Search Results
Results 901 - 950 of 1154
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Omvik P - - 1995
Sodium (Na) restriction and potassium (K) supplementation has been recommended as treatment of essential hypertension but the mechanism by which these may reduce blood pressure (BP) is unknown. We examined if moderately reduced Na intake, combined with a low-Na/high-K salt alternative (Pansalt: NaCl 57%, KCl 28%, MgSO4 12%) as substitute ...
Takata Y - - 1995
The effect of both administration and withdrawal of doxazosin on patients with essential hypertension was evaluated by twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. Six hypertensive men were treated with doxazosin starting at 1 mg/day, and the dosage was titrated at weekly intervals up to a maximum of 8 mg/day. The ...
Holdaway I M - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor fosinopril can favorably alter cardiac function in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus NIDDM) patients who have either normal blood pressure (BP) or mild, untreated hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-five NIDDM subjects with normal BP or mild, untreated hypertension were randomized to treatment ...
Chrysant S G - - 1994
The effects of monotherapy with atenolol or diltiazem-SR on blood pressure, 24-h blood pressure (BP) load, and exercise capacity were tested in patients with mild to moderate (stages I and II) essential hypertension. After 3-week single-blind placebo therapy, patients with sitting diastolic blood pressure (SDBP) of 94-114 mmHg were randomized ...
Trenkwalder P - - 1994
Episodes of transient myocardial ischaemia can frequently be observed in hypertensive patients. To assess the effects of antihypertensive treatment with the calcium antagonist felodipine or the diuretic combination hydrochlorothiazidel triamterene on episodes of ischaemic-type ST-segment depression (ST-D), simultaneous ambulatory electrocardiographic and blood pressure (BP) monitoring was performed in 42 elderly ...
Cherian L - - 1994
Intracranial pressure (ICP), blood pressure (BP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and cortical perfusion (LDF) of the contralateral parietal cortex were measured after cortical impact injury in 36 rats. Changes in these physiologic parameters were compared using analysis of variance to a group of 11 rats who received a sham impact. ...
Middlemost S J - - 1994
The importance of concomitant low-dose hydrochlorothiazide was assessed in black hypertensive patients treated with enalapril. Left ventricular (LV) mass and function, metabolic parameters, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP), exercise duration, and systolic BP response were evaluated before and after drug therapy. Enalapril 20 mg (group 1) or enalapril 20 mg ...
Pasic J - - 1994
Forty-two patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension between the ages of 35 and 65 (23 men, 19 women) were studied to determine whether psychological characteristics can help differentiate between responders and nonresponders to diuretic (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg and triamterene 50 mg). To qualify for inclusion in the study, the subjects were required ...
Kawabe H - - 1994
To determine whether any differences exist between young male subjects with elevated diastolic and systolic blood pressure (BP) and those with only an elevated systolic BP, the responses of BP and plasma catecholamines to a mental arithmetic test were studied in 11 young men (mean age of nineteen years) with ...
Superko H R - - 1994
Coffee consumption has been weakly linked to high blood pressure (BP). The hypothesis that cessation of caffeinated-coffee consumption lowers ambulatory BP was tested in men in a randomized trial. One hundred eighty-six middle-aged, normotensive, male, habitual caffeinated-coffee consumers were recruited. Of these subjects, 150 had sufficiently complete, ambulatory BP measurements ...
Cheigh J S JS Rogosin Institute, New York, New - - 1994
To determine how well hypertension is controlled in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, we monitored the blood pressure of 31 hypertensive adult CAPD patients treated with antihypertensive agents. Blood pressure (BP) monitoring, using a noninvasive, ambulatory BP monitor, began in the morning and continued every 30-60 min for 24 ...
Otterstad J E - - 1993
A multicentre epidemiological study to detect the prevalence of myocardial ischaemia in hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was performed in 188 asymptomatic male hypertensives (131 treated). The mean age was 55 (range 40-82) years with blood pressure (BP) > or = 160/100 mmHg or a systolic BP > or = ...
Wilcox I - - 1993
Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) was measured noninvasively (Oxford Medilog ABP) at 15-minute intervals for 24 hours before and after 8 weeks of treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in 19 men with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We included both normotensive and hypertensive patients, but hypertensives were studied after ...
Maclean D - - 1993
A total of 2242 patients with mild to moderate hypertension (diastolic pressure 95-120 mmHg) were randomised on a double-blind basis to receive a single dose of placebo, 5 mg quinapril or 10 mg quinapril. Patients were identified who: (a) met the blood pressure (BP) criteria for first-dose hypotension (sitting or ...
Goldberg M E - - 1993
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and efficacy of intravenous fenoldopam as compared to placebo for the treatment of postoperative hypertension. DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. SETTING: Community hospital. PATIENTS: 16 ASA I-III hypertensive patients scheduled for noncardiac surgical procedures. INTERVENTIONS: Treatment with fenoldopam or placebo was initiated immediately after ...
Yasky J - - 1993
Thirty essential hypertensive subjects had their BP measured by 24h ambulatory monitoring before (first placebo period) and after exposure to antihypertensive therapy with either enalapril (four weeks) or nitrendipine (six weeks). Similar measures of BP were obtained during a second placebo period intercalated between the two active drugs. The 24h ...
Herlitz J - - 1993
In all patients who received streptokinase infusion for strongly suspected acute myocardial infarction in 1 hospital during 1989 to 1990, the occurrence of hypotension during infusion is described and related to prognosis. In 54% of patients, the beta blocker metoprolol was simultaneously administered intravenously. The median systolic blood pressure (BP) ...
Rutan G H - - 1993
The authors compared the relative safety and efficacy of changing treatment from once-daily atenolol to metoprolol in patients with essential hypertension. A parallel-group randomized clinical trial was conducted in two phases: a 4-week baseline single-blind phase using atenolol 50 mg, followed by a 4-week randomized double-blind treatment phase using either ...
Anderson G H GH - - 1993
Patients with essential hypertension (n = 2969) who had not been taking any blood pressure medication for longer than 1 week were classified as furosemide-sensitive (FS) if their diastolic BP after furosemide fell > or = 10% and furosemide-resistant (FR) if it fell less than that. The FS group was ...
Hwang Y S - - 1993
Lisinopril is a new, long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor formulated for once-daily treatment of hypertension. This study assessed the 24-h efficacy and tolerability of lisinopril in Chinese patients with mild to moderate hypertension of World Health Organization Stages I to II. A total of 30 patients aged 30 to 60 years ...
Neutel J M - - 1993
PURPOSE: This multicenter, double-blind, parallel group study assessed the usefulness of the ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) technique in differentiating between the once-daily administration of the beta blockers bisoprolol (10 to 20 mg) and atenolol (50 to 100 mg) in terms of efficacy and duration of action. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Roca-Cusachs A - - 1993
There is a general consensus that high blood pressure (BP) must be lowered gradually. A reduction in BP beyond the limits of the autoregulatory curve may compromise perfusion of vital organs, resulting in organ ischaemia. However, a reduction in high BP offers protection against cerebral events, and some protection against ...
Fogari R - - 1993
A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study evaluated the effects on 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) of isradipine sustained release (I-SRO) administered once daily, in the morning (AM) or in the evening (PM). Eighteen uncomplicated essential hypertensives (10 men, mean age 55 +/- 6 years) with casual sitting DBP 96-110 ...
Gerstenblith G - - 1992
It is now recognized that left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), often associated with hypertension, is itself a risk factor for coronary disease in the elderly. Although many agents are capable of controlling blood pressure, the ability of these agents to induce regression of left ventricular (LV) mass, and the effect of ...
Asmar R - - 1992
Arterial effects evaluated by carotid-femoral, brachial-radial, and femoral-tibial pulse wave velocity and antihypertensive effect evaluated by 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring were measured in 17 hypertensive patients before and 24 h after once-daily nitrendipine (20 mg) administration. After a 15-day placebo period, a double-blind study of nitrendipine versus placebo ...
Hajj-Ali A F - - 1992
This study was aimed at evaluating the factors responsible for the marked renal hemodynamic effect of 6-day treatment with lisinopril. Blood pressure (BP) and renal blood flow (RBF) were monitored in six groups of rabbits. Animals treated with lisinopril for 6 days (Group I) had lower BP (77 +/- 3 ...
Macphee G J - - 1992
The blood pressure (BP)- and lipid-lowering activities of the alpha 1-antagonist, doxazosin, were investigated in hypertensive, hypercholesterolaemic patients. Thirty-one patients satisfactorily completed the study, and there was no significant difference between doxazosin and placebo in terms of reported adverse events. After 3-month treatment, BP was significantly reduced by doxazosin by ...
Jurek I E - - 1992
Thirty patients with essential hypertension participated in a study designed to compare two treatments: diuretic medication alone (n = 10) and biofeedback assisted relaxation combined with diuretic (n = 20). One of 10 patients lowered BP with diuretic alone and 11 of 20 patients lowered BP with diuretic combined with ...
Cheigh J S - - 1992
To examine the adequacy of hypertension control, we monitored the blood pressure (BP) of 53 hemodialysis patients who received treatment for hypertension. BP measurement using an ambulatory BP monitor began 1 hour before dialysis and continued every 30 to 60 minutes for 48 hours until the next dialysis. Diet, medications ...
Herpin D - - 1992
This study was aimed at determining whether baseline ambulatory blood pressure (BP) levels influence the efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium antagonists in the same manner. Accordingly, the ambulatory BP recordings of 236 mild to moderate hypertensive patients who had previously entered a clinical trial and had received either ...
Hackman B B - - 1992
To compare the effects of fenoldopam (n = 15), a selective dopamine-1 agonist, and nitroprusside (n = 14) on left ventricular (LV) function in severely hypertensive subjects (diastolic blood pressure (BP) greater than 120 mm Hg), both agents were infused to reduce diastolic BP by 40 mm Hg (or less ...
Leenen F H - - 1992
Twenty patients whose systemic hypertension was not controlled with chronic beta-blocker therapy were studied to evaluate the acute (first dose), short-term (4 weeks) and chronic (6 to 12 months) effects of the calcium antagonist felodipine on blood pressure (BP), left ventricular (LV) anatomy and function and on plasma norepinephrine. The ...
McCombs J - - 1992
The characteristics and treatment of preeclampsia and eclampsia are reviewed. Risk factors for preeclampsia include (1) nulliparity, (2) a mother or sister(s) with a history of the disorder, (3) essential hypertension or renal disease, or (4) a twin or molar pregnancy. Preeclampsia is diagnosed when the systolic blood pressure (BP) ...
Prisant L M - - 1992
To evaluate the relationship between office and ambulatory BP measurements and filling and emptying parameters, 15 hypertensive and 15 control subjects underwent both 24 hour ambulatory BP monitoring and Doppler echocardiography. No patient received antihypertensive medication for 3-4 weeks, had echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (greater than or equal to 12 ...
Verma N P - - 1992
Thirty adults with essential hypertension (systolic BP greater than 150 mmHg or diastolic BP greater than 100 mmHg) were treated with 5-20 mg of enalapril to study its anti-hypertensive efficacy and safety. Ten patients had mild hypertension (diastolic BP greater than 90 mmHg and less than 105 mmHg), 10 had ...
Hogenson K D - - 1992
Acute postoperative hypertension (APH) has been documented in the PACU. Over half of the patients who exhibit APH have pre-existing primary hypertension. Sustained blood pressure (BP) elevation increases the risk of myocardial ischemia, infarction, surgical site bleeding, or cerebral hemorrhage in these patients. Following surgery and anesthesia, increased sympathetic stimulation ...
Schulte W - - 1992
The effects of the calcium antagonist isradipine and the beta-blocker metoprolol, which are based on different antihypertensive therapeutic principles, were evaluated in 52 men with mild-to-moderate hypertension in a 6-week, double-blind, randomized study. Mental stress-testing was performed before and after active treatment. With isradipine (n = 26), the stress-induced responses ...
Burkhart K K - - 1992
Hypertension is a potential complication following ephedrine and pseudoephedrine overdoses. Treatment with propranolol, a beta blocker, is not recommended since it may produce be an alpha agonist with the potential for further elevated blood pressure. Two patients who developed hypertension following sympathomimetic overdoses were treated with propranolol. After ingesting 4500 ...
Enstr?m-Granath I - - 1992
AIMS: To investigate the usefulness of more comprehensive blood pressure measurements, made during daily life, in the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. METHODS: A blood pressure screening was carried out in middle-aged men and women in K?vlinge, a municipality in southern Sweden. Subjects were classified according to Swedish standard criteria. ...
Loefsjoegaard-Nilsson E - - 1992
The effect of carvedilol on cardiovascular and physical performance parameters at rest and during exercise was evaluated in an open, uncontrolled study. Assessments were made at rest, at one-half anaerobic threshold (1/2AT), at AT, and at maximal work load (WLmax) before and after 3 weeks of treatment with 12.5 mg ...
Woloszyn T T - - 1992
To evaluate the effects of exsanguination, cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD), steroids alone and in conjunction with CSFD on spinal cord perfusion pressure (SCPP), and neurological outcome following 70 min of normothermic spinal cord ischemia, we monitored proximal (Px BP) and distal (Ds BP) aortic blood pressure, cerebrospinal fluid pressure, and ...
Casadei B - - 1991
Four factors govern precision in clinical trials with antihypertensive drugs: the magnitude of the differences in BP to be detected; uniformity in the responses to the antihypertensive agents; the accuracy of the diagnosis of hypertension; and the reproducibility of BP measurements. Ambulatory monitoring has an obvious bearing on all these ...
Formisano R - - 1991
Seven patients, six suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and one from Friedreich ataxia, were treated with a placebo i.v. infusion during the first day and with TRH-T i.v. infusion at a rate of 2 mg/h for 8 h daily (total daily dosage 16 mg) on the 2 consecutive days. ...
Takeuchi K - - 1991
Effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) on blood pressure (BP) control was evaluated in elderly hypertensive patients treated with calcium antagonist. The study was based on a randomized, crossover design to compare the effect of an NSAID, sulindac, with that of another NSAID, diclofenac sodium, in the hypertension treatment. The ...
Raine A E - - 1991
Increased blood pressure (BP) has been the most commonly reported side effect in trials of treatment of the anemia of chronic renal failure with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO). An increase in BP develops in one third of patients, in most cases necessitating initiation or increase of antihypertensive therapy. Elevated BP ...
Myers M G - - 1991
The occurrence of the white coat phenomenon in hypertensive patients receiving drug therapy was determined in a consecutive series of 71 patients undergoing ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) recordings because of suspected differences between office and ambulatory values. Overall mean (+/- SEM) office blood pressure (BP) was 166 +/- 2/95 +/- ...
Cutler J A - - 1991
Since 1987, four randomized controlled clinical trials with 872 nonhypertensive subjects have produced results on weight-reducing interventions, involving decreased caloric intake and/or increased expenditure, for effects on blood pressure (BP). The Hypertension Prevention Trial maintained a 3.5-kg net weight loss through 36 months with intake reduction alone. This program decreased ...
Porcellati C - - 1991
We investigated the long-term effects of benazepril, a new non-sulfydryl angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and left ventricular (LV) anatomy and function in 13 never treated hypertensive patients (mean age 55 years--SD 9). Non-invasive ambulatory BP monitoring (Spacelabs 90202, a reading every 15 min for 24 ...
Staessen J A - - 1991
To perform a meta-analysis of published reports in an attempt to determine the mean and range of normal ambulatory blood pressure (BP), 23 studies including a total of 3,476 normal subjects were reviewed. Most studies were compatible with a mean 24-hour BP in the range of 115 to 120/70 to ...
Abate M A - - 1991
The effects of sulindac and indomethacin on the blood pressure response to labetalol were determined in well-controlled predominantly obese hypertensive patients (n = 26). A stabilized dose of labetalol alone was administered on weeks 1 and 3, and either indomethacin or sulindac was administered with labetalol on week 2, with ...
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