Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1597
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Tsubota-Utsugi M - - 2011
We investigate associations of fruit and vegetable intake with the risk of future hypertension using home blood pressure in a general population from Ohasama, Japan. We obtained data from 745 residents aged 35 years without home hypertension at baseline. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 141-item food frequency questionnaire, ...
Kamoi Kyuzi - - 2010
Previous cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that blood pressure measurements at home (HBP) in the morning display stronger predictive power for micro- and macrovascular complications in type 1 and 2 diabetic patients than casual/clinic blood pressure (CBP) measurements. This longitudinal study investigated which of these measurements offers stronger predictive power for ...
Wiik Benedicte P - - 2010
It is unclear whether serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with development of new-onset diabetes (NOD) in patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The aim of the present investigation was to test the hypothesis that SUA predicts development of NOD in these patients. In the Losartan Intervention For ...
An Mao Mao - - 2010
Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting vascular endothelial growth factor. The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the overall incidence and risk of significantly raised blood pressure in cancer patients who receive bevacizumab therapy. We performed a meta-analysis of relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Saguner Ardan M - - 2010
Current knowledge about risk factors promoting hypertensive crisis originates from retrospective data. Therefore, potential risk factors of hypertensive crisis were assessed in a prospective longitudinal study. Eighty-nine patients of the medical outpatient unit at the University Hospital of Bern (Bern, Switzerland) with previously diagnosed hypertension participated in this study. At ...
Dieterle Thomas - - 2010
Cardiovascular risk (CVR) stratification in patients with arterial hypertension is essential. Few data are available on CVR factors (CVRFs), hypertensive target organ damage (TOD) and overall CVR in medical outpatients with newly detected arterial hypertension. General medical patients entering the Medical Outpatient Department of the University Hospital Basel, Switzerland, were ...
Jiang Jiehui - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP, hypertension) is a leading chronic condition in China and has become the main risk factor for many high-risk diseases, such as heart attacks. However, the platform for chronic disease measurement and management is still lacking, especially for underserved Chinese. To achieve the early diagnosis of hypertension, ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2010
Cardiovascular complications occurring in adults find their roots in risk factors operating early in life. Among the factors influencing cardiovascular risk, blood pressure values in children represent an important measurable marker of the level of potential cardiovascular risk later in life because the levels are both the cause and the ...
Chalmers John - - 2010
Routine blood pressure lowering with the fixed combination of perindopril and indapamide in 11,140 patients with type 2 diabetes was very well tolerated and produced substantial benefits in reducing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, the primary combined outcome of macro- or microvascular events, total coronary events, and total renal events, as ...
Jissho Satoshi - - 2010
Electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and the incidence of LVH increases with age. However, few studies have assessed risks associated with LVH in elderly hypertensive patients. The Japanese Trial to Assess Optimal Systolic Blood Pressure in Elderly Hypertensive Patients (JATOS) was conducted ...
Shimbo Daichi D Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2010
Hypertension is associated with impaired endothelial function in cross-sectional studies. However, few longitudinal data exist on whether endothelial dysfunction precedes the development of hypertension. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between endothelial-dependent brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and hypertension prevalence and incidence in 3500 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study ...
Vaidya Dhananjay - - 2010
Any combination of metabolic abnormalities may constitute the metabolic syndrome (MetS), conferring coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, but the independent effect of different combinations on CAD onset remains unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS" Healthy adult siblings (n = 987) of premature CAD (<60 years) case subjects were followed for 9.8 ...
de Ramirez S Stewart - - 2010
Substantial evidence suggests an increasing burden of hypertension (HTN) in urban sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, data on HTN prevalence in rural SSA are sparse. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated magnitude and correlates of HTN in rural SSA. Study participants (N=1485), 18 years and above, were selected using a stratified ...
Nagy G - - 2011
According to previous studies endogenous ouabain (EO) closely correlates with high blood pressure, congestive heart failure and kidney disease in humans. Our aims were to analyse associations between plasma, urinary EO level and various markers of cardiovascular damage in treated hypertensive patients. Forty-one adult patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus ...
Jankowich Matthew D - - 2010
Individuals with impaired lung function have an elevated risk of cardiovascular events. Improved understanding of the factors associated with increased cardiovascular risk in the setting of lung function impairment is needed. We set out to determine in a nationwide population-based cohort whether impaired lung function as measured by forced expiratory ...
Li Yan - - 2010
Previous studies on the prognostic significance of the morning blood pressure surge (MS) produced inconsistent results. Using the International Database on Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcome, we analyzed 5645 subjects (mean age: 53.0 years; 54.0% women) randomly recruited in 8 countries. The sleep-through and the preawakening MS ...
Vlachopoulos Charalambos - - 2010
To calculate robust quantitative estimates on the predictive value of central pressures and derived central haemodynamic indices for cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and all-cause mortality by meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. We meta-analysed 11 longitudinal studies that had employed measures of central haemodynamics and had followed 5648 subjects for a mean follow-up ...
Pongwecharak Juraporn - - 2010
To identify subjects with pre-hypertension and elevated cardiovascular risk factors in a community pharmacy and to assess their readiness to adopt lifestyle changes. An accredited community pharmacy in Songkla province, Thailand. Subjects aged >or= 35 years old and reporting no hypertension or other cardiovascular disease were included. Blood pressure was ...
Plavcová Eva - - 2010
The study examines the relationship between sudden changes in weather conditions in summer, represented by (1) sudden air temperature changes, (2) sudden atmospheric pressure changes, and (3) passages of strong atmospheric fronts; and variations in daily mortality in the population of the Czech Republic. The events are selected from data ...
Kivimäki Mika M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, WC1E 6BT London, UK. - - 2010
Records of repeated examinations of blood pressure are increasingly available for primary care patients, but the use of this information in predicting incident hypertension remains unclear, because cohort studies with repeat blood pressure monitoring are rare. We compared the incremental value of using data on blood pressure history to a ...
Rioux Christine L - - 2010
Traffic exposure may increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk via systemic inflammation and elevated blood pressure, two important clinical markers for managing disease progression. We assessed degree and consistency of association between traffic exposure indicators as predictors of C-reactive protein (CRP) and pulse pressure (PP) in an adult U.S. Puerto Rican ...
Tanabe Yusuke - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether retinal arteriolar narrowing, possibly reflecting peripheral arteriolar vasoconstriction, predicts risk of hypertension in Japanese persons. METHODS: The Funagata study is a population-based cohort study of Japanese aged 35+ years. Baseline examinations were conducted in 2000-2002 among 1058 persons without hypertension. Of these, 581 persons (55%) returned ...
Tobe Sheldon - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To follow blood pressure change over time in participants who had participated in a 1- year chronic disease management program focused on blood pressure reduction. The expectation was that blood pressure would return back to the baseline once the study was completed. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-arm observational study. METHODS: ...
Yoshida Masanobu - - 2010
Although insulin resistance (IR) is thought to be related to vascular dysfunction, the difference in the relationship of IR to microvasculature and macrovasculature reactivity has not yet been clarified. The present study was conducted to clarify whether the IR is more closely related to the macrovasculature reactivity (flow-mediated vasodilatation of ...
Chaix Basile - - 2010
Recent studies have started to suggest that, beyond effects of individual socioeconomic profiles, socioeconomic characteristics of residential neighborhoods are independently associated with blood pressure. However, mechanisms involved in these associations remain unknown. To distinguish between different mechanisms, we investigated whether specific risk factors of hypertension (physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, smoking, ...
Yang Jianmin - - 2010
Shandong Province is located in the east of China. The province is characterized by robust economic development, with a rural population accounting for 56% of the total population. However, no data are available regarding temporal changes in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among this population. Three independent ...
Alonso Alvaro A Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2010
Greater phosphorus intake has been associated with lower levels of blood pressure in cross-sectional studies. This association, however, has not been assessed prospectively. We studied 13 444 participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, with diet assessed at baseline using validated food frequency ...
Yasuda Miho - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and its systemic relevant factors in a general Japanese population aged 40 years or older. METHODS: In 1998, 1775 Hisayama residents consented to participate in the study. Each participant underwent a comprehensive examination that included ophthalmic testing. RVO was determined ...
Delaney Joseph A C - - 2010
Previous longitudinal cohort studies have suggested an association between baseline depressive symptoms and incident hypertension. We assessed this possible association using data from the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a population-based prospective cohort study of 6814 US adults from 4 different racial/ethnic groups. Baseline users of antihypertensive medications and participants lost ...
Mickevicius A - - 2010
To analyze patients suffering from penetrating colon injuries management, clinical outcomes and factors, which predict higher morbidity and complications rate. this was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from patients with injured colon from 1995 to 2008. Age, time till operation, systolic blood pressure, part of injured colon, fecal ...
Liu Hueiming - - 2010
The Kanyini Guidelines Adherence with the Polypill (Kanyini-GAP) Study aims to examine whether a polypill-based strategy (using a single capsule containing aspirin, a statin and two blood pressure-lowering agents) amongst Indigenous and non-Indigenous people at high risk of experiencing a cardiovascular event will improve adherence to guideline-indicated therapies, and lower ...
Virdis A - - 2010
Cigarette smoking is a powerful cardiovascular risk factor and smoking cessation is the single most effective lifestyle measure for the prevention of a large number of cardiovascular diseases. Impairment of endothelial function, arterial stiffness, inflammation, lipid modification as well as an alteration of antithrombotic and prothrombotic factors are smoking-related major ...
Ohya Masaki - - 2010
Vascular calcification is a feature of arteriosclerosis and in hemodialysis (HD) patients it may be severe, even at a relatively young age, and is closely related to the overall prognosis. We used the aortic calcification area index (ACAI), derived from the aortic calcification index (ACI), to evaluate and analyze the ...
Chen Chun-Chieh - - 2010
PURPOSE: Professional bus drivers are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, but the underlying causes are unclear. Professional bus drivers often follow shift schedules. Especially, an association between shift work and early manifestations of cardiovascular disease has not been elucidated. Thus we investigated the links between shift work and arteriosclerosis ...
Ginter E - - 2010
Garlic is an important component in the complementary and alternative medicine. Large segments of population believe in and utilize herbal products even when these have not been as thoroughly researched as garlic. Experimental and clinical studies confirm that the ancient experience with beneficial effects of garlic holds validity even in ...
Mosnaim Aron D - - 2010
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is regarded as a decrease primarily in systolic blood pressure on changing position from supine to erect. Based on clinical criteria, it is characterized by a decrease in systolic pressure of 20 mmHg and diastolic pressure of 10 mmHg within 1 to 3 minutes of standing after ...
Hern?ndez-Hern?ndez Rafael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding hypertension, treatment, and control in urban population of Latin America. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare blood pressure (BP) distribution, hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control in seven Latin American cities following standard methodology. METHODS: The Cardiovascular Risk Factor Multiple Evaluation in Latin America (CARMELA) study ...
Odahara Tsutomu - - 2010
To assess the usefulness of the Laboratory of Physical Science (LOPS) protocol for detecting exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response as a risk factor for future hypertension when controlling for work and personal factors. Subjects were 815 healthy normotensive men (mean age, 43.1 ± 6.76 yr; range, 29-64 yr) who participated ...
Yamori Yukio - - 2010
Since taurine (T) administration was proven to decrease blood pressure (BP) and stroke mortality in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertension rates (SHRSP) in the 1980's and our WHO-coordinated CARDIAC (Cardiovascular Diseases and Alimentary Comparison) Study demonstrated that among 5 diet-related factors, namely total cholesterol (T-Cho), body mass index (BMI), sodium (Na), magnesium ...
Rodríguez-Salceda Isidro - - 2010
High blood pressure (HBP) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). European hypertension and cardiology societies as well as expert committees on CVD prevention recommend stratifying cardiovascular risk using the SCORE method, the modification of lifestyles to prevent CVD, and achieving good control over risk factors. The EDUCORE ...
Tsang Sharon - - 2010
Alteration of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling is a salient feature of hypertension and the associated heart diseases. Recent studies have revealed a large family of Regulators of G-protein Signaling (RGS) proteins as important endogenous regulators of GPCR signaling. RGS2 selectively regulates Galphaq/11 signaling, an essential cause of hypertension and ...
Lee Joon - - 2010
In the intensive care unit (ICU), clinical staff must stay vigilant to promptly detect and treat hypotensive episodes (HEs). Given the stressful context of busy ICUs, an automated hypotensive risk stratifier can help ICU clinicians focus care and resources by prospectively identifying patients at increased risk of impending HEs. The ...
Ritz Eberhard E Universitat Erlangen, Medizinische Klinik IV, Erlangen, - - 2010
Hypertension is an important independent risk factor for renal disease. If hypertension and chronic renal disease co-exist, as is common in patients with diabetes mellitus, the risk of cardiovascular disease is heightened. The importance of rigorous blood pressure control is recognized in current guidelines, with a recommended target of office ...
Cunha R G RG Research and Development Institute, IP&D, Univap, Av. Shishima Hifumi, 2911, São José dos Campos, 12244-000, SP, Brazil. - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of mortality, not only in Brazil, but around the world. The use of acupuncture as a complementary and alternative treatment for cardiovascular diseases has been suggested for animals as well as human beings. Possible advantages in using acupuncture are the low cost of treatment ...
Paul Laura L British Heart Foundation Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2010
There is a linear relationship between resting heart rate (HR) and mortality in normotensive and untreated hypertensive individuals. However, it is not clear whether HR is a marker of increased risk in hypertensive patients on treatment. We investigated the relationship between HR and mortality in patients with hypertension. We analyzed ...
de Melo Renan Oliveira Vaz - - 2010
Albuminuria is well established as a cardiovascular and renal risk factor. This study aimed to analyze factors associated with this condition in 267 hypertensive individuals, stratified according to urinary albumin excretion (UAE) as: G1--130 individuals with normoalbuminuria (24-h UAE<20 μg/min); G2--113 with microalbuminuria (UAE between 20 and 200 μg/min); and ...
Keijzer-Veen Mandy G - - 2010
Children born very prematurely who show intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) are suggested to be at risk of developing high blood pressure as adults. Renal function may already be impaired by young adult age. To study whether very preterm birth affects blood pressure in young adults, we measured 24-h ambulatory blood ...
Mendis Shanthi - - 2010
To evaluate a simple cardiovascular risk management package for assessing and managing cardiovascular risk using hypertension as an entry point in primary care facilities in low-resource settings. Two geographically distant regions in two countries (China and Nigeria) were selected and 10 pairs of primary care facilities in each region were ...
Hoffmeister Paul A - - 2010
A retrospective study was conducted to determine risk factors for the development of hypertension (HTN) and to describe the prevalence among long-term survivors of pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). Records of 689 pediatric patients who survived 5 years or more after HCT, from 1969 to 2004, were reviewed for development ...
Bijker Jilles B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypotension (IOH) is frequently associated with adverse outcome such as 1-yr mortality. However, there is no consensus on the correct definition of IOH. The authors studied a number of different definitions of IOH, based on blood pressure thresholds and minimal episode durations, and their association with 1-yr mortality ...
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