Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1913
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Feldner Paulo Cezar PC - - 2004
This study analyzed the relationship between valsalva leak point pressure (VLPP) and maximal urethral closure pressure (MUCP) in women with stress urinary incontinence. One hundred sixty-one patients were selected with diagnosis of mixed or stress urinary incontinence. During urodynamics we measured VLPP and MUCP. Patients were gathered according to VLPP ...
McGuire Edward J - - 2004
All cases of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) are not the same; urethral pressures, prolapse conditions, and congenital and acquired sphincteric dysfunction all contribute to SUI pathophysiology. In order to optimally manage SUI, a thorough understanding of the pathophysiology behind the condition is necessary. Unsuccessful treatment of incontinence can result from ...
Mijailovich Srboljub M - - 2004
AIMS: The aim of this study was to theoretically explore the relationship between the tube law (TL) of the urethra and the pressure-flow (p-Q) relationship during micturition. The understanding of this relation is important for the evaluation of outlet obstruction by urodynamic interpretation of p-Q plots. METHODS: We simulated the ...
Blue D R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the preclinical pharmacology of Ro 115-1240, a peripherally acting selective alpha1A/1L-adrenoceptor (AR) partial agonist, compared with the alpha1A/1L-AR full agonist amidephrine, as AR agonists have some utility in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) but are limited by undesirable cardiovascular and central nervous system side-effects. RESULTS: ...
Schick Erik - - 2004
AIMS: To study the relation between maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP) at rest and the degree of urethral incompetence in the female. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty five patients aged 20 years or older, with stable bladders on multichannel urodynamics, without known neurological pathology, and with no previous history ...
Nygaard Ingrid - - 2004
Physiologic outcome measures are divided into 2 groups: (1) measures that visualize, quantify, and analyze the reasons for urine loss and (2) measures that assess the anatomy and neuromuscular function of continence-related structures. Few of the frequently used physiologic outcome measures have been rigorously tested. The evidence in support of ...
Slack M - - 2004
AIMS: The urethral retro-resistance pressure (URP) is a retrograde urethral pressure profile measured by a new urodynamic measurement system.1GYNECARE MoniTorr Urodynamic Measurement System (ETHICON, Inc., Somerville, NJ). URP is the pressure required to achieve and maintain an open sphincter. This clinical investigation focused on a comparison of URP to standard ...
Andersen H L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anterior urethra of the male rabbit regarding its luminal cross-sectional area (CSA), CSA distensibility, circumferential tension-strain relation, histology and the collagen content of the tissue. material and methods: Nineteen rabbits were examined with impedance planimetry by distending the urethra at the passage from the spongious to ...
Nakai Hideo - - 2004
AIM: To examine the potential correlation between urethral function and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with clinical BPH, who were confirmed to have benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) of 20 ml or more, were enrolled into the study. A mark-sheet questionnaire ...
Schick Erik - - 2004
AIMS: To analyze the relation between urethral hypermobility and urethral incompetence, and to summarize the interdependence between maximum urethral closure pressure (MUCP), urethral hypermobility, and urethral incompetence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of 255 patients was selected from a large bank of cases. Inclusion criteria were age 20 years or ...
Blake Christopher - - 2004
PURPOSE: A total of 184,000 prostatectomies were performed in the United States in 2000 for the relief of presumed bladder outlet obstruction. However, it has been reported that prostatectomy using current indications fails to bring about symptomatic improvement in approximately one-fourth of patients. Pressure flow studies are currently recognized as ...
Cucchi A - - 2004
AIMS: To ascertain whether abdominal pressure transmission (a.p.t.) to the urethra would be affected by urgency of voiding in women with mixed urinary incontinence. METHODS: We urodynamically assessed 80 consecutive women. Group 1 (n = 40), with stress incontinence, had stable bladders and no urgency. Group 2 (n = 40), ...
Mastrigt R van - - 2004
AIMS: We have developed a method for the non-invasive measurement of urinary bladder pressure, and we apply this method in a longitudinal study of changes in bladder contractility in response to prostatic enlargement. In each volunteer in this study, we measure the bladder pressure twice. In the present study we ...
Cundiff Geoffrey W - - 2004
This article provides a historical perspective on the evolution of theories regarding the pathophysiology of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The progression of these theories has followed the development of the diagnostic technologies that have provided insight into different aspects of urethral dysfunction. The earliest theories tied SUI to anatomic failure ...
Brading Alison - - 2004
The bladder wall becomes to ischaemic when intravesical pressure rises above capillary pressure. This will occur routinely in bladders with outflow obstruction. Experiments in vitro show that the detrusor normally uses anaerobic as well as aerobic metabolism. Anoxic conditions result in an initial reduction in contractility, but significant contractile ability ...
Bougas Dimitrios A - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of distigmine bromide, an anticholinesterase agent, deemed to improve detrusor function thereby restoring normal voiding patterns in patients suffering from detrusor underactivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 patients (11 men and 16 women) with poor detrusor ...
Huang Foen Chung J W N C - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To report on the applicability, reproducibility, and adverse events of the noninvasive condom catheter method in the first 730 subjects of a longitudinal survey of changes in urinary bladder contractility secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia, in which 1300 men will be evaluated three times in 5 years using this ...
Tan Thai Lian - - 2004
AIMS: Impaired detrusor contractility is common in older adults. One aspect, detrusor contraction strength during voiding, can be measured by the isovolumetric detrusor pressure attained if flow is interrupted mechanically (a stop test). Because interruption is awkward in practice, however, simple indices or nomograms based on measurements made during uninterrupted ...
Hajebrahimi Sekineh - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the effect of intravenous thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) on the urethral closure pressure (UCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two female patients with either bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) or detrusor under activity were included in this study. They divided into two study and control groups randomly. Twelve patients in ...
Herman Roman M - - 2004
AIM: Despite several studies conducted, the relationship between anorectal and urinary dysfunction has not been ultimately determined. METHODS: Forty four patients have been included into the study and divided into three groups according to the type of procedure: Group A - abdomino-perineal resection, group B - low anterior resection and ...
Wadie Bassem S - - 2004
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of nocturnal enuresis (NE) in adults (over 18 years of age) ranges from 0.5 to 2% for most authors. NE is a multifactorial disease. Lack of circadian rhythm of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is one of the commonly accepted causes, however, disorders affecting bladder function is ...
Delancey John O L - - 2004
The anatomic structures that prevent stress incontinence, urinary incontinence during elevations in abdominal pressure, can be divided into 2 systems: a sphincteric system and a supportive system. The action of the vesical neck and urethral sphincteric mechanisms at rest constrict the urethral lumen and keep urethral closure pressure higher than ...
Griffiths Derek - - 2004
This paper comprises a critical assessment of the many competing ways of assessing detrusor contractility in the urodynamic clinic. It is based on measurements made in a group of elderly women, and the conclusions apply, strictly speaking, only to that population. Detrusor contractility has two aspects, which appear to be ...
Tanaka M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the suppressive effect of a newly synthesized compound, 2-amino-3-cyano-5-(2-fluorophenyl)-4-methylpyrrole (NS-8), on micturition, and its mode and sites of action in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female rats were anaesthetized with urethane, and isovolumetric bladder contractions and cystometrograms recorded. The pelvic afferent discharges from the bladder were also monitored. ...
Hodges Paul - - 2003
STUDY DESIGN: In vivo porcine study of intervertebral kinematics. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of transversus abdominis and diaphragm activity, and increased intra-abdominal pressure on intervertebral kinematics in porcine lumbar spines. BACKGROUND: Studies of trunk muscle recruitment in humans suggest that diaphragm and transversus abdominis activity, and the associated ...
Tsoutsos Demosthenis - - 2003
Intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) can occur in critically ill patients who have undergone surgery, who have required fluid resuscitation after intraabdominal operations, or whose abdominal surgical wound closure was under tension. If IAH remains unrelieved, it can lead to development of the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). The latter presents with severe ...
Kakizaki Hidehiro - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic role of alpha-blockers in the treatment of voiding disorders due to benign prostatic hyperplasia has been extensively examined. To investigate a possible effect of alpha1-blocker on urodynamic voiding parameters in patients with neurogenic bladder, we conducted a clinical trial using tamsulosin. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (14 men and ...
Valenza Franco - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possibility of artificially decreasing intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) by applying continuous negative pressure around the abdomen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated the effects of negative extra-abdominal pressure (NEXAP) on IAP and central venous pressure (CVP) in 30 patients admitted to our intensive care unit (age 57+/-17 years, ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2003
Coughing or straining evokes reflex bulbocavernosus (BCM) and puborectalis (PRM) muscle contraction, which apparently transforms the vagina into a closed high-pressure cavity. This elevated vaginal pressure counteracts the increased intra-abdominal pressure and the tendency of the uterus to prolapse, and also supports the rectovaginal septum against the high straining-induced intrarectal ...
Kuo H-C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of resiniferatoxin in patients with chronic spinal cord lesions, as detrusor hyper-reflexia and external sphincter dyssynergia (DESD) are common phenomenon in such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with chronic spinal cord lesions and DESD refractory to anticholinergic treatment were enrolled in a prospective ...
Shimada Kenji - - 2003
PURPOSE: A recent subject of interest regarding reflux nephropathy is the presence of renal abnormalities in neonates and infants who have no history of urinary tract infections. Debates have centered on the etiology of this renal abnormality - congenital reflux nephropathy; regarding whether it is the result of abnormal ureteral ...
Teleman Pia M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the urethral pressure pattern during short squeezes in incontinent and healthy women before and after pelvic floor exercise and to correlate the findings with vaginal measurements. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty women with urinary incontinence and 28 healthy control subjects all aged 53 ...
Dorkin Trevor J - - 2003
PURPOSE: We investigated whether a diagnosis of bladder outflow obstruction could be established from pressure flow analysis of a void initiated by involuntary detrusor overactivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 79 men with lower urinary tract symptoms were identified prospectively. In each subject 2 sequential pressure flow studies were ...
Miller David C - - 2003
PURPOSE: We describe our use of perineal urethrostomy to facilitate serial external sphincter dilations in a male child with high risk myelomeningocele. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 5-month-old boy with lumbar myelomeningocele presented with poor bladder compliance, increased detrusor leak point pressure and high grade vesicoureteral reflux. Urodynamic parameters failed to ...
Byron Julie K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on the urethral pressure profile in female dogs. ANIMALS: 10 healthy female dogs. PROCEDURE: Urethral pressure profilometry was performed in awake dogs, during anesthesia with sevoflurane at 1.5, 2.0, and 3.0% end-tidal concentration, and during infusion of propofol at rates of ...
Chin-Peuckert L - - 2003
PURPOSE: We compared the results of 2 cystometrograms (CMGs) performed during a single session in the same child to determine the variability between consecutive cystometries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects underwent 2 consecutive bladder fillings performed at the same rate and position. Maximum cystometric bladder capacity (CBC), pressure at CBC, leak ...
Cooper Christopher S - - 2003
PURPOSE: Reflux grade predicts resolution and influences followup and treatment. Bladder pressure at the onset of reflux may reflect the ureterovesical junction competence. By combining simultaneous cystometry with nuclear cystography (nuclear cystometrogram) we determined bladder pressure at the onset of reflux. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nuclear cystometrograms were performed in 40 ...
Jankowski Ron J - - 2004
Despite its principal mechanical function in the storage and release of urine, the biomechanical properties of the urethra have remained largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an experimental model that can be used for evaluating whole urethral tissue in such a manner. Bladder-urethral specimens ...
Kilicarslan H - - 2003
Pubovaginal sling procedures are being performed with increased frequency for stress urinary incontinence. The vaginal wall sling was introduced in 1989 by Raz et al., and its success rate has been reported as being 61%-100%. A number of recent studies have identified that some patient factors may influence the likelihood ...
Bai Sang Wook - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the results of urodynamic tests and the perineal ultrasound were different between grade 1 and 2 stress urinary incontinence. STUDY DESIGN: Forty premenopausal women with a diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence according to urodynamic tests were enrolled in this study. Stress urinary incontinence was defined as ...
Schachtrupp Alexander - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Intravesical bladder pressure (IVP) measurement is considered to be the gold standard for the assessment of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). However, this method is indirect, discontinuous, and potentially infectious and relies on a physiological bladder function. This study evaluated two novel methods for direct, continuous IAP measurement. DESIGN AND SETTING: ...
Albert Asteria - - 2003
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the role of urine exposure in gastroschisis on the pathologic and biochemical aspects. METHODS: The intestines of fetal rabbits with gastroschisis (group G), gastroschisis and urethral ligation (group GL), and normal controls (group C) were studied by measuring weigh and length, ...
Yang Jenn-Ming - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors affecting bladder wall thickness on ultrasonographic cystourethrography in female patients with lower urinary tract symptoms. METHODS: The records of 492 female patients with lower urinary tract symptoms who had undergone a urodynamic study and ultrasonography of the lower urinary tract and who had normal urinalysis findings, ...
Wang Shi-bo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of a self-designed bladder controller for restoring micturition function in paraplegic dogs. METHODS: The spinal cords of 4 dogs were transected above the cone. Electrodes were implanted in S2 bilaterally and connected to the subcutaneous receivers for external activation. Microsurgical technique was employed to perform ...
Aikawa Ken - - 2003
PURPOSE: The bladder can be considered a target organ for the actions of estrogen. Decreases in circulating estrogen after menopause have been associated with bladder dysfunctions, including incontinence and detrusor instability. We determined the effects of estrogen on rabbit bladder contractile function and morphology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female New Zealand ...
Digesu G Alessandro - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of pressure flow parameters in women. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral unit in a London teaching hospital. POPULATION: Urodynamic traces of 621 women were studied to assess the reproducibility and reliability of pressure flow ...
Voss Miranda - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Sustained intraabdominal pressures of 14 to 20 mm Hg have significant pathophysiological consequences, but there is currently no satisfactory low-morbidity procedure appropriate for intervention early in the disease process of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). The anatomical principles of abdominal wall components separation were used to develop a percutaneous procedure ...
Martínez Portillo Francisco J - - 2003
PURPOSE: Earlier anatomical studies have shown a close connection between the ureterovesical junction and detrusor innervation. It prompted us to develop an animal model to demonstrate the risk of partial or complete impairment of this neuronal connection during antireflux surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six female Göttinger minipigs were anesthetized and ...
Drake Marcus J - - 2003
PURPOSE: Autonomous bladder activity can take the form of localized micromotions (MMs), suggesting that the detrusor may be arranged into component modules, of which each is capable of contracting autonomously. We examined MMs in isolated whole rat bladder and the effects of partial bladder outlet obstruction as a model of ...
Chen Gin Den - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether anterior vaginal wall prolapse will cause a decrease in urethral pressure. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-four patients with uterovaginal prolapse served as study cases. In addition, 127 patients without uterovaginal prolapse were included as controls. The urethral pressure profile measurement was performed using a microtransducer and the ...
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