Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1616
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Woo Young Sup - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Numerous reports have linked atypical antipsychotics, especially clozapine and olanzapine, to the development of cardiovascular risk factors. In this retrospective chart review study, we investigated the blood pressure changes in Korean schizophrenic inpatients treated with clozapine or olanzapine. METHOD: We reviewed the medical record of schizophrenic patients treated with ...
Newell Maxine - - 2009
In the United Kingdom, the morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension is much higher in Blacks than in Whites. We studied a convenience sample of 312 persons aged 25-79 years from 17 predominantly Black Seventh-Day Adventist churches across London by using the health belief model to examine their beliefs about ...
van Bruchem-Visser Rozemarijn L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases with age. A number of studies have demonstrated an association between AD and cardiovascular risk factors and disease. However, data are inconsistent. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study in a geriatric outpatient population. Analysis of data from 327 patients diagnosed with ...
Royall Donald - - 2009
Forty percent of nondemented octogenarians have Braak stages consistent with insular involvement, and may be at risk for "age-related" autonomic dysfunction. The authors examined the association between insular resting cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cardiovascular functions in 29 nondemented elderly subjects who were highly screened to exclude comorbid cardiovascular disease. ...
Palm-Meinders Inge H - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Wall shear stress (WSS) is the frictional force exerted by the circulating blood on the endothelium. Low systolic WSS is identified as an atherosclerotic risk factor. Recently, also the importance of diastolic WSS has been described. Still, it is unknown whether diastolic WSS carries similar cardiovascular risk ...
Kehoe Patrick G - - 2009
The pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) features amyloid beta peptide deposition, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles and deficits in the cholinergic pathway. Abnormal blood pressure is recognised as a risk factor for the development of AD, although the underlying mechanisms remain unproven. This review proposes angiotensins and associated enzymatic pathways as important ...
Patel Jeetesh V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Abnormal adipocyte function is implicated in the coalition of multiple cardiovascular risk factors, where aberrant circulating levels of the adipose-derived hormones adiponectin, leptin, and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha may provide the putative link between hypertension and increased cardiovascular risk. The pragmatic utility of these 'adipocytokines' in the clinical ...
Famodu A A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Some epidemiological studies have found anthropometric indices to be related to cardiovascular disease risk factors. Fibrinogen--an acute phase reactant protein--is central in the haemostatic system. Its associations with cardiovascular diseases have been well documented. A possible association between measures of body fat and fibrinogen has been reported. AIMS: To ...
Qiu Chengxuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Midlife high blood pressure is linked to late-life dementia. We sought to investigate the temporal relation of blood pressure to the risk of dementia and Alzhei-mer's disease (AD) among older adults. METHODS: A dementia-free cohort (n = 422) aged > or =81 years was followed for 3 years to ...
Musini Vijaya M - - 2009
Elevated blood pressure (known as hypertension) increases with age, and most rapidly over age 60. Systolic hypertension is more strongly associated with cardiovascular disease than diastolic hypertension, and occurs more commonly in older people. It is important to know the benefits and harms of antihypertensive treatment of hypertension in this ...
Langrish Jeremy P JP Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2009
Exposure to air pollution is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and is associated with increased blood pressure, reduced heart rate variability, endothelial dysfunction and myocardial ischaemia. Our objectives were to assess the cardiovascular effects of reducing air pollution exposure by wearing a facemask. In an open-label ...
Gurusamy Kurinchi Selvan KS University Department of Surgery, Royal Free Hospital and University College School of Medicine, 9th Floor, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, London, UK, NW3 2QG. - - 2009
A pneumoperitoneum of 12 to 16 mmHg is used for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Lower pressures are claimed to be safe and effective in decreasing cardiopulmonary complications and pain. To assess the benefits and harms of low pressure pneumoperitoneum compared with standard pressure pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We searched The ...
Bradley T Douglas - - 2009
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common disorder in which repetitive apnoeas expose the cardiovascular system to cycles of hypoxia, exaggerated negative intrathoracic pressure, and arousals. These noxious stimuli can, in turn, depress myocardial contractility, activate the sympathetic nervous system, raise blood pressure, heart rate, and myocardial wall stress, depress ...
Martínez Pérez Sebastián R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the influence that different risk factors (age, gender, obesity, smoking, inactivity, diabetes mellitus and previous diagnosis of arterial hypertension) have on arterial pressure, and to determine the prevalence of patients that have high blood pressure and hypertension but have not received ...
de Liefde Inge I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A decline in systolic blood pressure during exercise is thought to be a sign of severe coronary artery disease. However, no studies have yet examined this effect in patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic value of hypotensive blood pressure response after single-stage ...
Hawkesworth Sophie - - 2009
Animal studies have demonstrated that altering the maternal diet during pregnancy affects offspring disease risk. Data from human subjects on the early-life determinants of disease have been derived primarily from birth-weight associations; studies of the impact of the maternal diet are scarce and inconsistent. Investigating CVD risk factors in the ...
Karakitsos Dimitrios - - 2009
AIM: We evaluated the utility of impedance cardiography (IC) in elderly hemodialysis (HD) patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-five HD patients (30 with CAD) participated. IC cardiac output (ICCO), systemic vascular resistance and pulse pressure (PP) were calculated at baseline, and 30 and 180 days after ...
Komen, Anita Louise
The Canterbury Region is susceptible to a variety of natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides and climate hazards. Increasing population and tourism within the region is driving development pressures and as more and more development occurs, the risk from natural hazards increases. In order to avoid development occurring in unacceptably vulnerable ...
Kikuya Masahiro - - 2008
Day-by-day blood pressure and heart rate variability defined as within-subject SDs of home measurements can be calculated from long-term self-measurement. We investigated the prognostic value of day-by-day variability in 2455 Ohasama, Japan, residents (baseline age: 35 to 96 years; 60.4% women). Home blood pressure and heart rate were measured once ...
Seear Michael D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To develop a reliable predictor of major adverse events after pediatric cardiac surgery, with the aim of reducing mortality of cardiac extracorporeal life support through earlier, more accurate patient selection. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary level pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Fifty-two children undergoing open heart surgery considered ...
Zamorano J - - 2008
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of amlodipine besylate alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents in high-risk hypertensive patients in Spanish primary care. In this 1-year, open-label, prospective cohort study, 7468 patients were treated with amlodipine 5 - 10 mg as a monotherapy or as an add-on therapy ...
Paglieri Cristina - - 2008
Arterial hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and dementia are related pathologies. This paper has reviewed comparatively the incidence of arterial hypertension and adult-onset dementia disorders. Hypertension is associated with cerebrovascular disease, which is in turn associated with dementia. It is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke, which is a recognized ...
Mogensen Carl Erik - - 2008
In the last 30 years we have seen considerable progress in the management of patients with diabetes, in particular with diabetic renal disease. A number of paradigms have been broken down, namely the following, as a consequence, clinical care has improved dramatically. . Significant renal involvement and albuminuria is rare ...
Windak Adam - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the advice about lifestyle changes that general practitioners (GPs) gave hypertensive patients with different levels of cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: and METHODS: A stratified sample of primary health care physicians in Poland completed a questionnaire consisting of 8 case vignettes that differed ...
Kales Stefanos N - - 2009
Elevated blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Increased risk begins in the prehypertensive range and increases further with higher pressures. The strenuous duties of emergency responders (firefighters, police officers, and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel) can interact with their personal risk profiles, including elevated ...
Minor Deborah - - 2008
Hypertension is a major cause of disease burden in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups in developing and developed regions and countries. Differences in blood pressure likely begin early in life and reflect a complex relationship of biologic, genetic, social, and environmental interactions. The relationship between socioeconomic status and hypertension ...
Egan Brent M - - 2008
Approximately 37% of US adults are prehypertensive; about 31 million have blood pressures in the range of 130-139/85-89 mm Hg. These stage 2 prehypertensives have threefold greater risk for developing hypertension and twofold higher risk for cardiovascular events than normotensives. Lifestyle changes only are recommended for most prehypertensives, but evidence ...
Holman Rury R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Post-trial monitoring of patients in the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) examined whether risk reductions for microvascular and macrovascular disease, achieved with the use of improved blood-pressure control during the trial, would be sustained. METHODS: Among 5102 UKPDS patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus, we randomly ...
Mitchell Gary F - - 2008
Over the past decade, numerous studies have shown that increased aortic stiffness is associated with major cardiovascular disease end points, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Cardiac abnormalities and enhanced atherogenesis in the setting of increased pulsatile load on heart and arteries have been well described. However, recent studies ...
Bass Cameron R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Blast injuries are becoming more common in modern war and terrorist action. This increasing threat underscores the importance of understanding and evaluating blast effects. METHODS: For this study, data on more than 2,550 large animal experiments were collected from more than 50 experimental studies on blast. From this dataset, ...
Vlachopoulos Charalambos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Erectile dysfunction is a predictor of cardiovascular risk with high prevalence in hypertensive men. We investigated whether erectile dysfunction is related to arterial structure and function in hypertensive patients. METHODS: We evaluated arterial structural and functional characteristics and measured systemic endothelial/inflammatory markers in 52 hypertensive men with vasculogenic erectile ...
Guize Louis - - 2008
Metabolic syndrome is defined as an association of central obesity and several other cardiometabolic risk factors. Dysfunctional visceral adipose tissue and inflammatory status appear to be involved in its genesis. New definitions have decreased the threshold for glycaemia and one has lowered the threshold for waist circumference, leading to an ...
Ishimitsu Toshihiko - - 2008
We conducted a prospective study investigating the relationship between blood pressure values and the risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal diseases. Five hundred fifty-three patients on chronic hemodialysis were followed for 5 years, and the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean blood ...
Papadopoulos Dimitris P - - 2008
Prehypertension, defined as blood pressure between 120-139/80-89 mmHg, is a major public health concern. The condition is very prevalent (30% of the adult population), is often associated with other cardiovascular risk factors and independently increases the risk of hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular events. The mechanism of elevated risk for cardiovascular ...
Katakam Radhika - - 2008
Because hypertension is common and many tests are available, an uncritical approach to laboratory and radiologic evaluation leads to unnecessary expenses. However, in most patients, accurate blood pressure measurement, a focused history and physical examination, and a handful of basic tests are enough. In this review we address the key ...
Brunelli Steven M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure variability (BPV) is one putative risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality in hemodialysis patients. The purposes of this study are to identify a suitable metric of long-term BPV in this population and determine whether an association between BPV and all-cause mortality exists. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort ...
Simkhovich Boris Z - - 2008
Recent epidemiologic studies show that increased levels of air pollutants are positively associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Inhalation of air pollutants affects heart rate, heart rate variability, blood pressure, vascular tone, blood coagulability, and the progression of atherosclerosis. Several categories within the general population (i.e., people with pre-existing cardiovascular ...
Kokubo Yoshihiro - - 2008
Few prospective studies have examined the association between high-normal blood pressure and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Asia. We examined the impact of high-normal blood pressure on the incidence of CVD in a general urban population cohort in Japan. We studied 5494 Japanese individuals (ages 30 to 79 years without CVD ...
Scheffler A - - 2008
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In Southern Europe Olea europaea leafs are known as a folk remedy for hypertension. Cardiovascular diseases are still the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries with hypertension being one of the main risk factors. AIM OF THE STUDY: We investigated effects of a commercial Olea ...
Espinola-Klein Christine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An ankle-brachial index (ABI; ratio of ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure) <0.9 indicates peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to address the prognostic value of different methods of ABI calculation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 831 ...
Kobayashi Mayumi - - 2009
The presence of silent brain infarction (SBI) increases the risk of symptomatic stroke and dementia. The association between SBI and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been clarified. Moreover, little is known about what factors are related to SBI in CKD patients and whether the prevalence of SBI differs in ...
Roland M - - 2008
Risk factors for new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) need to be assessed in large cohorts. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of early (3 and 6 months after transplantation) proteinuria, urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and arterial pressure on NODAT in 828 Caucasian renal transplant recipients (median follow-up: 5.3 years; 5832 patient-years). ...
Humphrey Robert - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine whether laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is a safe and effective therapy for the management of pheochromocytoma, as compared with open adrenalectomy (OA). METHODS: We collected pertinent data on 47 pheochromocytoma resections from 44 patient charts. Perioperative outcomes of 30 LAs were compared ...
Gus M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Central obesity is a key component in the definition of the metabolic syndrome, but the cut-off values proposed to define abnormal values vary among different guidelines and are mostly based on cross-sectional studies. In this study, we identify the best cut-off values for waist circumference (WC) associated ...
Raphael C E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although higher blood pressures are generally recognised to be an adverse prognostic marker in risk assessment of cardiology patients, its relationship to risk in chronic heart failure (CHF) may be different. OBJECTIVE: To examine systematically published reports on the relationship between blood pressure and mortality in CHF. METHODS: Medline ...
Cesarone Maria R - - 2008
This study investigated the efficacy of isotonic bioflavonoid supplementation, OPC-3 on 61 individuals presenting with risk factors meeting the criteria for metabolic syndrome. Subjects were supplemented with a proprietary isotonic bioflavonoid OPC-3 or placebo over 2 months. Plasma oxidative stress status was significantly lowered by 10.1% with OPC-3. All major ...
Abe Toshikazu - - 2008
Previous studies have suggested a possible association between meteorological factors and the onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We aimed to investigate the relationship between the onset of SAH and meteorological factors based on an hourly time-series analysis. We collected hourly data on transportation of patients with SAH using the ambulance ...
Gasowski Jerzy J Department of Internal Medicine and Gerontology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, - - 2008
The 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is a stronger predictor of cardiovascular disease than conventional blood pressure (CBP), but it remains unclear how it compares with "usual" blood pressure (UBP), estimated after CBP has been corrected for regression dilution bias (RDB). We compared the associations of cardiovascular mortality (n = ...
Ilva Tuomo - - 2008
Elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) levels are relatively common in acute heart failure (AHF). To evaluate the prevalence and prognostic significance of elevated cTnI and cTnT in AHF. FINN-AKVA is a prospective, multicenter study in AHF. In this analysis, 364 non-ACS patients with measurements of cTnI and cTnT taken on admission ...
Ormezzano Olivier - - 2008
AIMS: The prognostic value of baroreflex sensitivity in hypertensive patients has not much been studied. METHOD: A cohort of 451 hypertensive patients without cardiovascular history was studied for an average of 6.2 +/- 2.8 years follow-up. Each patient had a baroreflex sensitivity measurement by the sequence method, which is represented ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >