Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1917
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Tsai Ming-Cheng - - 2006
PURPOSE: To clarify the contributions of sensory inputs and glutamate transmissions to the spinal micturition reflex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cystometrogram and external urethral sphincter electromyogram activities evaluated the L6 and/or S1 levels. RESULTS: Changes in intravesicular pressure (IVP) in response to saline infusion (0.1 ml/min) were found after unilateral dorsal ...
Bhadra Narendra - - 2006
AIM: We investigated the efficacy of selective activation of the smaller diameter axons in the sacral anterior roots for electrically induced bladder voiding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Acute experiments were conducted in five adult dogs. The anterior sacral roots S2 and S3 were implanted bilaterally with tripolar electrodes. Pressures were recorded ...
Ito Takashi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Both the lower urinary tract (LUT) and the caudal part of the lower gastrointestinal tract (LGIT) are innervated by the sacral spinal cord. We aimed to compare the normal physiology of the LUT and LGIT using the same videomanometry method. METHODS: We recruited fifteen healthy volunteers (eight men and ...
van Mastrigt R - - 2006
AIMS: Recently, methods have been introduced for non-invasively measuring the isovolumetric bladder pressure. This pressure can also be measured invasively using a stop test. In itself, the isovolumetric pressure is a measure of urinary bladder contractility, by combining it with maximum urinary flow rate it can be used to diagnose ...
Rodrigues Paulo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Valsalva leak point pressure (VLPP) represents the global competence of the conjunctive forces around the urethra to support increased pressure from the abdominal cavity with transmission to the bladder. Assessment of VLPP has prognostic meaning, but measurement techniques are still subject to controversy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and ...
Dong Dexin - - 2006
AIMS: To discuss the clinical significance of urodynamic studies in neurogenic bladder dysfunction caused by intervertebral disk hernia. METHODS: Thirty patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction caused by intervertebral disk hernia were divided into three groups according to the category of detrusor muscle activity: neurogenic detrusor overactivity without detrusor sphincter dyssynergia ...
Mattiasson Anders - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the urethral motor function in incontinent women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intraurethral pressure was measured continuously in the high-pressure zone of the urethra at rest and during repeated short squeezes around the microtip transducer catheter in a group of 205 women with clinically manifest urinary incontinence (severe), ...
el-Bahnasawy Magdy S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To establish urodynamic criteria differentiating between men with a radical cystoprostatectomy and ileal neobladder who are persistently enuretic and those who are occasionally enuretic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty enuretic men at least 1 year after a radical cystoprostatectomy and ileal neobladder (hemi-Kock or 'W' neobladders) were divided into two ...
Seeger Dietmar - - 2006
There has been no report in the international literature concerning vaginal delivery following tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure. Most gynecologists recommend cesarean section after TVT procedure. We present the case of a 37-year-old (gravida 2, para 2) woman who had spontaneous delivery at 40 weeks' gestation after TVT procedure performed ...
Bae Jae-Hyun - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonists on urethral perfusion pressure (UPP) in the female rate and their therapeutic potential for treating female bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cannula was inserted into the femoral arteries of female rats to administer tamsulosin (group I), doxazosin (group II) ...
Krissi Haim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the large discrepancy in the literature in the incidence of intrinsic sphincteric deficiency (ISD) is due to different methods by which maximal urethral closure pressure (MUCP) is measured. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the measurement of MUCP in the supine position with 300 mL saline in the ...
Hahn Kirsten - - 2005
Sonography of the bladder was performed before and after voluntary voiding in 20 subjects with possible/probable multiple system atrophy (MSA), 20 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), and 20 healthy controls. Mean residual volume was 173 ml (SD, 194) in MSA and significantly increased compared to both PD (21 ml; ...
Ghezzi Fabio - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure in women with urodynamic stress incontinence diagnosed as having intrinsic sphincteric deficiency (ISD). The combination of a maximal urethral closure pressure < 20 cm H2O and a Valsalva leak point pressure < 60 cm ...
Karsenty Gilles - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) whether the onset of external urethral sphincter (EUS) contractions precedes or follows the onset of bladder contractions and to address the issue of potential therapeutic approaches based on the understanding of DSD chronology. METHODS: A ...
Almeida Fernando G - - 2005
PURPOSE: We determined the correlation between Valsalva leak point pressure (LPP) and the urethral pressure profile (UPP) in urodynamically selected patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) as well as the interference of bladder volume on this correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 450 consecutive women with SUI were clinically ...
Griffiths C J - - 2005
PURPOSE: Bladder pressure during voiding can be estimated by a noninvasive technique using controlled inflation of a penile cuff. This test provides a valid and reliable estimate of isovolumetric bladder pressure but to our knowledge the role of the test for the routine clinical treatment of patients with lower urinary ...
Yamaguchi Takanori - - 2005
The effects of different alpha-1 adrenoceptor blockers on the urethra and the cardiovascular system were evaluated using an in vivo isovolumetric intra-urethral pressure model in New Zealand white rabbits. The urethra of anesthetized male rabbits was cannulated through the bladder and secured at the vesico-urethral junction. The distal side of ...
Cobb William S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intraabdominal pressure (IAP) has been considered responsible for adverse effects in trauma and other abdominal catastrophes as well as in formation and recurrence of hernias. To date, little information is available concerning IAP in normal persons. Our purpose in this study was to measure the normal range of IAP ...
Grönkvist Mikael - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In agile fighter aircraft positive pressure breathing is commonly used as part of the anti-G ensemble. To optimize G protection and prevent over-distention of the lungs, increased airway pressure is balanced by applying a counterpressure to the chest. The aim was to investigate the efficacy of chest counterpressure. METHODS: ...
Conway Deirdre A - - 2005
We compared three different methods of testing leak point pressure (LPP) in rats with or without the pudendal nerves and nerves to the iliococcygeus/pubococcygeus muscles transected: (1) sneeze induced with a whisker in the nostril (sneeze LPP), (2) manually increased abdominal pressure (Crede LPP), and (3) increased intravesical pressure using ...
Dubin Arnaldo - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Continuous monitoring of bladder partial carbon dioxide tension (PCO2) using fibreoptic sensor technology may represent a useful means by which tissue perfusion may be monitored. In addition, its changes might parallel tonometric gut PCO2. Our hypothesis was that bladder PCO2, measured using saline tonometry, will be similar to ileal ...
Sahadevan Kanagasabai - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine, in a prospective study, whether detrusor pressure (p(det.Qmax)) and maximum urinary flow rate (Q(max)) measurements obtained after filling to maximum cystometric capacity (MCC) differ from those obtained with filling restricted to average voided volume (V(void)), as standard protocols for pressure flow studies (PFS) mandate bladder filling until ...
Kielb Stephanie J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess the filling, storage, and voiding urodynamic parameters in a large group of men with urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. METHODS: We reviewed the videourodynamics testing results for 146 consecutive men referred for urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 69.0 years (range 48 ...
Hijaz Adonis - - 2005
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that cutting the sling at its suburethral section does not cancel its anti-incontinence effect. We also examined the long-term effects of the sling on bladder function in a recently validated rat model of vaginal sling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stress urinary incontinence was created in 60 ...
Wosnitzer Matthew - - 2005
We report what we believe to be the youngest patient with bladder rupture during voiding cystourethrography. If voiding cystourethrography needs to be done in a premature infant, the filling pressures should be minimized, multiple filling cycles should be avoided, and the voiding pressures should be minimized by using a small, ...
Oda Shigeto - - 2005
To evaluate, with a prospective observational study, whether continuous hemodiafiltration using a polymethyl methacrylate membrane hemofilter (PMMA-CHDF) is effective for prevention and treatment of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) on patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The study was carried out in the general intensive care unit ...
Madeiro Alberto P - - 2006
To evaluate the effects of bethanechol and cisapride on urodynamic parameters in patients undergoing radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer. In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 79 patients with cervical cancer were randomized to receive bethanechol (30 mg/day), cisapride (30 mg/day), bethanechol combined with cisapride (same doses) and placebo. Urodynamic study was ...
Hansen J - - 2005
PURPOSE: The feasibility of automatic event driven electrical stimulation of the dorsal penile/clitoral nerve in the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) was evaluated in individuals with spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 2 women and 14 men older than 18 years with NDO, bladder capacity below ...
Hamaide Annick J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare the values of the urodynamic parameters of the lower portion of the urinary tract and vaginourethral measurements obtained during the phases of the estrous cycle in dogs and determine possible functional or anatomic modifications of the lower portion of the urinary tract associated with those phases. ANIMALS: ...
Karashima Eiji - - 2005
An 86-year-old nondiabetic woman with an episode of transient ischemic attack two days earlier was referred to our hospital. She had a history of neurogenic bladder and chronic atrial fibrillation and had been anuric for two days. Bubbles were detected by echocardiography in the right atrium, right ventricle, and inferior ...
Olesevich Max - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have shown that visceral circulation is well preserved when intraabdominal pressure does not exceed 20 mm Hg. Our aim was to analyze the outcomes of a series of infants with gastroschisis whose surgical management was directed by the intraoperative measurement of bladder pressure. METHODS: Forty-two neonates with ...
Hundley Andrew F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The Brink scale is a commonly used digital assessment of pelvic floor muscle strength. The Peritron perineometer, a compressible vaginal insert that records pressure in centimeters of water, offers an objective method for this evaluation. This study evaluates the inter- and intrarater reliability of perineometry measurements and correlates those ...
Morgan Daniel M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to quantify resting vaginal closure force (VCF(REST)), maximum vaginal closure force (VCF(MAX)), and augmentation of vaginal closure force augmentation (VCF(AUG)) when supine and standing and to determine whether the change in intra-abdominal pressure associated with change in posture accounts for differences in VCF. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Dalmose Asger L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To apply stereotactic electrical stimulation of the pig brainstem and thus identify a pontine micturition centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 10 anaesthetized female Vietnamese minipigs a needle-electrode was positioned in the pontine region. Pressure responses in the lower urinary tract identified the micturition centre functionally during electrical stimulation. Stereotactic ...
Malbrain Manu L N G - - 2005
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: There has been an exponentially increasing interest in intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). Comparison of the published data however is difficult due to the lack of consensus definitions. This review will focus on the available literature from the last 2 years. A Medline and PubMed search was performed ...
Segawa Naoki - - 2005
A case of malignant pheochromocytoma of the urinary bladder is presented. A 54-year-old woman visited our hospital for screening and was found to have an abnormal mass in the bladder on ultrasonography. The patient was not hypertensive. Cystoscopy revealed a broad-based, small fingertip-sized, nonpapillary tumor on the posterior wall of ...
Nout Yvette S - - 2005
Disruption of bladder function and sexual reflexes are major complications following spinal cord injury (SCI). We examined the use of telemetric monitoring of corpus spongiosum penis (CSP) pressures for assessment of micturition and erectile events following SCI in rats. Pressure catheters were implanted in the bulb of the CSP of ...
González-Correa C A - - 2005
Electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy (EBIS) is a technique that uses a probe to calculate the transfer impedance from tissues. This transfer impedance can give information about the normal or pathological condition of the tissue. To take readings, pressure has to be applied to the probe in order to get a good ...
Lin Alex Tong Long - - 2005
PURPOSE: In pubovaginal sling surgery arguments have focused on selecting stronger sling materials, better suturing methods and superior fixation techniques. However, the grounding information prerequisite for these arguments is still lacking, ie the in vivo tension sustained by the sling. We designed this study to obtain this information. MATERIALS AND ...
Roppolo James R - - 2005
PURPOSE: Symptoms associated with interstitial cystitis (IC) (urinary frequency, urgency and pain) resemble those in cats diagnosed with feline IC (FIC). Patients with IC also show enhanced sensitivity to intravesical application of KCl solution. In the current study we compared the effect of bladder distention and intravesical infusion of KCl ...
Nose Hiroyuki - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the accuracy of two noninvasive, ultrasound methods of diagnosing bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). The potential for the combined methods to enhance the accuracy of diagnosis was also assessed. METHODS: We evaluated 30 male outpatients using two recently developed diagnostic methods, transabdominal ultrasound grading of intravesical prostatic protrusion ...
Calomino F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It is not yet clear whether forced diuresis is useful for flushing out of the urinary tract, especially in cases of renal calculi or infections. A series of experiments conducted initially in vitro and then in vivo in rabbits, using sand and small glass spheres, showed that sediments can ...
Kobashi Kathleen C - - 2005
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is defined as leakage of urine with a sudden increase in intra-abdominal pressure, such as that seen with laughing, lifting, or changing position, without a concomitant rise in detrusor (bladder-generated) pressure. The proposed mechanism of SUI is that an increase in intra-abdominal pressure resulting from various ...
Tsukimi Yasuhiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To address the physiologic role of TRPM8, one of the transient receptor potential channels, we investigated the bladder cooling reflex and the effect of menthol on it in the guinea pig. METHODS: Single cystometry in female Hartley guinea pigs was performed with high-speed infusion (60 mL/hr) under urethane anesthesia ...
Bø Kari - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The most commonly used method to measure pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength is vaginal squeeze pressure. There are, however, several apparatuses available for this purpose, and sizes of the probes differ significantly. The aim of the present investigation was to assess whether the size of two commonly used vaginal ...
Davis Peter J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the most accurate indirect method of measuring intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in children. DESIGN AND SETTING: Single-centre, prospective, clinical study in a 23-bed specialist paediatric intensive care unit in Australia. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: 20 children admitted to paediatric intensive care with a peritoneal dialysis catheter in situ following ...
Scaldazza Carlo Vecchioli - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The study evaluates the impact of three different sized (4.5-, 6- and 7-Fr) catheters on pressure-flow studies in women undergoing urodynamic evaluation for lower urinary tract symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 women referred for the evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms were enrolled in this randomized controlled study. Patients ...
Kelly Christopher E - - 2005
The basic evaluation of suspected voiding dysfunction involves fundamental objective tools such as the pressure-flow study. Although accurate, the several drawbacks to this invasive study of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) are discussed and evaluated. Other non-invasive and/or minimally invasive ways of diagnosing BOO continue to be the subject of investigation. ...
Chaliha Charlotte - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of detrusor overactivity and bladder filling on urethral function with the use of urethral profilometry. STUDY DESIGN: Women with symptoms of urinary incontinence were recruited from our urodynamic clinic. All of the women underwent videocystourethrography and urethral pressure profilometry ...
Amarenco Gerard - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cough and more generally abdominal strain determine a pelvic floor contraction which allows an increase in sphincter pressure to prevent leakage during stress. Many electrophysiological studies have demonstrated this reflex (formally cough anal reflex). We postulated that the perineal muscle contraction following cough is not a simple binary response ...
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