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Heidari Farzad F Genetic Research Group, Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, - - 2014
Several studies show that the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with hypertension in various populations. The present study sought to determine the association of the I/D gene polymorphism among Malay male essential hypertensive subjects in response to ACE inhibitors (enalapril and lisinopril). A ...
Wagner James G - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that cardiovascular responses to PM2.5 exposure will be enhanced in hypertensive rats and linked to specific carbonaceous pollutants in an urban industrial setting. Spontaneously hypertensive rats were exposed by inhalation to concentrated PM2.5 in an industrial area of Dearborn, Michigan, for four consecutive summer days. Blood ...
Kim Albert - - 2014
In this paper, we report on the development of an implantable pressure sensing system that is powered by mechanical vibrations in the audible acoustic frequency range. This technique significantly enhances interrogation range, alleviates the misalignment issues commonly encountered with inductive powering, and simplifies the external receiver circuitry. The interrogation scheme ...
Pauw Ruben De RD Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Department of Chemical Engineering (CHIS-IR), Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, - - 2014
The increase of the operating pressure in Liquid Chromatography, has been one of the crucial steps toward faster and more efficient separations. In the present contribution, it was investigated if the pressure limits for narrow-bore columns (2.1mm ID) could be increased beyond those of commercially available (1300bar) instrumentation without performance ...
Tomaszewski Maciej M Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, , Leicester, - - 2014
Non-adherence to therapy is an important cause of suboptimal blood pressure control but few practical tools exist to accurately and routinely detect it. We used a simple urine-based assay to evaluate the prevalence of antihypertensive treatment non-adherence and its impact on blood pressure in a specialist hypertension centre. 208 hypertensive ...
Vijayaraghavan Nandhagopal N Departments of *Plastic Surgery †Surgery ‡Anesthesiology and Critical Care §Biochemistry ∥Urology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry ¶Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences (UCMS), New Delhi, - - 2014
With the safety of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) having been established, the current stress is on reducing the postoperative morbidity associated with this procedure. Hence, this study was undertaken to compare the effect of low-pressure (8 mm Hg) (LPLC) versus standard-pressure (12 mm Hg) (SPLC) pneumoperitoneum on postoperative pain, respiratory and ...
Bagal Manisha V - - 2013
Diclofenac sodium, a widely detected pharmaceutical drug in wastewater samples, has been selected as a model pollutant for degradation using novel combined approach of hydrodynamic cavitation and heterogeneous photocatalysis. A slit venturi has been used as cavitating device in the hydrodynamic cavitation reactor. The effect of various operating parameters such ...
Harrison Michael F - - 2013
Progesterone has a number of properties that could influence the development of acute mountain sickness (AMS), including anti-inflammation, respiratory smooth muscle relaxation, ventilatory stimulation, and antidiuretic characteristics. Oral contraceptive (OC) use decreases levels of circulating progesterone by preventing ovulation. We hypothesized rates of AMS development would be significantly higher in ...
Awad Samah - - 2013
Inhaled medications are the mainstay of treatment for maintenance of lung health in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Compressor/nebulizer units are used an average of 100-120 minutes/day by patients with CF. Each compressor/nebulizer has unique flow/pressure characteristics that affect particle size distribution and drug output rate. Little data are available ...
Park Hyejin - - 2013
The effect of commonly used oral contraceptives (OCs) on blood pressure is still unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between OCs use and blood pressure and the prevalence of hypertension in a population-based sample of Korean women. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from ...
Lucia Alejandro - - 2013
The relationships between physicochemical parameters of majority components of Eucalyptus essential oils and their insecticide effect were evaluated on Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae). The octanol-water partition coefficients of the monoterpenes were estimated by the atom/fragment contribution method and the vapor pressures were determined by our laboratory in previous studies. ...
Kamarei Fahimeh - - 2013
The retention behavior of carbamazepine eluted in SFC was studied by changing the back pressure between 100 and 200bar and the volumetric flow rate between 0.5 and 5mL/min. Carbamazepine was eluted under linear conditions from a silica column with 90:10% (V/V) mixtures of supercritical carbon dioxide and methanol at 310K. ...
Euerby Melvin R - - 2013
This paper reports the influence of a diverse range of stationary phases and differing mobile phase modifiers on pressure-induced retention changes in reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC). The practical implications of these effects in the Tanaka column characterization using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) conditions, and implications for HPLC to UHPLC ...
Damsgaard Camilla T - - 2013
Dietary n-3 long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) improve dyslipidaemia and hypertension and may affect insulin resistance and adiposity. Increasing numbers of children show signs of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), but few studies have investigated the association with n-3 LC-PUFA status. We examined the relationship between fasting whole-blood EPA or DHA (w/w% of ...
Tsirline Victor B - - 2013
Ultrasonic thermal energy is commonly used for dissection and vessel ligation. This study compared HARMONIC ACE and Sonicision Cordless Ultrasonic Dissector (SCUD). The devices were used in an in vivo porcine model to coagulate 189 arteries up to 5 mm. Seal times were similar: SCUD, 5.2 ± 1.7 s; ACE, ...
Verstraeten M - - 2012
The present contribution investigates the quantitation aspects of mass-sensitive detectors with nebulizing interface (ESI-MSD, ELSD, CAD) in the constant pressure gradient elution mode. In this operation mode, the pressure is controlled and maintained at a set value and the liquid flow rate will vary according to the inverse mobile phase ...
Choi Joon Yul - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Forty percent of trauma deaths are due to hemorrhage, with 33% to 56% occurring in the prehospital environment. This study proposes a new index (NI) based on the ratio of serum lactate concentration to peripheral perfusion, as an indicator of hemorrhage-induced mortality during the pre-hospital stage. Thirty-six anesthetized rats ...
D'Andrea Antonello - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore the right ventricular (RV) dimensions and function and the effect of long-term intensive training in a large population of top level athletes using real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. METHODS: A total of 430 top-level athletes (220 endurance-trained athletes [ETAs] and 210 strength-trained athletes; 265 men [61.6%]; ...
Schwanitz Sandra - - 2012
The implementation of recent guidelines for tunnel construction in Germany leads to extended air pressure variations inside trains and reduces pressure comfort for railway passengers. A questionnaire survey with 262 passengers revealed that pressure variations are rated less important for riding comfort than climatic and spatial aspects (study 1). A ...
Hecksteden Anne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The interindividual variability in the efficacy of regular endurance exercise to lower blood pressure is high. Therefore, to optimize training prescriptions, predictors would be desirable. The main hypothesis of the present study is an association between postexercise hypotension after an exhaustive exercise test and chronic blood pressure reductions in ...
Figueroa Michael A - - 2012
Spectral analysis of autonomic nervous system activity can provide insight into cardiovascular function. Rate pressure product is the parameter often targeted pharmacologically to decrease the incidence of myocardial events. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not Tai Chi Chuan practitioners would demonstrate autonomic responses that would ...
Schwanitz Sandra - - 2012
Pressure variations on a train predominantly occur while trains are passing through tunnels. These aerodynamic effects may give rise to aural discomfort in railway passengers. We conducted a field study on the high speed railway track Cologne-Frankfurt/Main as well as a simulation study in our pressure chamber TITAN (DLR-Institute of ...
Moraes Wilson M De - - 2012
Exercise training (ET) can reduce blood pressure (BP) and prevent functional disability. However, the effects of low volumes of training have been poorly studied, especially in elderly hypertensive patients. To investigate the effects of a multi-component ET program (aerobic training, strength, flexibility, and balance) on BP, physical fitness, and functional ...
Minor Deborah S - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:222-227. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The authors assessed the process of blood pressure (BP) measurement and level of adherence to recommended procedures at representative sites throughout a large academic health sciences center. A casual observer assessed the setting and observed the process, noting the equipment, technique, ...
Pau Massimiliano - - 2012
The aim of this investigation is to assess the effectiveness of a 6-week balance training (BT) protocol, integrated in regular training sessions, on postural sway of young female volleyball players (n = 26, age 13.0 +/- 0.2 years) divided into two groups (intervention and control; 13 per group). Trials were ...
Delacour H - - 2012
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal-dominant peripheral neuropathy characterized by recurrent isolated nerve palsies, which are precipitated by trivial compression and trauma. Although HNPP has been well-described in literature, it often goes unrecognized. We report a case of HNPP occurring during military training to promote ...
Simon Melinda G - - 2012
Here, we present a microfluidic droplet trap that takes advantage of the net Laplace pressure force generated when a droplet is differentially constricted. Mathematical simulations were first used to understand the working range of the component; followed by finite element modeling using the CFD software package to further characterize the ...
Figueroa Arturo - - 2012
Obesity is associated with early cardiovascular dysfunction and reduced muscle strength. Whole-body vibration (WBV) training may improve arterial function and muscle strength. The effects of WBV training on arterial stiffness (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, baPWV), wave reflection (augmentation index, AIx), brachial systolic blood pressure (bSBP), aortic systolic blood pressure (aSBP), ...
Stiller-Moldovan Cassandra - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Isometric handgrip (IHG) training (four, 2-min sustained contractions at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction, three times per week for 8-10 weeks) lowers resting arterial blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients, including those receiving pharmacotherapy, although the mechanisms remain elusive. Ambulatory BP measurements are more efficacious in predicting cardiovascular disease-related ...
Lamina S - - 2012
Objective: Physical inactivity has been established as a major primary risk factor for the development of hypertension. Also, factors such as elevated total cholesterol (TC) and reduced high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) have been implicated as risk factors for coronary events in hypertension. The purpose of the present study was ...
Lamina S - - 2011
Elevated white blood cell (WBC) count is considered to be prospectively and positively associated with cardiovascular diseases, particularly hypertension. Also, the positive role of exercise in the management of hypertension has been well and long established. However the relationship between WBC count and hypertensive management particularly in the nonpharmacological technique ...
Leinonen Veli-Matti - - 2011
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may increase blood pressure (BP) and potentially reduce the efficacy of several antihypertensive drugs. We evaluated the effect of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on BP control in drug-treated hypertensive patients in a primary care population. Nine hundred and five successive patients aged 25–91 years (mean 65.5 ...
Cohen Debbie L - - 2011
The prevalence of prehypertension and Stage 1 hypertension continues to increase despite being amenable to non-pharmacologic interventions. Iyengar yoga (IY) has been purported to reduce blood pressure (BP) though evidence from randomized trials is lacking. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the effects of 12 weeks of IY ...
Wax David B - - 2010
To investigate the incidence of preanesthesia hypertension, case cancellation for hypertension, and association with postoperative outcomes. Retrospective descriptive, univariate, and multivariate analyses of electronic anesthesia and hospital records. A large urban academic medical center. Adult elective surgical patients with preinduction blood pressure (BP) >140/90 mmHg during calendar years 2002 to ...
Feldstein Carlos - - 2010
Most current guidelines recommend tighter blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with comorbidities. These recommendations are based on epidemiologic data indicating that cardiovascular risk increases at lower BP levels in hypertensive patients with comorbidities than in those without comorbidities. Hypertension guidelines usually reflect outcomes from previous studies, but current ...
Fuchs Flávio Danni - - 2010
Blood pressure within prehypertensive levels confers higher cardiovascular risk by two means. At first, these levels are associated with higher risk for cardiovascular events, starting at BP values as low as 115/75 mmHg, and doubling at each 20 mmHg for systolic or 10 mmHg for diastolic BP. Prehypertension is also ...
Cicero Arrigo F G - - 2010
Contrasting data partially support a certain antihypertensive efficacy of lactotripeptides derived from enzymatic treatment of casein hydrolysate. We carried out a randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical study to investigate the antihypertensive efficacy of a short-term treatment with lactotripeptides in Mediterranean subjects with normal or high-normal blood pressure (BP). We consecutively enrolled ...
Izzo Joseph L JL - - 2010
Meta-analyses strongly suggest that the primary preventive benefit of antihypertensive therapy in uncomplicated individuals is the direct result of the lower blood pressure (BP) rather than the choice of agents. In contrast, when comorbidities are present, therapeutic benefit is governed primarily by the appropriateness of the drug class for the ...
Andersen Karl - - 2010
Aliskiren is the first direct renin inhibitor approved for the treatment of hypertension. Blood pressure (BP) control in stage 2 hypertension with aliskiren monotherapy has not been reported. This was a post hoc analysis of the subgroup of patients with stage 2 systolic hypertension (baseline mean sitting systolic BP [msSBP]≥160 ...
Pérez-Calvo J I - - 2011
To determine the relationship between admission blood pressure (BP) and prognosis in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure (HF). The relationship between BP admission blood pressure and outcomes in decompensated HF is controversial. It has been suggested that this presentation may be a specific disorder, but their mechanisms and ...
Camafort-Babkowski Miguel - - 2010
Not all blood pressure (BP)-lowering agents have the same effect on central BP, but we know that central BP, in itself, is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, antihypertensive agents should ideally also have a central BP-lowering effect. In this paper the authors evaluate the effect of adding a ...
Egan Brent M - - 2010
From 2005 to 2006, approximately 3 of 8 adults in the United States had blood pressure (BP) in the prehypertensive range of 120 to 139/80 to 89 mm Hg and roughly 1 in 8 adults had BP in the range of 130 to 139/85 to 89 mm Hg, which is ...
Malacco Ettore - - 2010
To compare the efficacy and safety of the angiotensin II antagonist olmesartan medoxomil (O) and the ACE inhibitor ramipril (R) in elderly patients with essential arterial hypertension. After a 2-week placebo wash-out 1102 treated or untreated elderly hypertensive patients aged 65-89 years (office sitting diastolic blood pressure, DBP, 90-109 mmHg ...
Wilford Germino F - - 2010
Hypertension is a known risk factor for cardiovascular events and mortality. The risk of cardiovascular events increases with age and is linear above 115/75 mm Hg. It also doubles for every 20/10-mm Hg elevation beyond this level and at every age level. Although guidelines vary somewhat by country, the seventh ...
Park Sung-Ji - - 2011
Masked hypertension (MH) is characterized by its hidden nature and poor prognosis. However, it is not practical to routinely recommend home or ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (HBP or AMBP) to all patients with apparently well-controlled BP. The purpose of this study is to present, within the group of patients with ...
Miller Alan B - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) reduction to 140/90 mm Hg or lower using renin-angiotensin-system blockers reportedly provides the greatest left ventricular (LV) mass regression; β-blockers have less effect. This study examined whether combination antihypertensive therapy would provide greater benefit. With a double-blind, parallel-group design, the effects of 3 different combinations, carvedilol controlled-release ...
Tian Niu - - 2010
Although total white blood cell (WBC) count has been associated with hypertension, the association between specific WBC types and blood pressure (BP) levels has not been studied. In a cohort of 5746 middle-age African-American and white adults free of clinical cardiovascular disease and cancer and not taking hypertension or anti-inflammatory ...
Victor Ronald G - - 2011
Barbershop-based hypertension (HTN) outreach programs for black men are becoming increasingly common, but whether they are an effective approach for improving HTN control remains uncertain. To evaluate whether a continuous high blood pressure (BP) monitoring and referral program conducted by barbers motivates male patrons with elevated BP to pursue physician ...
Laverty Anthony A - - 2011
Strategies to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the UK have emphasized improved management of high-risk individuals rather than population-based approaches. This 10-year retrospective cohort study examined blood pressure (BP) monitoring and control among patients with and without CVD in general practices in Wandsworth, London between 1998 and ...
Bramlage Peter - - 2010
To assess quality of life (QoL) in unselected patients in primary care treated with a fixed-dose combination of olmesartan and amlodipine. Research design and methods. Multicenter, noninterventional, noncontrolled observational study in 8241 patients seen by 2187 physicians over 12 - 18 weeks. Changes in QoL were assessed by using the ...
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