Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1212
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Kosugi Takuo - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: In human hypertension, the response of phospholipase C (PLC) to stimuli is enhanced in signal transduction where receptors are coupled to pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein. We investigated PLC activity and its role in human hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Skin fibroblasts were cultured from 15 normotensives subjects (53 +/- 4 ...
Tao Jun - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate elastic changes of the radial artery, a medium-sized muscular peripheral conduit artery, in patients with borderline systolic hypertension. METHODS: Using a non-invasive high-resolution echo-tracking device coupled to a photoplethysmography (Finapres system) allowing simultaneous arterial diameter and finger blood pressure monitoring, we measured radial artery elastic parameters of ...
Denton Kate M - - 2003
Preexisting chronic hypertension complicates up to 5% of pregnancies and is associated with an increased risk of low-birth-weight babies. Studies suggest that an adverse intrauterine environment leading to low birth weight is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including hypertension, in the adult. In this study, the blood ...
Antonios T F T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Rarefaction of skin capillaries in people with intermittent borderline essential hypertension suggests a primary or an early abnormality that may antedate the onset of sustained hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To compare skin capillary density in subjects with and without a family history of essential hypertension. SUBJECTS: 21 normotensive individuals, one or ...
Deepa R - - 2003
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to assess the applicability of the rule of halves in an urban population in South India. METHODS: The Chennai Urban Population Study (CUPS) is an ongoing population based study involving two residential colonies representing a middle and lower socio-economic ...
Pitiriga V Ch - - 2003
Conflicting data exist regarding the relationship between Chlamydophila pneunoniae (C. pneumoniae) and hypertension. In this study, both C. pneumoniae IgG and IgA titres and Epstein-Barr virus antibody levels were measured in 146 sustained hypertensives defined by 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and 54 normotensives. C. pneumoniae antibodies were ...
Andersen Ulrik B - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Insulin resistance has been implicated in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. Elevated blood pressure during physical exercise is a more powerful predictor of future hypertension than resting blood pressure. We have therefore studied the relationship between insulin resistance and blood pressure response to exercise in strongly hypertension-prone subjects. MATERIAL: ...
Shanthirani C S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is a major public health problem in developing countries. There is however very little population based data particularly in South India. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors in an urban South Indian population at Chennai. METHODS: The ...
Höieggen Aud - - 2003
Serum uric acid (SUA) but also hemorheological parameters such as hematocrit (Hct) and whole blood viscosity (WBV) are markers of cardiovascular risk. Increased blood cell volume is one of the known causes of hyperuricemia. We therefore aimed to investigate the relationship between SUA and hemorheology in untreated borderline hypertensive young ...
Diamantopoulos E J - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between human leukocyte antigens (HLA) phenotypes and cardiovascular remodelling, as expressed by left ventricular mass (LVM) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), in hypertensives. We examined 153 subjects with arterial hypertension and 61 normotensive controls living in the greater Athens area. ...
Makris Thomas K - - 2003
It has been previously shown that essential hypertension (EH) is associated with coagulation-fibrinolytic balance disorders. Our study was conducted in order to investigate disturbances in coagulation-fibrinolysis in offsprings of hypertensive parents. Two groups were studied: 44 healthy normotensive individuals (17 male, 27 female, age range 12-22 years) with a documented ...
Hitzenberger G - - 2003
This is the first large-scale, countrywide study evaluating blood pressure levels in treated hypertensive patients based on home blood pressure monitoring. The study was conducted all over Austria by 166 physicians enrolling a total of 1303 patients each taking at least 30 home blood pressure readings (a total of 39,000 ...
Ike S O - - 2003
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with essential hypertension are predisposed to impaired left ventricular relaxation, and consequently, diastolic dysfunction. Because diastolic dysfunction is an early marker of the pathological effects of hypertension on the heart, evaluating the relationship between the development of diastolic dysfunction and the level of blood pressure becomes ...
Cugini P - - 2002
PURPOSE: The present study investigated the blood pressure (BP) load (L), namely Baric Impact (BI), in normotensives with and without endothelial dysfunction (ED). The aim was to detect baric differences supporting the thesis that the ED is associated with vasopressant effects that are responsible for a paraphysiological condition of higher ...
Sundell Jan - - 2002
The aim of this study was to test whether increased coronary vascular resistance in hypertensive subjects can be reduced by centrally inhibiting sympathetic overactivity with dexamethasone. Coronary vascular resistance was quantitated in 11 men with untreated mild essential hypertension (RR 149 +/- 13/98 +/- 10 mm Hg) and 23 healthy, ...
Plaud Benoît - - 2002
Hypotension is common after mivacurium injection in healthy patients. This hemodynamic event had not been investigated in hypertensive patients characterized by more intense hemodynamic instability. In this open-label, multicenter, randomized, and controlled study, we sought to determine whether mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate variations were larger in ...
O'Connor Daniel T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a complex trait with an ill-defined genetic predisposition, in which adrenergic mechanisms seem to be involved even at the early stages. Chromogranin A is a pro-hormone stored and released with catecholamines by exocytosis; its fragment catestatin, formed in vivo, inhibits further catecholamine release as an antagonist at ...
Campbell Tavis S - - 2002
Reduced pain perception has been observed in hypertensive individuals and normotensive individuals at risk for high blood pressure and may involve increased endogenous opioid release or receptor sensitivity. The present study examined the issue by administering two subjectively similar but physiologically different forms of the pain-reducing procedure transcutaneous electrical nerve ...
France Christopher R - - 2002
Previous evidence indicates that individuals with hypertension and those at increased risk for the disorder exhibit decreased pain perception. To test the hypothesis that attenuation of nociceptive processing in individuals at genetic risk for hypertension is related to differential central modulation of nociceptive transmission, the present study examined descending modulation, ...
Sasaki Rie - - 2002
We examined whether hypertrophy of the carotid artery in patients with untreated essential hypertension is associated with compensatory carotid artery enlargement as these patients age. Carotid ultrasonography was evaluated in 163 patients with untreated essential hypertension (74 males and 89 females) and in 76 normotensive subjects. Intima-media end-diastolic thickness (IMT) ...
Broadwater, Kimberly Jaye
Blood pressure readings were taken in four normotensive, classically trained singers of varying age and experience. The results show changes during the systolic and diastolic phases of blood pressure measurements while singing. While systolic blood pressure changes were individualized and random, diastolic blood pressure changes generally showed a direct correlation ...
Traon Anne Pavy-Le - - 2002
In hypertensive patients, the upper and lower limits of cerebral autoregulation are shifted to higher levels. However, the dynamics of cerebral autoregulation in hypertensive patients are less well known. We compared the dynamics of cerebral autoregulation in 21 treated hypertensive patients (13 men and 8 women; mean age: 48.9+/-13.6 years) ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Elastic artery stiffness, a result of arterial aging, is an independent indicator of cardiovascular risk. The aim of the present longitudinal study was to compare the progression of aortic stiffness over a 6-year period in treated hypertensive subjects and normotensive subjects, and to evaluate the determinants of this progression. ...
Hohenbleicher Henriette - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Neurovascular contact (NVC) of the left rostral ventrolateral medulla has been implicated in the pathogenesis of "essential" hypertension, and recent studies suggest that this anomaly may be genetically determined. We therefore assessed the prevalence of this vascular anomaly in young normotensive volunteers. We also studied blood pressure, heart rate ...
Millgård Jonas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if young normotensive subjects with a familial history of essential hypertension (FHH) or young borderline-hypertensive (BHT) subjects have a defect endothelial function. METHODS: Fifteen young (26 +/- 4 years) healthy normotensive (115 +/- 8/71 +/- 6 mmHg) subjects with a FHH, 31 matched healthy normotensive subjects without ...
Pini R - - 2001
Although borderline isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), defined as a blood pressure of 140 to 159/<90 mm Hg, is a proven cardiovascular risk factor, the major clinical trials on treatment of ISH have used a cutoff of 160 mm Hg. Moreover, no data exist on the cardiovascular modifications associated with borderline ...
Mattiasson I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate peripheral insulin stimulated glucose uptake as a predictor for increase in blood pressure in hypertension-prone men. DESIGN: A follow-up study 5 years after a primary investigation that included an euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp to evaluate insulin sensitivity. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two men with a family history of hypertension (relatives) and ...
Delacrétaz E - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Compared to normal subjects hypertensive patients have an increased radial artery isobaric distensibility, contrasting with a decrease in elasticity of large arteries and systemic compliance. To address the question whether elasticity is increased in response to long-standing elevated blood pressure or is present at an early stage of the ...
Gerber L M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The urinary albumin level has been found to be positively correlated with blood pressure in hypertensive patients. To our knowledge, this relationship has not been evaluated in normotensive subjects and compared with that in hypertensives using casual and ambulatory blood pressure measurements. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a cohort ...
Prisant L M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine arterial elasticity in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. BACKGROUND: In addition to blood pressure, other parameters serve as markers for vascular disease. Arterial elasticity is one parameter that can be determined by a modified Windkessel model of the circulation. This model estimates, ...
Roca-Cusachs A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Study the relation between quality of life (QoL) and various clinical, therapeutic and sociodemographic variables in treated hypertensive patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in 92 primary care centres in Spain. A total of 269 hypertensive patients were selected and 106 healthy normotensive individuals were ...
Colas B - - 2001
In vitro experiments were designed to assess the inhibitory effect of the thiazide diuretic methyclothiazide (MCTZ) on contractile responses to norepinephrine (NE) of mesenteric rings from hypertensive patients and normotensive controls. Arteries were taken from portions of mesocolon from 24 patients: 13 hypertensives and 11 normotensives. Changes in the tension ...
Lopes H F - - 2001
Malignant hypertension is a serious form of arterial hypertension in which the physiopathological mechanisms include increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system, renin angiotensin system, and endothelium dysfunction. Family history of hypertension is an important predictive factor for hypertension and is associated with metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities. Studies of these ...
Triposkiadis F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of the development of a restrictive response to an acute saline load, defined as an increase in the ratio of peak early to peak late diastolic transmitral flow velocity (E/A ratio) associated with a decrease in the deceleration time, ...
Tsuda K - - 2001
Recent studies have reported the abnormalities in calcium metabolism at the systemic level in human hypertension as well as in experimental hypertension. Because bone is the largest store of calcium in the body, the bone calcium content and mineralization may represent the entire calcium balance. The present study was undertaken ...
Shinn E H - - 2001
This study investigated whether symptoms of depression and anxiety were related to the development of elevated blood pressure in initially normotensive adults. The study's hypothesis was addressed with an existing set of prospective data gathered from an age-, sex-, and weight-stratified sample of 508 adults. Four years of follow-up data ...
Kim J S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the most important, and yet modifiable, risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. But in many countries, hypertension remains poorly controlled. Moreover, sleep apnea syndrome has shown that it is correlated with hypertension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness and control of hypertension among ...
Nakanishi N - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of long working hours with the risk for hypertension. DESIGN: A five year prospective cohort study. SETTING: Work site in Osaka, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: 941 hypertension free Japanese male white collar workers aged 35-54 years were prospectively examined by serial annual health examinations. Men in ...
Grote L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) is associated with increasing severity of cardiovascular risk markers. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of sleep laboratory patients. SETTING: University Hospital Sleep Disorders Centre. PATIENTS: We studied 591 patients referred for a sleep study, all of them without a history of ...
Tozawa M - - 2001
We sought to determine whether a family history of hypertension is quantitatively associated with the prevalence of hypertension and blood pressure in a screened cohort. Clinical data and family (parents and siblings) histories regarding hypertension were collected from 9,914 individuals (probands) who were interviewed and examined during a one-day clinic ...
Hand M F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 (ET-1), acting mainly through the ET(A) receptor, is a potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide. Circulating concentrations of ET-1 are increased in chronic renal failure (CRF) and may influence vascular tone. METHODS: We investigated dorsal hand vein responsiveness to local infusion of ET-1 and noradrenaline in 12 hypertensive and 12 ...
Cheng Y - - 2001
Between 1991 and 1997, the authors studied 833 participants of the Normative Aging Study in a substudy of bone lead levels (measured by K-shell x-ray fluorescence), blood lead levels, and hypertension. Among these subjects, 337 were classified as normotensive, and 182 and 314 were classified as having borderline and definite ...
Trifiletti A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The hemostatic system plays an important role in thrombotic lesions, which can complicate the clinical course of hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to verify a possible activation of the blood clotting processes, the evaluation of two markers of thrombin activation in 62 hypertensive patients, with and ...
Pitzalis M V - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To verify in a unitary view whether autonomic control of heart rate and cardiac structure and function are modified early in offspring of hypertensive families. METHODS AND RESULTS: We selected 87 age- and sex-matched young normotensive subjects with (n = 45) and without (n = 42) a family history ...
Andersen U B - - 2001
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of (i) strong predisposition to essential hypertension and (ii) insulin sensitivity and plasma levels of cardiomyotrophic hormones on echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular structure and function. METHODS: 26 normotensive subjects (age 18-35) with bi-parental hypertension and 26 matched controls with normotensive parents. Families with non-insulin-dependent ...
Wójcik A - - 2001
The aim of the study is the evaluation of lead levels in body fluids in a chosen study group with diagnosed arterial hypertension employed in a car factory. The study was carried out on workers diagnosed with various stages of arterial hypertension who had been subjected to long-term lead exposure ...
Manning G - - 2001
The role of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring in the assessment of mild/borderline hypertension (BHT) is unclear. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that measurement of ABP in borderline hypertensives differentiates patients with true mild hypertension from those with isolated clinic hypertension (raised office BP but ...
Magyar M T - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of a combined method, i.e. ergometer cycling with continuous bilateral transcranial Doppler monitoring (TCD) to detect cerebral hemodynamic abnormalities in recently diagnosed hypertensive patients. METHODS: 30 neurologically symptom-free, nontreated patients with essential hypertension and 30 age- and sex-matched controls were studied. Carotid ultrasound, resting ...
France C R - - 2001
In this study we tested the hypothesis that hypoalgesia in individuals at risk for hypertension is related to enhanced activation of supraspinal pain modulation systems. Supraspinal inhibition of pain signals was assessed using a diffuse noxious inhibitory control paradigm, in which a noxious conditioning stimulus was used to suppress pain ...
Shipp M L - - 2001
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this project was to evaluate knowledge and awareness status about hypertension among a group of Haitian adults in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and also to assess treatment status among hypertensive persons within this group. METHODS: Adults (> or =18 yrs) accompanying a sick person to a private ...
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