Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1597
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Sierra Cristina - - 2008
Severe or important blood pressure elevations are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, a significant proportion of myocardial infarctions and strokes occur in subjects with only slight elevations or even with normal blood pressure. Both the coexistence of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes or dyslipidemia, or ...
Moretti Rita - - 2008
Physiologically, the cerebral autoregulation system allows maintenance of constant cerebral blood flow over a wide range of blood pressure. In old people, there is a progressive reshape of cerebral autoregulation from a sigmoid curve to a straight line. This implies that any abrupt change in blood pressure will result in ...
Alamdari Daryoush Hamidi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Determination of the prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) in patients with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD+) by a modified PAB assay and presentation of PAB value as a novel cardiovascular risk factor. DESIGN AND METHODS: For 61 patients with CAD+ and 63 healthy volunteers, the PAB were measured and its ...
Dubberke Erik R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of risk factors for Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) have been limited by small sample sizes and case-control study designs. Many of these studies were performed during outbreaks of CDAD. Colonization pressure and use of fluoroquinolones, vancomycin, and gastric acid suppressors have not been fully evaluated as risk ...
Wong Nathan D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risks associated with hypertension (HTN) and the importance of its control are well established; however, the prevalence and adequacy of its treatment and control in persons with cardiovascular comorbidities (CVCs) are uncertain. METHODS: To examine the prevalence, treatment, and control of HTN among US adults with and without ...
Dolan Eamon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has proven to be a superior predictor of cardiovascular events when compared with clinic or office blood pressure measurement (CBPM). The purpose of the Dublin Outcome Study was to evaluate the predictive value of various established and new ABPM indices in a large sample ...
Astrup Anne Sofie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of cardiovascular risk factors including 24-h ambulatory blood pressure level and rhythm for all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, 104 patients with type 2 diabetes were followed: 51 patients with diabetic nephropathy and 53 patients with persistent ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A previous analysis of the ForLife study demonstrated a high estimated risk of stroke, poor blood pressure control and higher cardiovascular risk. Data from a subsequent visit within 6 months, to evaluate the impact of systematic stroke risk assessment, are reported. METHODS: Between February and July 2003, 1800 general ...
White William B - - 2007
During the past 2 years, a great deal of evaluation has been conducted on the cardiovascular (CV) effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors. This review focuses on the effects of the NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors on blood pressure and CV events. Clinical trial databases for ...
Jafary Fahim H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systolic heart failure (SHF), particularly when requiring hospital admission carries a poor prognosis. There is a paucity of data in Indo-Asians on outcomes of SHF, among whom the burden of cardiovascular disease is consistently rising. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and predictors of mortality ...
Weikert Steffen - - 2008
Elevated blood pressure has been implicated as a risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but prospective studies were confined to men and did not consider the effect of antihypertensive medication. The authors examined the relation among blood pressure, antihypertensive medication, and RCC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer ...
Pecori Giraldi F - - 2007
Hypertension is a major feature of Cushing's disease, with the attendant increase in the rate of cardiovascular events. The circadian blood pressure profile also impacts cardiovascular risk and a few studies have shown that patients with Cushing's syndrome do not present the expected nocturnal blood pressure decrease and, further, that ...
Chaturvedi S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the relationship between control of vascular risk factors and vascular events in patients with symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis. METHODS: We utilized the Warfarin Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease study database to analyze vascular and lifestyle risk factors at baseline and averaged over the course of ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2008
Our aim was to assess the prognostic significance of nighttime and daytime ambulatory blood pressure and their ratio for mortality and cause-specific cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients without major cardiovascular disease at baseline. We performed a meta-analysis on individual data of 3468 patients from 4 prospective studies performed in Europe. ...
Thune Jens J - - 2008
The influence of blood pressure on outcomes after high-risk myocardial infarction is not well characterized. We studied the relationship between blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular events in 14 703 patients with heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or both after acute myocardial infarction in the Valsartan in Myocardial ...
Hajjar Ihab - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between blood pressure and disability in older adults. Stroke-free participants in the Charleston Heart Study (n=999, mean age=68.5+/- 0.2 years SE, 57% women, and 39% African Americans) were followed between 1960 and 1993. Functional measures including Nagi's Congruency in Medical ...
Mills N L NL Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2008
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a 2-3-fold increase in the risk of ischaemic heart disease, stroke and sudden death. The mechanisms responsible for this association are not clear and appear to be independent of smoking history. We test the hypothesis that patients with COPD have increased arterial ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis on the incidence of cardiovascular events in white-coat hypertension (WCHT), masked and sustained hypertension in comparison with true normotension. METHODS: We searched for individual studies, in which the adjusted relative risk of incident cardiovascular events was assessed in patients with WCHT, masked and sustained hypertension ...
Arcucci Oreste - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure control is disappointingly suboptimal in populations. Whether metabolic abnormalities influence blood pressure control is unclear. We evaluated the relationship between metabolic risk factors and blood pressure control in a large population of patients with hypertension. METHODS: From our Hypertension Centre, 4551 subjects (43.4% women; age 51 +/- ...
Aiyer Aryan N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure predicts the risk of cardiovascular disease events in a linear, graded manner. Factors associated with significant short-term increases in blood pressure are not well established. We aimed to identify predictors of a significant increase in blood pressure over a 1-year period among nonhypertensive, community-dwelling adults. METHODS: From ...
Eriksson Charlotta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An association between aircraft noise exposure and hypertension prevalence has been suggested but there are no longitudinal studies of this association. Our aim was to investigate the influence of aircraft noise on the incidence of hypertension. METHODS: A cohort of 2754 men in 4 municipalities around Stockholm Arlanda airport ...
Ram C Venkata S - - 2007
Hypertension is a common condition associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Antihypertensive drugs reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and may also be associated with reductions in cognitive decline. Eprosartan is an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist with a unique dual mechanism of action that is approved ...
Lacson Eduardo E - - 2007
Hypertension (HTN) is a traditional cardiovascular risk factor and is prevalent in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There are no adequately powered prospective studies that explore the natural history and outcomes of HTN and blood pressure management in ESRD. Observational studies have not uniformly showed a relationship between HTN and mortality ...
Lu Hong - - 2007
Increased blood pressure is a consistent risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic diseases in humans, although the basis for this relationship is unknown. Genetically engineered mice are now commonly used to study mechanisms of atherosclerosis. More recently, blood pressure can be reliably measured in conscious mice using either tail ...
Duprez Daniel A - - 2007
Arterial hypertension is one of the most important preventable causes of death worldwide; therefore, adequate treatment of high blood pressure should be mandatory in each hypertensive patient. Hypertension is now defined on the basis of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and classified into stages on the basis of the ...
Broad Joanna - - 2007
Most blood pressure recordings end with a zero end-digit despite guidelines recommending measurement to the nearest 2 mmHg. The impact of rounding on management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is unknown. To document the use of rounding to zero end-digit and assess its potential impact on eligibility for pharmacologic management ...
Volpe M - - 2008
Correlations between renal and cardiovascular (CV) pathologies in advanced kidney or heart disease are well characterised, but less clearly defined in the early stages. Microalbuminuria, in addition to being an early sign of kidney damage, is often found in patients with essential hypertension, suggesting that it may reflect early vascular ...
Krüger S - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value, in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), of procalcitonin (PCT) compared with the established inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and leukocyte (WBC) count alone or in combination with the CRB-65 (confusion, respiratory rate >or=30 breaths x min(-1), low blood ...
Leung Brian - - 2007
Invasive species are increasingly becoming a policy priority. This has spurred researchers and managers to try to estimate the risk of invasion. Conceptually, invasions are dependent both on the receiving environment (invasibility) and on the ability to reach these new areas (propagule pressure). However, analyses of risk typically examine only ...
Boggia José - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies have formally compared the predictive value of the blood pressure at night over and beyond the daytime value. We investigated the prognostic significance of the ambulatory blood pressure during night and day and of the night-to-day blood pressure ratio. METHODS: We did 24-h blood pressure monitoring in ...
Hjelstuen Anne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the independent and combined effects of lifestyle changes and statin treatment on soluble markers of atherosclerotic activity. DESIGN: The study was a randomised, 2 x 2 factorial 1 year intervention trial. Participants (n=177) were sedentary, drug-treated, hypertensive men (aged 40-74 years). They were randomised to placebo, lifestyle ...
Elliott William J - - 2007
Prehypertension--blood pressure between 120-139/80-89 mmHg--is a major public health concern. The condition is very prevalent (especially in obese young people), is often associated with other cardiovascular risk factors and independently increases the risk of hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular events. In the general population, prehypertension can be lowered, but not often ...
Allison Matthew A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that renal artery calcium (RAC), a marker of atherosclerotic plaque burden, is also significantly associated with higher blood pressure levels and a diagnosis of hypertension. BACKGROUND: In the nonrenal systemic vasculature, atherosclerotic plaque burden has been shown to be significantly associated with hypertension. METHODS: A ...
Lee Douglas S - - 2007
Higher blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) are risk factors for heart failure. It is unknown whether the presence of these risk factors in midadulthood affect the future development of heart failure. In the community-based Framingham Heart Study, we examined the associations of antecedent blood pressure and BMI with ...
Patel Anushka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure is an important determinant of the risks of macrovascular and microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes, and guidelines recommend intensive lowering of blood pressure for diabetic patients with hypertension. We assessed the effects of the routine administration of an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor-diuretic combination on serious ...
Fox, Kim
Cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes are known to initiate a chain of events that include oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, and vascular remodelling, and that if left to progress unchecked, will eventually culminate in end-stage cardiovascular disease. Perindopril is a long-acting lipophilic inhibitor of tissue angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) ...
Verdecchia Paolo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of serial electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in hypertensive subjects is uncertain. We tested the hypothesis that serial changes in repolarization and voltage are independent determinants of outcome. METHODS: The Hypertrophy at ECG And its Regression during Treatment (HEART) Survey was a prospective observational study performed at 61 centers. ...
Li Xin-li - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is significant evidence showing that microalbuminuria and arterial compliance are sensitive markers for early cardiovascular diseases. However, whether microalbuminuria is associated with reduced arterial compliance in Chinese metabolic syndrome (MS) patients remains unknown. METHODS: According to the definition of MS proposed by ATPIII in 2001, USA, subjects (n ...
Messerli Franz H - - 2007
Essential hypertension can be defined as a rise in blood pressure of unknown cause that increases risk for cerebral, cardiac, and renal events. In industrialised countries, the risk of becoming hypertensive (blood pressure >140/90 mm Hg) during a lifetime exceeds 90%. Essential hypertension usually clusters with other cardiovascular risk factors ...
Cheung Ning - - 2007
Increased aortic stiffness and retinal arteriolar narrowing are subclinical vascular effects of chronic hypertension and predict future cardiovascular events. The relationship between these 2 vascular measures is uncertain and is examined in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. This cross-sectional analysis involves 3425 participants (aged 45 to 85 years) free of ...
Mathews Gill - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Khush Dil was set up in Edinburgh in 2002 to manage cardiovascular risk factors in South Asians. We assessed its impact in an in-service evaluation. METHODS: Between June 2002 and July 2004, 304 South Asians attended health visitor led screening clinics. Measurements included self-report, anthropometry, blood pressure and blood ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2007
Hypertension is rare in the young, but its prevalence increases with aging. Currently, about 25% of the population has hypertension and this is expected to increase to up to about 29% in 2025. The overall risk of the hypertensive patient depends not only on blood pressure but also on the ...
Stergiou George S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although home blood pressure (HBP) is being used increasingly in clinical practice, the evidence on its prognostic value is still limited. This study in the general population investigated the value of HBP compared to office measurements (OBP) in predicting cardiovascular risk. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 1997 all adults of ...
Edwards Kate M - - 2007
Hypertension is associated with an increased risk of stroke and atherosclerosis. In addition to elevated blood pressure, hypertension is characterized by neuroendocrine and immune activation, including elevated levels of C-reactive protein, inflammatory cytokines, and soluble adhesion molecules, which are predictive of morbidity and mortality outcomes. Pharmacological treatment for hypertension reduces ...
Obara Fumio - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between hypertension and onset of cardiovascular disease in Japan. As part of an ongoing epidemiological survey of cardiovascular diseases in Hokkaido, Japan, 1,798 subjects (806 males and 992 females; mean age in the initial year of the survey, 58.6+/-11.8 years) ...
Hansen Tine W - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the multivariate-adjusted predictive value of systolic and diastolic blood pressures on conventional (CBP) and daytime (10-20 h) ambulatory (ABP) measurement. METHODS: We randomly recruited 7,030 subjects (mean age 56.2 years; 44.8% women) from populations in Belgium, Denmark, Japan and Sweden. We constructed the International Database on Ambulatory ...
Waeber Bernard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Current hypertension guidelines stress the importance to assess total cardiovascular risk but do not describe precisely how to use ambulatory blood pressures in the cardiovascular risk stratification. METHOD: We calculated here global cardiovascular risk according to 2003 European Society of Hypertension/European Society of Cardiology guidelines in 127 patients in ...
Schmidt A C AC Charité-Universitaetsmedizin, Department of Internal Medicine, Outpatient Clinic, Berlin, Germany. - - 2007
The risk of arterial hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality increases with low socio-economic status (SES). Even small differences in blood pressure, whether untreated or despite treatment, account for this substantial difference. Most of the increased risk in the low socio-economic group is due to traditional cardiovascular risk ...
Adamopoulos Chris - - 2007
In acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS), the prognostic value of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), although widely accepted, has been recently challenged. In contrast, blood pressure is increasingly gaining ground over LVEF as predictor of mortality. Therefore, it is not clear whether both LVEF and mean arterial pressure (MAP) are ...
Covelli Maureen McCormick - - 2007
African American (AA) adolescents are twice as likely to develop high blood pressure in early adulthood as other groups. Continuous existence of risk factors in adolescents may be precursors to adult cardiovascular changes. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a sample ...
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