume of ultrasound-damaged tissue in the rabbit kidney. The results of this exposure were followed for 1 year. An insignificant change in blood pressure was noted up to 1 month ...
Svendsen U G - - 1977
NZB nice spontaneously develop a high blood pressure and hypertensive vascular disease in the heart and the kidney. Treatment with cyclophosphamide decreased the level of blood pressure; congenital athymic nude NZB mice failed to develop a high blood pressure. These findings suggest that thymus and the thymus-dependent immune reactions have ...
- - 1977
the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP) is a community-based national trial to determine whether special programs can improve the treatment for persons with uncontrolled hypertension and reduce morbidity and mortality in wide strata of these patients. A total of 158,906 persons, aged 30 to 69 years, were screened to ...
Taylor J - - 1977
The NHLBI-supported Hypertension Detection and Follow-Up Program (HDFP) is a community-based program designed to assess the value of early detection and vigorous treatment of persons with high blood pressure of varied severity. HDFP staff members have measured the blood pressures of 158,906 persons in their homes or work places in ...
Hunyor S N - - 1977
A national screening project has detected 989 subjects aged 30 to 69 years with untreated moderate or severe hypertension. The 1-2% incidence of this condition indicates a total of about 100,000 people in the Australian community potentially requiring therapy. The sample showed that half the subjects were previously unaware of ...
Christensson T - - 1977
Primary hyperparathyroidism was the most likely diagnosis in sixty-eight non-thiazide treated patients with hypercalcaemia detected in a health screening. The group included fifty-five females and thirteen males with a mean +/- SEM age of 55.0 +/- 0.7 years. On a pair basis, these patients were compared with a series of ...
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