Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1615
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Moriya Hidekazu - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With regard to monitoring blood pressure in hemodialysis patients, it is important to define clearly the time point at which the blood pressure is measured, because the blood pressure of hemodialysis patients varies with each hemodialysis session as a result of loss of excess fluid. DESIGN, SETTING, ...
Sever Peter S PS International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London, 59 North Wharf Road, London W2 1PG, UK. - - 2008
To determine the cardiovascular benefits in those originally assigned atorvastatin in the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial-2.2 years after closure of the lipid-lowering arm of the trial (ASCOT-LLA). The Blood Pressure Lowering Arm of the ASCOT trial (ASCOT-BPLA) compared two different antihypertensive treatment strategies on cardiovascular outcomes. ASCOT-LLA was a double-blind ...
Laine Loren - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors (coxibs) in osteoarthritis (OA) and their gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, renovascular, and hepatic side effects compared with traditional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen. METHODS: Bibliographic database searches for randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and literature reviews. RESULTS: Coxibs are comparable to traditional NSAIDs, ...
Ogihara Toshio - - 2008
The Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan Trial was designed to compare the long-term effects of the angiotensin II receptor blocker candesartan and the calcium channel blocker amlodipine on the incidence of cardiovascular events, represented as a composite of sudden death and cerebrovascular, cardiac, renal, and vascular events in high-risk ...
Kosanovic-Jakovic Natalija - - 2008
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome denotes a common cluster of naturally connected risk factors including obesity, elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, proinflammatory state and prothrombotic state. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is an acute ischaemic disorder of the optic nerve head and may lead to severe visual loss. METHODS: We considered three ...
Cheung Bernard M Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome is a predictor of diabetes and coronary events. We hypothesized that it also predicts hypertension. METHODS: A total of 1,944 subjects (901 men and 1,043 women; age 46 +/- 12 years) from the Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factor Prevalence Survey were recruited in 1995-1996 and restudied ...
Ganne Sudha - - 2008
Elevated systolic blood pressure and increased pulse pressure are important predictors of vascular stiffening (compliance), left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, vascular dementia, and chronic kidney disease. Advances in noninvasive methods that measure arterial stiffness have led to increased understanding of the mechanisms underlying vascular dysfunction and ...
Hodgson Jonathan M - - 2008
Drinking tea could have a significant impact on public health. Health benefits are believed to be largely due to the presence of high levels of flavonoids. Tea is a rich source of flavonoids, and often the major dietary source. Tea intake and intake of flavonoids found in tea have been ...
Böhm Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Microalbuminuria (MAU) is an indicator of impaired renal function and a relevant risk predictor for cardiovascular events. An increased heart rate is closely correlated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The International Survey Evaluating Microalbuminuria Routinely by Cardiologists in Patients with Hypertension (I-SEARCH) investigated 21 050 patients with hypertension and risk ...
Michel Martin C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Muscarinic receptor antagonists are the standard of care for patients with overactive bladder (OAB). However, they can increase heart rate, and this can be disadvantageous in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) or congestive heart failure (CHF). Comedications frequently used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease can further increase ...
Grandominico Jodi M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk and may lead to the development of hypertension (HTN). The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term effect of HAART on the blood pressure. METHOD: A prospective, standardized, observational study of HIV-infected ...
Weir Matthew R - - 2008
The recognition of a continuous relationship between elevated blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular risk has influenced national and international guidelines for the classification, prevention, and management of hypertension. The most recent report (2003) of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure uses BP ...
Suri M Fareed K - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of elevated blood pressure after acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is controversial. There is a risk of hematoma expansion with elevated blood pressure, and risk of ischemia with blood pressure control. This study was done to determine the effect of blood pressure control on outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively studied ...
Brewster Lizzy M - - 2008
Patients with idiopathic hyperCKemia are usually reassured and discharged. However, these subjects may have increased hypertension risk, based on data from our population study, which showed that the population tertile with the highest serum creatine kinase activities had the highest systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels. Therefore, we assessed whether ...
Nuyt Anne Monique - - 2008
Cardiovascular-related diseases are the leading cause of death in the world in both men and women. In addition to the environmental and genetic factors, early life conditions are now also considered important contributing elements to these pathologies. The concept of 'fetal' or 'developmental' origins of adult diseases has received increased ...
Erdman John W JW - - 2008
Epidemiologic investigations support the hypothesis that regular consumption of flavonoid-containing foods can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). While flavonoids are ubiquitous in plants, cocoa can be particularly rich in a sub-class of flavonoids known as flavanols. A number of human dietary intervention trials with flavanol-containing cocoa products have ...
Florvall Gösta - - 2008
Microalbuminuria is associated with hypertension and is a strong risk factor for subsequent chronic disease, both renal and coronary heart disease (CHD), Presently there are several methods available for measurement of microalbuminuria. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the three different methods gave similar information or if ...
Cornélissen Germaine - - 2008
Prompted by a recent report of the possible carcinogenic effect of shiftwork focusing on the disruption of circadian rhythms, we review studies involving shifts in schedule implemented at varying intervals in unicells, insects and mammals, including humans. Results indicate the desirability to account for a broader-than-circadian view. They also suggest ...
Sierra Cristina - - 2008
Severe or important blood pressure elevations are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, a significant proportion of myocardial infarctions and strokes occur in subjects with only slight elevations or even with normal blood pressure. Both the coexistence of other cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes or dyslipidemia, or ...
Moretti Rita - - 2008
Physiologically, the cerebral autoregulation system allows maintenance of constant cerebral blood flow over a wide range of blood pressure. In old people, there is a progressive reshape of cerebral autoregulation from a sigmoid curve to a straight line. This implies that any abrupt change in blood pressure will result in ...
Alamdari Daryoush Hamidi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Determination of the prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) in patients with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD+) by a modified PAB assay and presentation of PAB value as a novel cardiovascular risk factor. DESIGN AND METHODS: For 61 patients with CAD+ and 63 healthy volunteers, the PAB were measured and its ...
Dubberke Erik R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of risk factors for Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) have been limited by small sample sizes and case-control study designs. Many of these studies were performed during outbreaks of CDAD. Colonization pressure and use of fluoroquinolones, vancomycin, and gastric acid suppressors have not been fully evaluated as risk ...
Wong Nathan D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risks associated with hypertension (HTN) and the importance of its control are well established; however, the prevalence and adequacy of its treatment and control in persons with cardiovascular comorbidities (CVCs) are uncertain. METHODS: To examine the prevalence, treatment, and control of HTN among US adults with and without ...
Dolan Eamon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has proven to be a superior predictor of cardiovascular events when compared with clinic or office blood pressure measurement (CBPM). The purpose of the Dublin Outcome Study was to evaluate the predictive value of various established and new ABPM indices in a large sample ...
Astrup Anne Sofie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of cardiovascular risk factors including 24-h ambulatory blood pressure level and rhythm for all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, 104 patients with type 2 diabetes were followed: 51 patients with diabetic nephropathy and 53 patients with persistent ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: A previous analysis of the ForLife study demonstrated a high estimated risk of stroke, poor blood pressure control and higher cardiovascular risk. Data from a subsequent visit within 6 months, to evaluate the impact of systematic stroke risk assessment, are reported. METHODS: Between February and July 2003, 1800 general ...
White William B - - 2007
During the past 2 years, a great deal of evaluation has been conducted on the cardiovascular (CV) effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors. This review focuses on the effects of the NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors on blood pressure and CV events. Clinical trial databases for ...
Jafary Fahim H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systolic heart failure (SHF), particularly when requiring hospital admission carries a poor prognosis. There is a paucity of data in Indo-Asians on outcomes of SHF, among whom the burden of cardiovascular disease is consistently rising. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and predictors of mortality ...
Weikert Steffen - - 2008
Elevated blood pressure has been implicated as a risk factor for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but prospective studies were confined to men and did not consider the effect of antihypertensive medication. The authors examined the relation among blood pressure, antihypertensive medication, and RCC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer ...
Pecori Giraldi F - - 2007
Hypertension is a major feature of Cushing's disease, with the attendant increase in the rate of cardiovascular events. The circadian blood pressure profile also impacts cardiovascular risk and a few studies have shown that patients with Cushing's syndrome do not present the expected nocturnal blood pressure decrease and, further, that ...
Chaturvedi S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the relationship between control of vascular risk factors and vascular events in patients with symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis. METHODS: We utilized the Warfarin Aspirin Symptomatic Intracranial Disease study database to analyze vascular and lifestyle risk factors at baseline and averaged over the course of ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2008
Our aim was to assess the prognostic significance of nighttime and daytime ambulatory blood pressure and their ratio for mortality and cause-specific cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients without major cardiovascular disease at baseline. We performed a meta-analysis on individual data of 3468 patients from 4 prospective studies performed in Europe. ...
Thune Jens J - - 2008
The influence of blood pressure on outcomes after high-risk myocardial infarction is not well characterized. We studied the relationship between blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular events in 14 703 patients with heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or both after acute myocardial infarction in the Valsartan in Myocardial ...
Hajjar Ihab I Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, MA 29206, USA. - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between blood pressure and disability in older adults. Stroke-free participants in the Charleston Heart Study (n=999, mean age=68.5+/- 0.2 years SE, 57% women, and 39% African Americans) were followed between 1960 and 1993. Functional measures including Nagi's Congruency in Medical ...
Mills N L NL Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2008
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a 2-3-fold increase in the risk of ischaemic heart disease, stroke and sudden death. The mechanisms responsible for this association are not clear and appear to be independent of smoking history. We test the hypothesis that patients with COPD have increased arterial ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis on the incidence of cardiovascular events in white-coat hypertension (WCHT), masked and sustained hypertension in comparison with true normotension. METHODS: We searched for individual studies, in which the adjusted relative risk of incident cardiovascular events was assessed in patients with WCHT, masked and sustained hypertension ...
Arcucci Oreste - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure control is disappointingly suboptimal in populations. Whether metabolic abnormalities influence blood pressure control is unclear. We evaluated the relationship between metabolic risk factors and blood pressure control in a large population of patients with hypertension. METHODS: From our Hypertension Centre, 4551 subjects (43.4% women; age 51 +/- ...
Aiyer Aryan N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure predicts the risk of cardiovascular disease events in a linear, graded manner. Factors associated with significant short-term increases in blood pressure are not well established. We aimed to identify predictors of a significant increase in blood pressure over a 1-year period among nonhypertensive, community-dwelling adults. METHODS: From ...
Eriksson Charlotta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An association between aircraft noise exposure and hypertension prevalence has been suggested but there are no longitudinal studies of this association. Our aim was to investigate the influence of aircraft noise on the incidence of hypertension. METHODS: A cohort of 2754 men in 4 municipalities around Stockholm Arlanda airport ...
Ram C Venkata S - - 2007
Hypertension is a common condition associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Antihypertensive drugs reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and may also be associated with reductions in cognitive decline. Eprosartan is an angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist with a unique dual mechanism of action that is approved ...
Lacson Eduardo E - - 2007
Hypertension (HTN) is a traditional cardiovascular risk factor and is prevalent in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). There are no adequately powered prospective studies that explore the natural history and outcomes of HTN and blood pressure management in ESRD. Observational studies have not uniformly showed a relationship between HTN and mortality ...
Lu Hong - - 2007
Increased blood pressure is a consistent risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic diseases in humans, although the basis for this relationship is unknown. Genetically engineered mice are now commonly used to study mechanisms of atherosclerosis. More recently, blood pressure can be reliably measured in conscious mice using either tail ...
Duprez Daniel A - - 2007
Arterial hypertension is one of the most important preventable causes of death worldwide; therefore, adequate treatment of high blood pressure should be mandatory in each hypertensive patient. Hypertension is now defined on the basis of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and classified into stages on the basis of the ...
Broad Joanna - - 2007
Most blood pressure recordings end with a zero end-digit despite guidelines recommending measurement to the nearest 2 mmHg. The impact of rounding on management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is unknown. To document the use of rounding to zero end-digit and assess its potential impact on eligibility for pharmacologic management ...
Volpe M - - 2008
Correlations between renal and cardiovascular (CV) pathologies in advanced kidney or heart disease are well characterised, but less clearly defined in the early stages. Microalbuminuria, in addition to being an early sign of kidney damage, is often found in patients with essential hypertension, suggesting that it may reflect early vascular ...
Krüger S - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value, in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), of procalcitonin (PCT) compared with the established inflammatory markers C-reactive protein (CRP) and leukocyte (WBC) count alone or in combination with the CRB-65 (confusion, respiratory rate >or=30 breaths x min(-1), low blood ...
Leung Brian - - 2007
Invasive species are increasingly becoming a policy priority. This has spurred researchers and managers to try to estimate the risk of invasion. Conceptually, invasions are dependent both on the receiving environment (invasibility) and on the ability to reach these new areas (propagule pressure). However, analyses of risk typically examine only ...
Boggia José - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few studies have formally compared the predictive value of the blood pressure at night over and beyond the daytime value. We investigated the prognostic significance of the ambulatory blood pressure during night and day and of the night-to-day blood pressure ratio. METHODS: We did 24-h blood pressure monitoring in ...
Hjelstuen Anne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the independent and combined effects of lifestyle changes and statin treatment on soluble markers of atherosclerotic activity. DESIGN: The study was a randomised, 2 x 2 factorial 1 year intervention trial. Participants (n=177) were sedentary, drug-treated, hypertensive men (aged 40-74 years). They were randomised to placebo, lifestyle ...
Elliott William J - - 2007
Prehypertension--blood pressure between 120-139/80-89 mmHg--is a major public health concern. The condition is very prevalent (especially in obese young people), is often associated with other cardiovascular risk factors and independently increases the risk of hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular events. In the general population, prehypertension can be lowered, but not often ...
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