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Streckfus C F - - 1994
Stimulated parotid salivary flow rates were compared in elderly normotensive, hypertensive, and controlled hypertensive African-Americans, the latter group taking hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). The normotensive group consisted of 15 healthy unmedicated subjects with systolic blood pressures of less than 150 mm Hg and diastolic pressures less than 90 mm Hg. The hypertensive ...
Adler P S - - 1994
Blood pressure and heart rate reactions of 182 confirmed offspring of normotensive (110 female, 72 male) and 112 offspring of hypertensive (66 female, 46 male) individuals to the stressor of blood donation were examined. Subjects were tested at two sites, one in the United States and one in Canada. Although ...
Ziegler M G - - 1994
The blood pressures of hypertensives lower more following a meal than those of normotensives; the reason for this difference is not known. We gave an oral glucose tolerance test to 33 normotensives and 16 hypertensives matched for age, sex, race, height, and weight. The hypertensives had slightly higher glucose levels ...
Laurent S - - 1994
Whether the decrease in large-artery distensibility observed in hypertensive patients is due primarily to an increase in distending pressure or to hypertension-induced changes in structural properties has been much debated. We determined noninvasively the diameter-pressure curve of the common carotid artery over the systolic-diastolic range by continuously recording both the ...
Siebers R W - - 1994
1. Haematologic parameters were measured in untreated borderline hypertensive (BHT) men, and weight and age matched with normotensive men to determine whether previously described increased haematocrit (Hct) in established hypertension is evident in borderline hypertension. 2. Haematocrit was significantly increased in BHT men (mean 0.46, s.d. 0.032) compared with normotensive ...
Lucini D - - 1994
1. We assessed the effects of changing levels of sympathetic drive on the gain of baroreflex control of the sino-atrial node, in normotensive and hypertensive subjects. 2. Autoregressive spectral and cross-spectral analysis of R-R interval and systolic arterial pressure (non-invasive Finapres method) variabilities providing an estimate of baroreflex gain through ...
Cockcroft J R - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that vascular endothelial function may be impaired in essential hypertension. Although muscarinic agonists dilate blood vessels by releasing an endothelium-derived relaxing factor closely related to nitric oxide, nitroprusside dilates vessels by a mechanism that is independent of the endothelium. The finding of an impaired response to ...
McCubbin J A - - 1994
Elevated resting blood pressure is associated with decreased pain sensitivity in both animals and humans. Recent evidence suggests that this relationship may be mediated by endogenous opioid peptides in hypertensives, but the precise mechanism has not been investigated in normotensives. We examined the effect of opioid receptor blockade with naloxone ...
Bramnert M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE AND PATIENTS: To further explore the difference in plasma noradrenaline in normotensive and hypertensive hypothyroid patients we have investigated the pressor response to exogenous noradrenaline in 11 normotensive and five hypertensive patients with primary hypothyroidism before and after thyroxine replacement. Seven healthy subjects served as controls. DESIGN: The patients ...
Bond V V - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To study exercise blood pressure response in association with exercising muscle maximal vasodilatory capacity in normotensives with a positive and negative family history of hypertension. SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight normotensive healthy subjects were recruited. Of these, two females and 13 males had a positive, and three females and 10 males had ...
King R A - - 1994
We have previously shown cheek cell Na+/H+ antiporter activity to be reduced in human hypertensives. We have now examined the relationship between abnormal antiporter activity and a variety of salivary factors. Total protein concentration and amylase activity were higher in hypertensives, but salivary flow rate and epidermal growth factor, transforming ...
Guzzetti S - - 1994
1. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that simultaneous non-invasive assessment of the circadian variations in both intermittent arterial pressure and the continuous 24 h changes of spectral markers of cardiac neural control could provide new information on cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms, in hypertensive patients and normotensive subjects. To ...
Rosa C - - 1994
An association between hypertension and decreased pain perception (hypoalgesia) has been shown in experimental hypertension and confirmed in humans by electrical tooth pulp stimulation. The aim of this study was to confirm, using two other techniques, whether hypertension is associated with hypoalgesia in humans. In 77 untreated essential hypertensive outpatients, ...
Casiglia E - - 1994
1. Central and peripheral post-exercise haemodynamics were studied in 18 physically trained male subjects (10 hypertensive and eight normotensive) engaging in sports activities for 3-5 h/week. After a preliminary multistage bicycle ergometric test to evaluate their maximal oxygen consumption and anaerobic threshold, they underwent prolonged exercise at anaerobic threshold in ...
Ikeda T - - 1994
To assess the role of hypertension in asymptomatic cerebral lacunae, we evaluated cranial computed tomography in 76 untreated hypertensive patients, 173 hypertensive patients treated with antihypertensive drugs, and 69 age-matched normotensive control subjects who were more than 60 years of age and without a history of stroke. Cerebral lacunae were ...
Takalo R - - 1994
Electrocardiogram and intra-arterial blood pressure were recorded in 96 men (aged 35 to 45 years) by the Oxford method over a 30-hour period. The study involved 33 normotensive, 29 borderline hypertensive, and 34 mildly hypertensive individuals, as assessed by the cuff method. Five-minute periods during sleep and with subjects in ...
Staessen J A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To delineate more precisely an operational threshold for making clinical decisions based on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) measurement by studying the ABP in subjects who were diagnosed as either normotensive or hypertensive by conventional blood pressure (CBP) measurement. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four research groups recruited 7069 subjects. Of these, 4577 were ...
Pujia A - - 1994
Intimal plus media thickening has been described to be associated with several cardiovascular risk factors. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the intimal plus media thickness in male subjects with hypertension compared to age matched males normotensive controls. Twenty subjects with hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure > ...
Walia V - - 1994
A study was undertaken to assess the potential hypertensive status of the offspring of normotensive and hypertensive parents. The volunteers were divided into two groups based on the family history of hypertension. Heart rate and blood pressure recordings were made before and after the cold pressor test. Higher basal values ...
Vereecken R L RL Dept. of Urology and Dept. of Electronics, University clinic St. Pieter, Brusselsestraat 69, B-3000 Leuven, - - 1994
A new method for treatment of urinary stress incontinence is described. Through a vaginal plug the pelvic floor muscles receive a series of electric stimulations which are triggered by an increase of abdominal pressure, detected by an inbuilt pressure sensor. In this study the best parameters for the stimuli are ...
Gopinath N - - 1994
A community based epidemiological study of hypertension was carried out on a random urban sample of young persons (15-24 yr) of Delhi. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood pressure greater than 85 mm Hg or a history of current antihypertensive therapy. ...
Luik A J - - 1994
The role of fluid overload in the pathogenesis of hypertension in hemodialysis patients is not clear. One problem is the lack of techniques to determine the fluid state. Recent new noninvasive techniques have become available which make it possible to accurately determine the dry weight in these patients. Therefore, we ...
Langewitz W - - 1994
The neurogenic component in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension has predominantly been analyzed with regard to the sympathetic part of the autonomous nervous system; the parasympathetic branch has largely been neglected. We investigated whether 54 normotensive (mean causal blood pressure [cBP]: 125 +/- 6/82 +/- 4 mm Hg), 41 borderline ...
Mo R - - 1993
Sodium intake, estimated by the 24-h urine sodium excretion, was assessed in 39 offspring of hypertensive families and 37 offspring of normotensive families. The family history of hypertension or normotension was defined according to parental BP data from two surveys conducted 27 years apart. Urine-sodium excretion was similar in offspring ...
Narkiewicz K - - 1993
The study was designed to evaluate the urinary excretion of C-peptide and albumin, and urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) activity in juvenile borderline hypertensives. The second aim was to examine the relationship between these variables and ambulatory blood pressure level and variability. The study group consisted of 21 non-obese males consecutively chosen ...
Staessen J A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To delineate more precisely an operational threshold for making clinical decisions based on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) measurement by studying the ABP in subjects who were diagnosed as either normotensive or hypertensive by conventional blood pressure (CBP) measurement. SUBJECTS: Twenty-four research groups recruited 7069 subjects. Of these, 4577 were ...
Heintz B - - 1993
DESIGN AND METHODS: Local elastic properties of the descending aorta at different levels were evaluated by means of intravascular ultrasound images and pressure measurements. For this purpose, 30 normotensive patients and 30 age-matched medically treated patients with essential hypertension, all undergoing diagnostic cardiac catheterization, were studied. RESULTS: Hypertension was well ...
Toto-Moukouo J - - 1993
To evaluate factors that might influence arterial pressure response to stress, 29 black African subjects were submitted to a cold pressor test. Eleven of them were normotensive healthy subjects, and 18 were hypertensive patients (WHO stage I to II). Both groups were matched in age (41 +/- 3 years and ...
Neutel J M - - 1993
This study was performed to compare metabolic and endocrine characteristics of untreated hypertensive patients and normal controls. Measurements were made in age-matched, body mass index (BMI) matched, normotensive patients with (n = 40; age = 53; BMI = 28) and without (n = 39; age = 54; BMI = 27) ...
van Leeuwen J T - - 1993
After an observation period of three months, 83% of new hypertensives (n = 84), identified in a population survey, became normotensive. Those with sustained hypertension (n = 14) were compared with 14 initially hypertensives who became normotensive and 14 normotensives, matched for age and sex, using ambulatory and exercise BP ...
Sagie A - - 1993
Abnormalities in left ventricular (LV) structure and function have been shown in patients with diastolic hypertension and recently in subjects with isolated systolic hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine whether abnormalities of cardiac structure or function are present in elderly subjects with borderline isolated systolic hypertension (defined ...
Sung B H - - 1993
The present study examined cardiac characteristics of borderline hypertensive men with a positive parental history of hypertension. Hemodynamics in relation to left ventricular function and structure were evaluated in 15 borderline hypertensive men with a parental history of hypertension and in 20 normotensive control subjects with a negative parental history. ...
Hahn W K - - 1993
The purpose of this study was to investigate self-disclosure, emotion-focused, and problem-focused coping styles among men with borderline hypertension and two groups of normotensive men differentiated by parental hypertension. Because blood pressure reactivity may discriminate between hypertensive and normotensive men, subjects in these three groups were categorized as high or ...
Drummond P D - - 1993
Sweating and vasodilatation in the cutaneous circulation were investigated during passive body heating in eight borderline hypertensive subjects and in eight normotensive controls, matched for age, sex and body mass. Blood flow through the finger and forearm was examined in relation to changes in oral temperature; blood pressure, heart rate ...
Tarumi K - - 1993
We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the relationship between psychological load and blood pressure using white-collar male employees of a company located in an urban area in June, 1991. Excluding those with diseases which might induce hypertension or those under 20 yr and over 60 yr of age, 570 ...
Lemne C - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the growth factor activity in plasma (GFAP) in hypertension, and the correlation of GFAP to blood pressure levels, cardiac structural changes and platelet activation at rest and during exercise. SUBJECTS: Fifteen untreated hypertensive subjects and 15 normotensive controls were recruited from ...
Lage S G - - 1993
The objectives of this study were to determine whether carotid arterial compliance is reduced in patients with hypertension and to assess whether reduced arterial compliance is related to abnormal arterial baroreflex function. Accordingly, concurrent measurements of carotid arterial diameter (via computerized high resolution B-mode ultrasonography) and blood pressure were made ...
Hegedüs K - - 1993
The effect of intravenous dipyridamole (0.7 mg/kg) on cerebral blood flow (CBF), mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), heart rate, respiration rate, cerebral electrical activity, arterial blood gases, pH, and glucose was investigated in 14 normotensive and 14 stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive anesthetized rabbits. CBF was measured by hydrogen and heat clearance. ...
Folkow B - - 1993
Pathogenesis of hypertension: Primary hypertension has a multifactorial background, consisting of three main elements, (1) polygenic predisposition, (2) excitatory environmental effects and (3) structural upward resetting of the heart and vessels. These three elements are inter-related, since excitatory environmental effects are usually needed to precipitate the functional expression of genetic ...
Mo R - - 1993
Based on the Bergen population screening in 1963-64, 344 married couples (688 subjects), then aged 30-69 years, were included for studies in families with a history of hypertension or normotension. In 1990 430 subjects were available to a follow-up examination. The present paper describes 27-year mortality, blood pressure (BP) changes, ...
Kapuku G K - - 1993
To determine the effect of borderline hypertension on left ventricular diastolic performance, 16 patients with borderline hypertension who did not have left ventricular hypertrophy and 16 age-sex-matched patients with normotension of similar age and body mass index were investigated. Pulsed Doppler echocardiography was used to record left ventricular filling signals ...
Fragola P V - - 1993
We performed exercise testing, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and echocardiography in 37 selected patients with borderline hypertension (24 men and 13 women, mean age 39.8 years, range 23-50) in an attempt to detect early cardiovascular changes that could predict future established hypertension. All subjects were clinically reinvestigated after a ...
Gleadhill I C - - 1993
BACKGROUND: An association between hypertension and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has been found by some researchers but remains controversial. Since such an association would have important implications for the investigation and management of hypertension, the rate of nocturnal hypoxaemic episodes has been compared in hypertensive and normotensive men. METHODS: The ...
Ballard M E - - 1993
Cardiovascular, overt-motor, and verbal-reported responses to interadult emotional expressions, including anger, and to challenging task situations were examined in a sample of 49 10-14-year-old children of hypertensive (EH) and normotensive parents (NT). Sons of EH parents showed greater systolic blood pressure reactivity to interadult anger and to the digit span ...
van Hooft I M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic characteristics of the early phase of primary hypertension are subject to debate. In particular, it remains unclear whether an increased vascular peripheral resistance or a raised cardiac output is involved as the primary hemodynamic alteration in hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied hemodynamic characteristics and oxygen consumption ...
Kannel W B - - 1993
Trends in hypertension prevalence are difficult to assess because of a massive increase in the prevalence of antihypertensive treatment. Over the past three decades mean blood pressure levels among the 5209 members of the Framingham Study cohort have declined, and elevated blood pressure is only one third as prevalent. However, ...
Ishimitsu T - - 1993
PURPOSE: This study investigated the hypothesis that a genetic predisposition to hypertension is involved in the etiology of the elevation in blood pressure induced by human recombinant erythropoietin (rHuEPO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood pressure changes after 10 weeks of treatment with rHuEPO were compared between 26 patients with a positive ...
van Hooft I M - - 1993
Several disturbances in calcium metabolism have been reported in primary hypertensive subjects. It is, however, not clear whether these alterations predate the development of hypertension or occur as a consequence of high blood pressure. We studied indexes of calcium metabolism in three groups of normotensive children with different familial predispositions ...
Rao B P - - 1993
Seven White Carneau (WC) pigeon families of the high blood pressure (HBP) line with 51 offspring and six families of the low blood pressure (LBP) line with 57 offspring were used to estimate heritability of the blood pressure trait. Pigeons from the HBP line had significantly higher systolic blood pressures ...
Amigo I - - 1993
AIM: To determine whether orally delivered instructions can modify the intensity and direction of blood pressure and heart rate fluctuation. METHODS: The blood pressure of 120 subjects, 60 hypertensive and 60 normotensive, was measured before and after oral instructions. The normotensive subjects were selected from a sample of university students ...
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