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Xie Zhongwen - - 2014
As the central pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) has long been considered the primary regulator of blood pressure circadian rhythm; however, this dogma has been challenged by the discovery that each of the clock genes present in the SCN is also expressed and functions in peripheral tissues. The involvement and ...
Inal Salih S From the *Department of Nephrology, Gazi University Medical School; and †Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Nafiz Körez Sincan State Hospital, Ankara; and ‡Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Niğde State Hospital Niğde, - - 2014
Aberrant circadian rhythm with persistent nocturnal sympathetic hyperactivity has pointed out malfunctioning autonomic nervous system in fibromyalgia (FM) patients. This is a common pathogenesis shared also by patients with nondipping blood pressure (BP) pattern. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the frequency of nondipping BP pattern in normotensive women with newly ...
Sit Arthur J AJ Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only known effective treatment for glaucoma. However, IOP is a highly variable and dynamic parameter, undergoing virtually constant changes from numerous factors, including body position and circadian rhythms. Despite this variability, evidence for the efficacy of IOP reduction in glaucoma is based on ...
Seidel Gerald G Medical University of Graz/Austria, Department of Ophthalmology. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate a potential circadian fluctuation of the choroidal volume in healthy adults by enhanced depth imaging (EDI) via spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Prospective observational case series METHODS: Thirty healthy eyes of 15 healthy subjects with a median age of 26 years (range 22 to 55) underwent EDI ...
Wang Ya Xing YX *Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology †Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China ‡Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, - - 2014
To report on a reversibility of a retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) detachment in association with marked short-term changes in intraocular pressure (IOP). Three patients underwent a dark room provocative test for the diagnosis of angle-closure glaucoma. A spectral-domain optical coherent tomography of the macula was additionally performed. On the macula ...
Możdżan Monika M Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Lodz, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of melatonin on blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension receiving medical treatment and with type 2 diabetes in good metabolic control. The study lasted 8 weeks. Patients were equipped with a 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitor and took melatonin ...
Perez Christina M CM Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA, - - 2014
The body responds to environmental stressors by triggering autonomic reflexes in the pulmonary receptors, baroreceptors, and chemoreceptors to maintain homeostasis. Numerous studies have shown that exposure to various gases and airborne particles can alter the functional outcome of these reflexes, particularly with respect to the cardiovascular system. Modulation of autonomic ...
Zalewski Pawel P Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, M. Sklodowskiej-Curie 9, 85-094 Bydgoszcz, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over recent years, a considerable increase in the popularity of cryostimulation and whole body cryotherapy (WBC) procedures has occurred both among healthy individuals and in various groups of patients, including those with primary untreated hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of WBC on the functional ...
Aylward Shawn C SC Department of Neurology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA - - 2014
We aimed to determine the frequency of intracranial hypertension without headache in children. We retrospectively analyzed patients evaluated in a pediatric intracranial hypertension referral center. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on whether they complained of headache at the time of presentation. Age, body mass index, and opening cerebrospinal ...
Yamout Hala H The University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, Ill., - - 2014
Background/Aims: Some sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are approved for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of ≥45 ml/min/1.73 m(2). The efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, an approved SGLT2 inhibitor, was evaluated in patients with stage 3 chronic ...
Trimmer B A BA *Department of Biology, School of Arts and Sciences, Tufts University, 200 Boston Avenue, Suite 2600, Medford, MA 02155, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm, Ashburn, VA, USA - - 2014
Muscular hydrostats (such as mollusks), and fluid-filled animals (such as annelids), can exploit their constant-volume tissues to transfer forces and displacements in predictable ways, much as articulated animals use hinges and levers. Although larval insects contain pressurized fluids, they also have internal air tubes that are compressible and, as a ...
Chidambaram Natesan N Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, - - 2014
The Healthy Eating Asians Remain Together (HEART) study was carried out to investigate the relationship between 24-hour urine nutritional biomarkers and cardiometabolic risks in India. A total of 168 participants underwent health examination to assess body mass index, blood pressure, and 24-hour urine samples. The participants were divided into normotensive ...
Kirsten Vanessa Ramos VR Graduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul), Porto Alegre, Brazil; Nutrition Course, Federal University of Santa Maria (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria), Santa Maria, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the salt taste sensitivity thresholds and relationships with body composition and blood pressure levels in a cross-sectional study of adolescents. Blood pressure and body composition were measured with a digital device and by anthropometry, respectively. The salt taste sensitivity threshold was measured ...
Yasuda Gen G Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Yokohama City University Center Hospital , Kanagawa , - - 2014
Abstract We conducted a prospective study to assess the effects of doxazosin, as the third agent, on morning and position-related blood pressure (BP) in 77 diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease, who were allocated randomly to doxazosin and diuretics groups. Doxazosin decreased morning BP but diuretics could not decrease pre-awakening ...
Arcaya Mariana M From the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA (M.A., I.K., S.V.S.); Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California-San Francisco School of Medicine (M.M.G.); Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Boston, MA (P.C.); and Yale Institute for Network Science, Yale University, New Haven, CT (N.A.C.). - - 2014
No studies have examined the effects of local foreclosure activity on neighbors' blood pressure, despite the fact that spillover effects of nearby foreclosures include many known risk factors for increased blood pressure. We assessed the extent to which living near foreclosed properties is associated with subsequent systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Adrogué Horacio J HJ Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX; Renal Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, - - 2014
The pathogenic role of sodium surfeit in primary hypertension is widely recognized but that of potassium deficiency usually has been ignored or at best assigned subsidiary status. Weighing the available evidence, we recently proposed that the chief environmental factor in the pathogenesis of primary hypertension and the associated cardiovascular risk ...
Grasser Erik K EK Division of Physiology, Laboratory of Integrative Cardiovascular and Metabolic Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 5, Fribourg 1700, - - 2014
Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD. The objective of the present study was to elucidate acute haemodynamic and microcirculatory responses to the ingestion of sugary drinks made from sucrose, glucose or fructose at concentrations similar to those often found in commercial soft drinks. In ...
Tumram Nilesh Keshav NK From the Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra State, - - 2014
In compression asphyxia, the respiration is prevented by external pressure on the body. It is usually due to external force compressing the trunk due to heavy weight over chest/abdomen and is associated with internal injuries. In the present case, the victim was suspended in an upright position owing to wedging ...
Morteza Seyed Jafari S S Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, University Hospital, Inselspital, University of Berne, - - 2014
We used real-time LDI to study regional variations in microcirculatory perfusion in healthy candidates to establish a new methodology for global perfusion body mapping that is based on intra-individual perfusion index ratios. Our study included 74 (37 female) healthy volunteers aged between 22 and 30years (mean 24.49). Imaging was performed ...
Lee Joshua F JF Environmental and Autonomic Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, D-3700, Austin, TX, 78712, - - 2014
Cerebrovascular reactivity represents the capacity of the cerebral circulation to raise blood flow in the face of increased demand, and may be reduced in some clinical and physiological conditions. We tested the hypothesis that the hypercapnia-induced increase in cerebral perfusion is attenuated during heat stress (HS) compared to normothermia (NT), ...
Pilch W W Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland ; Institute of Physical Education, State Higher Vocational School, Nowy Sącz, - - 2014
The aim of the paper was to follow up major physiological reactions, provoked by heat stress during dry and wet sauna baths. A physical strain index and subjective estimation of heat comfort of subjects who had not taken sauna baths before was also evaluated. Ten healthy males aged 25-28 underwent ...
Mansouri Kaweh K Glaucoma Sector, Department of Ophthalmology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland ; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only treatable risk factor for glaucoma. Yet, current glaucoma management usually relies on single IOP measurements during clinic hours despite the fact that IOP is a dynamic parameter with individual rhythms. Single IOP measurements underpin all major clinical guidelines on treatment of glaucoma. Other potentially ...
Afzal Atif A Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2014
Body weight support (WS) during treadmill exercise is used to rehabilitate orthopedic/neurological patients. WS lowers musculoskeletal strain and load. It compresses the lower body and increases intrathoracic volume. We studied short-term effects of WS on wave reflection indices using applanation tonometry during progressive WS of 25%, 50%, and 75% of ...
Bonnet Cédrick T CT Laboratoire de Neurosciences Fonctionnelles et Pathologies, Université Lille 2, CNRS, Lille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study investigated the mediolateral control of upright stance in 16 healthy, young adults. The model analyzed the body weight distribution and center of pressure location mechanisms under three stance width conditions (feet close, under standard condition, and apart). Our first objective was to discuss some methodological requirements to investigate ...
Le Peter P a Biodynamics Laboratory, Department of Integrated Systems Engineering , The Ohio State University , 210 Baker Systems Engineering, 1971 Neil Avenue, Columbus , OH 43210 , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify how physiological measures relate to self-reported vehicle seating discomfort. Twelve subjects of varied anthropometric characteristics were enrolled in the study. Subjects sat in two seats over a 2-h period and were evaluated via three physiological measures (near-infrared spectroscopy, electromyography and pressure mapping) ...
M Salahuddin S Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Suleiman Al Rajhi Colleges , Bukayriah, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Ramadan fasting is a religious obligation which is practised by Muslim population all over the world. However, there is scarcity of scientific literature regarding its effects on health determinants in cardiovascular disturbances like hypertension. The present study was done to assess the (BP), body weight and serum cholesterol changes over ...
Ji Fuling F Department of Public Health, Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, - - 2014
We evaluated the genetic and environmental contributions to metabolic cardiovascular risk factors and their mutual associations. Eight metabolic factors (body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides, and serum uric acid) were measured in 508 twin pairs aged 8-17 years ...
Tavakolian Kouhyar K *Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia; and †Heart Force Medical Inc, Vancouver; and ‡Aerospace Physiology Laboratory, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
Graded lower-body negative pressure was used to create a hemodynamic response similar to hemorrhage. Echocardiogram measurements showed a maximal reduction of 32.4% in stroke volume. Analysis of systolic time intervals, such as pre-ejection period and left ventricular ejection time (LVET), derived from a seismocardiogram (SCG), were demonstrated to be more ...
Liu Rui - - 2014
Colorless and pink orthoclase from Balikun granite body, East Zhunger in Xinjiang, served as the samples for the research on hydrostatic pressure experiment. The in-situ hydrostatic pressure test for orthoclases was conducted at the room temperature and pressures from 100 to 600 MPa using cubic zirconia anvil cell, with quartz ...
Xu Wei-Hua WH Respiration Department of Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Gucui Road #234, 310012, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine if the effect of transrespiratory pressure on respiration was due to alveolar pressure minus the body surface pressure or from the co-effects of two-sided pressure. After introducing air pressure into the trachea of intubated mice, the tidal volume (VT) showed no significant changes, but the ...
Maselli M M Geriatric Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Padua, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physiological aging can lead to an increase in blood pressure (BP) over time even in regularly exercising elders. Office BP measurements (OBPM) might be unable to detect these BP variations. The aim of this study was to analyze BP changes over 3.5 years in active elders using ABPM. The study ...
Tremblay-Darveau Charles C Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gas microbubbles are highly compressible, which makes them very efficient sound scatterers. As another consequence of their high compressibility, the radii of the microbubbles are affected by the pressure of the fluid around them, which changes their resonance frequency. Although the pressures present within the human body cause only minor ...
Jonas Jost B JB Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, China ; Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg, - - 2014
To examine potential associations between body height, cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD) and prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in a population-based setting. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6±9.8 years (range:50-93 years). A detailed ophthalmic examination was performed. ...
Valdivia Abel A Department of Biology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, NC , - - 2014
Biotic resistance is the idea that native species negatively affect the invasion success of introduced species, but whether this can occur at large spatial scales is poorly understood. Here we re-evaluated the hypothesis that native large-bodied grouper and other predators are controlling the abundance of exotic lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) on ...
Jones David H DH Department of Biological Sciences, University of Quebec in Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3P8 Canada ; Department of Exercise Science, The Richard J. Renaud Science Complex, Concordia University, Montreal, QC H4B 1R6 Canada ; Integrative Health & Wellness, VM Medical Centre, Montreal, QC H3G 1L5 - - 2014
The main objective of this prospective study was to obtain a better understanding of the body composition and vital sign measures of cancers survivors (CS) when compared to regular (R) patients. A total of 9,315 female patients were evaluated: 476 CS and 8,839 R patients. Kinesiologists worked side by side ...
Kato Yoji Y 0000-0003-0765-099X Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Mihara, Hiroshima 723-0053, - - 2014
Background. Recent studies suggest that the daily intake of lemon (Citrus limon) has a good effect on health, but this has not been confirmed in humans. In our previous studies, it was observed that people who are conscious of their health performed more lemon intake and exercise. An analysis that ...
Ozawa Shin S Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, - - 2014
The Chelyabinsk asteroid impact is the second largest asteroid airburst in our recorded history. To prepare for a potential threat from asteroid impacts, it is important to understand the nature and formational history of Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) like Chelyabinsk asteroid. In orbital evolution of an asteroid, collision with other asteroids ...
Seibold Leonard K LK Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado Eye Center, Aurora, CO, - - 2014
To determine the diurnal and nocturnal effects of travoprost with sofZia(®) (Travatan Z(®) [TZ]) on intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Twenty-seven subjects with NTG were admitted to an inpatient sleep laboratory for three 24-hour sessions monitoring IOP, blood pressure (BP), and ...
Jensen Ida-Johanne IJ Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, - - 2014
Hypertension is an independent yet controllable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Synthetic angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors used to treat hypertension are often associated with adverse effects, and the interest in diet-related inhibitors is increasing. We hypothesized that North Atlantic fish hydrolysate might inhibit ACE, thus preventing hypertension. We assessed the ...
Martinovic Milica - - 2013
Background: Health inequalities may begin during childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate the main effect of poverty and its interactive effect with gender on children's blood pressure. Methods: The study was performed in two elementary schools from a rural region near Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro. A ...
Garcia Maria L ML Kanalis Consulting, L.L.C., 5 Ashbrook Drive, Edison, NJ 08820, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The kidney plays a critical role in blood pressure homeostasis as a result of the integrated activity of different mechanisms that ensure proper salt and water reabsorption. Diuretics, developed more than four decades ago, are used to treat hypertension and/or congestive heart failure, although there are therapeutic issues that limit ...
Jonas Jost B - - 2013
To examine associations between body mass index, neuroretinal rim area and retinal nerve fibre layer cross-sectional area (RNFLCRA) in a population-based setting. The Central India Eye and Medical Study is a population-based study performed in a rural region of Central India. The study included 4711 subjects (aged 30 + years). A detailed ...
Niewinski Piotr - - 2013
While the ventilatory response to hypoxia is mediated by carotid bodies, the origin of hemodynamic alterations evoked by hypoxia is less certain. Bilateral carotid body removal (CBR) performed to treat congestive heart failure (CHF) may serve as model to understand hemodynamic responses to hypoxia in humans. We studied 6 CHF ...
Dietsch Angela M - - 2013
Fine control of orofacial musculature is necessary to precisely accelerate and decelerate the articulators across exact distances for functional speech and coordinated swallows (Amerman & Parnell, 1990; Benjamin, 1997; Kent, Duffy, Slama, Kent, & Clift, 2001). Enhanced understanding of neural control for such movements could clarify the nature of and ...
Parodi Dante - - 2013
To determine the effect of warming arthroscopic irrigation solution on core body temperature during hip arthroscopic surgery in patients with femoroacetabular impingement. An analytical, prospective, observational study was performed in a cohort of 166 consecutive patients. All patients underwent hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement. Two groups were studied: ...
White Craig R - - 2013
Understanding of the factors involved in determining the level of central arterial blood pressure in mammals has been clouded by inappropriate allometric analyses that fail to account for phylogenetic relationships among species, and require pressure to approach 0 as body size decreases. The present study analyses systolic, mean arterial, and ...
Mkhonto Seth S - - 2013
This article has been retracted by the Editor because the authors do not have ownership of the data they report. A formal investigation conducted by the University of Limpopo, South Africa, has concluded that the data reported in this article are the sole property of the University of Limpopo.
Rodriguez-Leyva Delfin - - 2013
Flaxseed contains ω-3 fatty acids, lignans, and fiber that together may provide benefits to patients with cardiovascular disease. Animal work identified that patients with peripheral artery disease may particularly benefit from dietary supplementation with flaxseed. Hypertension is commonly associated with peripheral artery disease. The purpose of the study was to ...
Saha Tanmay - - 2013
Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-related hypertensive disorder, is one of the leading causes of fetal and maternal mortality and morbidity globally. Angiogenic growth factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (P1GF) are involved in the generation of new blood vessels required for placental development and physiological functions, while ...
Huang H C HC Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi, Taiwan - - - 2013
Little is known about the influence of existing muscle tone abnormality on the sitting posture of stroke patients in reclining wheelchairs. To investigate the impact of muscle tone abnormality from hemiplegia on the forward sliding and pressure of stroke patients while sitting in reclining wheelchairs. Experimental study. The Assistive Devices/Technology ...
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