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Briganti Angela - - 2010
To evaluate the tolerance of a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask in tranquilized dogs and compare PaO₂ in arterial blood in dogs receiving oxygen with a regular face mask or CPAP mask set to maintain a pressure of 2.5 or 5 cm H₂O. Prospective, randomized clinical study. University teaching ...
Moran Alicia M - - 2011
Adherence with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been problematic. Understanding the factors associated with nonadherence may assist with psychosocial interventions. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between adherence and three measures of personality and coping strategies. Ratings on the behavioral ...
Williamson Jonathan P - - 2011
Our understanding of how airway remodeling affects regional airway elastic properties is limited due to technical difficulties in quantitatively measuring dynamic, in vivo airway dimensions. Such knowledge could help elucidate mechanisms of excessive airway narrowing. To use anatomical optical coherence tomography (aOCT) to compare central airway elastic properties in control ...
Johnson Jacob A - - 2010
Three pediatric chimpanzees and one pediatric gibbon were anesthetized for routine physical examination. Anesthesia was maintained with inhalant delivered via a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). The LMA was easy to insert, provided adequate control of the airway for ventilation, and caused no tracheal stimulation. No complications were observed. As compared ...
Gasteiger L - - 2010
In a randomised, non-crossover study, we tested the hypothesis that the ease of insertion using a duodenal tube guided insertion technique and the oropharyngeal leak pressure differ between the LMA ProSeal and the i-gel in non-paralysed, anesthetised female subjects. One hundred and fifty-two females aged 19-70 years were studied. Insertion ...
Powner David J - - 2010
Airway pressure release ventilation is most commonly used during donor care to treat hypoxemia and to avoid high peak airway pressure. The traditional concept of cyclic inhalation/exhalation is replaced by a continuous positive airway inflation interspersed by brief episodes in which the positive pressure is reduced. The variables, Pressure-high, Pressure-low, ...
Lee Li-Ching - - 2010
Recent studies suggest that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) causes thoracic aortic dilatation; but it is well accepted that hypertension can cause aortic dilatation, and hypertension is a common finding in patients with OSA. We aimed to investigate the relative impact of OSA and hypertension on the structural and functional changes ...
Sanuki Takuro - - 2011
This study was performed to determine the optimal degree of mouth opening in anesthetized patients requiring laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during oral surgery. A single, experienced LMA user inserted the LMA in 15 patients who were scheduled for elective oral surgery. Oropharyngeal leak pressure, intracuff pressure, and fiberoptic assessment of ...
Jaimchariyatam Nattapong - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with significant cardiovascular (CV) morbidity. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment for moderate to severe OSA, resulting in a reduction in CV morbidity. No studies have compared CV outcomes between CPAP and no CPAP in mild OSA (5>or=AHI<15). Retrospective cohort study ...
Randerath Winfried J - - 2010
About half of the patients suffering from heart failure present with sleep-disordered breathing. In most cases obstructive and central breathing disturbances (including Cheyne-Stokes respiration [CSR]) coexist. CSR is defined by a waxing and waning pattern of the tidal volume. While its pathophysiology has not been elucidated completely, increased ventilatory sensitivity ...
Ho Tsyr-Yuh - - 2010
There has been concern over the effect of vigorous bubbling on the delivery pressure during the operation of the bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) system. We investigated the relationship between intra-tubing pressure changes and flow rates in a closed bubble CPAP system in vitro. Using an experimental (in ...
Bakker Jessie P - - 2011
Non-invasive measurements of arterial stiffness including the augmentation index (AIx) and central blood pressure (BP) have been used to assess the cardiovascular health of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), a well-established independent risk factor of cardiovascular disease. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can significantly reduce the AIx, but no ...
Gantner Dashiell - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: OSA is a common condition associated with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity. It remains underdiagnosed globally in part due to the limited availability and technical requirements of polysomnography (PSG). The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of two simple methods for diagnosing OSA. METHODS: Consecutive subjects ...
Ihra Gerald C - - 2010
Supraglottic jet ventilation (JV(S)) with injectors above airway stenoses may result in inadvertent high lung pressures. We designed this study to investigate intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP(i)) during jet ventilation via a distant injector in a model of dynamic upper airway obstruction. Respiratory pressure-time curves were recorded during JV(S) in ...
Yamashita Suguru - - 2010
The coexistence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may impose an additional risk on aortic dissection due to the possible increase in aortic transmural pressure. Thus, effective treatment for OSA, such as noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), is thought to decrease the risk in patients with aortic dissection. We experienced one ...
McArdle Nigel - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Manual laboratory continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titration for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is costly, time intensive and delays access to treatment. Automatic positive airway pressure (APAP) titration has the potential to reduce cost and improve access to treatment. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Seet Edwin - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Supreme laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a new single-use polyvinyl chloride supraglottic device that combines the functionality of the ProSeal and Fastrach airways. High oropharyngeal leak pressures are important as they indicate airway protection, feasibility of positive pressure ventilation and likelihood of successful LMA placement. The ...
Chidini Giovanna - - 2010
To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure delivered by a new pediatric helmet in comparison with a standard facial mask in infants with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. A single-center prospective case-control study. Pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary children hospital. Twenty consecutive infants treated with ...
Saito Tsunenori - - 2010
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment improves endothelial function and sympathetic activity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the long-term effects of CPAP on pulse wave velocity (PWV), which reflects arterial stiffness that is associated with cardiovascular events, have not been evaluated in OSA patients with or without ...
Oliven Arie - - 2010
The relative impact of mechanical factors on pharyngeal patency in patients with obstructive sleep apnea is poorly understood. The present study was designed to evaluate parameters of the "tube law" on pharyngeal pressure-flow relationships and collapsibility in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. We developed a mathematical model that considered the ...
Nemer Sérgio N - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to compare 2 alveolar recruitment maneuvers (ARMs) approaches in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Sixteen SAH patients with ARDS were randomized in 2 similar groups. One received ARM with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) of 35 cm H(2)O ...
Ozdamar D - - 2010
AIM: The aim of our study was to compare classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA-C) with the endotracheal tube (ETT) in pediatric laparoscopic surgery to evaluate the intragastric pressures (IGP) using intragastric pressure monitoring. We also sought to investigate the related influence on respiratory parameters. METHODS: The Ethics Committee of the ...
Ozdamar D - - 2010
The aim of our study was to compare classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA-C) with the endotracheal tube (ETT) in pediatric laparoscopic surgery to evaluate the intragastric pressures (IGP) using intragastric pressure monitoring. We also sought to investigate the related influence on respiratory parameters. The Ethics Committee of the Health Institution ...
Pillai Mrinal S - - 2011
We prospectively observed 62 pre-term very low birth weight neonates initiated on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for respiratory distress in the first 24 h of life to devise a clinical score for predicting its failure. CPAP was administered using short binasal prongs with conventional ventilators. On multivariate analysis, ...
Attaran Saina - - 2010
Spinal cord ischaemia remains a major problem after surgery of the thoracic aorta. Early detection and avoidance of systemic hypotension can prevent permanent neurological damage. We report a rare case that developed a temporary paraplegia postoperatively, associated with the use of helmet continuous positive airway pressure.
Lucey A D - - 2010
Repetitive closure of the upper airway characterizes obstructive sleep apnea. It disrupts sleep causing excessive daytime drowsiness and is linked to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Previous studies simulating the underlying fluid mechanics are based upon geometries, time-averaged over the respiratory cycle, obtained usually via MRI or CT scans. Here, we ...
Zanella Alberto - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We report on the evolution of airway pressure and flow monitoring from a pathophysiological tool to the cornerstone of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Protective ventilatory strategies are based on reduction of volume and pressures delivered to the lungs. New evidence, which will need confirmation ...
Calhoun David A - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypertension commonly coexist. Observational studies indicate that untreated OSA is associated with an increased risk of prevalent hypertension, whereas prospective studies of normotensive cohorts suggest that OSA may increase the risk of incident hypertension. Randomized evaluations of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) indicate an overall ...
Diblasi Robert M - - 2010
Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (B-CPAP) applies small-amplitude, high-frequency oscillations in airway pressure (DeltaPaw) that may improve gas exchange in infants with respiratory disease. We developed a device, high-amplitude B-CPAP (HAB-CPAP), which provides greater DeltaPaw than B-CPAP provides. We studied the effects of different operational parameters on DeltaPaw and volumes ...
Cook Shannon E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonates with respiratory distress syndrome are often treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Nasal CPAP methods include electronic feedback control, underwater seal, flow opposition, and flow opposition with fluidic flow reversal on expiration. Few studies have compared those modes, and the results have been contradictory. METHODS: We ...
Inouye Sakae - - 2010
To assess the degree to which face masks reduce the strength of cough-wind, we measured the wind pressure in front of the mouth with and without the wearing of masks. We found that any conventional masks made from paper, cotton gauze, or non-woven fabrics reduced the wind pressure to less ...
Tsioufis Costas - - 2010
Hypertension is highly prevalent and usually uncontrolled among patients with obstructive sleep apnea despite multiple interventions, namely lifestyle modifications, use of antihypertensive drugs and continuous positive airway pressure application. Main prognosticators of the blood pressure (BP) reduction with continuous positive airway pressure therapy are high levels of BP, severity of ...
Puangsuvan Neesann - - 2010
Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy may be performed in infants and children for various diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. In infants and children, general anesthesia may be used to facilitate the procedure. When general anesthesia is used, a laryngeal mask may be used to control the airway. However, as the passage of the ...
Nachiappan Arun C - - 2010
A patient receiving bilevel positive airway pressure therapy underwent radiofrequency ablation of a pulmonary metastasis from a primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the scapula. The patient's postablation course was complicated by a bronchopleural fistula, which was exacerbated by the detrimental effects of positive airway pressure on necrotic lung tissue after ...
Patz David S - - 2010
This study was performed to determine whether the obstructive sleep apnea patient who requires a certain CPAP pressure at one altitude requires the same or a different CPAP pressure at a different altitude. 7 mountain residents with OSA, comfortably using CPAP and planning to travel to lower altitude. Participants used ...
Schiza Sophia E - - 2011
There have been reports that optimal CPAP pressure can be predicted from a previously derived formula, with the Hoffstein formula being the most accurate and accepted in the literature so far. However, the validation of this predictive model has not been applied in different clinical settings. Our aim was to ...
Courtney S E - - 2011
During bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (B-NCPAP), gas flows through the expiratory limb of CPAP tubing submerged underwater to a depth in centimeters considered equal to the desired end expiratory pressure. Ventilator-derived NCPAP (V-NCPAP) controls the delivered pressure at the expiratory orifice. Limited data exist comparing the two forms ...
Eckert Danny J DJ Sleep Disorders Program, Div. of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 221 Longwood Ave., Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
On the basis of recent reports, the genioglossus (GG) negative-pressure reflex consists initially of excitation followed by a secondary state-dependent suppression phase. The mechanistic origin and functional role of GG suppression is unknown but has been hypothesized to arise from transient inhibition of respiratory active neurons as a protective reflex ...
Sanuki Takuro - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of mouth opening on oropharyngeal leak pressure, intracuff pressure, and cuff position of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients who were scheduled for elective oral surgery were recruited into this study. A single, experienced LMA ...
Kelly Vanessa J - - 2010
In order to understand the pathophysiology of diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, it is essential to measure the mechanical properties of the airways. Currently, there are no methods to measure and quantify in vivo airway compliance in humans. In order to develop a method, we generated ...
Netzer Nikolaus C - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate the need for pressure change in patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) several weeks after therapy initiation. We prospectively studied 905 consecutive patients (740 men and 165 women) with SDB and therapeutic intervention with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)/bilevel PAP. Several weeks after ...
Gentina Thibaut - - 2011
Continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) is the accepted therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), but compliance is variable. We hypothesised that an auto bi-level device with pressure relief during exhalation (auto bi-level) would treat OSA as well as CPAP and that transitioning non-compliant CPAP patients without modifiable causes of poor ...
Orfanos John G - - 2010
Recognizing a potentially difficult airway is important in avoiding a life-threatening emergency. There are 2 separate scenarios for considering the difficult airway: difficult mask ventilation (DMV) and difficult tracheal intubation (DTI). DMV can be described as lacking the ability to maintain oxygen saturation or lacking the ability to reverse signs ...
Seet Edwin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Adverse events such as pharyngolaryngeal complications are indicators of quality patient care. Use of manometry to limit the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) intracuff pressure is not currently a routine practice. This double-blind randomized trial compared pharyngolaryngeal complications in patients managed with manometers to limit the LMA intracuff pressure (<44 ...
Rao Mohan - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypoapnea syndrome (OSA) is a disorder that results in repetitive occlusion of the airway and hypoxemia during sleep. Epidemiologic studies have associated this disorder with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Systemic hypertension is prevalent among patients with OSA and has been recognized as a common identifiable cause of ...
Shiina Kazuki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Increased arterial stiffness and sympathovagal imbalance are noted in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It has been thought that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy can have beneficial effects on the vascular function in such cases. However, it is not yet clear whether the improvement of sympathovagal balance ...
Montemurro Luigi Taranto - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Critical pressure (Pcrit) is considered a reliable parameter to evaluate the mechanical properties of the passive upper airway (UA) and is significantly increased in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea (OSAH) compared with normal subjects. The volume exhaled in the first 0.5 s after application at the mouth of 5 ...
Kuo Yi-Min - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Anaphylactic reaction induced bronchospasm as wheezing and severe elevation of airway pressure was observed in a succession of patients during general anesthesia at our institute in November 2007. The aim of this survey was to investigate the suspected causes and risk factors of these anaphylactic reactions and the degree ...
Garvey John F - - 2010
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the treatment of choice for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). However, CPAP is not tolerated by all patients with OSAS and alternative modes of pressure delivery have been developed to overcome pressure intolerance, thereby improving patient comfort and adherence. Auto-adjustable positive airway pressure (APAP) ...
Vennelle Marjorie - - 2010
To determine whether fixed-pressure or variable-pressure CPAP was preferred by patients and gave better outcomes in patients with the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Randomized blinded cross-over trial with 6 weeks of fixed and 6 weeks of variable-pressure CPAP. Sleep center. 200 consecutive consenting CPAP naïve patients with daytime sleepiness ...
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