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Results 301 - 350 of 1615
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James David - - 2009
Participant socio-demographic characteristics and referral reason were investigated in relation to completion and health outcomes in a Primary Care Physical Activity Referral Scheme using a prospective population-based longitudinal design. Participants (n = 1735) were recruited over a 2-year period. A three-stage binary logistic regression analysis identified the factors associated with ...
Lee Dong-Hyeon - - 2009
The early morning blood pressure surge (EMBPS) has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) parameters and conventional cardiovascular risk factors. Patients (n=346) never-treated for essential hypertension with no other cardiovascular risk factors, ...
Nussinovitch Udi - - 2009
Sudden death accounts for up to 43% of all deaths in patients with familial dysautonomia (FD). The classic features of FD, namely, autonomic dysfunction, high blood pressure, and blood pressure labiality, are all risk factors for cardiac remodeling and hypertrophy. Myocardial remodeling and hypertrophy are independent risk factors for arrhythmias, ...
Kokubo Yoshihiro - - 2009
The guidelines of the Joint National Committee 7 from the USA on hypertension have unified the normal and high-normal blood pressure categories into a single entity termed ;prehypertension'. In contrast, The European Guidelines for the management of hypertension in 2007 considered ;prehypertensive' to be divided into normal and high-normal blood ...
O'Seaghdha Conall M - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease is a major worldwide public health problem that causes substantial morbidity and mortality. Studies from the Asia-Pacific region have reported some of the highest chronic kidney disease prevalence rates in the world, but access to dialysis is limited in many countries, making it imperative to identify high-risk ...
Völzke Henry - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: There is current controversy on the association between subclinical hyperthyroidism and hypertension. Data from cohort studies have not been available yet. The present study was designed to longitudinally investigate possible associations of subclinical hyperthyroidism with blood pressure, pulse pressure and the risk of hypertension. METHODS: We used data from ...
Vimala Avadaiammal - - 2009
To determine the prevalence and possible risk factors for hypertension and prehypertensive state in Trivandrum City of Kerala (South India) using Joint National Committee (JNC) VII criteria, a team of trained fourth year medical students conducted a 10% random household survey in certain wards of the City. Households were selected ...
Julius Stevo - - 2009
Tachycardia is a strong predictor of both hypertension and excessive cardiovascular risk. This association is robust and prevails after multivariate adjustments for other cardiovascular risk factors. Despite the strong evidence, various guidelines do not list tachycardia as a risk factor because of unwarranted assumption that tachycardia is only a marker ...
Babisch Wolfgang - - 2009
Noise is a stressor that affects the autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system. Under conditions of chronic noise stress the cardiovascular system may adversely be affected. Epidemiological noise studies regarding the relationship between aircraft noise and cardiovascular effects have been carried out on adults and on children focussing on ...
Tucker Murray G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Falls amongst older people have been linked to reduced postural stability and slowed movement responses. The objective of this study was to examine differences in postural stability and the speed of response between young adults, low fall-risk older adults, and high fall-risk older adults during voluntary postural sway movements. ...
Chen Zhen-Yu - - 2009
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that elevated blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD). A close association between blood pressure and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases is well established if systolic/diastolic blood pressure is above 140/90 mmHg. In recent years, nutraceuticals and ...
Badaruddoza - - 2009
Based on anthropometric data, this study aims to detect cardiovascular risk factor and familial aggregation of blood pressure in a specific community in India. A total of 1096 adult individuals, constituting 350 families in a scheduled caste community in Punjab, India, was surveyed for blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse pressure ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2009
Four dipping categories have been described, based on the night-day blood pressure ratio from 24-h ambulatory blood pressure recordings: extreme dippers (night-day blood pressure ratio < or = 0.8), dippers (0.8 < ratio < or = 0.9), nondippers (0.9 < ratio < or = 1.0) and reverse dippers (ratio > ...
Grassi Guido - - 2009
One major element of novelty of the 2007 European guidelines on hypertension refers to the concept of risk categorization, with the aim of obtaining a more precise definition of the hypertensive patient. This has lead to identification of different categories of cardiovascular risk, from the low to the very high. ...
Desir Gary V - - 2009
The renalase pathway is a previously unrecognized mechanism for regulating cardiac function and blood pressure. In this pathway, renalase, a novel secreted amine oxidase that is inactive at baseline, is rapidly turned on ( ~ 10 fold increase) by either a modest increase in blood pressure or by brief surges ...
Moscardo Elena - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to describe an optimised neurobehavioural observation battery in the beagle dog and to demonstrate that it can be used for an integrated assessment of cardiovascular and neurobehavioural functions within a single Safety Pharmacology study. METHODS: A standardised and detailed observation battery was established ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2009
The clinical value of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a cardinal manifestation of hypertensive organ damage, in predicting cardiovascular (CV) events, independently of blood pressure (BP) and other accompanying risk factors, has been widely documented and its role in CV stratification indisputability recognized. Although the examination of the fundus oculi provides ...
Lam Carolyn S P CS Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2009
In contrast to the wealth of data on isolated systolic hypertension involving the systemic circulation in the elderly, much less is known about age-related change in pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and its prognostic impact in the general population. We sought to define the relationship between PASP and age, to ...
Ruilope Luis M - - 2009
The need to prevent the development of renal damage and its associated increase in cardiovascular risk in patients with type 2 diabetes is well established. Early intervention to maintain strict blood pressure control and to prevent the development of microalbuminuria is mandatory and will constitute the primary aim of intervention ...
Safar Michel E - - 2009
This article discusses the following: (1) factors modulating central and peripheral SBP and PP in hypertensive subjects; (2) mechanisms enhancing PP variations in this population; (3) Analysis of pulsatile arterial hemodynamics as predictors of CV risk; and (4) Pulsatile hemodynamics and strategies lowering CV risk in the treatment of hypertension.
Chan Christopher T - - 2009
Cardiovascular mortality remains the leading cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease. Frequent home hemodialysis in the form of short daily hemodialysis and nocturnal home hemodialysis has been suggested to correct multiple cardiovascular surrogate endpoints in observational and randomized controlled studies. This review discusses recent advances of intensive ...
Padwal Raj S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and assessment of adults with hypertension. OPTIONS AND OUTCOMES: The diagnosis of hypertension is dependent on appropriate blood pressure measurement, the timely assessment of serially elevated readings, the degree of blood pressure elevation, the method of measurement (office, ambulatory, home) and ...
Salles Gil F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The prognostic value of prolonged ventricular repolarization in patients with resistant hypertension is unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the usefulness of electrocardiographic QT-interval parameters as predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS: At baseline, 538 resistant hypertensive patients had five QT-interval components measured in ...
Poulter Neil R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate among individuals with diabetes whether major microvascular and macrovascular events are reduced by: (1) blood pressure lowering with a perindopril/indapamide combination compared with placebo; (2) intensive glucose control (targeting a haemoglobin A1c level of < or =6.5%) with a gliclazide MR-based regimen, compared with usual care. METHODS: ...
Mourad Jean-Jacques - - 2009
Cardiovascular disease is responsible for 70% of all mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes and is also a major contributor to diabetes-related healthcare costs. The ADVANCE trial clearly demonstrated that a simple and easily applicable pharmacological strategy based on perindopril/indapamide fixed combination could substantially reduce total and cardiovascular mortality ...
Paynter Nina P - - 2009
We examined whether a hypertension risk prediction model based on clinical characteristics and blood biomarkers might improve on risk prediction based on current blood pressure alone. A prospective cohort of 14,822 normotensive women aged 45 years and older were followed over 8 years beginning in 1992 for the development of ...
Kannel William B - - 2009
Framingham Heart Study cardiovascular disease prospective population epidemiologic research has played an important role in the evolution of modern cohort study design and the advancement of preventive cardiology. To date no single essential factor has been identified; multiple interrelated factors are promoting increased risk for development of CHD. Elevated blood ...
Addo J - - 2009
The association of socioeconomic position and cardiovascular disease risk factors in low- and middle-income countries has not been as consistent as that reported from high-income countries. A cross-sectional study of 1015 participants from seven civil service departments in Accra, Ghana, was conducted in 2006. Hypertension was diagnosed when the mean ...
Fallo Francesco - - 2009
Current evidence indicates a strong association between Cushing's syndrome, characterized by a cluster of systemic complications and increased cardiovascular risk. The biological link is cortisol overproduction, which influences various pathogenetic processes leading to cardiovascular damage, a main cause of increased mortality. Anthropometric and biochemical profile (including fasting glucose, lipids, potassium ...
Mulazzi Isabelle - - 2009
We designed a cross-sectional study to determine whether 6-item self-administered questionnaires addressing difficulties in taking treatment provide independent and relevant information on uncontrolled hypertension in high-risk cardiovascular patients seen in general practice. Patients with both treated hypertension and a history of vascular diseases-myocardial infarction, stroke, or peripheral artery disease-were included. ...
Ecder Tevfik - - 2009
Cardiovascular problems are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Hypertension is a common early symptom of ADPKD, and occurs in approximately 60% of patients before renal function has become impaired. Hypertension is associated with an increased rate of progression to end-stage ...
Knecht Stefan - - 2009
Vascular pathology impairs cognition and impaired cognition increases the risk of dementia. Hypertension is arguably the vascular risk factor that can be reverted best. Here we estimated the effect magnitude of hypertension by determining the variance in cognition explained by systolic blood pressure (sBP) in non-demented community-dwelling individuals. We recruited ...
Martins Maria João - - 2010
In their recent paper, Cheung et al [B.M. Cheung, K.L. Ong, L.Y. Wong, Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase and peripheral arterial disease in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. Int J Cardiol 2008 (Electronic publication ahead of print)] described a significant association between serum alkaline phosphatase levels ...
M'Buyamba-Kabangu Jean-René - - 2009
As a consequence of hypertension, sub-Saharan Africa faces an epidemic of cardiovascular disease. We assessed in-hospital mortality among patients admitted for hypertension-related diseases to two city hospitals in Mbuji Mayi, Congo. On admission, we obtained anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, information on cardiovascular risk factors, and on the awareness and treatment ...
Li Fuzhong F Oregon Research Institute, 1715 Franklin Boulevard, Eugene, OR 97403, USA. - - 2009
Few studies have examined interaction effects between person and environment, especially for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine built environment characteristics and resident health behaviors as they relate to change in blood pressure, an important component of CVD. Participants (N=1145, aged 50-75 at baseline) ...
Dahle Cheryl L CL Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2009
Advanced age is associated with decline in many areas of cognition as well as increased frequency of vascular disease. Well-described risk factors for vascular disease, such as diabetes and arterial hypertension, have been linked to cognitive deficits beyond those associated with aging. To examine whether vascular health indices such as ...
Heerspink Hiddo J Lambers - - 2009
Patients undergoing dialysis have a substantially increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Although several trials have shown the cardiovascular benefits of lowering blood pressure in the general population, there is uncertainty about the efficacy and tolerability of reducing blood pressure in patients on dialysis. We did a systematic review ...
May Ole - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess risk factors for bleeding complications after elective coronary angiography (CA). METHODS AND RESULTS: We consecutively included 1,000 patients scheduled for elective diagnostic CA using the femoral approach. A bleeding complication was defined as formation of a hematoma >/=5 cm, severely oozing ...
Licht Carmilla M M - - 2009
The present study compared blood pressure levels between subjects with clinical anxiety and depressive disorders with healthy controls. Cross-sectional data were obtained in a large cohort study, the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (N=2981). Participants were classified as controls (N=590) or currently or remittedly depressed or anxious subjects (N=2028), ...
Sever Peter S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We have reported the benefits of atorvastatin and of an amlodipine-based regimen on coronary heart disease (CHD) events in hypertensive patients in the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT). We report further analyses on the combined benefits of these interventions. METHODS: 19,342 hypertensive patients were randomised to either an amlodipine ...
Sandvei Marie Søfteland - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The morbidity and mortality of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are high, and established risk factors are scarce. We prospectively assessed the association of blood pressure, smoking, and body mass with the risk of aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: All residents >or=20 years were invited to the Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) Study ...
Patten Scott B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether major depression (MD) leads to an increased risk of new-onset high blood pressure diagnoses. METHODS: The data source was the Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS). The NPHS included a short-form version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI-SF) to assess MD and collected self-report data ...
Dünser Martin W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between arterial blood pressure (ABP) during the first 24 h and mortality in sepsis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 274 septic patients. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Hemodynamic, and laboratory parameters were extracted from ...
Lachouri Mohand - - 2009
Analysis of changes in blood pressure with a two-year interval, and of factors associated with this change, in a large cohort of elderly individuals. Follow-up of a cohort of 9294 individuals aged 65 years and over recruited from the general population for Study 3C. Changes in blood pressure are defined ...
Mueck Alfred O - - 2009
Progestogens were mostly used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in the postmenopause. Therefore, our knowledge about cardiovascular effects mainly originates from studies using HRT, whereby the progestogen effects were assessed according to clinical endpoints, metabolic effects and influence on vascular markers in vitro or in vivo, respectively. Furthermore, the progestogens ...
Li Fuzhong - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined interaction effects between person and environment, especially for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine built environment characteristics and resident health behaviors as they relate to change in blood pressure, an important component of CVD. METHODS: Participants (N=1,145, aged 50-75 ...
Goldberg Ivan - - 2009
Glaucoma management aims to preserve patients' quality of life by halting progressive visual loss. Intraocular pressure reduction is the pivotal strategy: we establish a "target" pressure based on extent of visual damage, threat to visual performance, risk profile for further damage, pre-treatment pressure levels, family history and a patient's life ...
Bo Simona - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A Few population-based studies have shown that high-normal blood pressure clusters with other cardiovascular risk factors. Increased inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and reduced adiponectin values have sporadically been reported in these patients. METHODS: We cross-sectionally compared blood pressure categories with cardiovascular risk factors in an adult population-based cohort ...
Mallamaci Francesca - - 2009
Establishing solutes that accumulate in body fluids in renal insufficiency as authentic uremic toxins is a process demanding in vitro and in vivo animal experiments as well as observational and interventional studies in humans. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is listed among the few uremic solutes close to the inference criteria for ...
Woo Young Sup - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Numerous reports have linked atypical antipsychotics, especially clozapine and olanzapine, to the development of cardiovascular risk factors. In this retrospective chart review study, we investigated the blood pressure changes in Korean schizophrenic inpatients treated with clozapine or olanzapine. METHOD: We reviewed the medical record of schizophrenic patients treated with ...
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