Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1154
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Teitelbaum Ivor - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) is a common and particularly poorly controlled form of hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of eprosartan 600 mg tablet once daily on blood pressure (BP), pulse pressure, BP response, compliance and safety in subjects with ISH compared with subjects with combined systolic-diastolic hypertension (non-ISH). ...
Ram C Ventika S - - 2004
Most hypertensive patients require more than one drug for adequate blood pressure (BP) control. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends starting treatment with a thiazide diuretic or, when BP is >20/10 mm Hg above goal or in ...
White William B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic agents for the treatment of hypertension may differ in their efficacy during the early morning period, a time when both morbid and mortal cardiovascular events are increased compared to other times of the day. METHODS: We studied the effects of a graded-release delivery system of diltiazem (diltiazem HCL ...
Saito Shin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Hypertension Objective treatment based on Measurement by Electrical Devices of Blood Pressure (HOMED-BP) study is a large-scale intervention trial to determine both optimal target blood pressure (BP) on the basis of self-measured BP at home, and optimal initial antihypertensive medication. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of randomization at ...
Wright Jackson T JT - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The effect of a once daily night-time (10 pm) graded-release diltiazem (GRD) on early morning blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and rate-pressure product (RPP) were compared with the effect of morning (8 am) amlodipine in 262 African American individuals with hypertension. METHODS: The multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, dose-to-effect ...
Ferrara L A - - 2004
In middle-age hypertensives from the Gubbio Population Study, we evaluated the relationship between blood pressure (BP) control over a long time and the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). A population survey was performed in 1982-1985 and repeated in 1989-1992. During the second survey, subjects in the age range 40-60 ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that measurement of blood pressure (BP) in the clinical setting may lead to overestimation of hypertension and may yield inaccurate assessments of the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of clinic BP in the Valsartan ...
Smith Wayne - - 2004
We assessed whether retinal arteriolar narrowing and structural abnormalities independently predicted 5-year incident severe (grade 2 or 3) hypertension in an older population-based cohort. The Blue Mountains Eye Study baseline (1992 to 1994) examined 3654 residents aged 49 and older in 2 postal code areas, west of Sydney. Of the ...
Whelton P K - - 2004
Results from national surveys of prevalence, awareness, treatment and control provide the most meaningful basis for assessing the burden of hypertension in the community. National surveys conducted in a variety of countries in North America, Europe, Australia, Asia and Africa have identified a strikingly similar relationship between age and blood ...
Kannel William B - - 2004
We prospectively tested in the combined original and offspring Framingham cohorts the hypothesis that the increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence at low diastolic blood pressure (BP) is largely confined to subjects with increased systolic BP and hence an increased pulse pressure. The 10-year risk of 951 nonfatal CVD events ...
Mizushima Shunsaku - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A double-blind randomized controlled trial was carried out to assess the effect of sour milk, containing two tripeptides (valine-proline-proline and isoleucine-proline-proline), on blood pressure (BP). METHODS: A total of 46 borderline hypertensive men aged 23 to 59 years were recruited at their workplace for this trial. Subjects were randomly ...
Fox Jonathan C - - 2004
The JNC 7 states that persons with blood pressure (BP) more than 20/10 mm Hg above goal should be started on combination drug therapy. This criterion includes patients with BP >160/100 mm Hg and diabetics with hypertension. The goal BP for persons with diabetes mellitus is <130/80 mm Hg. A ...
de Luca Nicola - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increase in left ventricular mass (LVM) may be linked to morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients. Arterial stiffness, systolic blood pressure (BP), and pulse pressure (PP) seem to be the main determinants of LVM. The perindopril/indapamide combination normalizes systolic BP, PP, and arterial function to a greater extent than ...
Bisognano John - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective observational analysis is to examine the clinical effectiveness of amlodipine besylate as monotherapy or in combination with other antihypertensive drugs (AHDs) in systolic blood pressure (BP) control and BP goal attainment, according to the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of ...
Cífková Renata - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in blood pressure (BP) levels, prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in the Czech population from 1985 to 2000/01. DESIGN: Five independent cross-sectional population surveys conducted in 1985, 1988, 1992, 1997/98, and 2000/01. SETTING: Six, mostly rural, districts of the Czech Republic (Praha-východ, Benesov, Pardubice, Chrudim, ...
Wühl Elke - - 2004
BACKGROUND: While the antihypertensive and renoprotective potency of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is well-established in adults with hypertension and/or chronic renal failure, little experience exists in pediatric chronic kidney disease. METHODS: As part of a prospective assessment of the renoprotective efficacy of ACE inhibition and intensified blood pressure (BP) control, ...
Gunal Ali Ihsan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an important predictor of mortality in dialysis patients. The loss of residual renal function (RRF) appears to occur more rapidly in hemodialysis than continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). It is more likely that volume expansion in patients on CAPD may preserve RRF. The aim ...
McGuire Heather L - - 2004
The PREMIER trial assessed the aggregate effect on blood pressure (BP) of nationally recommended lifestyle modifications in free-living adults with high-normal (stage 1) hypertension. Participants (N=810) were randomized to the advice-only group; the established group (consisting of weight loss, increased physical activity, and reduced sodium and alcohol intake); or the ...
Guerra-Riccio Grazia Maria - - 2004
Arterial hypertension is a public health problem and patient adherence to treatment is challenging. This study tested whether frequent nurse visits provide additional benefits to antihypertensive treatment. Every 30 days, a pharmacist visited these patients to deliver antihypertensive drugs and perform a pill count. Nurses visited group A (48 patients) ...
Lacourcière Yves - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, is a well-recognized antihypertensive drug. Its ability to protect against cardiovascular events in hypertension has also been demonstrated. It decreases the stiffness of the larger arteries; questions remain as to the mechanisms involved and whether it is blood pressure (BP) control-dependent. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Jamerson Kenneth A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC 7) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends initial combination therapy for patients whose blood pressure (BP) is >20/10 mm Hg above goal. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of initial combination therapy versus that ...
Libhaber Elena N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of hypertension in subjects of African origins, although hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is not as effective as calcium channel blockers, indapamide is superior to HCTZ. In the present study we therefore compared the effects of slow release (SR) indapamide with the calcium channel blocker amlodipine, when used as ...
Banegas José R - - 2004
Goal blood pressure (BP) was defined by the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) and the World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) as <140 mm Hg systolic and <90 mm Hg diastolic for the general and <130 ...
Williams Gordon H GH Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2004
This study compared the efficacy and tolerability of eplerenone and enalapril in 499 patients with stage 1 or 2 hypertension who were randomized to receive eplerenone or enalapril for 6 months in a 3-step titration-to-effect study. After 6 months, patients whose diastolic blood pressure (BP) was <90 mm Hg had ...
Matsuoka Seiji - - 2004
Masked hypertension, a high ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in the presence of normal office blood pressure (BP), is recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular complications in the adult population. We evaluated the prevalence of masked hypertension in pediatric patients. We studied 136 patients (59 boys and 77 girls, aged ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the time-effect profiles of a once-daily administration of valsartan and amlodipine, each given alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide, in terms of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and heart rate in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four ...
Hermida Ramón C - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that a single nighttime dose of standard doxazosin, an alpha-adrenergic antagonist, reduces blood pressure (BP) throughout the 24 h. We investigated the administration-time-dependent effects of the new doxazosin gastrointestinal therapeutic system (GITS) formulation. We studied 91 subjects (49 men and 42 women), 56.7+/-11.2 (mean+/-SD) yrs of ...
Mallion Jean-Michel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Circadian blood pressure (BP) measurements provide more information on hypertensive complications than office BP measurements. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy of the first-line combination of perindopril 2 mg plus indapamide 0.625 mg versus atenolol 50 mg on BP parameters and variability over 24 h ...
Staessen Jan A JA Study Coordinating Centre, Hypertension and Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Molecular and Cardiovascular Research, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. - - 2004
Self-measurement of blood pressure is increasingly used in clinical practice, but how it affects the treatment of hypertension requires further study. To compare use of blood pressure (BP) measurements taken in physicians' offices and at home in the treatment of patients with hypertension. Blinded randomized controlled trial conducted from March ...
Morgan Trefor - - 2004
Central aortic systolic blood pressure (BP) is an important determinant of cardiac workload and cardiac hypertrophy. The relationship of central aortic systolic BP and brachial BP varies depending on the stiffness of blood vessels. It is not certain whether the different drug classes affect the brachial and aortic systolic BP ...
Aoki Yohei - - 2004
Hypertension Objective treatment based on Measurement by Electrical Devices of Blood Pressure Study (HOMED BP Study) is the first large-scale intervention trial in Japan using a Prospective Randomized Open Blinded Endpoint (PROBE) design to determine an optimal target blood pressure (BP) level on the basis of self-measured BP at home, ...
Kuschnir Emilio - - 2004
Most hypertensive patients require more than one medication to effectively control elevated blood pressure (BP) values. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind study was aimed at testing the efficacy and safety of the combination of low-dose nifedipine GITS 20 mg/ losartan 50 mg compared with either monotherapy in patients with grade 1 ...
He Jiang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of dietary fiber intake on blood pressure (BP). DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 110 trial participants aged 30 to 65 years who had untreated, but higher than optimal BP or stage-1 hypertension were recruited from the community in New ...
Trenkwalder Peter - - 2004
Hypertension guidelines emphasise the need to treat high blood pressure (BP) early and aggressively, giving fixed-dose combinations special consideration. Hitherto, it has not been assessed in a sequential way whether hypertensive patients with inadequately controlled hypertension with an angiotensin II receptor antagonist/hydrochlorothiazide combination benefit from a dose increase of the ...
Asgary S - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential antihypertensive effects of extracts of the flavonoid-rich Iranian flower, Crataegus curvisepala Lind., a member of the Rosaceae family. The hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves and flowers were studied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to determine its effects. A ...
Rabbia Franco - - 2004
To evaluate the effects of long-term therapy with fosinopril, irbesartan and atenolol on the autonomic control of the cardiovascular system in hypertensive patients. We enrolled 58 patients (mean age 38 +/- 10 years) with never-treated mild hypertension with no evidence of target organ damage. The study was single blind. Patients ...
Park Yoo Kyoung - - 2004
Many of the flavonoids found in grapes and grape products such as juice or wine have been known to exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, platelet inhibitory and arterial relaxing effects either in vitro, in animal studies and in human trials. This study was designed to test the effect of Concord grape juice ...
Bacon Simon L - - 2004
High blood pressure (BP) is a major health problem in the US, affecting more than 50 million people. Although high BP is among the most common reasons for outpatient visits, BP control is often inadequate. It is well established that BP can be lowered pharmacologically in hypertensive individuals; however, anti-hypertensive ...
Safar Michel E - - 2004
Essential hypertension presents itself differently in men and women. Before the menopause, there are obvious hormonal differences between the sexes and it is now known that after the menopause, the arterial tree ages differently. At all ages, the shorter stature in women and the obligatory shorter arterial tree induce faster ...
Sharman Donald L - - 2004
Previous reports have demonstrated improvement in blood pressure (BP) control utilizing noninvasive hemodynamic measurements with impedance cardiography (ICG). The purpose of this article is to report the effect of utilizing ICG-guided decision making to treat uncontrolled hypertension in a community generalist setting. Patient medical records were retrospectively reviewed for subjects ...
Barron John J - - 2004
Calcium antagonists (CAs) from two classes - dihydropyridine and non-dihydropyridine (DCAs and NDCAs, respectively) - are important add-on agents in goal blood pressure (BP) attainment. This study compared drug regimens to which DCAs or NDCAs had been added; for each class, BP reduction and healthcare costs were evaluated in a ...
Chobanian Aram V - - 2003
The National High Blood Pressure Education Program presents the complete Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Like its predecessors, the purpose is to provide an evidence-based approach to the prevention and management of hypertension. The key messages of this ...
Sermswan Anawat - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension is an important public health problem, its prevalence varies between 30 to 50 per cent. However, there is no definite recommendation for the treatment of resistant hypertension (HT). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective randomized placebo control crossover study in resistant HT was designed to compare safety and ...
Fauvel Jean Pierre - - 2003
We have reported that high job strain was associated with a significantly higher diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 4.5 mm Hg during the working hours, irrespective of BP reactivity to a stress test. We report the final results of the first 5-year follow-up study, which aimed to assess the respective ...
Egan Brent M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: One important objective defined in the Healthy People 2010 report was to improve blood pressure (BP) control to < 140/90 mm Hg in 50% of all hypertensive patients. Because the US population is becoming older, more obese, and ethnically diverse, the health and economic benefits of reaching this goal ...
Ichihara Atsuhiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Aortic stiffness is assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV) and predicts the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality of hypertensive patients. To determine the long-term effects of intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering by antihypertensive drug therapy on aortic stiffness assessed by PWV, a single-blind randomized prospective study was performed. METHODS: One ...
Hill Martha N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: African American men with hypertension in low socioeconomic urban populations achieve poor rates of hypertension control and suffer early from its complications. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial with 309 hypertensive urban African American men aged 21 to 54 years, we evaluated the effectiveness of a more intensive comprehensive ...
Al Khaja Khalid A Jassim - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adequacy of blood pressure (BP) control and therapeutic appropriateness of antihypertensive drug(s) prescribed, taking into consideration laboratory parameters and the presence of comorbidities, in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Therapeutic audit of medical records of hypertensive patients from 9 primary care health centers in Bahrain using World Health ...
Hatton Daniel C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The current study examined the relationship between calcium supplementation during pregnancy and blood pressure (BP) in the mother and offspring at 3 months and at 2 years postpartum. METHODS: Nulliparous pregnant women were assigned to either receive 2 g of calcium or placebo daily beginning between weeks 13 to ...
Stergiou George S GS Third University Department of Medicine, Sotiria Hosptial, Athens, Greece. - - 2003
To compare lisinopril with telmisartan, in regard to: 1) their effect on blood pressure (BP) and pulse pressure (PP), and 2) the duration and the homogeneity of their antihypertensive effect. A randomized, open-label, crossover, comparative study of telmisartan 80 mg versus lisinopril 20 mg was conducted in 32 untreated hypertensive ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >