Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1224
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Palatini Paolo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Controversy remains concerning the pathogenetic mechanisms for the relationship between sympathetic activity, hypertension and lipid abnormalities. We tested the hypothesis that a condition characterized by sympathetic predominance may affect the evolution of blood pressure and lipids in the early stage of hypertension. METHODS: We prospectively studied 163 young stage ...
López Begoña - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the distribution of collagen deposits and collagen degradation in hypertensive patients with either systolic heart failure (SHF) or diastolic heart failure (DHF). BACKGROUND: Increased collagen synthesis and deposition have been described in the myocardium of heart failure (HF) hypertensive patients. METHODS: We studied 39 HF ...
Rafidah H M - - 2006
Apart from the mean 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), the blood pressure variability (BPV) also bears an independent relationship with target-organ damage in hypertension. A reduction in arterial compliance has been demonstrated in hypertension but its relation to BPV is still unknown. The aim of the study is to ...
Santić Zarko - - 2006
To asses prevalence of essential arterial hypertension in family members of soldiers killed in 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study enrolled 1144 subjects who lost a family member in the war and 582 of their close neighbors who experienced no such loss. Data on their medical history and ...
Pini Riccardo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: While many studies have examined the relation between antihypertensive treatment and ventricular hypertrophy, relatively few data are available regarding changes in arterial structure due to blood pressure reduction. Therefore, we compared normotensive to untreated hypertensive subjects to uncontrolled (treated with elevated blood pressure values) or controlled (treated with normal ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the SMOOTH (San Marino Observational Outlooking Trial on Hypertension) study was to explore hypertension awareness, treatment and control and the associated metabolic abnormalities and risk factors in the population of San Marino, a small state in the Mediterranean area, for which limited evidence is available. METHODS: ...
Chiu Yueh-Hsia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and progression of, and identify risk factors for, pre-hypertension, stage 1 and 2 hypertension in a population-based study. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: An integrated community-based multiple screening program in Keelung, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 67 011 individuals aged 20-79 years between 1999 ...
Cianci R - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a correlation between the fluid and ionic homeostasis and blood pressure but it is not known if these body fluid changes represent the cause or rather the effect of the blood pressure rise. We have estimated the compartmental distribution of body fluids by means of ...
Su T-C - - 2006
Pulse pressure (PP) has often been associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Patients with aortic regurgitation (AR) often have increased PP. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations among PP, AR and extracranial carotid artery (ECCA) carotid atherosclerosis (CA) in hypertensives and age- and sex-matched normotensives. Two ...
McCubbin James A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Acute pain sensitivity is reduced in clinical hypertension, but the precise relationship between pain perception and altered blood pressure control is not well-characterized. A negative correlation between resting blood pressure and pain sensitivity is observed throughout the normotensive range, suggesting links between basic mechanisms of blood pressure control and ...
Lindstedt Isak H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis states that the reactivity of the cutaneous microcirculation is reduced in patients with hypertension compared with healthy subjects. The objective was to verify the hypothesis by measuring microvascular function in hypertensive patients. DESIGN: The study was a controlled trial with two arms: 15 hypertensives and 15 normotensives ...
Jurak P P Inst. of Sci. Instrum., Acad. of Sci., Brno, Czech Republic. - - 2006
This paper presents results of blood pressure dynamicity analysis aimed at vessel stiffness detection and subsequent cardiac risk stratification. We analyzed ECG and BP parameters from 12 normotensive young healthy volunteers, 10 old healthy volunteers, and two groups of hypertensive patients -- 12 young non-medicated hypertensive subjects with no other ...
Doumas Michael - - 2006
Arterial hypertension is considered a risk factor for erectile dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in hypertensive compared with normotensive individuals of similar demographic characteristics in Greece. Furthermore, the effect of age, hypertension severity, hypertension duration, and antihypertension medication on erectile function ...
Ishitani Norihito - - 2005
We investigated brain activity in response to orofacial pain in 20 healthy subjects in order to characterize the relationship between pain and changes in brain function. First, the pressure pain threshold (PPT) at the styloid process of the temporal bone (Libman's point) of 20 subjects was measured by a pressure ...
Fazio Serafino - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although many observers consider the cardiovascular risk associated with isolated prehypertension to be low and not worth pharmacological treating, the cardiovascular disease rate is increased among individuals within this blood pressure stratum. METHODS: We performed Doppler echocardiography and submaximal bicycle ergometry in 20 nonsmoking sedentary prehypertensive subjects and 20 ...
Siddiqui Hemna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors for hypertension in adults (age more than 15 years) in a squatter settlement of Karachi. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of adults more than 15 years old in a squatter settlement of Karachi through random sampling method. RESULTS: A total of 327 adults were approached, 165 ...
Manunta Paolo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Impaired diastolic function and left ventricular hypertrophy can occur early in the natural history of essential hypertension. High circulating levels of endogenous ouabain (EO) have been described in essential hypertension and have also been associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these ...
Wang Shu-Ming - - 2005
In this randomized sham-controlled study we examined the anxiolytic and sedative effects of acupressure on parents in the preoperative holding area before their children's surgery. Sixty-one parents received acupressure either at the Yintang point (midpoint between the two eyebrows) or at a sham point. Anxiety (as measured by the Stait-Trait ...
Papadopoulos Dimitrios P - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: High-normal blood pressure (HNBP) seems to be related to increased cardiovascular risk in healthy, normotensive subjects, while essential hypertension is associated with an increase in extracellular matrix content, especially fibrillar collagen type I. The aim of our study was to investigate whether collagen degradation is altered in healthy normotensives ...
Stabouli Stella - - 2005
White-coat hypertension (WCH) and masked hypertension have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in adults. In the current study, we investigated: (a) the prevalence of WCH and masked hypertension in pediatric patients and (b) the association of these conditions with target organ damage. A total of 85 children underwent office ...
Vázquez-Oliva G - - 2005
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), the major proinflammatory cytokine, has been described to be associated with the hypertensive and atherosclerotic states. We aimed to explore whether the concentration of circulating IL-6 and adhesion molecules could be modified by decreasing blood pressure in hypertensive subjects. A total of 30 subjects (18 men), aged 34-48 ...
Ighoroje A D - - 2005
Sex variations in some haemorheological parameters: Haematocrit (Hct), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Hemoglobin concentration (Hbc), Fibrinogen concentration (FC), Relative Plasma Viscosity (RPV) and Whole Blood Relative Viscosity (WBRV) were determined in 30 male and 20 female hypertensive subjects without complications, aged between 30 and 70 years. 30 male and 20 ...
Fesler Pierre - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the present longitudinal study, we attempted to identify the determinants of cardiorenal damage progression in normotensive subjects (<140/90 mm Hg) and patients with never-treated essential hypertension. METHODS: Renal hemodynamics and function and cardiac morphology were evaluated by isotopic techniques and echocardiography at baseline and after a median follow-up ...
Hashimoto Junichiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We examined different characteristics of the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BAPWV) for assessing arterial function in a large general population, along with the alteration of SDPTG in hypertension. METHODS: Finger SDPTG and BAPWV were measured in 848 (544 normotensive and 304 ...
Kelishadi R - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous correlations between hypertension and the metabolic syndrome, although this is not always the case. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its different phenotypes among hypertensive and normotensive subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on ...
Shigematsu Yuji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether genetic predisposition to hypertension and insulin resistance are related to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in essential hypertension. METHODS: The study included 72 nondiabetic patients with essential hypertension and 15 normotensive control (NC) subjects. The 72 patients were divided into two ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2005
Masked hypertension, an elevated daytime ambulatory blood pressure in the presence of a normal office blood pressure, confers an increased cardiovascular risk to adults. We investigated the prevalence, persistence, and clinical significance of masked hypertension in children and adolescents. We enrolled 592 youths (6 to 18 years old). Youths with ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Microalbuminuria (MA) is a marker of adverse outcome in hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of MA with cardiovascular risk factors and glomerular hyperfiltration in the early stage of hypertension and to assess its predictive value for the development of sustained hypertension requiring antihypertensive ...
Pierce Thomas W - - 2005
A regression-based meta-analysis examined the degree to which the effects of a family history of hypertension on cardiovascular reactivity are moderated by the magnitude of cardiovascular responses elicited in challenge/task conditions. Mean change scores for negative family history groups were regressed on mean change scores for positive family history groups. ...
Maver Jerica - - 2004
This study was designed to address alterations in autonomic nervous system activity in normotensive subjects with a family history of hypertension. We compared the autonomic nervous system activity in 59 normotensives with a family history of hypertension and 46 normotensives with no family history of hypertension. Skin blood flow was ...
Fortuño Ana - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and its complications through alterations in nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. This study was designed to investigate whether a relationship exists between phagocytic nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase-dependent superoxide anion (*O2-) production and NO generation in patients with essential ...
Stefanidis Ioannis - - 2004
In patients on chronic hemodialysis hypotensive episodes are frequently encountered during the course of treatment and the prevalence of atherosclerosis is increased. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), an endothelium-derived peptide with vasoconstrictive and mitogenic effects on smooth muscles, is involved in vascular tone regulation and in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of ...
Kyriakides Zenon - - 2004
The importance of endothelin-1 in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension is unclear. We therefore examined whether there is a differential effect of endothelin-A antagonism on vasodilation and coronary artery compliance in hypertensive compared to normotensive patients. We examined atherosclerotic non-stenotic arteries from 18 non-diabetic, 10 normotensive patients and eight hypertensive ...
Lambert Elisabeth Annie - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the influences of genetic predisposition to hypertension and of age on the sympathetic nervous system response to the cold pressor test (CPT). METHODS: A total of 32 young subjects (aged 27 +/- 2 years) were studied: 11 normotensive subjects without a ...
Pierdomenico Sante D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of white coat hypertension (WCH) in uncomplicated patients with mild hypertension is not yet completely clear. We investigated cardiovascular outcomes in patients with mild hypertension and without left ventricular hypertrophy, diabetes mellitus, and associated cardiovascular and renal disease, with sustained hypertension (SH) and WCH. METHODS: The ...
Oke, DA; Department of ...
In a 6 month prospective questionnaire study of 101 consecutive newly referred hypertensive patients and 86 normotensive volunteers, the relationship of erectile dysfunction and hypertension in these patients was studied using a modified international index of erectile function (IIEF). The mean age of the hypertensive subjects was 56.2±45 years and ...
Hozawa Atsushi - - 2004
To examine the relationship between 8-isoprostane and blood pressure, we measured plasma 8-isoprostane concentration and home blood pressure levels in an elderly Japanese population. Our study population comprised 569 subjects aged 70 years and over who were not receiving antihypertensive medication. On the basis of their blood pressure values, the ...
Cheung Bernard M Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Urotensin II is the most potent vasoconstrictor known. Its role in hypertension has not been investigated. Here, we studied the plasma levels in hypertensive and normotensive human subjects. DESIGN: A cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: Hypertension clinic and research clinic of a university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two hypertensive outpatient subjects ...
Wirtz Petra H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension ranks among the strongest cardiovascular risk factors. Cytokine production by monocytes plays a key role in atherosclerosis development and acute coronary syndromes. We investigated whether stimulated monocyte cytokine release and its inhibition by glucocorticoids would differ between hypertensive and normotensive subjects. METHODS: Study participants were 222 middle-aged ...
Rayner Brian L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The assessment of target organ damage is important in the evaluation of a hypertensive patient as it provides information on the severity of the hypertension and the cardiovascular risk assessment. The aim of our study was to determine the usefulness of the chest radiograph in the assessment of target ...
Ghanbarian Arash - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to describe blood pressure values in Iranian adults with electrocardiogram (ECG) evidence of a myocardial infarction (MI). High blood pressure is a risk factor, and an ECG can be diagnostic of coronary artery disease. In recent studies the role of pulse pressure in predicting ...
Endemann Dierk H - - 2004
We hypothesized that resistance arteries from diabetic patients with controlled hypertension have less remodeling than vessels from untreated hypertensive subjects. Eight normotensive subjects (aged 44+/-3 years, 3 men; values are mean+/-SEM), 19 untreated hypertensive subjects (46+/-2 years, 9 men), and 23 hypertensive subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus under antihypertensive ...
Grewen Karen M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether parental history of hypertension (FH+) enhances the impact of depressed mood, indexed by Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). METHODS: Twenty-four-hour ABP, urinary norepinephrine (NE), and cortisol were obtained in 314 unmedicated normotensive and hypertensive men and women (age 18-64 years) who also ...
Maver Jerica - - 2004
Autonomic nervous system and microvascular alterations at pre-hypertensive stage of hypertension have still not been fully elucidated. We aimed at addressing central and local influences on microvascular reactivity at pre-hypertensive stage of hypertension. To that end, we studied microvascular reactivity in 59 normotensives with a family history of hypertension and ...
Andersson Ove K - - 2004
Blood pressure elevation in young age is associated with a risk of developing hypertension. However, not all subjects will progress to clinical hypertensives in need of pharmacological therapy. In younger subjects, there is essential to find clinical or experimental characteristics to predict the future risk of hypertension. In the present ...
Shin Tae Won - - 2003
People with hypertension are commonly warned to check with a physician before using a hot tub, but there is little literature on which to base this advice. We compared symptoms, heart rate, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure in response to 10 minutes of hot-tub immersion in a group of ...
Ghosh Arijit - - 2003
In this study, the variation of blood pressure in young normotensive medical students has been recorded in winter and summer. Daytime blood pressure of young normotensive medical students has been measured in supine position. It has been found that both the systolic and diastolic pressure increases in low ambient temperature. ...
Schrier Robert W - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hypertension in autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients is associated with more rapid progression of renal disease and a high incidence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The present study was undertaken to examine the role of parental hypertension in the occurrence of hypertension in 475 ADPKD offspring. METHODS: Adult ...
Mozaffari Mahmood S - - 2003
Systemic hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus are major risk factors for myocardial infarction. Yet, glucose intolerance, a prelude stage to type 2 diabetes, is associated with reduced infarct size. Since chronic hypertension adversely affects the myocardium, we tested the hypothesis that the coexistence of systemic hypertension and glucose intolerance ...
Magri J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To identify any effects that lead, calcium, magnesium, and zinc may have on the development of gestational hypertension. METHODS: Third-trimester 110 normotensive and 33 gestational hypertension cases were assayed for various metal levels, using standard techniques, including atomic absorption spectrometry. RESULTS: Gestational hypertension cases showed significantly higher blood lead ...
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