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Freercks R J RJ 1.Renal Unit, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, South - - 2014
Central aortic systolic pressure (CASP) strongly predicts cardiovascular outcomes. We undertook to measure ambulatory CASP in 74 prevalent dialysis patients using the BPro (HealthStats, Singapore) device. We also determined whether coronary or abdominal aortic calcification was associated with changes in CASP and whether interdialytic CASP predicted ambulatory measurement. All patients ...
Kozor Rebecca R North Shore Heart Research Group, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; Department of Cardiology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
The cardiovascular impact of cocaine use in otherwise healthy individuals who consider themselves 'social' users is not well established. Twenty regular cocaine users and 20 control subjects were recruited by word-of-mouth. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance was performed to assess cardiac and vascular structure and function. Cocaine users had higher systolic blood ...
Kotovskaya Yulia V YV Propedeutics Department, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to validate the novel integration of oscillometric (Vasotens(®)) technology into a BPLab(®) ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring system to measure central BP, the aortic augmentation index, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) compared with the recommended and widely accepted tonometric method. The ARTERY Society guidelines ...
Gs Ajith Kumar AK Cardio Vascular Disease Biology, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for - - 2014
Ascending aortic constriction is the most common and successful surgical model for creating pressure overload induced cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Here, we describe a detailed surgical procedure for creating pressure overload and cardiac hypertrophy in rats by constriction of the ascending aorta using a small metallic clip. After anesthesia, ...
Hahn Jin-Oh - - 2014
This paper presents a comparative study on the relative performance of alternative strategies for estimating an individualized central aortic blood pressure (BP) waveform. Based on the transmission line representation of the central aortic-radial arterial line, a fully individualized (ITF 1), two partially individualized (ITF 2 and ITF 3 ), and ...
Salman Ibrahim M IM Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, - - 2013
The effects of chronic kidney disease on baroreflex control of renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and deficits in afferent and central components of the baroreflex were studied in juvenile and adult male Lewis Polycystic Kidney (LPK) and control Lewis rats under anesthesia (n=35). Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), aortic ...
Shan Yan Y Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Shanghai 200032, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effect of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) on aortic stiffness and endothelial dysfunction by using an integrated MRI approach. A total of 31 non-hypertensive DM2 patients and 31 hypertensive DM2 patients underwent 3.0-T MRI. Aortic distensibility (AD), pulse ...
Heinz Anneliese A Department of Cardiac Surgery, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2014
The impact of paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) on hemodynamic performance after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains disputable. Common parameters such as the diastolic blood pressure or the blood pressure amplitude do not provide reproducible results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of PAR on hemodynamics ...
Laugesen Esben - - 2013
The SphygmoCor is used for noninvasive assessment of ascending aortic blood pressure (BP). However, the validity of the SphygmoCor transfer function has not been tested in an exclusively type 2 diabetic patient sample. Calibration with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) brachial BP has previously been associated with substantial imprecision of ...
Cakar Mustafa - - 2013
Pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation index (Aix), and central aortic pressure (CAP) are arterial stiffness markers of endothelial dysfunction (ED). We investigated the relationship between arterial stiffness parameters and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA; a marker of ED), in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension (n = 101; 61 females). These patients were ...
Charitaki Evangelia - - 2013
Hemodialfiltration (HDF) has been reported to reduce the frequency of intradialytic hypotension compared with hemodialysis (HD). We wished to determine whether HDF resulted in improvement of arterial stiffness compared with HD. We reviewed peripheral blood pressure and pulse wave velocity measurements in a cross-sectional analysis of stable HDF and HD ...
Zaitsu Masafumi M Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, - - 2013
We describe a 15-day-old newborn girl who was fed with formula milk that was accidentally diluted with sake (Japanese wine prepared from fermented rice). The clinical features were flushed skin, tachycardia and low blood pressure indicating circulatory failure, somnolence and metabolic acidosis without hypoglycemia. The serum ethanol concentration was 43.0 mg/dL ...
Lee Meng-Luen ML Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua 50050, Taiwan. - - 2013
An 8.25-year-old boy was incidentally found to have systemic hypertension of the upper extremities. Blood pressures of the upper extremities were 142-150/86-98 mmHg, and those of the lower extremities 110-116/60-66 mmHg. Doppler echocardiography showed in-stent restenosis of the aortic coarctation. Traditional high-pressure balloon angioplasty failed to dilate this inveterate in-stent ...
Hickerson Anna I AI Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences, 535 Watson Drive, Claremont, CA 91711, - - 2013
We present a passive, miniature check valve which can be manufactured using standard techniques ideal for low-cost, disposable systems used in medical devices and other applications. The body of the valve consists of a hollow cylindrical core, closed at one end, with a side port and a cylindrical elastomeric sleeve ...
Sezer S S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the echocardiographic, biochemical short- and mid-term effects of the stenting procedure on left ventricular function, aortic stiffness, elasticity and systemic hypertension in children with coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Fifteen patients with native or recurrent CoA and 30 healthy controls who were ...
Stamatelopoulos K - - 2013
Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition may exert beneficiary pleiotropic effects on heart hemodynamics in hypertensive patients. We aimed to assess these effects on coronary flow reserve (CFR) and left ventricular (LV) filling pressure after acute and long-term treatment. Thirty-nine patients (48.4±6.8 years) with newly diagnosed, never-treated essential arterial hypertension were consecutively ...
Boutouyrie Pierre - - 2013
We investigated data in 373 patients from the EXPLOR trial to determine the influence of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) on aortic stiffness in response to beta-blockade or angiotensin 2 type 1 receptor antagonism, administered during 24 weeks. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured with aplanation tonometry ...
Schulz Richard - - 2013
To investigate whether NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2), a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributes to the emergence of arterial hypertension in a murine model of sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for arterial hypertension and it is linked to oxidative stress. C57BL/6J mice were ...
Gao Mingwu - - 2013
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the most important index of arterial stiffness. It is conventionally estimated by noninvasively measuring central and peripheral blood pressure (BP) and/or velocity (BV) waveforms and then detecting the foot-tofoot time delay between the waveforms wherein wave reflection is presumed absent. We developed techniques for improved ...
Lamata Pablo - - 2013
To describe the assessment of the spatiotemporal distribution of relative aortic pressure quantifying the magnitude of its three major components. Nine healthy volunteers and three patients with aortic disease (bicuspid aortic valve, dissection, and Marfan syndrome) underwent 4D-flow CMR. Spatiotemporal pressure maps were computed from the CMR flow fields solving ...
Taylor Jennifer L - - 2013
Elevated central pressures and arterial stiffness are associated with increased peripheral resistance and higher sympathetic nervous system activity. Additionally, consumption of a meal is known to be sympathoexcitatory. However, the acute effects of a meal on aortic wave reflection and stiffness are unknown. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that aortic ...
Ozdemir Emrah - - 2013
The relationship between cardiovascular diseases and the diurnal blood pressure (BP) rhythm was researched in many studies. It has been demonstrated that the nondipping pattern has been associated with target organ damage and worsened cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between aortic elasticity parameters ...
Quail Michael A - - 2013
Central aortic systolic pressure (CASP) is a more accurate measure of load and cardiovascular risk than brachial pressure. Unfortunately, CASP is difficult to measure using current methods. In this study we report three methods of determining CASP by combining MR-derived aortic area curves with different models of the pressure-area relationship. ...
Taviani Valentina V Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
To use a simplified hemodynamic model and Fourier-encoded velocity data to measure pulse pressure (PP) in the descending aorta. A one-dimensional, cylindrically localized pulse sequence with Fourier velocity encoding (FVE) was used to obtain time-dependent velocity distributions along the descending aorta. Numerical evaluation of a simplified hemodynamic model, based on ...
Mosadegh Bobak - - 2013
One strategy for actuating soft machines (e.g., tentacles, grippers, and simple walkers) uses pneumatic inflation of networks of small channels in an elastomeric material. Although the management of a few pneumatic inputs and valves to control pressurized gas is straightforward, the fabrication and operation of manifolds containing many (>50) independent ...
Stergiotou Iosifina - - 2013
To assess carotid and aortic intima-media thickness (IMT) in term growth restricted newborns with and without prenatal signs of severity. This was a prospective study comprising 67 cases diagnosed prenatally and 134 normally grown newborns. Cases were sub-classified into small-for-gestational age (SGA) with no signs of severity and those with ...
Gómez-Marcos Manuel A - - 2013
To examine the relationship between ambulatory blood pressure monitoring parameters (ABPM) and electrocardiographic criteria for left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in adults. This study analyzed 1,544 subjects from the EVIDENT study (mean age = 55±14 years; 61% women). A standard electrocardiograph (ECG) and 10 criteria were used to detect LVH. Office and ...
Evans Neal - - 2013
Dynamic pressure fluctuations inside a pipe were measured downstream of a pressure relief valve during a full scale blowdown test. Nitrogen gas flowed with a maximum rate of 33.5 kg/s through a 3 in.x4 in. relief valve generating a peak dynamic pressure level greater than 650 kPa and sustained levels ...
Wei Lin - - 2013
The high velocity steam flow in the high pressure reducing valve can cause loud noise, which is harmful to the operators and the relevant devices. The orifice plate is used to reduce the noise in the pressure reducing valve. The main objective is to study the relationship between the orifice ...
Mittal S R - - 2013
A case of mild to moderate aortic regurgitation with presystolic closure of mitral valve and presystolic mitral regurgitation is reported. This echocardiographic finding is a reliable marker of significantly increased LV end-diastolic pressure.
Myles Valtresa - - 2013
Background: Hypertension is a known risk factor for aortic stenosis. The elevated blood pressure increases the transvalvular load and can elicit inflammation and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. Elevated cyclic pressure and the vasoactive agent angiotensin II (Ang II) both promote collagen synthesis, an early hallmark of aortic sclerosis. In the ...
Mason R Preston - - 2013
Clinical trials have shown that amlodipine reduces cardiovascular events at a rate that is not predicted by changes in brachial arterial pressure alone. These findings may be explained, in part, by the pleiotropic effects of amlodipine on endothelial cell (EC) function. In this study, we elucidated the effect of amlodipine ...
Vrachatis D - - 2013
Biomarkers derived noninvasively from the aortic blood pressure (BP) waveform provide information regarding cardiovascular (CV) risk independently of brachial BP (bBP). Although body position has significant impact on the assessment of bBP, its effect on aortic hemodynamics remains unknown. This study investigated the changes in both brachial and aortic hemodynamics, ...
Koutnik Andrew P - - 2013
Impaired leg arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity, PWV) and vasodilatory function are found after stroke. Acute passive vibration (PV) decreases leg PWV (legPWV) and pressure wave reflection (aortic augmentation index, aAIx) in healthy men. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of acute PV on aAIx and PWV in the ...
Wohlfahrt Peter - - 2013
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), as a parameter of aortic stiffness, is an established marker of cardiovascular risk. There has been increasing use of arterial stiffness parameters combining aortic and muscular stiffness or a parameter derived from PWV - the stiffness index beta (BETA = ln(systolic/diastolic pressure) × 2 blood viscosity/pulse pressure × PWV(2)). The aim ...
Pullan M - - 2013
Mitral regurgitation is frequently classified as mild, moderate or severe based on echocardiography. Patients with mild mitral regurgitation are usually managed medically. We hypothesise that mild mitral regurgitation as assessed volumetrically can in fact be severe when analysed from a bioenergetics point of view. The conservation of energy predicts that ...
Causey Marlin Wayne - - 2013
Aortic occlusion is accompanied by a hyperdynamic cardiovascular response secondary to increased systemic vascular resistance and increased cardiac output. This study was designed primarily to determine the safety and cardiovascular response to hydrogen sulfide (H2S; HS) administration with supraceliac aortic cross-clamp and, secondarily, on short-duration resuscitation. A validated porcine model ...
Jamalian Samira - - 2013
Any disruption of the lymphatic system due to trauma or injury can lead to edema. There is no effective cure for lymphedema, partly because predictive knowledge of lymphatic system reactions to interventions is lacking. A well-developed model of the system could greatly improve our understanding of its function. Lymphangions, defined ...
Eeftinck Schattenkerk Daan W - - 2013
The vasodilating beta-blocker nebivolol is thought to be superior in lowering wave reflection and central blood pressure (BP) compared to nonvasodilating beta-blockers. The results from studies comparing nebivolol with either metoprolol or atenolol, with or without hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), are not unequivocal. We examined the effects of nebivolol 5 mg and metoprolol ...
Muraru Denisa - - 2013
Reference ranges of ascending aorta diameters (AAoD) for two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) using inner edge (IE) convention are lacking, preventing the comparison of AAoD measurements by 2DE with those obtained by other imaging modalities. We used harmonic imaging 2DE to prospectively study 218 healthy volunteers (56% women, 42 ± 15 years, ...
Khan Bobby V BV Atlanta Vascular Research Foundation, Atlanta, Ga., - - 2013
Sixty-six self-identified African-American subjects with stage 1 and 2 hypertension and characteristics of the cardiometabolic syndrome were treated with amlodipine/olmesartan (A/O) versus losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (L/H) for 20 weeks in an open-label, active comparator fashion. Subjects not meeting a blood pressure (BP) value of <125/75 mm Hg on either regimen at week ...
Catalano Mariella - - 2013
A number of conditions have been associated with functional changes of large arteries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with aortic stiffness in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The authors studied 86 patients with PAD (ankle-brachial pressure index [ABPI] ≤0.9) and 86 controls. Aortic ...
Lockie Tim - - 2013
We report on two cases that illustrate an important caveat in the measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) in coronary arteries. To obtain accurate FFR measurements, two fundamental requirements must be fulfilled. One is to minimize microvascular resistance; the other is that there is no damping of the proximal aortic ...
Zhang Junzhi - - 2013
On/off solenoid valves with PWM control are widely used in all types of vehicle electro-hydraulic control systems respecting to their desirable properties of reliable, low cost and fast acting. However, it can hardly achieve a linear hydraulic modulation by using on/off valves mainly due to the nonlinear behaviors of valve ...
Redón Josep - - 2013
Introduction. The main objective was to compare the mean change in augmentation index of hypertensive patients treated with nebivolol or atenolol. Methods. Multicenter, double-blind randomized study conducted in six Spanish centers. We enrolled outpatients between the ages of 40 and 65 years with mild or moderate essential hypertension (systolic blood ...
Sharman James E - - 2013
Arm cuff blood pressure (BP) may overestimate cardiovascular risk. Central aortic BP predicts mortality and could be a better method for patient management. We sought to determine the usefulness of central BP to guide hypertension management. This was a prospective, open-label, blinded-end point study in 286 patients with hypertension randomized ...
Li Jack Z - - 2013
Acute aortic syndromes are among the most lethal of the cardiovascular diseases. Delays in recognition, diagnosis, and treatment are associated with increases in mortality. Signs and symptoms are sometimes subtle and atypical, and a high index of suspicion is useful to guide the diagnostic evaluation. Uncontrolled hypertension remains the most ...
Kamimura Daisuke - - 2013
Background: A small proximal aortic diameter (AoD) is thought to be associated with a higher characteristic impedance of the proximal aorta. However, there has been no evidence of a relationship between directly evaluated AoD and directly measured central aortic pressure or the outcome of patients with cardiovascular diseases. Methods and ...
Karmonik Christof - - 2013
Objectives: To evaluate hemodynamic changes during aneurysmal dilatation in chronic type B aortic dissections compared to hemodynamic parameters in the healthy aorta with the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods: True lumen (TL)/false lumen (FL) dimensional changes, changes in total pressure (TP), and wall shear stress (WSS) were evaluated ...
Harada Kenji - - 2013
-Presence of syncope in aortic valve stenosis (AS) predicts a grave prognosis. However, the evaluation of AS severity has been limited to valve-specific factors such as aortic valve area and mean transaortic pressure gradient. Recently, valvuloarterial impedance (Zva) was proposed for estimation of the global left ventricular afterload. Therefore, because ...
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