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Noël, Stéphanie
This study investigated the differences in pharmacokinetic, urodynamic and haemodynamic parameters in female Beagle dogs in which blood sampling and urethral pressure profiles were performed over 24 h periods, after single or three times daily (T0-T6h-T12h) administration of phenylpropanolamine (PPA). Maximal concentration (Cmax) was reached 2 h after PPA administration ...
Bilge Mehmet M Division of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Yildirim Beyazit University, Ankara, - - 2014
The provisional strategy (PS) is an accepted modality of treatment in coronary bifurcation interventions, though, after main vessel (MV) stenting, the assessment of the side branch (SB) becomes more difficult. In bifurcation interventions, the major advantage of fractional flow reserve (FFR) is the avoidance of the need for SB intervention. ...
Geldmann Jonas J Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100, Copenhagen E, Denmark; United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, United - - 2014
It is widely accepted that the main driver of the observed decline in biological diversity is increasing human pressure on Earth's ecosystems. However, the spatial patterns of change in human pressure and their relation to conservation efforts are less well known. We developed a spatially and temporally explicit map of ...
Boere E E Department of Psychiatry, Erasmus Medical Centre, PO Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands - - 2014
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is associated with at least transient episodes of hypertension and tachycardia. Beta-blocking agents may be indicated to prevent cardiovascular complications and may shorten seizure duration. This review evaluates studies that used beta-blocking agents during ECT to determine which agent has the most favourable outcomes on cardiovascular variables ...
Joellan Mullen M Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
Proficient placement of electroencephalography (EEG) electrodes on a patient is a vital part of executing neurotelemetry in the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU). These surface electrodes, or leads, are attached to the patient's scalp, forehead, and cheeks to enable the recording and characterization of seizures in order to appropriately plan patient ...
Yilmaz B B Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun 55139, - - 2014
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are uncommon tumors of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Regorafenib is a new multikinase inhibitor and is approved for the treatment of GISTs in patients who develop resistance to imatinib and sunitinib. The most common drug-related adverse events with regorafenib are hypertension, hand-foot skin reactions, and diarrhea. ...
Jennings C C University of Manchester, Manchester, UK Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, Manchester, - - 2014
Continuous monitoring of partial pressure of arterial blood carbon dioxide (PaCO2) is important in preterm babies during the first 36 h after birth to avoid episodes of hypo/hypercarbia. There is a need to develop a reliable technique for the continuous monitoring of PaCO2. The purpose of this study was to ...
Neutel Dulce D From the EEG/Sleep Laboratory (R.P., C.B.), Neurology Department (D.N., R.P., C.B.), Santa Maria Hospital, Lisbon, - - 2014
A 32-year-old man with somatosensory seizures due to bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria, completely controlled with valproate 1,500 mg/day, presented to the epilepsy clinic with his wife, describing groaning several times a night (video on the Neurology® Web site at Neurology.org). Nocturnal polysomnography showed no epileptic activity and revealed catathrenia (figures 1 ...
Aksay Suna Su SS From the *Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health; and †Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, - - 2014
Preoxygenation and hyperventilation (with oxygen) in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may improve not only safety but also seizure quality. We retrospectively examined transcutaneous tissue partial pressure of oxygen (tcpO2) and carbon dioxide (tcpCO2) in 441 ECT sessions of 37 consecutive patients. All patients received standard face mask airway management. In parallel, ...
Choong Chwee-Lin CL Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), Samsung Electronics Company, San 14, Nongseo-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, - - 2014
A stretchable resistive pressure sensor is achieved by coating a compressible substrate with a highly stretchable electrode. The substrate contains an array of microscale pyramidal features, and the electrode comprises a polymer composite. When the pressure-induced geometrical change experienced by the electrode is maximized at 40% elongation, a sensitivity of ...
Moloney Tonya M TM Department of Physiology, Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience and Trinity Centre for BioEngineering, Trinity College, Dublin, - - 2014
The primary motor cortex (M1) is an effective target of non-invasive cortical stimulation (NICS) for pain threshold modulation. It has been suggested that the initial level of cortical excitability of M1 plays a key role in the plastic effects of NICS. Here we investigate whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) ...
O'Neill Jeremy - - 2013
Two dogs and two cats were evaluated for the acute-onset of abnormal mentation, recumbency, and blindness. All cases had systemic hypertension, ranging from 180 mm Hg to 260 mm Hg. MRI of the brain disclosed noncontrast-enhancing, ill-defined, T2-weighted (T2W) hyperintensities in the white matter of the cerebrum in the areas ...
Li Liming - - 2013
Here we report the combined spacecraft observations of Saturn acquired over one Saturnian year (~29.5 Earth years), from the Voyager encounters (1980-81) to the new Cassini reconnaissance (2009-10). The combined observations reveal a strong temporal increase of tropic temperature (~10 Kelvins) around the tropopause of Saturn (i.e., 50 mbar), which is ...
Chakkarapani Elavazhagan - - 2013
Autoregulation of cerebral perfusion is impaired in hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. We investigated whether cerebrovascular pressure reactivity (PRx), an element of cerebral autoregulation that is calculated as a moving correlation coefficient between averages of intracranial and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) with values between -1 and +1, is impaired during and after ...
Kalra Vivek B - - 2013
A 69-year-old man developed acute-onset confusion and hypertension with systolic pressures in the 160s 1 day after carotid endarterectomy for right facial droop from left hemispheric lacunar infarcts. CT perfusion (figure, A-D) demonstrated findings consistent with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) following revascularization. CHS is caused by loss of autoregulation, hypertension, ...
Kim Hyung-Sik - - 2013
For this study, we developed a simple pressure and heat stimulator that can quantitatively control pressure and provide heat stimulation to intra- and interdigit areas. The developed stimulator consists of a control unit, drive units, and tactors. The control unit controls the stimulation parameters, such as stimulation types, intensity, time, ...
Zhang Hengbin - - 2013
The effect of applied pressure on event duration distributions in 3 kb dsDNA translocation is systematically investigated. The effects of pressure magnitude and nanopore size on the length discrimination between 615 bp and 1.14 kbp dsDNA is studied. The pressure-controlled DNA translocation in solid-state nanopores makes a significant contribution to ...
Claassen Jan J Division of Critical Care Neurology, Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY; Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY; Department of Neurosurgery, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, - - 2013
Seizures have been implicated as a cause of secondary brain injury, but the systemic and cerebral physiologic effects of seizures after acute brain injury are poorly understood. We analyzed intracortical electroencephalographic (EEG) and multimodality physiological recordings in 48 comatose subarachnoid hemorrhage patients to better characterize the physiological response to seizures ...
Aydogan Mustafa Said - - 2013
AIM: Acute hemodynamic responses, including transient hypertension and tachycardia, to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) predispose vulnerable patients to significant cardiovascular complications. Many drugs have been used in an attempt to attenuate these responses. To date, no comparative study of the acute hemodynamic effects of dexmedetomidine and esmolol in ECT has been ...
Bozorgi Alireza A Epilepsy Center, Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2013
Periictal autonomic dysregulation is best studied using a "polygraphic" approach: electroencephalography ([EEG]), 3-channel electrocardiography [ECG], pulse oximetry, respiration, and continuous noninvasive blood pressure [BP]), which may help elucidate agonal pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). A number of autonomic phenomena have been described in generalized tonic-clonic ...
Arroyo Juan Pablo - - 2013
The SLC12 family encodes electroneutral cation-coupled chloride cotransporters that are critical for several physiological processes including cell volume regulation, modulation of intraneuronal chloride concentration, transepithelial ion movement, and blood pressure regulation. Members of this family are the targets of the most commonly used diuretic drugs, have been shown to be ...
Eschen Nicole - - 2013
Using theories of affect and queer temporality, this article examines Split Britches' Lost Lounge as lesbian resistance to the pressures to remember or forget the past, condemn or embrace the future. In this piece, butch-femme duo Peggy Shaw and Lois Weaver develop a retro performativity that pushes back against systems ...
Benoist Gregoire - - 2013
A 14-year-old girl was admitted to the emergency department for repeated seizures with no fever. High blood pressure at admission was ascribed to the status epilepticus. Seizure recurrence promoted transfer to the paediatric intensive care unit. The MRI visualised bilateral, subcortical, white-matter lesions in the parietal and occipital lobes suggesting ...
Wassink Guido - - 2013
Spontaneous antenatal hypoxia is associated with high risk of adverse outcomes, however, there is little information on neural adaptation to labor-like insults. Chronically instrumented near-term sheep fetuses (125 ± 3 days, mean ± SEM) with baseline PaO2 < 17 mmHg (hypoxic group: n = 8) or > 17 mmHg (normoxic ...
Christe Kari L - - 2013
We report a case of a generalized seizure in an adult female rhesus macaque ( Macaca mulatta) undergoing a urodynamic evaluation while she was anesthetized with continuous-infusion ketamine. The seizure presented with generalized tonic-clonic activity during bladder infusion with saline. The tonic-clonic phase was self-limited and was followed by focal ...
Hussein Tarek T Laboratory CIAMS (Complexité, Innovation, Activités Motrices et Sportives), Team RIME (Risque, Intervention, Mouvement, Equilibre), University of Paris-Sud, Orsay, - - 2013
Although the effect of temporal pressure on spatio-temporal aspects of motor coordination and posture is well established in young adults, there is a clear lack of data on elderly subjects. This work examined the aging-related effects of temporal pressure on movement synchronization and dynamic stability. Sixteen young and eleven elderly ...
Li Yuebing Y Neuromuscular Center, Cleveland Clinic, Mail Code S90, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2013
We describe a confluent deep white matter abnormalities variant of PRES, further strengthening the notion that PRES is a disorder of radiological heterogeneity. We present 2 cases of PRES with findings of diffuse but reversible vasogenic edema located in the deep periventricular white matter regions of bilateral hemispheres without a ...
Sayorwan Winai - - 2013
Rosemary oil is one of the more famous essential oils widely used in aroma-therapy. However, the effects of rosemary oil on the human body, in particular the nervous system, have not been sufficiently studied. This study investigates the effects of the inhalation of rosemary oil on test subjects' feelings, as ...
Eilenberger Falk - - 2012
We investigate the impact of cascaded third harmonic generation and the intrinsic n<sub>4</sub> material nonlinearity on the propagation of ultrashort pulses in noble-gas filled Kagome fibers. We show that the pressure tunability of the cascade allows for the implementation of temporal switching. We also investigate the relative strengths of both ...
Manfredini Roberto - - 2012
The scientific literature clearly establishes the occurrence of cardiovascular (CV) accidents and myocardial ischemic episodes is unevenly distributed during the 24 h. Such temporal patterns result from corresponding temporal variation in pathophysiologic mechanisms and cyclic environmental triggers that elicit the onset of clinical events. Moreover, both the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ...
Tingay David Gerald - - 2012
OBJECTIVES : To compare the agreement, precision and repeatability of end tidal carbon dioxide () and transcutaneous carbon dioxide () with partial pressure of arterial CO(2) () in postoperative neonates. PATIENTS: Fifty mechanically ventilated neonates without lung disease, and with no contraindications for either or monitoring. INTERVENTIONS: Paired and values ...
Seijo Susana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic portal hypertension is a rare cause of portal hypertension, frequently misdiagnosed as cryptogenic cirrhosis. This study evaluates specific findings at hepatic vein catheterisation or liver stiffness in idiopathic portal hypertension. METHODS: 39 cases of idiopathic portal hypertension patients were retrospectively reviewed. Hepatic vein catheterisation and liver stiffness measurements ...
Abraldes Juan G - - 2012
In this review we summarize the role of liver biopsy, transient elastography and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with liver cirrhosis. Transient elastography is useful for the non-invasive diagnosis of cirrhosis, but relevant information is lost if it is used as a dichotomous ...
Tao Franklin Feng - - 2012
A new in-house ambient pressure XPS (AP-XPS) was designed for the study of surfaces of materials under reaction conditions and during catalysis. Unique features of this in-house AP-XPS are the use of monochromated Al Kα and integration of a minimized reaction cell, and working conditions of up to 500 °C ...
Healy Aoife - - 2012
Plantar pressure measurements are regularly utilised while assessing patients with in-shoe systems allowing for discrete assessment. In the present study a new portable system capable of continuous monitoring of plantar pressure is assessed for its repeatability when compared to another commercially available and widely used system.
Pannucci Christopher J - - 2012
Abdominal wall plication is known to cause increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). Whether plication-associated increased IAP causes lower extremity venous stasis, a recognized risk factor for DVT, remains unknown. A 55-year-old woman had a unilateral pedicled TRAM procedure for mastectomy reconstruction. Prior to plication, duplex ultrasound measured proximal femoral vein (PFV) ...
Hampel Regina - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Epidemiologic studies have reported inconsistent findings for the association between air pollution levels and blood pressure (BP), which has been studied mainly in elderly subjects. Short-term air pollution effects on BP have not been investigated in pregnant women, who may constitute a vulnerable population. METHODS:: Between 2002 and 2006, ...
Arumugam Ashokan - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate interrater reliability of the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT) on asymptomatic subjects. A cross-sectional repeated-measures study design was used. Thirty asymptomatic subjects (15 men and 15 women; mean age, 33.7 years; range, 22-48 years) were recruited for the study. Subjects were positioned in ...
Cavaliere Franco - - 2011
In patients affected by intra-abdominal hypertension, bladder or gastric pressure measurement may be usefully integrated by ultrasounds in order to detect early hemodynamic impairment. The purpose of this study was to search for changes in abdominal vein size and flow induced by intra-abdominal hypertension. Physiologic study. Postoperative intensive care unit ...
Ferriero Mariaconsiglia - - 2011
To compare the early and late urodynamic assessment of simplified Indiana pouch with multiple taeniamyotomies (SIPMT). Between April 1999 and May 2005, 62 consecutive patients underwent radical cystectomy (RC) and SIMPT. Cystometry and efferent tract pressure profilometry were performed at 12 (early) and 48 (late) months after RC in 32 ...
AlMubrad Turki M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability and reproducibility of the PT100 noncontact tonometer and to compare its consistency with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) in measuring intraocular pressure (IOP). Triplicate IOP measurements were obtained on two separate occasions using the PT100 and GAT from randomly selected ...
Ageenkova Olga A - - 2011
The evidence suggests that arterial stiffness acts as an independent predictor of general as well as cardiovascular mortality, strokes in patients with arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly, and in the general population. The oscillometric method measures parameters of arterial stiffness by applying special methods of processing ...
Fahim Ahmed - - 2011
The histological counterpart of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is usual interstitial pneumonia, in which areas of fibrosis of various ages are interspersed with normal lung. This pattern could be explained by repeated episodes of lung injury followed by abnormal wound healing responses. The cause of the initiating alveolar epithelial injury is ...
Metcalfe Peter D - - 2010
To investigate the progression of urodynamic changes, as well as histological and biochemical outcomes over a prolonged period of partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) in an animal model with physiologically relevant pBOO. Healthy, adult, female Fischer rats underwent surgical creation of a pBOO for either 2, 4, 8, or 13 ...
Olsen Shawn M - - 2011
Until recently, the bladder urothelium had been thought of only as a physical barrier between urine and underlying bladder tissue. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated that the urothelium is sensitive to mechanical stimuli and responds by releasing signaling molecules (NO, ATP). This study sought to investigate the role of select ...
Streng Tomi - - 2010
To study the role of α(2)-adrenoceptors (α(2)-AR) in micturition of anaesthetized male rats, with specific focus on the effects on the electrical activity (by electromyography, EMG) of the rhabdosphincter, and actual urinary flow rate, as the effects mediated by α(2)-ARs on sphincter activity and urethral pressures have not been established. ...
Martens F M J - - 2010
Adequate urodynamic assessment of bladder behavior is essential in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. Ambulatory urodynamics are more sensitive to detect detrusor overactivity (DO) than conventional urodynamics. The primary objective of this study was to determine the value of ambulatory urodynamics for the diagnosis of DO in SCI patients compared ...
Chung Doreen E - - 2010
Near infrared spectroscopy is a technology with the potential to diagnose bladder outlet obstruction noninvasively. We investigated the correlation between the near infrared spectroscopy algorithm classification of obstructed or unobstructed (based on near infrared spectroscopy pattern, maximum flow rate and post-void residual) and pressure flow studies in men with lower ...
Gupta Lucky - - 2010
To study the patients with hypospadias for urinary tract anomalies, bladder functions and the anatomical changes in the urethra, bladder and ureters. 65 cases of untreated hypospadias (14 anterior, 46 mid penile, 5 posterior penile) presenting between 1 and 14 years age were evaluated with ultrasonography, urodynamic study, uroflowmetry and ...
Castagnetti Marco - - 2010
A portable and removable thoraco-pelvic orthosis for patient immobilization after neonatal primary bladder exstrophy closure is described. The device is made of a polyethylene shell, moulded at 170°C, coated inside with a 5 mm pad of plastazote and works applying a constant gentle pressure on the hips.
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