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Aylward Shawn C SC Department of Neurology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA - - 2014
We aimed to determine the frequency of intracranial hypertension without headache in children. We retrospectively analyzed patients evaluated in a pediatric intracranial hypertension referral center. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on whether they complained of headache at the time of presentation. Age, body mass index, and opening cerebrospinal ...
Trimmer B A BA *Department of Biology, School of Arts and Sciences, Tufts University, 200 Boston Avenue, Suite 2600, Medford, MA 02155, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Janelia Farm, Ashburn, VA, USA - - 2014
Muscular hydrostats (such as mollusks), and fluid-filled animals (such as annelids), can exploit their constant-volume tissues to transfer forces and displacements in predictable ways, much as articulated animals use hinges and levers. Although larval insects contain pressurized fluids, they also have internal air tubes that are compressible and, as a ...
Chidambaram Natesan N Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, - - 2014
The Healthy Eating Asians Remain Together (HEART) study was carried out to investigate the relationship between 24-hour urine nutritional biomarkers and cardiometabolic risks in India. A total of 168 participants underwent health examination to assess body mass index, blood pressure, and 24-hour urine samples. The participants were divided into normotensive ...
Kirsten Vanessa Ramos VR Graduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul), Porto Alegre, Brazil; Nutrition Course, Federal University of Santa Maria (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria), Santa Maria, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the salt taste sensitivity thresholds and relationships with body composition and blood pressure levels in a cross-sectional study of adolescents. Blood pressure and body composition were measured with a digital device and by anthropometry, respectively. The salt taste sensitivity threshold was measured ...
Yasuda Gen G Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Yokohama City University Center Hospital , Kanagawa , - - 2014
Abstract We conducted a prospective study to assess the effects of doxazosin, as the third agent, on morning and position-related blood pressure (BP) in 77 diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease, who were allocated randomly to doxazosin and diuretics groups. Doxazosin decreased morning BP but diuretics could not decrease pre-awakening ...
Arcaya Mariana M From the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA (M.A., I.K., S.V.S.); Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California-San Francisco School of Medicine (M.M.G.); Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Boston, MA (P.C.); and Yale Institute for Network Science, Yale University, New Haven, CT (N.A.C.). - - 2014
No studies have examined the effects of local foreclosure activity on neighbors' blood pressure, despite the fact that spillover effects of nearby foreclosures include many known risk factors for increased blood pressure. We assessed the extent to which living near foreclosed properties is associated with subsequent systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Adrogué Horacio J HJ Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX; Renal Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston, - - 2014
The pathogenic role of sodium surfeit in primary hypertension is widely recognized but that of potassium deficiency usually has been ignored or at best assigned subsidiary status. Weighing the available evidence, we recently proposed that the chief environmental factor in the pathogenesis of primary hypertension and the associated cardiovascular risk ...
Grasser Erik K EK Division of Physiology, Laboratory of Integrative Cardiovascular and Metabolic Physiology, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Chemin du Musée 5, Fribourg 1700, - - 2014
Overconsumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD. The objective of the present study was to elucidate acute haemodynamic and microcirculatory responses to the ingestion of sugary drinks made from sucrose, glucose or fructose at concentrations similar to those often found in commercial soft drinks. In ...
Tumram Nilesh Keshav NK From the Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra State, - - 2014
In compression asphyxia, the respiration is prevented by external pressure on the body. It is usually due to external force compressing the trunk due to heavy weight over chest/abdomen and is associated with internal injuries. In the present case, the victim was suspended in an upright position owing to wedging ...
Morteza Seyed Jafari S S Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, University Hospital, Inselspital, University of Berne, - - 2014
We used real-time LDI to study regional variations in microcirculatory perfusion in healthy candidates to establish a new methodology for global perfusion body mapping that is based on intra-individual perfusion index ratios. Our study included 74 (37 female) healthy volunteers aged between 22 and 30years (mean 24.49). Imaging was performed ...
Lee Joshua F JF Environmental and Autonomic Physiology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, D-3700, Austin, TX, 78712, - - 2014
Cerebrovascular reactivity represents the capacity of the cerebral circulation to raise blood flow in the face of increased demand, and may be reduced in some clinical and physiological conditions. We tested the hypothesis that the hypercapnia-induced increase in cerebral perfusion is attenuated during heat stress (HS) compared to normothermia (NT), ...
Pilch W W Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland ; Institute of Physical Education, State Higher Vocational School, Nowy Sącz, - - 2014
The aim of the paper was to follow up major physiological reactions, provoked by heat stress during dry and wet sauna baths. A physical strain index and subjective estimation of heat comfort of subjects who had not taken sauna baths before was also evaluated. Ten healthy males aged 25-28 underwent ...
Afzal Atif A Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2014
Body weight support (WS) during treadmill exercise is used to rehabilitate orthopedic/neurological patients. WS lowers musculoskeletal strain and load. It compresses the lower body and increases intrathoracic volume. We studied short-term effects of WS on wave reflection indices using applanation tonometry during progressive WS of 25%, 50%, and 75% of ...
Bonnet Cédrick T CT Laboratoire de Neurosciences Fonctionnelles et Pathologies, Université Lille 2, CNRS, Lille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study investigated the mediolateral control of upright stance in 16 healthy, young adults. The model analyzed the body weight distribution and center of pressure location mechanisms under three stance width conditions (feet close, under standard condition, and apart). Our first objective was to discuss some methodological requirements to investigate ...
Le Peter P a Biodynamics Laboratory, Department of Integrated Systems Engineering , The Ohio State University , 210 Baker Systems Engineering, 1971 Neil Avenue, Columbus , OH 43210 , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify how physiological measures relate to self-reported vehicle seating discomfort. Twelve subjects of varied anthropometric characteristics were enrolled in the study. Subjects sat in two seats over a 2-h period and were evaluated via three physiological measures (near-infrared spectroscopy, electromyography and pressure mapping) ...
M Salahuddin S Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Suleiman Al Rajhi Colleges , Bukayriah, Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Introduction: Ramadan fasting is a religious obligation which is practised by Muslim population all over the world. However, there is scarcity of scientific literature regarding its effects on health determinants in cardiovascular disturbances like hypertension. Objects:The present study was done to assess the (BP), body weight and serum cholesterol changes ...
Ji Fuling F Department of Public Health, Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao, - - 2014
We evaluated the genetic and environmental contributions to metabolic cardiovascular risk factors and their mutual associations. Eight metabolic factors (body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides, and serum uric acid) were measured in 508 twin pairs aged 8-17 years ...
Tavakolian Kouhyar K *Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia; and †Heart Force Medical Inc, Vancouver; and ‡Aerospace Physiology Laboratory, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
Graded lower-body negative pressure was used to create a hemodynamic response similar to hemorrhage. Echocardiogram measurements showed a maximal reduction of 32.4% in stroke volume. Analysis of systolic time intervals, such as pre-ejection period and left ventricular ejection time (LVET), derived from a seismocardiogram (SCG), were demonstrated to be more ...
Liu Rui - - 2014
Colorless and pink orthoclase from Balikun granite body, East Zhunger in Xinjiang, served as the samples for the research on hydrostatic pressure experiment. The in-situ hydrostatic pressure test for orthoclases was conducted at the room temperature and pressures from 100 to 600 MPa using cubic zirconia anvil cell, with quartz ...
Xu Wei-Hua WH Respiration Department of Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Gucui Road #234, 310012, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine if the effect of transrespiratory pressure on respiration was due to alveolar pressure minus the body surface pressure or from the co-effects of two-sided pressure. After introducing air pressure into the trachea of intubated mice, the tidal volume (VT) showed no significant changes, but the ...
Maselli M M Geriatric Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Padua, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physiological aging can lead to an increase in blood pressure (BP) over time even in regularly exercising elders. Office BP measurements (OBPM) might be unable to detect these BP variations. The aim of this study was to analyze BP changes over 3.5 years in active elders using ABPM. The study ...
Tremblay-Darveau Charles C Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gas microbubbles are highly compressible, which makes them very efficient sound scatterers. As another consequence of their high compressibility, the radii of the microbubbles are affected by the pressure of the fluid around them, which changes their resonance frequency. Although the pressures present within the human body cause only minor ...
Jonas Jost B JB Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, China ; Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg, - - 2014
To examine potential associations between body height, cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD) and prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in a population-based setting. The population-based Beijing Eye Study 2011 included 3468 individuals with a mean age of 64.6±9.8 years (range:50-93 years). A detailed ophthalmic examination was performed. ...
Valdivia Abel A Department of Biology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill, NC , - - 2014
Biotic resistance is the idea that native species negatively affect the invasion success of introduced species, but whether this can occur at large spatial scales is poorly understood. Here we re-evaluated the hypothesis that native large-bodied grouper and other predators are controlling the abundance of exotic lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles) on ...
Jones David H DH Department of Biological Sciences, University of Quebec in Montreal, Montreal, QC H3C 3P8 Canada ; Department of Exercise Science, The Richard J. Renaud Science Complex, Concordia University, Montreal, QC H4B 1R6 Canada ; Integrative Health & Wellness, VM Medical Centre, Montreal, QC H3G 1L5 - - 2014
The main objective of this prospective study was to obtain a better understanding of the body composition and vital sign measures of cancers survivors (CS) when compared to regular (R) patients. A total of 9,315 female patients were evaluated: 476 CS and 8,839 R patients. Kinesiologists worked side by side ...
Kato Yoji Y 0000-0003-0765-099X Faculty of Health and Welfare, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Mihara, Hiroshima 723-0053, - - 2014
Background. Recent studies suggest that the daily intake of lemon (Citrus limon) has a good effect on health, but this has not been confirmed in humans. In our previous studies, it was observed that people who are conscious of their health performed more lemon intake and exercise. An analysis that ...
Ozawa Shin S Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, - - 2014
The Chelyabinsk asteroid impact is the second largest asteroid airburst in our recorded history. To prepare for a potential threat from asteroid impacts, it is important to understand the nature and formational history of Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) like Chelyabinsk asteroid. In orbital evolution of an asteroid, collision with other asteroids ...
Jensen Ida-Johanne IJ Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, - - 2014
Hypertension is an independent yet controllable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Synthetic angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors used to treat hypertension are often associated with adverse effects, and the interest in diet-related inhibitors is increasing. We hypothesized that North Atlantic fish hydrolysate might inhibit ACE, thus preventing hypertension. We assessed the ...
Martinovic Milica - - 2013
Background: Health inequalities may begin during childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate the main effect of poverty and its interactive effect with gender on children's blood pressure. Methods: The study was performed in two elementary schools from a rural region near Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro. A ...
Garcia Maria L ML Kanalis Consulting, L.L.C., 5 Ashbrook Drive, Edison, NJ 08820, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The kidney plays a critical role in blood pressure homeostasis as a result of the integrated activity of different mechanisms that ensure proper salt and water reabsorption. Diuretics, developed more than four decades ago, are used to treat hypertension and/or congestive heart failure, although there are therapeutic issues that limit ...
Jonas Jost B - - 2013
To examine associations between body mass index, neuroretinal rim area and retinal nerve fibre layer cross-sectional area (RNFLCRA) in a population-based setting. The Central India Eye and Medical Study is a population-based study performed in a rural region of Central India. The study included 4711 subjects (aged 30 + years). A detailed ...
Niewinski Piotr - - 2013
While the ventilatory response to hypoxia is mediated by carotid bodies, the origin of hemodynamic alterations evoked by hypoxia is less certain. Bilateral carotid body removal (CBR) performed to treat congestive heart failure (CHF) may serve as model to understand hemodynamic responses to hypoxia in humans. We studied 6 CHF ...
Dietsch Angela M - - 2013
Fine control of orofacial musculature is necessary to precisely accelerate and decelerate the articulators across exact distances for functional speech and coordinated swallows (Amerman & Parnell, 1990; Benjamin, 1997; Kent, Duffy, Slama, Kent, & Clift, 2001). Enhanced understanding of neural control for such movements could clarify the nature of and ...
Parodi Dante - - 2013
To determine the effect of warming arthroscopic irrigation solution on core body temperature during hip arthroscopic surgery in patients with femoroacetabular impingement. An analytical, prospective, observational study was performed in a cohort of 166 consecutive patients. All patients underwent hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement. Two groups were studied: ...
White Craig R - - 2013
Understanding of the factors involved in determining the level of central arterial blood pressure in mammals has been clouded by inappropriate allometric analyses that fail to account for phylogenetic relationships among species, and require pressure to approach 0 as body size decreases. The present study analyses systolic, mean arterial, and ...
Mkhonto Seth S - - 2013
This article has been retracted by the Editor because the authors do not have ownership of the data they report. A formal investigation conducted by the University of Limpopo, South Africa, has concluded that the data reported in this article are the sole property of the University of Limpopo.
Rodriguez-Leyva Delfin - - 2013
Flaxseed contains ω-3 fatty acids, lignans, and fiber that together may provide benefits to patients with cardiovascular disease. Animal work identified that patients with peripheral artery disease may particularly benefit from dietary supplementation with flaxseed. Hypertension is commonly associated with peripheral artery disease. The purpose of the study was to ...
Huang H C - - 2013
Background: Little is known about the influence of existing muscle tone abnormality on the sitting posture of stroke patients in reclining wheelchairs. Aim: To investigate the impact of muscle tone abnormality from hemiplegia on the forward sliding and pressure of stroke patients while sitting in reclining wheelchairs. Design: Experimental study. ...
Saha Tanmay - - 2013
Preeclampsia, a pregnancy-related hypertensive disorder, is one of the leading causes of fetal and maternal mortality and morbidity globally. Angiogenic growth factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placental growth factor (P1GF) are involved in the generation of new blood vessels required for placental development and physiological functions, while ...
Ridderstråle Martin - - 2013
Sulfonylureas (SUs) are commonly used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), usually as second-line treatment after the failure of metformin. However, SUs are associated with poor durability, hypoglycemia and weight gain. Empagliflozin is a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor in development for the treatment of T2DM. In ...
Huang L - - 2013
Recently, widespread interest has grown regarding melatonin treatment of hypertension including its cardioprotective effects. Studies in rodents indicate that melatonin plays a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension in rats with metabolic syndrome. Piromelatine, a melatonin agonist, serotonin 5-HT-1A and 5-HT-1D agonist and serotonin 5-HT2B antagonist is a multimodal agent ...
Asgar Pour Hossein H Department of Surgical Nursing, Aydin Health School, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, - - 2014
This study designed to assess the effects of peripheral cold application (PCA) on core body temperature and haemodynamic parameters in febrile patients. This study was an experimental, repeated-measures performed in the neurosurgical intensive-care unit. The research sample included all patients with fever in postoperative period. PCA was performed for 20 min. ...
Lucas Rebekah A I - - 2013
Heat-related decreases in cerebral perfusion are partly the result of ventilatory related reductions in arterial carbon dioxide (CO2) tension. Cerebral perfusion likely contributes to an individual's tolerance to a challenge like lower body negative pressure (LBNP). Thus, increasing cerebral perfusion may prolong LBNP tolerance. This study tested the hypothesis that ...
Seo Hong Seog - - 2013
Extracellular fluid (ECF) is associated with blood pressure, but reports on the status of the ECF volume in hypertension have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to assess the ECF volume status in hypertensives with regard to body size in a large cohort. We performed a single-center case-control ...
Derosa Giuseppe - - 2013
Background: Hypertension is known to be one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Objectives: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a fixed olmesartan/amlodipine (Olme/Amlo) combination in improving blood pressure control, lipid profile, insulin sensitivity and some inflammatory and insulin resistance markers. Two hundred and seventy-six hypertensive patients ...
Li Xingang - - 2013
The lead removal from the metallic mixture of waste printed circuit boards by vacuum distillation was optimized using experimental design, and a mathematical model was established to elucidate the removal mechanism. The variables studied in lead evaporation consisted of the chamber pressure, heating temperature, heating time, particle size and initial ...
Rubini Alessandro - - 2013
Literature reports and theoretical considerations suggest that body cooling may affect respiratory mechanics in vivo. To examine this hypothesis, healthy rats were studied using the end-inflation occlusion method under control conditions and after total body cooling. Respiratory mechanics parameters, hysteresis areas, the inspiratory work of breathing, and its elastic and ...
Marcus Rudolph A - - 2013
Key experimental and theoretical features of mass-independent fractionation (MIF) of isotopes, also known as the η-effect, are summarized, including its difference from the exit channel zero-point energy difference effect. The latter exactly cancels in the MIF. One key experimental result is that the MIF for O3 formation is a low-pressure ...
Scharnweber Kristin - - 2013
Body shape is one of the most variable traits of organisms and responds to a broad array of local selective forces. In freshwater fish, divergent body shapes within single species have been repeatedly observed along the littoral-pelagic axes of lakes, where the structural complexity of near shore habitats provides a ...
Teslim Onigbinde Ayodele - - 2013
The main objective of this study was to determine the reliability and concurrent validity of using Modified Sphygmomanometer (sphyg) and body weighing scale to determine the magnitude of pressure and body weight change during digital spinal examination. One hundred and twenty apparently healthy subjects were recruited.METHODS: Weighing scale was used ...
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