Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1222
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Palatini P - - 1999
Controversy surrounds the pathogenetic mechanisms of the relationship between hyperdynamic circulation and insulin resistance. Two hundred eight children and young adults (mean age, 17.2+/-3.0 years; range, 11 to 26 years) from the Tecumseh Offspring Study whose parents had been assessed with Doppler echocardiography at the age of 34 years during ...
Lang S M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: While most hypertensive patients with end-stage renal disease normalize high blood pressure with fluid removal by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), there is a significant proportion of CAPD patients whose blood pressure can be controlled only by antihypertensive drugs. METHOD AND PATIENTS: To study the hypothesis that such patients ...
Sarabi M - - 1999
Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) in humans has been evaluated mainly by local infusion of a muscarinic-receptor agonists in the forearm. It has been postulated that the function of the vasodilator nitric oxide (NO) can be evaluated with this technique. However, the role of the vasoconstrictor endothelin in this model has not ...
Dockrell M E - - 1999
In essential hypertension, abnormal platelet function may induce vasospasm and predispose to thrombotic vascular occlusion. We studied in vitro aggregability in platelets from young men with contrasting predisposition to hypertension, defined by their own blood pressure and blood pressures of their parents. Among offspring of parents with low blood pressure, ...
Di Bello V - - 1999
-Doppler-derived parameters of transmitral flow are useful indices of diastolic dysfunction in the hypertensive heart. Different degrees of myocardial involvement in hypertensive heart can be detected by videodensitometric myocardial textural analysis. The aim of this study was to compare Doppler-derived and ultrasonic videodensitometric parameters in the differentiation of healthy hearts ...
Sakata K - - 1999
Sympathetic overactivity has been noted in various clinical stages of essential hypertension. The purpose of this study is to investigate 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake and washout in patients with borderline and mild hypertension. METHODS: To assess cardiac sympathetic function in essential hypertension, we performed 123I-MIBG cardiac imaging and echocardiography in 25 ...
Lind L - - 1999
It has repeatedly been shown that endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) is impaired in patients with untreated hypertension. The effect of antihypertensive treatment on EDV has, however, not been extensively investigated. In the present study, EDV and endothelium-independent vasodilatation (EIDV) were studied in 20 untreated and 41 treated hypertensive subjects and in ...
Kahan T - - 1998
The effects of circulating adrenaline on cardiovascular function were studied in 14 subjects (mean age, 36.5 years; range, 19-46 years) with mild hypertension and in 14 normotensive controls, matched for age and sex. Adrenaline was infused i.v. in step-wise increasing doses (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 nmol/kg/min). Cardiovascular responses were ...
Frostegård J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Antibodies to endothelial cells (aECs) and to cardiolipin (aCLs) are implicated in autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus vasculitis. Beta2-Glycoprotein 1 (beta2GP1) is a cofactor for aCLs. The present study investigated the possible role of aECs, aCLs, and abeta2GP1 in borderline hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-three men with borderline ...
Lemne C E - - 1998
To evaluate the influence of heredity on blood pressure levels and reactivity in the offspring of borderline hypertensive and normotensive fathers. Borderline hypertensive and normotensive men having normotensive wives (n = 25 and 26) were identified in a population screening program. Their children aged above 12 years were invited to ...
Pedrinelli R - - 1998
Increased urine albumin is associated with atherosclerotic disease and predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in nondiabetic populations. This finding is frequently postulated to reflect the impact of atherosclerotic damage on glomerular and systemic capillary permeability, an interesting but as yet untested hypothesis. The transcapillary escape rate of albumin (TERalb, the ...
Ragone E - - 1998
Arterial hypertension is frequently associated with metabolic abnormalities. An abnormal activity of the erythrocyte sodium/lithium countertransport (Na/Li CT), an ion transport system under strong genetic control, is also found in people with hypertension and concomitant metabolic abnormalities. However, little information exists with regard to these clinical associations in different racial ...
Uehara Y - - 1998
This investigation was to assess the role of genetic loading of hypertensive parents in the determination of blood pressure (BP) in their normotensive offspring. The medical check-up data from 7279 Japanese university students aged 19.22 +/- 0.01 years were analysed of which 641 students had only one hypertensive parent with ...
Kellogg D L DL - - 1998
During dynamic exercise in the heat, increases in skin blood flow are attenuated in hypertensive subjects when compared with normotensive subjects. We studied responses to passive heat stress (water-perfused suits) in eight hypertensive and eight normotensive subjects. Forearm blood flow was measured by venous-occlusion plethysmography, mean arterial pressure (MAP) was ...
Nilsson P - - 1998
Hypertension is a predictor for impaired cognitive function and dementia in several prospective studies. It is currently under debate whether treatment of hypertension, and thus blood pressure lowering, is another risk factor for cognitive decline. We recruited a sample of 123 treated hypertensive patients and 76 normotensive controls, from a ...
Millgård J - - 1998
1. Previous investigations have demonstrated an impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation (EDV) in patients with hypertension. The present study aimed to investigate if an acute rise in blood pressure to hypertensive levels impairs EDV in otherwise normotensive subjects. 2. Twenty-seven young, healthy, normotensive subjects were studied. Eight of these underwent evaluation of ...
Savage M W - - 1998
1. Hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance are thought to be intimately involved in the development of hypertension, but controversy remains as to whether hyperinsulinaemia is a consequence or a cause of hypertension per se, and whether it plays a role in the short-term regulation of blood pressure. 2. We studied six ...
Dao T T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Essential (hereditary) hypertension is a common, though complex, trait with substantial heritability, but a still-obscure mode of inheritance. In this disorder with relatively late onset, knowledge of phenotypes with earlier penetrance would aid genetic analyses, as well as assessment of risk. OBJECTIVE: Because alpha2-adrenergic receptor alterations are among the ...
Cottone S - - 1998
The present study was performed to compare circulating levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and plasma endothelin 1 (ET-1), of hypertensive patients with or without renal failure and with those of normotensive healthy subjects. The study population consisted of 21 healthy normotensive subjects and 22 hypertensive patients, 11 with essential ...
White M - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of hypertension on heart rate and left ventricular responses to beta-agonist in young and older subjects, as well as the modulating effect of the arterial baroreflex on these responses. METHODS: Isoproterenol (INN, isoprenaline) alone was infused in 14 young normotensive subjects (mean age, 30 +/- ...
Ditto B - - 1998
Reduced pain perception has been observed in many studies of spontaneously hypertensive rats and human hypertensive patients. To determine whether a reduced sensitivity to pain could be observed in a group of clearly normotensive individuals who may be at risk for hypertension, a mild to moderate pain stimulus was administered ...
Mangieri E - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that an abnormal response of plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) is elicited by handgrip exercise (HG) in young normotensive offspring of hypertensive parents. BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that ET-1 is involved in blood pressure control and plays a pathophysiologic role in the development of clinical hypertension. ...
Missouris C G - - 1998
Plasma and platelet levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5 HT) may be altered in essential hypertension. To establish the determinants and correlates of 5 HT in plasma and platelets, we studied 53 untreated subjects with essential hypertension (26 men; 30 whites; mean supine blood pressure 172/101 mm Hg; mean age 49.3 +/- ...
Guasti L - - 1998
The cardiovascular system shares numerous anatomic and functional pathways with the antinociceptive network. The aim of this study was to investigate whether angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor treatment could affect hypertension-related hypalgesia. Twenty-five untreated hypertensive patients, together with a control group of 14 normotensive subjects, underwent dental pain perception evaluation by ...
France C R - - 1998
In hypertensive risk studies, offspring reports are often used to establish parental history of hypertension. This method is simple and less costly than contacting parents and has been reported to be > or = 84% accurate when compared with parental confirmation. The present study examined two components that contribute to ...
Adler P S - - 1998
Normotensive individuals with a parental history of hypertension have been found to exhibit greater cardiovascular reactivity to a variety of laboratory stressors than offspring of normotensives. To examine the possible generalization of these differences to real-life stressors, subjects were administered four brief interviews about different emotional events in their lives. ...
Walker B R - - 1998
The association between hypertension and insulin resistance might be explained by increased activity of the principal glucocorticoid, cortisol. Recent data show that the intensity of dermal vasoconstriction after topical application of glucocorticoids is increased in patients with essential hypertension. In this report, we examine whether increased glucocorticoid sensitivity or secretion ...
Schobel H P - - 1998
Pain sensitivity decreases with increasing resting blood pressure. This blood pressure-pain interaction may be mediated by endogenous opioids which have been shown to affect both blood pressure and nociception. To test this hypothesis, we measured mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate (HR), muscle sympathetic nerve ...
Miller S B - - 1998
A parental history of hypertension has been implicated in the development of hypertension, perhaps by virtue of an elevated cardiovascular response to stress. Similarly, hostility has been hypothesized to be linked to cardiovascular disease through cardiovascular hyperreactivity. The interaction of parental history and hostility in moderating cardiovascular response has been ...
Schuetz W - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of arterial hypertension on cardiac function during aortic cross-clamping and declamping. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty treated hypertensive males with slight left ventricular hypertrophy and 10 normotensive controls undergoing elective repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. INTERVENTIONS: Using transesophageal echocardiography, the mitral ...
Mourad J J - - 1998
Sustained hypertension is associated with a reduction in large artery compliance. However, we previously showed that, at the site of the radial artery, a distal muscular artery, the compliance of hypertensive patients was not significantly different from those of normotensive controls when the two groups were studied at their respective ...
Matthews C E - - 1998
This study examined the association between an exaggerated blood pressure response to treadmill exercise and the risk of developing hypertension. Subjects were healthy normotensive men (n = 5386) who had a baseline graded maximal exercise test between 1971 and 1982, and completed a mailed follow-up questionnaire. At follow-up in 1986, ...
Worsnop C J - - 1998
This study was designed to measure the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in untreated and treated hypertensive patients by comparing them with normotensive subjects, taking into account the possible confounding variables body mass index, age, sex, and alcohol consumption. Subjects with no known sleep disorders were recruited, had full polysomnography, ...
Page G D - - 1997
Results from laboratory and naturalistic studies have demonstrated decreased subjective pain ratings in hypertensives and individuals at risk for hypertension. Based on previous evidence that the nociceptive withdrawal reflex may provide an objective index of pain threshold in humans, the present study examined the intensity of sural nerve stimulation required ...
Bergomi M - - 1997
In order to elucidate the relationships between Zn and Cu and blood pressure, the present case-control study was carried out. Zn and Cu status was evaluated in 60 subjects, pharmacologically untreated, affected by mild stable hypertension and in 60 normotensives matched for sex, age and smoking habits. Different markers of ...
Nesbitt S D - - 1997
We evaluated time-related blood pressure trends in the Tecumseh study participants, none of whom received antihypertensive treatment. At baseline the blood pressures were measured in the field clinic and by self measurement at home (twice daily for 7 days). After a mean of 3.2 +/- 0.42 years, the clinic and ...
Franke W D - - 1997
This study was conducted to determine if reducing sympathetic tone with alpha 1-adrenergic receptor blockade affected the maximal forearm vascular conductance (FVCmax, reactive hyperemia) responses in young borderline hypertensives and normotensive controls. The FVC response following ischemia (14 min arterial occlusion with 3 min of hand exercise) was determined after ...
Fujii Y Y Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Tsukuba Institute of Clinical Medicine, Ibaraki, - - 1997
This study was undertaken to evaluate the haemodynamic changes of tracheal extubation or removal of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in normotensive and hypertensive patients. In a randomized trial of normotensive and hypertensive patients (n = 40 of each), tracheal extubation or LMA removal was performed. Changes in heart rate ...
Melamed S - - 1997
The association between perceived symptoms and absenteeism was examined in five groups of employed adults: normotensives, unaware hypertensives, aware and untreated hypertensives, aware and treated hypertensives, and falsely aware normotensives. Aware hypertensives (untreated and treated) and falsely aware normotensives had a higher average of perceived symptoms than normotensives, whereas unaware ...
Harper A A - - 1997
1. Intracellular [Cl-] ([Cl-]i) was measured with ion-selective microelectrodes in rat femoral arterial smooth muscle in normotensive controls and after the induction of deoxycorticosterone acetate/salt hypertension. 2. Linear regression of [Cl-]i and time after the induction of hypertension showed good correlation (r = 0.96) for 5-6 weeks, as [Cl-]i increased ...
Stefanadis C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Aortic elastic properties, important determinants of left ventricular function and coronary blood flow, are compromised in hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine aortic function in hypertensive patients and in normal subjects before and after administration of diltiazem, a calcium antagonist widely used in the treatment of ...
Ficzere A - - 1997
PURPOSE: We studied the usefulness of transcranial Doppler sonography for assessing changes in vasoreactivity in patients with hypertension and the hemodynamic consequences of hypertension. METHODS: The study group comprised 25 patients with chronic severe hypertension and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Cerebrovascular reserve capacity was assessed by transcranial Doppler ...
Couper J J - - 1997
We aimed to determine the natural history of borderline increases in albuminuria in adolescents with insulin-dependent (Type 1) diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and factors which are associated with progression to persistent microalbuminura. Fifty-five normotensive adolescents with IDDM and intermittent microalbuminura (overnight albumin excretion ratte of 20-200 micrograms min-1 on one of ...
Thomas C L - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to begin to characterize a new inbred strain of adult male hamsters with established spontaneous hypertension along with their genetically/age-matched normotensive controls. We found that mean arterial pressure was 162+/-3 mm Hg in hypertensive hamsters and 94+/-4 mm Hg in controls (mean+/-SEM; P<.05). Body ...
Sánchez R A - - 1997
Non-modulators are a subset of essential hypertensive individuals in whom renal hemodynamic and adrenal aldosterone responses to angiotensin II fail to modulate appropriately during high dietary salt intake. The main aim of this study was to investigate the familial aggregation of non-modulation and several erythrocyte Na+ transport systems in normotensive ...
Ohman K P - - 1997
The aim of the study was to evaluate if short-term mineralocorticoid administration activates the circulating kallikrein-kinin systems in normotensive humans and patients with hypertension. Fludrocortisone was given daily for 1 week and circulating components of the plasma and tissue kallikrein-kinin systems and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system were measured repeatedly. Fludrocortisone increased blood ...
Tanaka H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that swimming is often recommended for the prevention and treatment of hypertension, no study has examined the potential efficacy of regular swimming exercise for lowering the blood pressure in hypertensive humans. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that regular swimming exercise lowers the resting blood pressure. DESIGN: ...
Nannipieri M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study why in type II diabetes, microalbuminuria, a marker of generalized vascular dysfunction, and hypertension have been linked with both renal and cardiovascular organ damage. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: To investigate the effect of moderately elevated blood pressure on vascular damage, the transcapillary escape rate of albumin (TERalb) ...
Fogari R - - 1997
AIM: To evaluate heart rate and its relationship with some established cardiovascular risk factors in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. METHODS: We studied 881 1 men, 696 with essential hypertension and 8115 with normal blood pressure, stratified in four age groups: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and 50-59 years. Clinical evaluation included measures ...
Takalo R - - 1997
The aim of this study was to quantify the frequency shift in vasomotor oscillations in blood pressure we observed in borderline hypertensive individuals in our previous study. Electrocardiogram and intraarterial blood pressure were recorded in 33 normotensive, 29 borderline hypertensive, and 33 mildly hypertensive men (aged 35 to 45 years). ...
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