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Shirpoor Alireza - - 2012
Objective:  Hypertension is one of the important clinical problems of the diabetic cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin E on blood pressure parameters and adhesive molecule amounts in diabetic rat. Methods:  Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n=8) Control(C), ...
Santos Cíntia L - - 2012
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that: (1) intraabdominal hypertension increases pulmonary inflammatory and fibrogenic responses in acute lung injury (ALI); (2) in the presence of intraabdominal hypertension, higher tidal volume reduces lung damage in extrapulmonary ALI, but not in pulmonary ALI. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly allocated to receive Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide ...
Ufnal Marcin - - 2012
1. Brain angiotensin II and vasopressin play important roles in the neurogenic regulation of the circulatory system, for example in cardiovascular responses to stress. Recently, it has become evident that the positive effects of statins are not limited to their lipid lowering properties, for example it has been found that statins ...
Ahmad Fiaz Ud Din - - 2012
Abstract The coexistence of hypertension and diabetes results in the rapid development of nephropathy. Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is claimed to control the vascular and renal functions. This study tested the hypothesis that exogenous H(2)S lowers the blood pressure and decreases the progression of nephropathy in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) that ...
Ikemura Miyako - - 2012
The effects of hesperidin, glucosyl hesperidin (G-hesperidin), a water-soluble derivative of hesperidin, and naringin on blood pressure and cerebral thrombosis were investigated using stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). Hesperidin, G-hesperidin and naringin were mixed with diet and fed to the animals for 4 weeks. No effect was evident on body weight, ...
Ardiansyah - - 2012
Supplementation with lupeol (0.67 g·kg(-1)) of the AIN-93M-based diet fed for 7 weeks to stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats caused significantly decreased blood pressure as compared with a control group. Urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine was significantly lower in the lupeol group. Finally, lupeol suppressed the hepatic mRNA expression levels of the genes involved ...
Vargas Félix - - 2012
Oxidative stress contributes to the development of several cardiovascular diseases, including diabetes, renal insufficiency, and arterial hypertension. Animal studies have evidenced the association between higher blood pressure (BP) and increased oxidative stress, and treatment with antioxidants has been shown to reduce BP, while BP reduction due to antihypertensive drugs is ...
Moniwa Norihito - - 2012
Alterations in the circadian arterial pressure rhythm predict cardiovascular mortality. We examined the circadian arterial pressure rhythm and the effect of renin-angiotensin system blockade in congenic mRen2.Lewis hypertensive rats, a renin-dependent model of hypertension derived from the backcross of transgenic hypertensive [mRen-2]27 rats with Lewis normotensive ones. Twenty-nine mRen2.Lewis hypertensive ...
Eklund Anders - - 2012
The new Certas™ shunt for the treatment of hydrocephalus has seven standard pressure settings that according to the manufacturer range from 36 to 238 mmH2O, and an additional "Virtual Off" setting with an opening pressure >400 mmH2O. Information on actual pressure response and reliability of shunt performance is important in ...
Lindstedt Sandra - - 2012
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has gained acceptance among surgeons, for the treatment of open abdomen, since very high closure rates have been reported with this method, compared to other kinds of wound management for the open abdomen. However, the method has occasionally been associated with increased development of fistulae. ...
Schmidt Martin Jürgen - - 2012
Understanding the pathogenesis of the chiari-like malformation in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS) is incomplete, and current hypotheses do not fully explain the development of syringomyelia (SM) in the spinal cords of affected dogs. This study investigates an unconventional pathogenetic theory for the development of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure ...
Nishi Kouichirou - - 2012
To examine the hypothesis that resuscitative hypothermia would (1) reduce fluid requirements and reactive oxygen species production during a period of resuscitation and (2) improve survival after hemorrhagic shock (HS) in rats. Sixteen rats underwent an HS phase (phase I: 0-75 minutes), with pressure-controlled HS at a mean arterial pressure ...
Hamilton Robert B RB Neural Systems and Dynamics Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2012
The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between intracranial pressure (ICP) pulse waveform morphology and selected hydrodynamic metrics of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) movement using a novel method for ICP pulse pressure regional analysis based on the Morphological Clustering and Analysis of Continuous Intracranial Pulse (MOCAIP) algorithm.
Yosten Gina L C GL Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 1402 South Grand Boulevard, Saint Louis, MO 63104, United States. - - 2012
We recently reported that neuronostatin, a novel neuropeptide, biphasically increased mean arterial pressure, first through the activation of the sympathetic nervous system followed by the release of vasopressin. In those experiments, we found that centrally administered neuronostatin increased plasma vasopressin levels only 2-3 times greater than levels observed in saline-treated ...
Devadasu Venkat Ratnam - - 2011
The present study is an attempt to leverage therapeutic benefits of curcumin in pulmonary hypertension by encapsulating it in biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolic) acid nanoparticles. Pulmonary hypertension is induced in experimental animals by subjecting them to chronic hypoxic conditions. The ability of curcumin encapsulated nanoparticles to manage pulmonary hypertension is measured by ...
El-Mas Mahmoud M - - 2011
Although the intermediary role of central neurons in the hypertensive and sympathoexcitatory actions of cyclosporine (CSA) has been recognized in previous studies including our own, the underlying mechanism remains obscure. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that central pathways of nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) modulate the ...
Raji Ismaila A - - 2011
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tulbaghia violacea Harv. (Alliaceae) is a small bulbous herb which belongs to the family Alliaceae, most commonly associated with onions and garlic. In South Africa, this herb has been traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments, including fever, colds, asthma, paralysis, hypertension and stomach problems. The aim ...
Kenji Ninomiya - - 2011
Although some previous studies have reported patients who developed compartment syndrome or died because of locally applied negative pressure, no detailed investigation of pathologic changes caused by negative pressure-induced injury has been reported in the literature. The main purpose of this study was to examine the morphologic characteristics of injury ...
Bockx Ilse - - 2011
ObjectiveThe liver is innervated by the vagus nerve. Its efferent neurotransmitters acetylcholine (ACh) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) are both well-known vasodilators. A study was undertaken to determine whether electrical vagus nerve stimulation (STIM) influences portal vein pressure.MethodsThe left vagus nerve upstream of the hepatic branch was stimulated at 5 ...
Khoury Wisam - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Pneumoperitoneum-associated ischemia-reperfusion (IR) may initiate renal dysfunction. Whether oxidants are responsible for renal structural damage, such as cell apoptosis, has not yet been evaluated. We investigated such eventuality in an isolated rat kidney model. METHODS: Thirty-five rat kidneys with their vessels and ureter were harvested and perfused within a ...
Tytgat Stefaan H A J - - 2012
The CO(2) pneumoperitoneum, which is used for laparoscopic surgery, causes local and systemic effects in patients. Concern arises about what the pressurized anoxic environment of the CO(2) pneumoperitoneum has on intestinal healing. Earlier experimental work showed a negative correlation between intestinal healing and the applied intra-abdominal pressure. To further elucidate ...
Scopinho America Augusto - - 2011
The lateral septal area (LSA) is a limbic structure involved with autonomic, neuroendocrine and behavioral responses. An inhibitory influence of the LSA on baroreflex activity has been reported. However, the local neurotransmitter involved in this modulation is still unclear. In the present study, we verified the involvement of local LSA ...
de Man Frances S - - 2012
In pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH), sympathetic adrenergic activity is highly elevated. Sympathetic overactivity is a compensatory mechanism at first, but might be detrimental for cardiac function in the long run. We therefore investigated whether chronic low-dose treatment with bisoprolol (a cardioselective β-blocker) has beneficial effects on cardiac function in experimental ...
Gentner Nicole J - - 2012
Chronic smoking and secondhand tobacco smoke exposure are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that are known to adversely alter the structural and mechanical properties of arteries. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of subchronic secondhand tobacco smoke exposure on circadian blood pressure patterns, arterial stiffness, ...
Lee Jing-Yi - - 2011
Gastro-oesophageal variceal haemorrhage is one of the most dreadful complications of portal hypertension and can be controlled with vasoconstrictors. Nevertheless, sympathetic tone abnormality and vascular hyporesponsiveness in portal hypertension may impede the haemostatic effects of vasoconstrictors. Propranolol, a β-blocker binding the G-protein-coupled adrenoceptor, is a portal hypotensive agent. However, whether ...
Letson Hayley L - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Hemorrhage is responsible for up to 40% of trauma mortality, and of these deaths, 33% to 56% occur during the prehospital period. In an effort to translate the cardioprotective effects of Adenocaine (adenosine, lidocaine) and Mg (ALM) from cardiac surgery to resuscitation science, we examined the early resuscitative effects ...
Kang Yong-Jin - - 2011
We investigated bladder function, with special focus on initial functional changes, by objective report of decompensated bladder according to the percentage of residual urine volume to bladder capacity in awake, obstructed rats. Thirty rats were randomly subjected to sham operations (n=10) or partial bladder outlet obstruction (BOO, n=20). Cystometric investigations ...
Gaede Andrea H - - 2012
Hypertension is a major cause of morbidity. The neuropeptide catestatin [human chromogranin A-(352-372)] is a peptide product of the vesicular protein chromogranin A. Studies in the periphery and in vitro studies show that catestatin blocks nicotine-stimulated catecholamine release and interacts with β-adrenoceptors and histamine receptors. Catestatin immunoreactivity is present in ...
Runck Hanna - - 2011
We investigated the effects of intra-abdominal pressure on respiratory system compliance at different PEEP levels. 20 ventilated rats underwent four pressure levels (7, 9, 11, 13mmHg) of helium pneumoperitoneum and were allocated to one of the four PEEP groups (0, 3, 6 and 9cmH(2)O). From the expiratory pressure-volume curve the ...
Smith Pauline M - - 2011
The subfornical organ (SFO), a sensory circumventricular organ lacking the normal blood brain barrier with well documented roles in cardiovascular regulation, has recently been identified as a potential site at which the adipokine, leptin, may act to influence central autonomic pathways. Systemic and central leptin administration has been shown to ...
Cardinale Jeffrey P - - 2012
Hypertension is considered a low-grade inflammatory condition, and understanding the role of transcription factors in guiding this response is pertinent. A prominent transcription factor that governs inflammatory responses and has become a focal point in hypertensive research is nuclear factor-κB (NFκB). Within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), a known brain ...
Li Tao - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The authors previously found that 50-60 mmHg mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was an optimal target resuscitation pressure for hemorrhagic shock before bleeding was controlled in rats. However, the optimal target resuscitation pressure for hemorrhagic shock after bleeding has been controlled has not been determined. METHODS:: A model of ...
Fujita Megumi - - 2011
Hypertension is very prevalent in chronic kidney disease and critical for its prognosis. Sympathoexcitation and oxidative stress have been demonstrated to be involved in chronic kidney disease. We have shown previously that sympathoexcitation by brain oxidative stress mediates arterial pressure elevation in the salt-sensitive hypertension model, Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Thus, ...
Shimizu Ryosuke - - 2011
The interactive hypotensive effect of the combination treatment of losartan (LOS) and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) was assessed using a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Intravenous coadministration of these drugs showed a prolonged and enhanced time-course of the hypotensive effect. A population PK analysis revealed the delayed elimination of LOS ...
Chelko Stephen P - - 2012
The 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K1C) model has provided many insights into the pathogenesis of renovascular hypertension. However, studies using the 2K1C model often report low success rates of hypertension, with typical success rates of just 40-60%. We hypothesized that these low success rates are due to fundamental design flaws in the ...
Ryan Michael J MJ Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State St, Jackson, MS 39047, USA. - - 2011
One potential mechanism contributing to the increased risk for encephalopathies in women with preeclampsia is altered cerebral vascular autoregulation resulting from impaired myogenic tone. Whether placental ischemia, a commonly proposed initiator of preeclampsia, alters cerebral vascular function is unknown. This study tested the hypothesis that placental ischemia in pregnant rats ...
Cao Ying - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea patients experience recurrent upper airway (UA) collapse due to decreases in the UA dilator muscle activity during sleep. In contrast, activation of UA dilators reduces pharyngeal critical pressure (Pcrit, an index of pharyngeal collapsibility), suggesting an inverse relationship between pharyngeal collapsibility and dilator activity. Since most UA ...
Zhou Qiquan - - 2011
Pathophysiological characteristics of hemorrhagic shock at high altitude are different from that at plain which involve severe injury, high mortality, difficult treatment and compromised liquid tolerance. High-altitude pulmonary/cerebral edema and multiple-organ dysfunction render the conventional treatment ineffective. Herein, we evaluated the resuscitation effects of hyperoxia solution on high-altitude hemorrhagic shock ...
Sampson Amanda K - - 2012
The complex role of the renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) in arterial pressure regulation has been well documented. Recently, we demonstrated that chronic low-dose angiotensin II (ANG II) infusion decreases arterial pressure in female rats via an AT(2)R-mediated mechanism. Estrogen can differentially regulate components of the RAS and is known to influence arterial ...
Wang Sheng Hung - - 2011
We used a self-comparison method and harmonic analysis to compare the blood pressure wave before and after the injection of antihypertensive drugs (atenolol, captopril, and losartan) in normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures decreased significantly after the intraperitoneal injection of drugs. Atenolol significantly reduced all the harmonic ...
Rungatscher Alessio - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of epinephrine and levosimendan on cardiac function after rewarming from deep hypothermia. METHODS: Forty-five male Wistar rats (400-500 g) underwent cardiopulmonary bypass and were cooled to a core temperature of 13°C to 15°C within 30 minutes. After 15 minutes of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, they were ...
Vandevord Pamela J - - 2012
Identifying the level of overpressure required to create physiological deficits is vital to advance prevention, diagnostic, and treatment strategies for individuals exposed to blasts. In this study, a rodent model of primary blast neurotrauma was employed to determine the pressure at which acute neurological alterations occurred. Rats were exposed to ...
Howard Catherine G - - 2012
Angiotensin (ANG) II-dependent hypertension is characterized by increases in intrarenal ANG II levels, derangement in renal hemodynamics, and augmented tubular sodium reabsorptive capability. Increased nephron expression of renin-angiotensin system components, such as angiotensinogen by proximal tubule cells and renin by collecting duct principal cells, has been associated with an augmented ...
Chapanian Rafi - - 2011
The feasibility of generating an extended period of linear release of therapeutic proteins from photo-cross-linked, biodegradable elastomer monolithic devices in vitro has been previously demonstrated. The release is driven primarily by the osmotic pressure generated upon the dissolution of the encapsulated particles within the polymer. The osmotic pressure is provided ...
Chang Ching-Chih - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Aliskiren is a direct renin inhibitor used in the treatment for arterial hypertension. It can also augment nitric oxide (NO) production, which plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension and modulation of porto-systemic collaterals. This study investigated the effects of ...
Veeramani Chinnadurai - - 2011
The present study was designed to investigate the antihypertensive effect of Melothria maderaspatana leaf fractions on deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertensive rats and to identify compounds from the active fraction by GC-MS analysis. Administration of DOCA salt significantly increased the systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to sham-operated control rats. When ...
Cardoso Paulo Francisco Guerreiro - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:To present a model of prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) administration (inhaled vs. parenteral) and to assess the functional performance of the lungs in an ex vivo lung perfusion system. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were anesthetized and placed on mechanical ventilation followed by median sterno-laparotomy and anticoagulation. The main pulmonary artery was ...
Kim Kyung-Hee - - 2011
The aims of this study were to establish a reliable model of chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) in rats and verify the pathophysiological features of this model by evaluating cardiac function using serial echocardiography and a pressure-volume analysis. MR was created in 37 Sprague-Dawley rats by making a hole with a ...
Oliveira Ubirajara Oliveira de - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest resuscitation can present myocardial dysfunction determined by ischemic time, and inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) can reduce cardiac dysfunction during reperfusion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of angiotensin-I and different periods of ischemia on functional recovery in isolated rat hearts. METHODS: Isolated hearts from Wistar rats ...
Hsu Chien-Ning - - 2012
Hypertension and hypertensive end-organ damage have been associated with decreased nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) both can inhibit NO availability by competition with L-arginine (L-Arg). However, whether a combined analysis of these 3 parameters can serve as an ideal biomarker of hypertension remains unclear. ...
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