Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 670
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Fogari R - - 1989
This study was designed to assess advantages and cost-effectiveness of community control of hypertension at the worksite in a metallurgical factory in Pavia. Under consent of managers and trade-unionists, a screening program was undertaken. 2701 subjects (95% of the total number of employees) were screened: 277 (10.2%) were hypertensive, 101 ...
Tyroler H A - - 1989
The association of socioeconomic status (SES), as indexed by educational achievement, with the prevalence, prognosis, and efficacy of treatment of hypertension in the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP) was reviewed. The prevalence of hypertension varied inversely with SES during the screening program initiated to identify HDFP eligibles in 14 ...
Sonkodi S - - 1989
In conjunction with a radiological tuberculosis project, a hypertension screening programme was carried out in 1984 on 13,772 people (74% of the eligible adult population) in the Hungarian town of Csongrád. In the younger age groups the blood pressure was found to be higher amongst men, whilst in older groups ...
Brown H R HR - - 1989
In 1976, in an employee population of approximately 8700, there was little information about the prevalence of hypertension or the level of control in the known hypertensive workers. The problem was approached initially by screening and then by aggressive follow-up. Ultimately, 21.4% of the employees were identified as hypertensive or ...
Hosenpud J D - - 1989
OKT3 (a murine antihuman mature T cell antibody) has become an important therapeutic agent for the treatment of acute allograft rejection unresponsive to corticosteroid therapy. Seven heart allograft recipients received eight 10-day courses (one retreatment) of OKT3 for steroid-resistant rejection. All patients underwent hourly monitoring of vital signs, and one ...
Morr K E - - 1989
Warren (1979) described an approach for screening velopharyngeal inadequacy using a device (PERCI) that measures orifice differential pressure (P). The PERCI score is based on the relationship between velopharyngeal orifice (VPO) area and velopharyngeal orifice differential pressure. The purpose of this study was to test the original assumptions, which were ...
Hense H W - - 1989
In 1983/84, the Munich Blood Pressure Program (MBP) performed worksite screenings for arterial hypertension at 18 Munich companies. A participation of 51% (n = 7310) was achieved. After duplicate measurements of casual blood pressure 1084 participants were suspected of having actual hypertension. All suspected cases were invited for a reexamination ...
Levin J S - - 1989
Epidemiologic studies of the effects of religion on blood pressure suggest that religious commitment is inversely associated with blood pressure and that several religious denominations or groups have relatively low rates of hypertension-related morbidity and mortality. In this review, we examine the implication that certain characteristics and functions of religion ...
Lieberthal W - - 1989
We have found that DBBF-Hb and Hb Ao have significantly less vasoconstrictor activity than unmodified Hb in the rabbit heart. In striking contrast to these findings, DBBF-Hb and unmodified Hb have comparable hemodynamic effects in the isolated kidney. We have demonstrated that lipophilic contamination of fraction V BSA causes vasoconstriction ...
Michaud P A - - 1989
This study evaluates the acceptability, the predictive value and the utility of a hypertension screening programme for Swiss adolescents from 16 to 19 years of age, using private physicians' records as an end-point: 3,386 young people had their blood pressure (BP) measured in a standardized way: 113 teenagers were sent ...
Dardik B N - - 1988
A marked increase in the cyclic AMP content and concentration of the thoracic aorta was detected during the rise in blood pressure produced by one-kidney, one-clip and DOCA hypertension. This alteration was accompanied by the development of vascular hypertrophy and preceded the abnormal increase in DNA content observed in the ...
Murray D M - - 1988
We undertook a direct mail campaign to urge persons identified as being at risk for hypertension to seek medical advice. Those who received a single mailing displayed a 28% increase in the proportion who subsequently discussed their blood pressure with a physician and a 12% increase in the proportion who ...
Rauch A L - - 1988
To examine the role of the sympathetic nervous system in hypertension, the in vitro activity of tyrosine hydroxylase was examined in one-kidney, one clip (1K1C) and two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) hypertensive rabbits and their respective controls 2 weeks after surgical procedures. The in vitro activity of tyrosine hydroxylase provides a ...
Rauch A L - - 1988
In order to examine the role of central catecholaminergic neurons in hypertension, the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of catecholamines, was studied in the hypothalamus, midbrain, pons-upper medulla, mid-medulla and lower medulla of one-kidney, one clip (1-K,1C) and two-kidney, one clip (2-K,1C) hypertensive rabbits ...
Bennett N M - - 1988
To study the frequency, cost, sociodemographic profile, and previous care correlates of hospital admissions for hypertensive emergency, we used specific case criteria to identify a series of 100 cases at Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. Approximately 58 cases were admitted per year. Mean length of hospital stay was 11.8 ...
Thomsen H S - - 1988
Single kidney function was determined both by single probe renography (131I hippuran) and gamma camera scintigraphy (99Tcm DMSA) in the sitting position in 42 consecutive patients who were referred to renography as a part of the workup of their hypertension. The positioning of the detectors turned out to be satisfactory ...
Dickson R C - - 1988
Hospital-based audits of family physicians are of uncertain utility, since most family physicians conduct community-based practices. We evaluated the feasibility of using a skill-based audit procedure. Blood-pressure measurement is a common and important skill which is often performed poorly by physicians because of a combination of poorly maintained equipment and ...
Ford C E - - 1987
The Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program (HDFP), through a two-stage population-based screen for high blood pressure involving over 159,000 persons in 14 U.S. communities, recruited and randomized 11,386 participants. The design initially called for the recruitment of 800-1000 hypertensive individuals per clinic over a 9-month period. The size of the ...
Rudd P - - 1987
To confirm reports of increased absenteeism after worksite hypertension screening, we performed a three-stage blood pressure screening among 5888 self-selected heterogeneous workers at 11 electronics plants using standardized screening and labeling procedures. A total of 296 subjects with mean systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or greater or diastolic ...
Mamon J - - 1987
This study describes the development and testing of a high blood pressure protocol for use in emergency departments (ED) to enhance detection of those patients appropriate for subsequent referral. The protocol involves two serial blood pressure measurements and a patient interview to determine: 1) previous history of high blood pressure ...
Torres V E - - 1987
We studied 99 living related allograft donors with follow-up information of at least 10 years and the 50 recipients who had successful outcomes. Recipients were younger and had significantly lower blood pressures at follow-up than their donors. Borderline and definite hypertension were present in 22.2% and 4.0% of donors prior ...
Sonkodi S - - 1987
Goldblatt hypertension was induced in rats by constricting the renal artery on one side. In one group of animals the contralateral kidney remained untouched (two-kidney hypertension), while in the other it was removed (one-kidney hypertension). In the two-kidney hypertension group, renin activity was higher than in the control animals, the ...
Ito Y - - 1986
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of persistent blood pressure elevation in school children. Mass screening of blood pressure was performed simultaneously with a cardiovascular health check in school children. Forty four hundred and eighty school children were selected as subjects for this study, consisting of ...
Dzubow L M - - 1986
Elevated blood pressure is a major cause of perioperative bleeding and postoperative hematoma. Seventy-five patients scheduled for dermatologic surgical procedures were prospectively asked if they were aware of any personal history of hypertension. If patient response alone is relied on as a preoperative screen for hypertension, over half of the ...
Huang Y Y - - 1986
This article reports the prevalence and unawareness of hypertension in a petrochemical industrial population. Data were obtained from the First Shanghai Petrochemical Complex Hypertension Survey, which was part of the first round of the Health Examination Survey Program (n = 29,391) from May 1979 through June 1982. In this study, ...
Close A - - 1986
A finger sphygmomanometer was compared with a mercury column sphygmomanometer for its ability to screen for hypertension. A total of 881 patients used each machine, both in initial screening and then for monitoring. The finger sphygmomanometer had a specificity of 98.5% in routine screening as compared with 97.6% for the ...
Elder J P - - 1986
This paper describes the effectiveness of an incentive-based approach to screening for hypertension by comparing it to two more typical on-site screenings. In the "bounty system," adolescents were trained and certified in blood pressure assessment to enable them to conduct door-to-door blood pressure screenings. The youths received incentives for various ...
Chapman P J - - 1986
Myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accidents kill more people than all other causes of death combined, and hypertension is the single most important risk factor involved. From studies it is known that about 7% to 10% of adult dental patients will suffer previously unsuspected hypertension and which can be detected as ...
Rudd P - - 1986
To evaluate reports of psychosocial dysfunction after worksite screening, a three-stage blood pressure screening was performed using standardized screening and labeling procedures. Of a heterogeneous group of 5,888 workers, 296 with sustained hypertension were identified and randomly assigned to traditional arousal or reassurance debriefings, matching each hypertensive subject with one ...
Markov K V - - 1986
In the course of five years, arterial hypertension was epidemiologically studied in a population of industrial workers (n = 7883), divided into 3 groups according to the kind of preventive intervention. In the active prevention group a statistically significant improvement of the epidemiological situation was observed. A certain improvement in ...
Zimmerman R S - - 1986
Two studies assessed the potential impact of health education messages at worksite blood pressure screenings. The messages sought to: motivate hypertensives to enter or return to treatment, motivate normotensives to improve health habits and discourage inappropriate use of blood pressure screening by normotensives. A total of 473 participants in the ...
Morady F - - 1985
In response to a questionnaire, 59% of 196 physicians indicated that they were influenced by a patient's blood pressure and clinical status when attempting to distinguish ventricular tachycardia (VT) from paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia with bundle-branch block. A sizable proportion of physicians are unaware that VT need not be associated with ...
Sexton M - - 1985
This study examined the effects of hypertension on two measures of employee absenteeism with the three confounding variables of sex, race, and age held constant. Subjects were 820 Maryland State employees who participated in a worksite blood pressure screening program. Comparison of official records for the year before (1978) and ...
Stefenelli T - - 1985
A 43 year old man was referred to the Internal Department for the examination of cardial decompensation, hypertension, polyglobulia and atrophy blanche of the lower legs. Clinical and supersonic examination revealed two tumors in the left kidney (diameter 8 and 3.5 cm) and some small tumors in the right kidney. ...
Radice M - - 1985
Screening for hypertension in the community leads to the identification of hypertensive people not previously detected, and those detected but inadequately treated or not treated at all. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term efficacy of screening for blood pressure control in a general population. During ...
Birkett N J - - 1985
A survey of a representative population sample was carried out to evaluate the prevalence and control of hypertension in Middlesex County, Ontario. Of the 3067 subjects selected 2735 completed the initial interview. If the diastolic blood pressure was greater than 89 mm Hg in three readings, up to two further ...
Warrington S - - 1985
Systolic time intervals (STI) are unique in describing cardio-vascular function in terms of time alone. Although the STI were first adequately described over 60 years ago, it is only recently that they have been applied in a scientific way to the study of drug action in man. The STI are ...
Meade T W - - 1985
Controversy over cervical cytology prompted the setting of guidelines for the provision of a screening service. These are discussed in terms of the relationship between blood pressure and cerebrovascular disease and the relationship between the blood cholesterol level and ischaemic heart disease. In the first case, concern mainly centres on ...
Rösler H - - 1985
Radionephrographies were performed in 23 hypertensive patients before and after 28 transluminal dilatations (PTD) of their stenosed renal arteries. The changing clearances for both kidneys (global = Clgl) and for stenosed and contralateral kidneys (Clst and Clco) were followed for three groups, dependent on their clinical outcome, as well as ...
Prentice J W - - 1984
A system, based on the Apple II microcomputer, has been developed to collect cardiovascular data on-line from a non-invasive arterial pressure monitor. Off-line data are entered as far as possible, with a light pen. All information is stored on disc for subsequent analysis. A coloured trend graph can be displayed ...
Seto S - - 1984
It has been reported that immunization against tonin normalizes blood pressure, and that sialoadenectomy, during which the tonin-rich salivary glands are removed, decreases blood pressure in one-kidney, one-clip hypertension. To investigate the role of tonin on this form of hypertension further, we actively immunized one-kidney, one-clip hypertensive rabbits with tonin ...
Wang B M - - 1984
Aminoglycoside interactions with various phospholipids were measured in three model systems and compared with the ototoxicities of the drugs: (a) competition for [14C]neomycin binding; (b) competition for 45Ca2+ binding; and (c) effect on surface pressure of monomolecular lipid films. The efficacies of the antibiotics in displacing neomycin from phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylinositol ...
Gafni A - - 1984
What is the impact of being told that one has hypertension? According to evidence from randomized controlled trials one effect of labelling is an increase in illness related absenteeism among those who were unaware of their blood pressure status. Moreover, this effect exists even when no objective medical reasons justify ...
Wespes E - - 1984
Passive erection was obtained in 10 patients with normal erections without the use of any artificial mechanism of retention at the base of the penis. The necessary flow to provoke the erection ranged between 80 and 120 ml/min. Intracavernous pressure and penile circumference were also monitored until the appearance of ...
Zorgniotti A W - - 1984
The author presents the view that there is a real need to diagnose impotence in more detail as demand for physiologic solutions to erectile dysfunction make inroads into the simplistic solution offered by penile implantation. Penile blood pressure measurements are diagnostic of vascular insufficiency only when values are low, since ...
Denny D F - - 1984
An elderly woman presented with severe hypertension related to a renin producing kidney supplied only by collaterals. Recanalization of the artery to this kidney leads to incomplete blood pressure control. Subsequently, percutaneous, selective ethanol infusion ablated the kidney and lead to good control. This two-step approach allowed both evaluation of ...
Dunn E - - 1984
Hypertension is an important and common problem in family practice, but there is no general agreement on the systolic and diastolic pressures at which it should be diagnosed and treated. Responses from 273 family physicians surveyed by mail in Metropolitan Toronto showed a wide variation in the pressures used as ...
Halasz N A - - 1984
Propylene glycol (PG), glycerol (G), or a combination of both were introduced into and eluted from 116 rabbit kidneys. The function of the kidneys was then studied on an ex vivo shunt by determining bloodflow and creatinine clearance. The cryoprotective agents ( CPAs ) were introduced and eluted at the ...
Johnston M E - - 1984
Two hundred and thirty hypertensive Canadian steelworkers were followed for 5 years after screening and referral. Data on income, absenteeism and measures of work and social function were collected on these men and on a matched group of 230 normotensive employees. In the fifth year after screening, hypertensive employees earned ...
Bartelsman J F - - 1984
The understanding of motility disorders has been greatly improved since the introduction of reliable and non-invasive recording techniques. Motility can now be studied by measuring transit, motor activity, and electrophysiology in all regions of the gut. Barium studies, radiological screening, pH monitoring, cinematography, radio-telemetric recording, manometry, radionuclide scintigraphy, intubation, endoscopy, ...
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