Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1615
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Kobori Hiroyuki H Hypertension and Renal Center of Excellence, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112-2699, USA. - - 2010
The Bogalusa Heart Study is a long-term study on cardiovascular disease and has followed a biracial (black/white) population from childhood. Risk factor data pertaining to many patients have been collected over 35 years, and the time course of hypertension has been documented by repeated examinations and measurements. Considerable sex and ...
Manisty Charlotte - - 2010
This study investigated whether wave reflection measured by wave intensity analysis predicts future cardiovascular events in individuals with hypertension and sought to establish whether this relationship is independent of other cardiovascular risk factors and is associated with evidence of increased load on the left ventricle. Wave reflection may impose an ...
Benza Raymond L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Factors that determine survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) drive clinical management. A quantitative survival prediction tool has not been established for research or clinical use. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 2716 patients with PAH enrolled consecutively in the US Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-Term PAH Disease Management ...
Farahnak P - - 2010
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. The extent of cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with mild-asymptomatic disease is unclear. Using sensitive echocardiographic methods, we compared cardiac structure and function in patients with mild PHPT and in healthy controls, and evaluated the changes after parathyroidectomy (PTX). In a prospective case-control ...
Houston Mark C - - 2010
Macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies are very common in the general population, and may be even more common in patients with hypertension and cardiovascular disease due to genetic and environmental causes, and prescription drug use. Vascular biology assumes a pivotal role in the initiation and perpetuation of hypertension and target organ ...
Ishikawa Joji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Excess visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is considered to be a component in metabolic syndrome, an accumulation of cardiovascular risk factors that includes increased blood pressure; however, there are no previous data showing an association between increases in the VAT-subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) ratio and difficult-to-treat hypertension. METHODS: In 572 ...
Grassi Davide - - 2010
Cocoa flavonoids are able to reduce cardiovascular risk by improving endothelial function and decreasing blood pressure (BP). Interest in the biological activities of cocoa is daily increasing. A recent meta-analysis shows flavanol-rich cocoa administration decreases mean systolic (-4.5mm Hg; p<0.001) and diastolic (-2.5mm Hg; p<0.001) BP. A 3-mm Hg systolic ...
Tjugen Trygve B - - 2010
Five decades ago, hypertension was a debated risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. After further studies and the introduction of antihypertensive medications, few, if any, have doubted the important role hypertension plays as a cardiovascular risk factor. Today, a growing body of evidence emphasizes the relationship between heart ...
Ozdogan Oner - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography provides insight to the management of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and might be valuable in assessing the prognosis. We evaluated the predictive value of echocardiography along with clinical findings in a low-risk hemodialysis (HD) population who had been treated with strict salt restriction strategy for blood pressure control. ...
Nieburg Ingegerd - - 2010
The awareness and control of cardiovascular risk factors other than blood pressure in hypertensive subjects in primary healthcare is not well described. This was examined by data extraction from electronic records from a random sample (115 women and 85 men) corresponding to two-thirds of all hypertensive subjects within a well-defined ...
Carnethon Mercedes R - - 2010
Fitness and physical activity are each inversely associated with the development of hypertension. We tested whether fitness and physical activity were independently associated with the 20-year incidence of hypertension in 4618 men and women. Hypertension was determined in participants who had systolic blood pressure >or=140 mm Hg or diastolic blood ...
Gallagher Hugh - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a relatively recently recognised condition. People with CKD are much more likely to suffer from cardiovascular events than progress to established renal failure. Controlling systolic blood pressure should slow the progression of disease and reduce mortality and morbidity. However, no systematic review has been conducted ...
Litscher Gerhard - - 2010
Skiing is a very popular sport in Austria. Nevertheless, there is little information concerning online monitoring of bio-signals during alpine skiing in the mountains. Within the last years innovative scientific monitoring tools for evaluating features of neurocardial fitness have been developed. The goal of this study was to demonstrate the ...
Sahakyan Karine K Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53726, USA. - - 2010
Data from longitudinal studies suggest that biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are associated with development of hypertension. None of these studies have examined the association of these markers with hypertension risk in persons with diabetes. We examined the associations of inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers with long-term hypertension incidence ...
Larstorp A C K - - 2011
The predictive value of changes in the severity of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) during antihypertensive therapy remains unclear in isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). In a Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension substudy, we included 1320 patients aged 54-83 years with systolic blood pressure (BP) of 160-200 mm Hg, diastolic BP ...
Wilson Andrew M AM Falk Cardiovascular Research Institute, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, - - 2010
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with major cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Abnormalities in nitric oxide metabolism due to excess of the NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) may be pathogenic in PAD. We explored the association between ADMA levels and markers of atherosclerosis, function, and prognosis. A total of ...
Westhoff T H - - 2011
Hypertension is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, which is generally regarded as a consequence of advanced cerebral atherosclerosis. Many hypertensive patients, however, suffer from cognitive decline long before they have any signs of cerebrovascular disease. Therefore, this study examines direct effects of blood pressure on neurotransmitter status ...
Zhu K Y - - 2011
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) can be known as a class of diseases which affect different parts of the cardiovascular system such as the heart or blood vessels. Hemodynamic signals are an important tool used by doctors to diagnose the type of CVD occurred in a patient. Diagnosing the correct type of ...
Tsubota-Utsugi M - - 2011
We investigate associations of fruit and vegetable intake with the risk of future hypertension using home blood pressure in a general population from Ohasama, Japan. We obtained data from 745 residents aged 35 years without home hypertension at baseline. Dietary intake was measured using a validated 141-item food frequency questionnaire, ...
Kamoi Kyuzi - - 2010
Previous cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that blood pressure measurements at home (HBP) in the morning display stronger predictive power for micro- and macrovascular complications in type 1 and 2 diabetic patients than casual/clinic blood pressure (CBP) measurements. This longitudinal study investigated which of these measurements offers stronger predictive power for ...
Wiik Benedicte P - - 2010
It is unclear whether serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with development of new-onset diabetes (NOD) in patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). The aim of the present investigation was to test the hypothesis that SUA predicts development of NOD in these patients. In the Losartan Intervention For ...
An Mao Mao - - 2010
Bevacizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting vascular endothelial growth factor. The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of the overall incidence and risk of significantly raised blood pressure in cancer patients who receive bevacizumab therapy. We performed a meta-analysis of relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Saguner Ardan M - - 2010
Current knowledge about risk factors promoting hypertensive crisis originates from retrospective data. Therefore, potential risk factors of hypertensive crisis were assessed in a prospective longitudinal study. Eighty-nine patients of the medical outpatient unit at the University Hospital of Bern (Bern, Switzerland) with previously diagnosed hypertension participated in this study. At ...
Dieterle Thomas - - 2010
Cardiovascular risk (CVR) stratification in patients with arterial hypertension is essential. Few data are available on CVR factors (CVRFs), hypertensive target organ damage (TOD) and overall CVR in medical outpatients with newly detected arterial hypertension. General medical patients entering the Medical Outpatient Department of the University Hospital Basel, Switzerland, were ...
Jiang Jiehui - - 2010
High blood pressure (BP, hypertension) is a leading chronic condition in China and has become the main risk factor for many high-risk diseases, such as heart attacks. However, the platform for chronic disease measurement and management is still lacking, especially for underserved Chinese. To achieve the early diagnosis of hypertension, ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2010
Cardiovascular complications occurring in adults find their roots in risk factors operating early in life. Among the factors influencing cardiovascular risk, blood pressure values in children represent an important measurable marker of the level of potential cardiovascular risk later in life because the levels are both the cause and the ...
Chalmers John - - 2010
Routine blood pressure lowering with the fixed combination of perindopril and indapamide in 11,140 patients with type 2 diabetes was very well tolerated and produced substantial benefits in reducing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, the primary combined outcome of macro- or microvascular events, total coronary events, and total renal events, as ...
Jissho Satoshi - - 2010
Electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and the incidence of LVH increases with age. However, few studies have assessed risks associated with LVH in elderly hypertensive patients. The Japanese Trial to Assess Optimal Systolic Blood Pressure in Elderly Hypertensive Patients (JATOS) was conducted ...
Shimbo Daichi D Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2010
Hypertension is associated with impaired endothelial function in cross-sectional studies. However, few longitudinal data exist on whether endothelial dysfunction precedes the development of hypertension. We examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between endothelial-dependent brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and hypertension prevalence and incidence in 3500 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study ...
Vaidya Dhananjay - - 2010
Any combination of metabolic abnormalities may constitute the metabolic syndrome (MetS), conferring coronary artery disease (CAD) risk, but the independent effect of different combinations on CAD onset remains unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS" Healthy adult siblings (n = 987) of premature CAD (<60 years) case subjects were followed for 9.8 ...
de Ramirez S Stewart - - 2010
Substantial evidence suggests an increasing burden of hypertension (HTN) in urban sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, data on HTN prevalence in rural SSA are sparse. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated magnitude and correlates of HTN in rural SSA. Study participants (N=1485), 18 years and above, were selected using a stratified ...
Nagy G - - 2011
According to previous studies endogenous ouabain (EO) closely correlates with high blood pressure, congestive heart failure and kidney disease in humans. Our aims were to analyse associations between plasma, urinary EO level and various markers of cardiovascular damage in treated hypertensive patients. Forty-one adult patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus ...
Jankowich Matthew D - - 2010
Individuals with impaired lung function have an elevated risk of cardiovascular events. Improved understanding of the factors associated with increased cardiovascular risk in the setting of lung function impairment is needed. We set out to determine in a nationwide population-based cohort whether impaired lung function as measured by forced expiratory ...
Li Yan - - 2010
Previous studies on the prognostic significance of the morning blood pressure surge (MS) produced inconsistent results. Using the International Database on Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcome, we analyzed 5645 subjects (mean age: 53.0 years; 54.0% women) randomly recruited in 8 countries. The sleep-through and the preawakening MS ...
Vlachopoulos Charalambos - - 2010
To calculate robust quantitative estimates on the predictive value of central pressures and derived central haemodynamic indices for cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and all-cause mortality by meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. We meta-analysed 11 longitudinal studies that had employed measures of central haemodynamics and had followed 5648 subjects for a mean follow-up ...
Pongwecharak Juraporn - - 2010
To identify subjects with pre-hypertension and elevated cardiovascular risk factors in a community pharmacy and to assess their readiness to adopt lifestyle changes. An accredited community pharmacy in Songkla province, Thailand. Subjects aged >or= 35 years old and reporting no hypertension or other cardiovascular disease were included. Blood pressure was ...
Plavcová Eva - - 2010
The study examines the relationship between sudden changes in weather conditions in summer, represented by (1) sudden air temperature changes, (2) sudden atmospheric pressure changes, and (3) passages of strong atmospheric fronts; and variations in daily mortality in the population of the Czech Republic. The events are selected from data ...
Kivimäki Mika M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, WC1E 6BT London, UK. - - 2010
Records of repeated examinations of blood pressure are increasingly available for primary care patients, but the use of this information in predicting incident hypertension remains unclear, because cohort studies with repeat blood pressure monitoring are rare. We compared the incremental value of using data on blood pressure history to a ...
Rioux Christine L CL Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts 02155 , USA. - - 2010
Traffic exposure may increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk via systemic inflammation and elevated blood pressure, two important clinical markers for managing disease progression. We assessed degree and consistency of association between traffic exposure indicators as predictors of C-reactive protein (CRP) and pulse pressure (PP) in an adult U.S. Puerto Rican ...
Tanabe Yusuke - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether retinal arteriolar narrowing, possibly reflecting peripheral arteriolar vasoconstriction, predicts risk of hypertension in Japanese persons. METHODS: The Funagata study is a population-based cohort study of Japanese aged 35+ years. Baseline examinations were conducted in 2000-2002 among 1058 persons without hypertension. Of these, 581 persons (55%) returned ...
Tobe Sheldon - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To follow blood pressure change over time in participants who had participated in a 1- year chronic disease management program focused on blood pressure reduction. The expectation was that blood pressure would return back to the baseline once the study was completed. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-arm observational study. METHODS: ...
Yoshida Masanobu - - 2010
Although insulin resistance (IR) is thought to be related to vascular dysfunction, the difference in the relationship of IR to microvasculature and macrovasculature reactivity has not yet been clarified. The present study was conducted to clarify whether the IR is more closely related to the macrovasculature reactivity (flow-mediated vasodilatation of ...
Chaix Basile - - 2010
Recent studies have started to suggest that, beyond effects of individual socioeconomic profiles, socioeconomic characteristics of residential neighborhoods are independently associated with blood pressure. However, mechanisms involved in these associations remain unknown. To distinguish between different mechanisms, we investigated whether specific risk factors of hypertension (physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, smoking, ...
Yang Jianmin - - 2010
Shandong Province is located in the east of China. The province is characterized by robust economic development, with a rural population accounting for 56% of the total population. However, no data are available regarding temporal changes in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among this population. Three independent ...
Alonso Alvaro A Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd St, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. - - 2010
Greater phosphorus intake has been associated with lower levels of blood pressure in cross-sectional studies. This association, however, has not been assessed prospectively. We studied 13 444 participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, with diet assessed at baseline using validated food frequency ...
Yasuda Miho - - 2010
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and its systemic relevant factors in a general Japanese population aged 40 years or older. METHODS: In 1998, 1775 Hisayama residents consented to participate in the study. Each participant underwent a comprehensive examination that included ophthalmic testing. RVO was determined ...
Delaney Joseph A C - - 2010
Previous longitudinal cohort studies have suggested an association between baseline depressive symptoms and incident hypertension. We assessed this possible association using data from the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a population-based prospective cohort study of 6814 US adults from 4 different racial/ethnic groups. Baseline users of antihypertensive medications and participants lost ...
Mickevicius A - - 2010
To analyze patients suffering from penetrating colon injuries management, clinical outcomes and factors, which predict higher morbidity and complications rate. this was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from patients with injured colon from 1995 to 2008. Age, time till operation, systolic blood pressure, part of injured colon, fecal ...
Liu Hueiming - - 2010
The Kanyini Guidelines Adherence with the Polypill (Kanyini-GAP) Study aims to examine whether a polypill-based strategy (using a single capsule containing aspirin, a statin and two blood pressure-lowering agents) amongst Indigenous and non-Indigenous people at high risk of experiencing a cardiovascular event will improve adherence to guideline-indicated therapies, and lower ...
Virdis A - - 2010
Cigarette smoking is a powerful cardiovascular risk factor and smoking cessation is the single most effective lifestyle measure for the prevention of a large number of cardiovascular diseases. Impairment of endothelial function, arterial stiffness, inflammation, lipid modification as well as an alteration of antithrombotic and prothrombotic factors are smoking-related major ...
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