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Results 301 - 350 of 1190
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Skov Karin - - 2007
Offspring of hypertensive parents are at high risk of future hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether early treatment with an angiotensin-receptor blocker in young normotensive offspring of hypertensive parents persistently lowered blood pressure after treatment withdrawal, a possibility supported by animal studies. The study is an investigator-initiated, double-blind ...
Edwards Louisa - - 2007
Hypertension is characterized by cognitive deficits. As evidence for impaired psychomotor speed, including slower reaction times, is mixed, we aimed to provide a detailed investigation of simple reaction time in hypertension. Pre-motor and motor reaction times were measured across the cardiac cycle in 30 hypertensives and 29 normotensives to determine ...
Machado Adriana Caiado - - 2007
Mercury reduces cardiac contractility and arterial pressure at micromolar concentrations. We investigated the actions of 680ng/kg HgCl(2) on arterial pressure, heart rate (HR) and on the pressor reactivity to phenylephrine (PHE) in rats before and 1h after HgCl(2) administration and after hexametonium, verapamil and tempol treatments. HgCl(2) increased baseline systolic ...
Callegaro C C - - 2007
In patients with severe autonomic dysfunction, water ingestion elicits an acute pressor response. Hypertension may be associated with changes in cardiovascular autonomic modulation, but there is no information on the acute effects of water ingestion in patients with hypertension. In this study, we compared the effect of acute water ingestion ...
Armas-Padilla María Cristina - - 2007
Nitric oxide (NO), a multifunctional effector molecule that plays a central role in the maintenance of vascular homeostasis, regulates vascular tone and inhibits platelet and leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells. NO status is related to the endothelial function. Patients with hypertension have lower levels of NO, increased free radical production, ...
Armas-Hernández María José - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the fibrinolytic system by measurement of fibrinogen, plasminogen, tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in healthy normotensive subjects and in patients with essential hypertension. A group of 21 healthy normotensive subjects [age, 39.2 +/- 1.8 years; 8 males, 13 ...
Leenen Frans H H - - 2007
Cardiac beta-receptor responsiveness is diminished by both aging and hypertension. However, concomitant decreases in the activity of counterregulatory mechanisms, such as the arterial baroreflex and neuronal catecholamine uptake, influence the ultimate cardiac responses to adrenergic agents in vivo. In the present study, we evaluated by echocardiography cardiac responses to intravenous ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography has recently been introduced into clinical practice, and reduced CFR has been suggested to be a sensitive indicator of hypertensive end-organ damage; however, to date, this methodology has not been used to evaluate CFR in subjects with prehypertension. ...
Abdallah Morsy Desouky
Hypertension is a late manifestation of a syndrome consisting of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, endocrine and renal dysfunction, obesity, left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this research is to study the arterial compliance, renal, cardiac, endocrine and metabolic disorders as predictors of hypertension syndrome. Identification and treatment of ...
Malmsten, Jonas
This study aims to evaluate blood pressure measurements in immobilized free-ranging gray wolves (Canis lupus) in Sweden. Eight immobilized wolves (five adults and three juveniles) were included in this study. All wolves were darted from a helicopter with darts containing 250 milligrams of tiletamine and 250 milligrams of zolazepam. Immobilized ...
Al-Nozha Mansour M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypertension among Saudis of both gender, between the ages of 30-70 years in rural as well as urban communities. This work is part of a major national study on Coronary Artery Disease in Saudis Study (CADISS). METHODS: This is a community-based study conducted by ...
Takeuchi Hiroyuki - - 2007
We investigated the antihypertensive effect and safety of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in human subjects. In Experiment 1, subjects with high-normal blood pressure and mild hypertension ingested bread containing 14 g of common blended oil (control oil) or ALA-enriched oil for 12 weeks. The test oil contained 2.6g/14 g of ALA. ...
Gundogan Fatih C - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the relationship between hypermetropia and systemic hypertension. METHODS: The study was performed on 2 groups of participants (a total of 1,162 participants). Group 1 comprised 370 patients with arterial hypertension and 205 age- and sex-matched normotensive subjects. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure >or=140 mm Hg ...
Ayinde, Buniyamin A; ;
<i> Baissea axillaris</i> leaves are used in ethnomedicine to reduce elevated blood pressure. The effect of the aqueous extract of the leaves (obtained by decoction method) on blood pressure was tested on normotensive rabbits intravenously (i.v.) at doses of 2.5, 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg. The probable mechanism of action ...
Inoue Taku - - 2006
To evaluate the influence of proteinuria on the development of hypertension in normotensive screened subjects. We studied 4,428 normotensive subjects without heart disease (2888 men, 1540 women, age 19-89 years) who were participants in a 1-day health evaluation in both 1997 and 2000. The 3-year frequency of developing hypertension was ...
Ighoroje, A. D. A.
Sex variations in some haemorheological parameters: Haematocrit (Hct), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Hemoglobin concentration (Hbc), Fibrinogen concentration (FC), Relative Plasma Viscosity (RPV) and Whole Blood Relative Viscosity (WBRV) were determined in 30 male and 20 female hypertensive subjects without complications, aged between 30 and 70 years. 30 male and 20 ...
Stewart Andrew D - - 2006
Stiffness of large elastic arteries is elevated in subjects with hypertension, an effect that could potentially be explained by increased distending pressure. We examined effects of an acute change in blood pressure on carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and carotid artery distensibility (inversely related to stiffness) in normotensive control subjects (n=20, ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Controversy remains concerning the pathogenetic mechanisms for the relationship between sympathetic activity, hypertension and lipid abnormalities. We tested the hypothesis that a condition characterized by sympathetic predominance may affect the evolution of blood pressure and lipids in the early stage of hypertension. METHODS: We prospectively studied 163 young stage ...
López Begoña - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the distribution of collagen deposits and collagen degradation in hypertensive patients with either systolic heart failure (SHF) or diastolic heart failure (DHF). BACKGROUND: Increased collagen synthesis and deposition have been described in the myocardium of heart failure (HF) hypertensive patients. METHODS: We studied 39 HF ...
Rafidah H M - - 2006
Apart from the mean 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), the blood pressure variability (BPV) also bears an independent relationship with target-organ damage in hypertension. A reduction in arterial compliance has been demonstrated in hypertension but its relation to BPV is still unknown. The aim of the study is to ...
Santić Zarko - - 2006
To asses prevalence of essential arterial hypertension in family members of soldiers killed in 1992-1995 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study enrolled 1144 subjects who lost a family member in the war and 582 of their close neighbors who experienced no such loss. Data on their medical history and ...
Pini Riccardo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: While many studies have examined the relation between antihypertensive treatment and ventricular hypertrophy, relatively few data are available regarding changes in arterial structure due to blood pressure reduction. Therefore, we compared normotensive to untreated hypertensive subjects to uncontrolled (treated with elevated blood pressure values) or controlled (treated with normal ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the SMOOTH (San Marino Observational Outlooking Trial on Hypertension) study was to explore hypertension awareness, treatment and control and the associated metabolic abnormalities and risk factors in the population of San Marino, a small state in the Mediterranean area, for which limited evidence is available. METHODS: ...
Chiu Yueh-Hsia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and progression of, and identify risk factors for, pre-hypertension, stage 1 and 2 hypertension in a population-based study. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: An integrated community-based multiple screening program in Keelung, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 67 011 individuals aged 20-79 years between 1999 ...
Cianci R - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a correlation between the fluid and ionic homeostasis and blood pressure but it is not known if these body fluid changes represent the cause or rather the effect of the blood pressure rise. We have estimated the compartmental distribution of body fluids by means of ...
Su T-C - - 2006
Pulse pressure (PP) has often been associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Patients with aortic regurgitation (AR) often have increased PP. The aim of this study is to investigate the associations among PP, AR and extracranial carotid artery (ECCA) carotid atherosclerosis (CA) in hypertensives and age- and sex-matched normotensives. Two ...
McCubbin James A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Acute pain sensitivity is reduced in clinical hypertension, but the precise relationship between pain perception and altered blood pressure control is not well-characterized. A negative correlation between resting blood pressure and pain sensitivity is observed throughout the normotensive range, suggesting links between basic mechanisms of blood pressure control and ...
Lindstedt Isak H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis states that the reactivity of the cutaneous microcirculation is reduced in patients with hypertension compared with healthy subjects. The objective was to verify the hypothesis by measuring microvascular function in hypertensive patients. DESIGN: The study was a controlled trial with two arms: 15 hypertensives and 15 normotensives ...
Jurak P - - 2006
This paper presents results of blood pressure dynamicity analysis aimed at vessel stiffness detection and subsequent cardiac risk stratification. We analyzed ECG and BP parameters from 12 normotensive young healthy volunteers, 10 old healthy volunteers, and two groups of hypertensive patients -- 12 young non-medicated hypertensive subjects with no other ...
Doumas Michael - - 2006
Arterial hypertension is considered a risk factor for erectile dysfunction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in hypertensive compared with normotensive individuals of similar demographic characteristics in Greece. Furthermore, the effect of age, hypertension severity, hypertension duration, and antihypertension medication on erectile function ...
Ishitani Norihito - - 2005
We investigated brain activity in response to orofacial pain in 20 healthy subjects in order to characterize the relationship between pain and changes in brain function. First, the pressure pain threshold (PPT) at the styloid process of the temporal bone (Libman's point) of 20 subjects was measured by a pressure ...
Fazio Serafino - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although many observers consider the cardiovascular risk associated with isolated prehypertension to be low and not worth pharmacological treating, the cardiovascular disease rate is increased among individuals within this blood pressure stratum. METHODS: We performed Doppler echocardiography and submaximal bicycle ergometry in 20 nonsmoking sedentary prehypertensive subjects and 20 ...
Siddiqui Hemna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors for hypertension in adults (age more than 15 years) in a squatter settlement of Karachi. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of adults more than 15 years old in a squatter settlement of Karachi through random sampling method. RESULTS: A total of 327 adults were approached, 165 ...
Manunta Paolo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Impaired diastolic function and left ventricular hypertrophy can occur early in the natural history of essential hypertension. High circulating levels of endogenous ouabain (EO) have been described in essential hypertension and have also been associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. The aim of this study was to investigate whether these ...
Wang Shu-Ming - - 2005
In this randomized sham-controlled study we examined the anxiolytic and sedative effects of acupressure on parents in the preoperative holding area before their children's surgery. Sixty-one parents received acupressure either at the Yintang point (midpoint between the two eyebrows) or at a sham point. Anxiety (as measured by the Stait-Trait ...
Papadopoulos Dimitrios P - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: High-normal blood pressure (HNBP) seems to be related to increased cardiovascular risk in healthy, normotensive subjects, while essential hypertension is associated with an increase in extracellular matrix content, especially fibrillar collagen type I. The aim of our study was to investigate whether collagen degradation is altered in healthy normotensives ...
Stabouli Stella - - 2005
White-coat hypertension (WCH) and masked hypertension have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in adults. In the current study, we investigated: (a) the prevalence of WCH and masked hypertension in pediatric patients and (b) the association of these conditions with target organ damage. A total of 85 children underwent office ...
Vázquez-Oliva G - - 2005
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), the major proinflammatory cytokine, has been described to be associated with the hypertensive and atherosclerotic states. We aimed to explore whether the concentration of circulating IL-6 and adhesion molecules could be modified by decreasing blood pressure in hypertensive subjects. A total of 30 subjects (18 men), aged 34-48 ...
Ighoroje A D - - 2005
Sex variations in some haemorheological parameters: Haematocrit (Hct), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Hemoglobin concentration (Hbc), Fibrinogen concentration (FC), Relative Plasma Viscosity (RPV) and Whole Blood Relative Viscosity (WBRV) were determined in 30 male and 20 female hypertensive subjects without complications, aged between 30 and 70 years. 30 male and 20 ...
Fesler Pierre - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the present longitudinal study, we attempted to identify the determinants of cardiorenal damage progression in normotensive subjects (<140/90 mm Hg) and patients with never-treated essential hypertension. METHODS: Renal hemodynamics and function and cardiac morphology were evaluated by isotopic techniques and echocardiography at baseline and after a median follow-up ...
Hashimoto Junichiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We examined different characteristics of the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BAPWV) for assessing arterial function in a large general population, along with the alteration of SDPTG in hypertension. METHODS: Finger SDPTG and BAPWV were measured in 848 (544 normotensive and 304 ...
Kelishadi R - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There are numerous correlations between hypertension and the metabolic syndrome, although this is not always the case. The objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its different phenotypes among hypertensive and normotensive subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on ...
Shigematsu Yuji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether genetic predisposition to hypertension and insulin resistance are related to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in essential hypertension. METHODS: The study included 72 nondiabetic patients with essential hypertension and 15 normotensive control (NC) subjects. The 72 patients were divided into two ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2005
Masked hypertension, an elevated daytime ambulatory blood pressure in the presence of a normal office blood pressure, confers an increased cardiovascular risk to adults. We investigated the prevalence, persistence, and clinical significance of masked hypertension in children and adolescents. We enrolled 592 youths (6 to 18 years old). Youths with ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Microalbuminuria (MA) is a marker of adverse outcome in hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of MA with cardiovascular risk factors and glomerular hyperfiltration in the early stage of hypertension and to assess its predictive value for the development of sustained hypertension requiring antihypertensive ...
Pierce Thomas W - - 2005
A regression-based meta-analysis examined the degree to which the effects of a family history of hypertension on cardiovascular reactivity are moderated by the magnitude of cardiovascular responses elicited in challenge/task conditions. Mean change scores for negative family history groups were regressed on mean change scores for positive family history groups. ...
Maver Jerica - - 2004
This study was designed to address alterations in autonomic nervous system activity in normotensive subjects with a family history of hypertension. We compared the autonomic nervous system activity in 59 normotensives with a family history of hypertension and 46 normotensives with no family history of hypertension. Skin blood flow was ...
Fortuño Ana - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and its complications through alterations in nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. This study was designed to investigate whether a relationship exists between phagocytic nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase-dependent superoxide anion (*O2-) production and NO generation in patients with essential ...
Stefanidis Ioannis - - 2004
In patients on chronic hemodialysis hypotensive episodes are frequently encountered during the course of treatment and the prevalence of atherosclerosis is increased. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), an endothelium-derived peptide with vasoconstrictive and mitogenic effects on smooth muscles, is involved in vascular tone regulation and in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of ...
Kyriakides Zenon - - 2004
The importance of endothelin-1 in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension is unclear. We therefore examined whether there is a differential effect of endothelin-A antagonism on vasodilation and coronary artery compliance in hypertensive compared to normotensive patients. We examined atherosclerotic non-stenotic arteries from 18 non-diabetic, 10 normotensive patients and eight hypertensive ...
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