Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1615
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Ohya Masaki - - 2010
Vascular calcification is a feature of arteriosclerosis and in hemodialysis (HD) patients it may be severe, even at a relatively young age, and is closely related to the overall prognosis. We used the aortic calcification area index (ACAI), derived from the aortic calcification index (ACI), to evaluate and analyze the ...
Chen Chun-Chieh - - 2010
PURPOSE: Professional bus drivers are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, but the underlying causes are unclear. Professional bus drivers often follow shift schedules. Especially, an association between shift work and early manifestations of cardiovascular disease has not been elucidated. Thus we investigated the links between shift work and arteriosclerosis ...
Ginter E - - 2010
Garlic is an important component in the complementary and alternative medicine. Large segments of population believe in and utilize herbal products even when these have not been as thoroughly researched as garlic. Experimental and clinical studies confirm that the ancient experience with beneficial effects of garlic holds validity even in ...
Mosnaim Aron D - - 2010
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is regarded as a decrease primarily in systolic blood pressure on changing position from supine to erect. Based on clinical criteria, it is characterized by a decrease in systolic pressure of 20 mmHg and diastolic pressure of 10 mmHg within 1 to 3 minutes of standing after ...
Hern?ndez-Hern?ndez Rafael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding hypertension, treatment, and control in urban population of Latin America. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare blood pressure (BP) distribution, hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control in seven Latin American cities following standard methodology. METHODS: The Cardiovascular Risk Factor Multiple Evaluation in Latin America (CARMELA) study ...
Odahara Tsutomu - - 2010
To assess the usefulness of the Laboratory of Physical Science (LOPS) protocol for detecting exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response as a risk factor for future hypertension when controlling for work and personal factors. Subjects were 815 healthy normotensive men (mean age, 43.1 ± 6.76 yr; range, 29-64 yr) who participated ...
Yamori Yukio - - 2010
Since taurine (T) administration was proven to decrease blood pressure (BP) and stroke mortality in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertension rates (SHRSP) in the 1980's and our WHO-coordinated CARDIAC (Cardiovascular Diseases and Alimentary Comparison) Study demonstrated that among 5 diet-related factors, namely total cholesterol (T-Cho), body mass index (BMI), sodium (Na), magnesium ...
Rodríguez-Salceda Isidro - - 2010
High blood pressure (HBP) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). European hypertension and cardiology societies as well as expert committees on CVD prevention recommend stratifying cardiovascular risk using the SCORE method, the modification of lifestyles to prevent CVD, and achieving good control over risk factors. The EDUCORE ...
Tsang Sharon - - 2010
Alteration of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling is a salient feature of hypertension and the associated heart diseases. Recent studies have revealed a large family of Regulators of G-protein Signaling (RGS) proteins as important endogenous regulators of GPCR signaling. RGS2 selectively regulates Galphaq/11 signaling, an essential cause of hypertension and ...
Ritz Eberhard E Universitat Erlangen, Medizinische Klinik IV, Erlangen, - - 2010
Hypertension is an important independent risk factor for renal disease. If hypertension and chronic renal disease co-exist, as is common in patients with diabetes mellitus, the risk of cardiovascular disease is heightened. The importance of rigorous blood pressure control is recognized in current guidelines, with a recommended target of office ...
Cunha R G RG Research and Development Institute, IP&D, Univap, Av. Shishima Hifumi, 2911, São José dos Campos, 12244-000, SP, Brazil. - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of mortality, not only in Brazil, but around the world. The use of acupuncture as a complementary and alternative treatment for cardiovascular diseases has been suggested for animals as well as human beings. Possible advantages in using acupuncture are the low cost of treatment ...
Lee Joon J Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, 45 Carleton Street, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA. - - 2010
In the intensive care unit (ICU), clinical staff must stay vigilant to promptly detect and treat hypotensive episodes (HEs). Given the stressful context of busy ICUs, an automated hypotensive risk stratifier can help ICU clinicians focus care and resources by prospectively identifying patients at increased risk of impending HEs. The ...
Paul Laura L British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2010
There is a linear relationship between resting heart rate (HR) and mortality in normotensive and untreated hypertensive individuals. However, it is not clear whether HR is a marker of increased risk in hypertensive patients on treatment. We investigated the relationship between HR and mortality in patients with hypertension. We analyzed ...
de Melo Renan Oliveira Vaz - - 2010
Albuminuria is well established as a cardiovascular and renal risk factor. This study aimed to analyze factors associated with this condition in 267 hypertensive individuals, stratified according to urinary albumin excretion (UAE) as: G1--130 individuals with normoalbuminuria (24-h UAE<20 μg/min); G2--113 with microalbuminuria (UAE between 20 and 200 μg/min); and ...
Keijzer-Veen Mandy G - - 2010
Children born very prematurely who show intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are suggested to be at risk of developing high blood pressure as adults. Renal function may already be impaired by young adult age. To study whether very preterm birth affects blood pressure in young adults, we measured 24-h ambulatory blood ...
Mendis Shanthi - - 2010
To evaluate a simple cardiovascular risk management package for assessing and managing cardiovascular risk using hypertension as an entry point in primary care facilities in low-resource settings. Two geographically distant regions in two countries (China and Nigeria) were selected and 10 pairs of primary care facilities in each region were ...
Hoffmeister Paul A PA Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue N., Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2010
A retrospective study was conducted to determine risk factors for the development of hypertension (HTN) and to describe the prevalence among long-term survivors of pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). Records of 689 pediatric patients who survived 5 years or more after HCT, from 1969 to 2004, were reviewed for development ...
Bijker Jilles B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypotension (IOH) is frequently associated with adverse outcome such as 1-yr mortality. However, there is no consensus on the correct definition of IOH. The authors studied a number of different definitions of IOH, based on blood pressure thresholds and minimal episode durations, and their association with 1-yr mortality ...
Beniwal Rajesh - - 2009
Carbon soot is produced in the process of diamond manufacture. Recent experimental and epidemiological studies have associated exposure to carbon nanoparticles with effects on cardiovascular system and blood cells. The objective of this study is to assess the cardiovascular effects consequent to chronic respiratory exposure of carbon soot. A cross-sectional ...
Lee Drew E - - 2009
In recent years, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been recognized as the most common cause of death in the world, accounting for 30% of all mortality, with a growing burden in developing countries. In 2000, it was estimated that 26% of the world's adult population (972 million individuals) had prevalent hypertension, ...
Dawood T - - 2009
Arterial hypertension represents a major cardiovascular epidemic in the developed and developing world. Projections out to 2025 suggest that up to 50% of the adult populations of Western countries will meet standard guideline definitions of hypertension and thus require therapeutic intervention both non-pharmacological or pharmacological. Hyper-tension is also a component ...
Midha Tanu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major contributor to the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Reports suggest that hypertension is rapidly increasing in developing countries like India. Non-communicable diseases are likely to overshadow infectious diseases in the coming years and pose a heavy strain on health budgets in our country. ...
Peralta Carmen A - - 2010
Vascular abnormalities may exist before clinical hypertension. Using Poisson regression, the authors studied the association of coronary artery calcium (CAC), common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), aortic distensibility, and large and small arterial elasticity with incident hypertension among 2,512 normotensive US adults free of cardiovascular disease. Incidence rate ratios for incident ...
Peters Mike J L - - 2010
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of heart failure and vascular events. Small increases in circulating N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are associated with an increased risk of a cardiovascular event, and high levels signal left ventricular dysfunction. Data on the effects of tumour necrosis factor alpha(TNFalpha) ...
Pimenta Eduardo - - 2010
The term prehypertension was coined in 1939 in the context of early studies that linked high blood pressure recorded during physical examination for life insurance purposes to subsequent morbidity and mortality. These studies demonstrated that individuals with blood pressure >120/80 mmHg, but <140/90 mmHg--the accepted value for the lower limit ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2009
Cardiovascular complications occurring in adults find their roots in risk factors operating early in life. Among the factors influencing cardiovascular risk, blood pressure values in children represent an important measurable marker of the level of potential cardiovascular risk later in life because the levels are both the cause and the ...
Kjeldsen S E - - 2010
Although angiotensin receptor blockers have different receptor binding properties no comparative studies with cardiovascular disease (CVD) end points have been performed within this class of drugs. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that there are blood pressure independent CVD-risk differences between losartan and candesartan treatment in ...
Tan Jiao-Rong - - 2010
Prehypertension is a risk factor for hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. However, the association between prehypertension and atherosclerosis in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been evaluated. In the present study, we investigated the impact of prehypertension on atherosclerosis in T2DM. Patients (n=930) with T2DM were recruited for the ...
Nesbitt Shawna D - - 2009
Three important principles have emerged from recent epidemiologic and clinical studies in hypertension. First, patients with hypertension most often have other cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and diabetes. Second, hypertension remains grossly undertreated. Third, at blood pressure levels once considered "high-normal," early organ damage may already be taking place ...
Kalaitzidis Rigas G - - 2009
Hypertension is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD have significant morbidity (ie, increased risk of CVD) and progression to end-stage renal disease. Increase in albuminuria over time to levels greater than 300 mg/d, in spite of blood pressure being at ...
Kagiyama Shuntaro - - 2009
Hypertension is one of the greatest risk factors for cardiovascular disease, but its contribution to cardiovascular mortality weakens with aging. We have previously demonstrated that at the age of 80, higher systolic blood pressure (SBP) is not correlated with increased mortality in Japan. However, we did not examine in detail ...
Di Rienzo Marco - - 2009
The cardiovascular system is composed of a variety of specialized subsystems that interact with each other under the influence of internal and external inputs, including central commands, reflex mechanisms, and humoral factors. The concomitant action of all these subsystems produces continuous adjustments in the cardiovascular variables (e.g., heart rate, heart ...
Eguchi Kazuo K Department of Cardiology, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, Nasushiobara, Japan. - - 2009
It has not been established whether nocturnal nondipping of heart rate (HR) predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD). We performed this study to test the hypothesis that nocturnal nondipping of HR predicts the risk of incident CVD independent of nocturnal blood pressure dipping pattern. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed in ...
Gu Qiuping - - 2010
Clinical trials have provided convincing evidence that blood pressure (BP) lowering treatment reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality. The objective of this study was to examine the association of hypertension treatment, control, and BP indexes with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among US adults with hypertension. Persons ...
Kappagoda C Tissa - - 2009
Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: An Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) was a placebo-controlled trial undertaken on "apparently healthy" subjects selected primarily on the basis of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations >or=2.0 mg/L. JUPITER showed that rosuvastatin reduced the incidence of cardiac events compared to a control group. ...
He Jiang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major global-health challenge because of its high prevalence and concomitant risks of cardiovascular disease. We estimated premature deaths attributable to increased blood pressure in China. METHODS: We did a prospective cohort study in a nationally representative sample of 169,871 Chinese adults aged 40 years and older. ...
Korhonen P??ivi E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an established risk factor for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), but the prevalence of this condition in hypertensive patients without comorbidities is unknown. METHODS: In this study, we assess the prevalence and factors associated with PAD, and the usefulness of ankle-brachial index (ABI) in evaluating cardiovascular risk in ...
Hampole Chetan V - - 2009
Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), a widely available biomarker, independently predicts adverse outcomes in left-sided heart failure. The relation between RDW and death in pulmonary hypertension (PH) is unknown. In a prospective study of 162 consecutive patients with PH, RDW was recorded during initial diagnostic right-sided cardiac catheterization, and ...
Pontier Dominique - - 2010
On oceanic islands, nest site availability can be an important factor regulating seabird population dynamics. The potential for birds to secure a nest to reproduce can be an important component of their life histories. The dates at which different seabird species arrive at colonies to breed will have important consequences ...
Resnick Barbara - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is particularly high among African American (AA) older adults, and these individuals are least likely to have access to CVD prevention activities. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of People Reducing Risk and Improving Strength through ...
Chazot Charles - - 2009
Hypertension prevalence is high in both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients. Among several possible mechanisms leading to hypertension in chronic kidney disease, the most important is the positive balance of sodium and accumulation of extracellular fluid causing cardiovascular remodeling. Hypertension may provoke de novo left ventricular hypertrophy and cardiac failure ...
Kurzius-Spencer Margaret M University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Community, Environment and Policy Division, Tucson, Arizona 85724, - - 2009
The objective of this study was to assess tracheobronchial protease inhibitor concentrations longitudinally and determine whether initial concentrations predict subsequent lung injury and mortality in intubated burn victims. Tracheobronchial suction fluid was collected every 2 hours for 36 hours. Alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT), secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (SLPI), alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), and cell ...
Panoulas Vasileios F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Even though hypertension (HT) is highly prevalent in RA, the extent of target organ damage (TOD) caused by it remains unknown. Inflammation and sympathetic overdrive may also associate with TOD. We investigated the prevalence and associations of TOD ...
Sawada Takahisa - - 2009
The objective was to assess the add-on effect of valsartan on top of the conventional treatment for high-risk hypertension in terms of the morbidity and mortality. The KYOTO HEART Study was of a multicentre, Prospective Randomised Open Blinded Endpoint (PROBE) design, and the primary endpoint was a composite of fatal ...
Boulware L Ebony LE Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, 2024 E. Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2009
Patients' views of their risk for the development or progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are poorly characterized. To assess perceived risk and concern regarding CKD development or progression among high-risk patients seen in primary care, identify predictors of perceptions, and correlate perceptions with adherence to high blood pressure management. ...
Lorenzo Carlos - - 2009
Prehypertension increases mortality risk. Pulse pressure is also associated with increased mortality. Nevertheless, the impact of pulse pressure on the relationship between prehypertension and mortality is not known in individuals who are free of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Cox regression analysis was used to examine mortality risk among 3,632 (97.0%) ...
Kauhanen L L Department of Public Health, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, PO Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland. - - 2010
Previous research has suggested that dehydration in infancy may lead to high blood pressure in later life because of sodium retention. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of poor hygiene of the child, poor social and poor housing conditions at home and diarrhoea in childhood as ...
Rudic R Daniel RD Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 1120 15th St., Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912, USA. - - 2009
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death. The "silent" rise of blood pressure that occurs over time is largely asymptomatic. However, its impact is deafening-causing and exacerbating cardiovascular disease, end-organ damage, and death. The present article addresses recent observations from human and animal studies that provide ...
McCabe Marita P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has examined costs associated with progressive neurological illnesses, but has not examined predictors of economic pressure, or quality of life (QOL). The aim of the current study was to examine the predictors of both economic pressure and QOL among people with a range of progressive neurological illness. ...
Estes Maurice G MG - - 2009
Urbanization has been correlated with hypertension (HTN) in developing countries undergoing rapid economic and environmental transitions. We examined the relationships among living environment (urban, suburban, and rural), day/night land surface temperatures (LST), and blood pressure in selected regions from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort. ...
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