Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1579
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Hoeldtke Robert D - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine whether autonomic neuropathy and the postural tachycardia syndrome can be treated with octreotide LAR (Long Acting Release). This was an open-label pilot project. Protocol 1 Patients with autonomic neuropathy (n = 4) were given increasing doses of octreotide LAR once a month ...
Deegan B M T - - 2007
AIMS: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a common condition, which is defined as a reduction in systolic blood pressure of >or=20 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure of >or=10 mmHg within 3 min of orthostatic stress. Utilizing total peripheral resistance (TPR) and cardiac output (CO) measurements during tilt-table testing (Modelflow method), we ...
Chan Gregory S H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Traditional vital signs such as heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are often regarded as insensitive markers of mild to moderate blood loss. The present study investigated the feasibility of using pulse transit time (PTT) to track variations in pre-ejection period (PEP) during progressive central hypovolaemia induced by ...
Schoffer Kerrie L - - 2007
There is limited evidence for the treatment of orthostatic hypotension in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of three treatments (nonpharmacological therapy, fludrocortisone, and domperidone). Phase I assessed the compliance, safety, and efficacy of nonpharmacological measures. Phase II was a double-blind randomized controlled ...
Petrofsky Jerrold - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Twenty-two subjects with type II diabetes and 30 control subjects participated in a 1-year study to examine the effect of rosiglitazone on heart rate variability at rest and the blood pressure, heart rate, and blood flow changes during a change in body position from horizontal to the ...
Ramírez-Marrero Farah A - - 2007
We evaluated the association between cardio-vagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS; assessed with modified Oxford technique) and catecholamine response to 5 min 60 degrees head-up tilt (HUT) in 46 young healthy adults. HUT increased HR, mean arterial pressure, and NE (P < 0.05 for all). BRS was negatively correlated with NE response ...
Oka Hisayoshi - - 2007
We assessed the relations of visual hallucinations (VH) to cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The subjects were 37 patients without VH (VH(-)) and 31 with VH (VH(+)). Autonomic function was evaluated on the basis of cardiac 123-radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG) uptake and hemodynamic testing with Valsalva maneuver. ...
Karemaker John M - - 2007
In 2 ESA-cosmonauts we compared the 24-hr profiles in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) to those that we had observed in an earlier head-down tilted (HDT) bed rest study. In view of the lack of gravitational stress, an attenuated profile was expected, as in HDT. To obtain a ...
Beavers K R - - 2007
Twenty-four (24) healthy women from 25-40 years of age underwent orthostatic tolerance tests consisting of passive tilt and lower body negative pressure before and after completing 60-days of continuous -6 degree head down tilt bed rest (HDBR). Prior to HDBR, participants were assigned to one of three groups: control, exercise ...
Dorogovtsev V N - - 2007
Gravitation plays the important role in a pathogeny of the essential hypertension (EH). Modifications of hydrostatic pressure during body position changes, related to gravitational action, produce the significant hemodynamics shifts. Discordance of the orthostatic hemodynamics reactions with gravitational action can lead to orthostatic hypotension or proceed without any clinical signs ...
Sheldon Robert S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transient bradycardic hypotensive events occur in resting rabbits. If the hypotension is due to vasodepression, these events may be a model for vasovagal syncope. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether these events are responses to brief stimuli and whether the hypotensive episodes are solely due to rapid-onset bradycardia. METHODS: Rabbits were ...
Nishimura Naoki - - 2007
We investigated the effect of change in intrathoracic pressure by total body negative pressure (TBNP) or positive pressure (TBPP) on thermoregulatory responses during -6 degree head-down bed rest (HDBR). Eight healthy male subjects participated to three of the following interventions in a randomised sequence: 1) HDBR, 2) HDBR with TBNP ...
Broskey Justin - - 2007
A significant fraction of astronauts experience postflight orthostatic intolerance (POI) during 10-min stand tests conducted on landing day. The average time that nonfinishers can stand is about 7 min. This phenomenon, including the delay in occurrence of presyncope, was studied with a five-compartment model of the cardiovascular system incorporating compartments ...
Zamir M - - 2007
The current view of neurogenic vasomotor control in skeletal muscle is based largely on changes in vascular bed resistance. The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent vascular bed compliance may also play a role in this regulation. For this purpose, pressure waveforms (Millar and Finometer) and ...
van der Velde Nathalie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The role of orthostatic hypotension in falls in older people is generally accepted. Because of the high degree of intra- and interobserver variability in conventional measurements of orthostatic hypotension, application of continuous measurement systems has been proposed. The clinical relevance of a blood pressure drop lasting one heartbeat, however, ...
Olgar S - - 2007
Midodrine hydrochloride is a potent peripherally-acting alpha1 agonist that is well absorbed and rapidly metabolized to its active metabolite. It has been used for the treatment of refractory syncope but has the important side effect of supine hypertension. A 10-year-old boy with severe symptomatic orthostatic hypotension was treated with midodrine. ...
Carter Jason R - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of dimenhydrinate on resting muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), the vestibulosympathetic reflex, and the baroreflexes. Sixteen subjects participated in two double-blinded studies that measured mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and MSNA responses before and after oral administration of ...
Cooke William H - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Vestibular activation of semicircular canals has been linked to increased activity of parasympathetic neurons and has been proposed as a contributing factor to orthostatic intolerance. However, the functional consequences of head yaw rotation during orthostasis on human autonomic function have not been documented. The purpose of this study was ...
Nowak Lorenz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of neurocardiogenic syncope is heterogeneous. This study aim was to analyze whether extended monitoring during tilt-table testing provided additional information on the hemodynamic and vegetative state prior to neurocardiogenic syncope. METHODS: This retrospective analysis is based on data of head-up tilt-table testing of 40 unselected consecutive patients ...
Sheriff Don D - - 2007
Tolerance to +G(z) gravitational stress is reduced when +G(z) stress is preceded by exposure to hypogravity (fraction, 0, or negative G(z)). For example, there is an exaggerated fall in eye-level arterial pressure (ELAP) early on during +G(z) stress (head-up tilt; HUT) when this stress is immediately preceded by -G(z) stress ...
Pugliatti Pietro - - 2008
Head-up tilt testing is an important tool in the diagnosis of syncope. Several different protocols are in use. We describe the case of a 70-year-old Italian woman admitted to our observation. The patient was in antihypertensive treatment with carvedilol and with a combination of lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide. A simplified Italian ...
Kimmerly D S - - 2007
The cortical regions representing peripheral autonomic reactions in humans are poorly understood. This study examined whether changes in forebrain activity were associated with the altered physiological responses to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) following a single bout of dynamic exercise (POST-EX). We hypothesized that, compared with the nonexercised condition (NO-EX), ...
Nishiyasu Takeshi - - 2007
We tested the hypothesis that peripheral vascular responses (in the lower and upper limbs) to application of lower body positive pressure (LBPP) are dependent on the posture of the subjects. We measured heart rate, stroke volume, mean arterial pressure, leg and forearm blood flow (using the Doppler ultrasound technique), and ...
Iida Haruko - - 2007
The application of an orthostatic stress such as lower body negative pressure (LBNP) has been proposed to minimize the effects of weightlessness on the cardiovascular system and subsequently to reduce the cardiovascular deconditioning. The KAATSU training is a novel method to induce muscle strength and hypertrophy with blood pooling in ...
Esch Ben T A - - 2007
Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) is an established and important technique used to physiologically stress the human body, particularly the cardiovascular system. LBNP is most often used to simulate gravitational stress, but it has also been used to simulate hemorrhage, alter preload, and manipulate baroreceptors. During experimentation, the consequences of ...
Mihci Ebru - - 2007
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of the tilt test on cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), blood pressure, and heart rate in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) without symptomatic orthostatic dysautonomia. METHODS: Thirty patients with idiopathic PD and 15 healthy controls were included. Mean middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (CBFV) ...
Zhang Rong - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The underlying mechanisms for reductions in cerebral blood flow (CBF) during orthostasis are not completely understood. This study tested the hypothesis that sympathetic activation causes cerebral vasoconstriction leading to reductions in CBF during lower body negative pressure (LBNP). METHODS: CBF velocity, arterial pressure, and end-tidal CO(2) were ...
Wyller Vegard Bruun - - 2007
Hemodynamic dysfunction is documented in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). This study was conducted to investigate cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress in adolescents with CFS, using a novel procedure for tilt-table testing. A total of 27 adolescents with CFS and 33 healthy control subjects with equal age and gender distribution underwent ...
Møller Søren - - 2007
In cirrhosis, arterial vasodilatation leads to central hypovolemia and activation of the sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone systems. As the liver disease and circulatory dysfunction may affect baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), we assessed BRS in a large group of patients with cirrhosis and in controls who were all supine and some after ...
Steiner L A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Compensated clinically silent hypovolaemia may lead to low cardiac output, hypoperfusion and ischaemia. We investigated the cardiovascular effects of simulated hypovolaemia to determine whether it caused mesenteric ischaemia detectable by gastric tonometry. METHODS: Thirteen healthy volunteers, aged 21-36 years, were investigated. Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was used to ...
Fernandez-de-las-Peñas César - - 2007
DESIGN: Case-control, descriptive pilot study. OBJECTIVE: To describe the differences in the performance of the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT) between individuals with chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) and healthy controls. To assess the relationship between the CCFT, forward head posture, and several clinical variables related to the intensity and temporal profile ...
Pursiainen V - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson's disease (PD) frequently affects both the extrapyramidal system and the autonomic nervous system (ANS), the latter also being sometimes disturbed by PD medications. Specifically selegiline is known to disturb cardiovascular ANS functions and may cause or enhance orthostatic hypotension. METHODS: In order to study the effect of the ...
Reisner A T - - 2007
Reduction in mean arterial pressure (MAP) is a late indictor of progressive circulatory pathology. Non-invasive monitoring methods that are superior indicators of circulatory compromise would be clinically valuable. With IRB approval, 21 healthy volunteers were subjected to progressive lower body negative pressure (LBNP) until the onset of presyncopal symptoms. We ...
Linder-Ganz E - - 2007
The clinical practice for minimizing the risk of pressure sores (PS) is to relief pressures under bony prominences of immobilized patients by changing their postures frequently. The US Department of Health advises to relief sitting pressures at least every 1 hour, and every 15 minutes for individuals who are body-abled. ...
Deegan Brian M T - - 2007
Orthostatic Hypotension is a sudden drop in blood pressure upon assumption of upright posture. This drop in blood pressure is often results in symptoms such as dizziness, light-headedness, blurred vision, and syncope. Since 1986, tilt table testing has become widely used in the diagnosis of Orthostatic Hypotension. In this study, ...
Green A L - - 2007
In this chapter, we report that blood pressure can be increased or decreased depending on whether an electrode is in ventral or dorsal PAG. We also describe that it is theoretically possible to treat orthostatic hypotension. These are exciting developments not only because they provide an example of direct translational ...
Peralta C - - 2007
To compare frequency and degree of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Parkinson's disease with dementia (PDD) and its effect on attention and word fluency, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate changes during tilt were determined in 10 PD and 8 PDD patients. Attention and word fluency were ...
Ohlsson Bodil - - 2007
We have previously demonstrated that patients with Crohn's disease (CD) of long duration have signs of autonomic neuropathy. The aim of this study was to examine whether autonomic neuropathy is an early manifestation of CD, or a sign appearing late in the course. Twenty patients, median age 40 years, with ...
Tachtsidis I - - 2007
We have previously used a continuous four-wavelength near-infrared spectrometer to measure changes in the cerebral concentrations of oxy-haemoglobin (Delta[HbO(2)] and deoxy-haemoglobin (Delta[HHb]) during head-up tilt in patients with primary autonomic failure. The measured changes in light attenuation also allow calculation of changes in the concentration of oxidized cytochrome-c-oxidase (Delta[(ox)CCO]), and ...
Morimoto Shigeto - - 2006
The object of this study was to examine blood pressure (BP) variability due to postural change in elderly hypertensive patients. The subjects studied were 154 elderly inpatients in a hospital for the elderly (48 male and 106 female; median age: 82 years), consisting of age- and sex-matched bedridden (n=39) and ...
Claydon Victoria E - - 2006
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are prone to orthostatic hypotension (OH). We aimed to develop a simple bedside test to evaluate autonomic control following chronic SCI, and to identify those most at risk of OH and cardiovascular dysfunction. We studied 14 subjects with cervical SCI, 11 with thoracic SCI, ...
Masuki Shizue - - 2007
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by excessive increases in heart rate (HR) without hypotension during orthostasis. The relationship between the tachycardia and anxiety is uncertain. Therefore, we tested whether the HR response to orthostatic stress in POTS is primarily related to psychological factors. POTS patients (n = 14) and ...
Taneja Indu - - 2007
Upright posture and lower body negative pressure (LBNP) both induce reductions in central blood volume. However, regional circulatory responses to postural changes and LBNP may differ. Therefore, we studied regional blood flow and blood volume changes in 10 healthy subjects undergoing graded lower-body negative pressure (-10 to -50 mmHg) and ...
Tuday Eric C - - 2007
Microgravity (microG)-induced orthostatic intolerance (OI) in astronauts is characterized by a marked decrease in cardiac output (CO) in response to an orthostatic stress. Since CO is highly dependent on venous return, alterations in the resistance to venous return (RVR) may be important in contributing to OI. The RVR is directly ...
Gasiorowska A - - 2006
Both intensive training and bed confinement impair orthostatic tolerance, however, moderate training may exert beneficial effect on cardiovascular adjustment to gravitational stimuli. It was hypothesized that moderate training attenuates effects of bed rest. To test this assumption 24 healthy male volunteers aged 20.8+/-0.9 yrs were subjected to 6 degrees head ...
Melby Daniel P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Movement to upright posture may result in marked drop of blood pressure with susceptibility to injury from syncope and falls in patients with orthostatic hypotension. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if increasing negative intrathoracic pressure by using an inspiratory impedance threshold device before change of ...
Singer Wolfgang - - 2006
The efficacy of current therapeutic measures in orthostatic intolerance (OI) varies among patients and is oftentimes unsatisfactory. New approaches to alleviate symptoms of OI are therefore clearly needed. Recent reports have demonstrated that acetylcholinesterase inhibition is effective in the treatment of orthostatic hypotension with the presumed mechanism of enhancing sympathetic ...
Fu Qi - - 2006
Vasomotor sympathetic activity plays an important role in arterial pressure maintenance via the baroreflex during acute orthostasis in humans. If orthostasis is prolonged, blood pressure may be supported additionally by humoral factors with a possible reduction in sympathetic baroreflex sensitivity. We tested the hypothesis that baroreflex control of muscle sympathetic ...
O'Leary D D - - 2007
Early analysis into the role of genetics on cardiovascular regulation has been accomplished by comparing blood pressure and heart rate in homozygous twins during unstressed, resting physiological conditions. However, many variables, including cognitive and environmental factors, contribute to the regulation of cardiovascular hemodynamics. Therefore, the purpose of this study was ...
Podoleanu Cristian - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the efficacy of compression bandage of legs and abdomen in preventing hypotension and symptoms. BACKGROUND: Progressive orthostatic hypotension can occur in elderly people during standing. METHODS: Twenty-one patients (70 +/- 11 years) affected by symptomatic progressive orthostatic hypotension underwent 2 tilt-test procedures, with and ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >