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Brook Robert D - - 2011
Background Higher ambient fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) levels can be associated with increased blood pressure and vascular dysfunction. Objectives To determine the differential effects on blood pressure and vascular function of daily changes in community ambient- versus personal-level PM(2.5) measurements. Methods Cardiovascular outcomes included vascular tone and function and blood ...
Carlberg Bo - - 2010
For the aging populations of Europe, many emerging health problems in addition to myocardial infarction and stroke are associated with hypertension. Recently, the role of hypertension in the risk of vascular cognitive impairment and dementia has been highlighted, and there are studies to show that control of hypertension may slow ...
Rezaii S A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic importance of positive exercise treadmill test (ETT) in predicting coronary artery disease (CAD) among asymptomatic population based on coronary angiographic findings. The comparative study was conducted on a sample of over 60-year-old asymptomatic and symptomatic patients referred to our clinics ...
Aggarwal Brooke - - 2010
Blood pressure and cholesterol reduction have proven effective to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, yet adherence to medical therapy is suboptimal and contributing factors to non-adherence are not well-established. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of non-adherence to blood pressure and cholesterol-lowering medications in ...
Kshirsagar Abhijit V - - 2010
Determining which demographic and medical variables predict the development of hypertension could help clinicians stratify risk in both prehypertensive and nonhypertensive persons. Subject-level data from 2 community-based biracial cohorts were combined to ascertain the relationship between baseline characteristics and incident hypertension. Hypertension, defined as diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg, ...
Imig John D - - 2010
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are synthesized from arachidonic acid and EETs have a number of beneficial cardiovascular actions. This has led to the concept that EETs and its metabolic pathway can be therapeutically targeted for hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. One approach has been to prevent the conversion of EETs to ...
Smith Pete - - 2010
A key challenge for humanity is how a future global population of 9 billion can all be fed healthily and sustainably. Here, we review how competition for land is influenced by other drivers and pressures, examine land-use change over the past 20 years and consider future changes over the next ...
Parissis John T - - 2010
Acute pulmonary oedema (APE) is the second, after acutely decompensated chronic heart failure (ADHF), most frequent form of acute heart failure (AHF). This subanalysis examines the clinical profile, prognostic factors, and management of APE patients (n = 1820, 36.7%) included in the Acute Heart Failure Global Survey of Standard Treatment ...
Chughtai Haroon L - - 2010
Fat in the renal sinus (RS), a region of the kidney in which low pressure venous and lymphatic vessels are present, may indirectly influence blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between RS fat and control of blood pressure on receipt of antihypertensive medications. A ...
Khandanpour Nader - - 2011
The association between novel atherosclerotic risk biomarkers and severity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was assessed. Patients (n = 133) with PAD were recruited. Established risk biomarkers including low- and high-density cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood pressure were measured. Novel risk biomarkers including plasma C-reactive protein, von Willebrand factor (vWF), interleukin ...
Benvenuto Luke J - - 2011
Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is the failure of cardiovascular reflexes to maintain blood pressure on standing from a supine or sitting position. Although OH may cause symptoms of dizziness or syncope, asymptomatic OH (AOH) is far more common and is an independent risk factor for mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The ...
Liao Joshua - - 2010
The effective optimization of the modifiable risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis is the cornerstone preventive cardiology. Risk factor clustering has been demonstrated to occur in a higher prevalence than would be expected by chance alone. The common cardiovascular risk factors frequently share metabolic pathways. Inflammation and oxidative stress ...
Kovács Katalin Réka - - 2010
Hypertensive (HT) patients are at higher risk of cognitive decline than normotensive individuals, because high blood pressure is a risk factor for mild cognitive deterioration. In this study cardio- and cerebrovascular reactivity along with cognitive performance was assessed on newly diagnosed HT patients. Diagnosis of hypertension was based on international ...
Poręba Rafał - - 2010
The chronic exposure to lead represents a risk factor of arterial hypertension development. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is the most prognostically reliable method of measuring of arterial blood pressure. The study is aimed at evaluating the relationship between occupational exposure to lead and manifestation of cardiovascular complications in patients with ...
Corona Giovanni - - 2011
Pulse pressure (PP; i.e., the arithmetic difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure) has been suggested to be an independent cardiovascular risk (CV) factor in the general population. We previously also reported a negative association between PP and arteriogenic erectile dysfunction (ED). This finding has recently been questioned. To verify ...
Kim Jihye - - 2010
In Western countries, sleep deprivation has been reported to elevate blood pressure. Here, we examined whether this association is true also for an Asian population. The study sample comprised 5,393 Korean adults aged 19-99 years who had participated in the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Hypertension was ...
Kanno Atsuhiro - - 2010
Masked hypertension (MHT) is considered to be associated with organ damage, whereas the association of white-coat hypertension (WCHT) with organ damage remains controversial. Using home blood pressure measurements, we have previously reported that MHT is associated with a risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared with sustained normal blood pressure ...
Tighe Paula - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Three daily portions of whole-grain foods could lower cardiovascular disease risk, but a comprehensive intervention trial was needed to confirm this recommendation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effects of consumption of 3 daily portions of whole-grain foods (provided as only wheat or a mixture of wheat and oats) ...
Schillaci Giuseppe - - 2010
Spontaneous fluctuations of blood pressure from visit to visit have usually been disregarded as a trivial factor that confounds the 'true' associations of an individual's long-term average blood pressure with disease. The paper under evaluation shows that visit-to-visit blood pressure variability is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events in ...
Kinrade Noel P - - 2010
Items from the Reinvestment Scale were modified to create a decision-specific version of the scale. Principal components analysis of responses from 165 participants revealed one-, two-, three-, and four-factor solutions for the Decision-Specific Reinvestment Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis of responses from a second sample of 111 participants revealed that a ...
Aizawa Kunihiko - - 2010
We assessed 17 middle-aged and older individuals (58.0 +/- 7.9 years, 7 females) at risk for cardiovascular disease regarding: (1) Whether carotid artery stiffness (cAS) would be reduced with a 1-year lifestyle modification program, (2) to what degree cAS would return following washout (mean of 26.9 +/- 4.0 months) from ...
Aronson Solomon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Few data support an association between blood pressure variability and clinical outcomes during cardiac surgery. We tested the hypothesis that intraoperative systolic blood pressure variability outside a targeted blood pressure range predicts 30-day mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Electronically captured blood pressure data from 7,504 consecutive coronary ...
Brunelli Alessandro - - 2010
Practical risk models stratifying the risk of prolonged air leak after pulmonary lobectomy have been developed and discussed. These scores may assist during preoperative patients' counseling, to identify patients at higher risk for prolonged air leak, who may benefit from the use of prophylactic measures such as the use of ...
Elliott William J - - 2010
There are many theories about why selective inhibitors of the second isoform of cyclooxygenase (COX-2) increase cardiovascular risk. Although torcetrapib raises blood pressure and cardiovascular risk, it has been difficult to prove such a link for COX-2 inhibitors in randomized clinical trials. This review shows a significant correlation in placebo-controlled ...
Vyssoulis Gregory - - 2010
Microalbuminuria is a prognostic marker of cardiovascular disease and is related to metabolic syndrome (MetS). For this purpose, the authors examined the relationship of low grade albuminuria to MetS, using 4 current definitions and a MetS score. They studied 6650 consecutive, nondiabetic, hypertensive patients with normal microalbumin excretion. MetS was ...
Beigel Roy - - 2010
Elevated pulse pressure (PP) is increasingly being recognized as a cardiovascular risk factor. To investigate whether PP is associated with endothelial function in subjects with no apparent heart disease we prospectively assessed brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in 525 consecutive subjects with no apparent heart disease [323 (61%) men, mean age ...
Townsend Raymond R - - 2010
Central pulse pressure (PP) can be noninvasively derived using the radial artery tonometric methods. Knowledge of central pressure profiles has predicted cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in several populations of patients, particularly those with known coronary artery disease and those receiving dialysis. Few data exist characterizing central pressure profiles in patients ...
Perticone Francesco - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, increasing all-cause mortality. Some evidence suggests that endothelial dysfunction is present in the early stages of renal insufficiency, but no data exist about its possible role in the progression of renal disease. Thus, we prospectively evaluated the effect of ...
de Jonge Layla L - - 2010
Shorter duration of breastfeeding in infancy has been suggested to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Early cardiovascular adaptations due to breastfeeding may explain these associations. To investigate whether breastfeeding affects left cardiac structures and blood pressure development in early childhood. Prospective cohort study from ...
Turnbull Fiona - - 2010
Around one-quarter of the world's adult population are defined as "hypertensive" however a much greater proportion are at risk of blood pressure-related disease because of the nature of the association between blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. The Framingham Study, together with other landmark observational studies, has been instrumental in elucidating ...
Renke Marcin - - 2010
Cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are frequent. They show increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity attributable to accumulation of several risk factors; e.g., hypertension, oxidative stress and elevated plasma homocysteine concentration. Despite recent progress in their management, there is still no optimal therapy that can stop progression ...
Martínez R - - 2011
Raised systemic levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 cytokines have been associated with poorer outcome in community-acquired pneumonia. The aim of our study was to identify potential associated factors with increased levels of IL-6, IL-10, or both cytokines. We performed a prospective study of 685 patients admitted to hospital with ...
Kobori Hiroyuki - - 2010
The Bogalusa Heart Study is a long-term study on cardiovascular disease and has followed a biracial (black/white) population from childhood. Risk factor data pertaining to many patients have been collected over 35 years, and the time course of hypertension has been documented by repeated examinations and measurements. Considerable sex and ...
Manisty Charlotte - - 2010
This study investigated whether wave reflection measured by wave intensity analysis predicts future cardiovascular events in individuals with hypertension and sought to establish whether this relationship is independent of other cardiovascular risk factors and is associated with evidence of increased load on the left ventricle. Wave reflection may impose an ...
Benza Raymond L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Factors that determine survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) drive clinical management. A quantitative survival prediction tool has not been established for research or clinical use. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 2716 patients with PAH enrolled consecutively in the US Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-Term PAH Disease Management ...
Farahnak P - - 2010
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. The extent of cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with mild-asymptomatic disease is unclear. Using sensitive echocardiographic methods, we compared cardiac structure and function in patients with mild PHPT and in healthy controls, and evaluated the changes after parathyroidectomy (PTX). In a prospective case-control ...
Houston Mark C - - 2010
Macronutrient and micronutrient deficiencies are very common in the general population, and may be even more common in patients with hypertension and cardiovascular disease due to genetic and environmental causes, and prescription drug use. Vascular biology assumes a pivotal role in the initiation and perpetuation of hypertension and target organ ...
Ishikawa Joji - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Excess visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is considered to be a component in metabolic syndrome, an accumulation of cardiovascular risk factors that includes increased blood pressure; however, there are no previous data showing an association between increases in the VAT-subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) ratio and difficult-to-treat hypertension. METHODS: In 572 ...
Grassi Davide - - 2010
Cocoa flavonoids are able to reduce cardiovascular risk by improving endothelial function and decreasing blood pressure (BP). Interest in the biological activities of cocoa is daily increasing. A recent meta-analysis shows flavanol-rich cocoa administration decreases mean systolic (-4.5mm Hg; p<0.001) and diastolic (-2.5mm Hg; p<0.001) BP. A 3-mm Hg systolic ...
Tjugen Trygve B - - 2010
Five decades ago, hypertension was a debated risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. After further studies and the introduction of antihypertensive medications, few, if any, have doubted the important role hypertension plays as a cardiovascular risk factor. Today, a growing body of evidence emphasizes the relationship between heart ...
Ozdogan Oner - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography provides insight to the management of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and might be valuable in assessing the prognosis. We evaluated the predictive value of echocardiography along with clinical findings in a low-risk hemodialysis (HD) population who had been treated with strict salt restriction strategy for blood pressure control. ...
Nieburg Ingegerd - - 2010
The awareness and control of cardiovascular risk factors other than blood pressure in hypertensive subjects in primary healthcare is not well described. This was examined by data extraction from electronic records from a random sample (115 women and 85 men) corresponding to two-thirds of all hypertensive subjects within a well-defined ...
Sahakyan Karine - - 2010
Data from longitudinal studies suggest that biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are associated with development of hypertension. None of these studies have examined the association of these markers with hypertension risk in persons with diabetes. We examined the associations of inflammatory and endothelial dysfunction markers with long-term hypertension incidence ...
Carnethon Mercedes R - - 2010
Fitness and physical activity are each inversely associated with the development of hypertension. We tested whether fitness and physical activity were independently associated with the 20-year incidence of hypertension in 4618 men and women. Hypertension was determined in participants who had systolic blood pressure >or=140 mm Hg or diastolic blood ...
Gallagher Hugh - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a relatively recently recognised condition. People with CKD are much more likely to suffer from cardiovascular events than progress to established renal failure. Controlling systolic blood pressure should slow the progression of disease and reduce mortality and morbidity. However, no systematic review has been conducted ...
Litscher Gerhard - - 2010
Skiing is a very popular sport in Austria. Nevertheless, there is little information concerning online monitoring of bio-signals during alpine skiing in the mountains. Within the last years innovative scientific monitoring tools for evaluating features of neurocardial fitness have been developed. The goal of this study was to demonstrate the ...
Larstorp A C K - - 2011
The predictive value of changes in the severity of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) during antihypertensive therapy remains unclear in isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). In a Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension substudy, we included 1320 patients aged 54-83 years with systolic blood pressure (BP) of 160-200 mm Hg, diastolic BP ...
Wilson Andrew M - - 2010
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with major cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Abnormalities in nitric oxide metabolism due to excess of the NO synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) may be pathogenic in PAD. We explored the association between ADMA levels and markers of atherosclerosis, function, and prognosis. A total of ...
Westhoff T H - - 2011
Hypertension is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, which is generally regarded as a consequence of advanced cerebral atherosclerosis. Many hypertensive patients, however, suffer from cognitive decline long before they have any signs of cerebrovascular disease. Therefore, this study examines direct effects of blood pressure on neurotransmitter status ...
Zhu K Y - - 2011
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) can be known as a class of diseases which affect different parts of the cardiovascular system such as the heart or blood vessels. Hemodynamic signals are an important tool used by doctors to diagnose the type of CVD occurred in a patient. Diagnosing the correct type of ...
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