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Liao Donghua D Giome Academia, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, DK-8200 Aarhus, - - 2014
The course and outcome of pregnancy is closely correlated to change of biomechanical properties of the uterine cervix. The aim of this study was to build a non-linear, fiber reinforced mechanical model of the cervix for estimation of mechanical characteristics of the cervix in early- and term-pregnant women based on ...
Karason Sigurbergur - - 2014
Concern has been raised that cervical collars may increase intracranial pressure in traumatic brain injury. The purpose of this study was to compare four types of cervical collars regarding efficacy of immobilizing the neck, effect on jugular venous pressure (JVP), as a surrogate for possible effect on intracranial pressure, and ...
Joo Young - - 2014
In the cervical spine, the ligamentum flavum (LF) is often incompletely fused at the midline. Therefore, accessing the epidural space (ES) using the loss of resistance (LOR) technique via the midline approach could be less reliable than the paramedian approach. Since the tactile sensation of LOR is due to abrupt ...
Lebrun Christophe C Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, Emergency Care and Pain Therapy, AZ Turnhout, Turnhout, - - 2014
Cervical radicular pain presents itself as pain radiating from the neck to the arm. If conservative treatment fails, a cervical epidural steroid injection can be considered. A rare but possible complication resulting from the interlaminar approach is unintentional cervical dural puncture that may result in post-dural puncture headache (PDPH). Dural ...
Todorov Ludmil L Department of Anesthesiology, Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, 111 Brewster Street, Pawtucket, RI 02860, - - 2014
Background. The hanging drop (HD) technique presumably relies on the presence of subatmospheric epidural pressure. It is not clear whether this negative pressure is intrinsic or an artifact and how it is affected by body position. There are few data to indicate how often HD is currently being used. Methods. ...
Sparke Alison - - 2013
Cervical immobilisation is commonly applied following trauma, particularly blunt head injury, but current methods of immobilisation are associated with significant complications. Semi-rigid disposable cervical collars are known to cause pressure ulcers, and impede effective airway management. These collars may also exacerbate a head injury by increasing intracranial pressure as a ...
Filipovic Nenad - - 2013
Classical mechanical dilators for cervical dilation are associated with various complications, such as uterine perforation, cervical laceration, infections and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. A new medical device called continuous controllable balloon dilator (CCBD) was constructed to make a significant reduction in all of the side effects of traditional mechanical dilation. In this ...
Gudavalli M R - - 2013
The objective of this study was to measure intradiscal pressure (IDP) changes in the lower cervical spine during a manual cervical distraction (MCD) procedure. Incisions were made anteriorly, and pressure transducers were inserted into each nucleus at lower cervical discs. Four skilled doctors of chiropractic (DCs) performed MCD procedure on ...
Baldessari M - - 2013
Some techniques have been developed to disrupt mating (MD) of codling moth (CM) by treating orchards with pheromone. Synthetic pheromone is applied to the crop as a formulation that is designed to protect these generally labile compounds from degradation while gradually releasing pheromone into the atmosphere. In Trentino South Tyrol ...
Wu Li-Ping - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine influences of cervical spine positions, turning times, and cervical segments on cadaver intradiscal pressure (IDP) during cervical spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: We simulated cervical SMT with stretching and rotation on 7 fresh adult cadaver specimens in the material test system ...
van Houwelingen Marc J - - 2012
Prior to aortic valve opening, aortic pressure is perturbed by ventricular contraction. The onset of this pressure perturbation coincides with the onset of the left ventricular (LV) isovolumic contraction, and hence will be referred to as the start of the arterially detected isovolumic contraction (AIC(start)). In the present study we ...
Lu X - - 2012
Background  The role of mechanical distension (stretch and tension) on intestinal contractility is poorly understood. Methods  We introduce a novel isovolumic myograph to quantify the intestinal contractility in response to mechanical stimulation. To evaluate the role of distension on contractility, an external restraint was used to restrict intestinal distension or ...
Sinnott M D - - 2012
Complex relationships exist between gut contractility and the flow of digesta. We propose here a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics model coupling the flow of luminal content and wall flexure to help investigate these relationships. The model indicates that a zone of muscular relaxation preceding the contraction is an important element for ...
Kava Lauren - - 2012
BackgroundThe mechanism by which blood pressure increases during renovascular hypertension is incompletely understood. We, therefore, tested the hypothesis that in the 2-kidney, 1-clip (2K-1C) rat, in which hypertension develops due to increased angiotensin II (Ang II) levels, there is increased expression and phosphorylation of Na,K-ATPase at Ser-11 and Ser-18 in ...
Van Huysse James W - - 2011
A chronic increase in the concentration of sodium chloride in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (↑CSF [NaCl]) appears to be critically important for the development of salt-dependent hypertension. In agreement with this concept, increasing CSF [NaCl] chronically by intracerebroventricular (icv) infusion of NaCl-rich artificial CSF (aCSF-HiNaCl) in rats produces hypertension by ...
Inal Mehmet Turan - - 2011
Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Our aim was to assess the effects of IAH on liver function using the noninvasive liver function monitoring system LiMON and to assess the prognostic value of IAP in critically ill patients. ...
Moritz Karen M - - 2011
Treatment of the pregnant ewe with glucocorticoids early in pregnancy results in offspring with hypertension. This study examined if glucocorticoids can reduce nephron formation or alter gene expression for sodium channels in the late gestation fetus. Sodium channel expression was also examined in 2 month old lambs whilst arterial pressure ...
Olsson Peter - - 2011
We perform numerical simulations to determine the shear stress and pressure of steady-state shear flow in a soft-disk model in two dimensions at zero temperature in the vicinity of the jamming transition ϕ_{J}. We use critical point scaling analyses to determine the critical behavior at jamming, and we find that ...
Woods D R - - 2011
The acute acclimatization to high altitude is underpinned by a diuresis (and to a lesser extent a natriuresis) that facilitates a reduction in plasma volume. This allows a haemoconcentration to occur that increases the oxygen carrying capacity of a given volume of blood, a vital effect in the presence of ...
Schindler Christine A - - 2011
The reported incidence of pressure ulcers in critically ill infants and children is 18% to 27%. Patients at risk for pressure ulcers and nursing interventions to prevent the development of the ulcers have not been established. To determine the incidence of pressure ulcers in critically ill children, to compare the ...
Tavernier Benoit - - 2011
Dynamic variables of fluid responsiveness are useful guides for fluid management in patients under controlled positive pressure ventilation. In the previous issue of Critical Care, Jacques and colleagues show that these variables remain reliable predictors of fluid responsiveness in a porcine model of intra-abdominal hypertension, but threshold values are higher ...
Augusto J-F - - 2010
Achievement of a mean blood pressure (MBP) target is one of the hemodynamic goals to ensure an adequate blood perfusion pressure in critically ill patients. Arterial catheter allows for a continuous and precise monitoring of arterial pressure signal. In addition to giving a precise MBP monitoring, analysis of the blood ...
House Andrew A - - 2011
Purpose. Strategies for volume assessment of critically ill patients are limited, yet early goal-directed therapy improves outcomes. Central venous pressure (CVP), Bioimpedance Vectorial Analysis (BIVA), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are potentially useful tools. We studied the utility of these measures, alone and in combination, to predict changing oxygenation. Methods. ...
Lee Avione Y - - 2010
Tortuous or twisted veins are often seen in the retina, cerebrum, and legs (varicose veins) of one-third of the aged population, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. While the collapse of veins under external pressure has been well documented, the bent buckling of long vein segments has not been ...
Han Hai-Chao - - 2011
The stability of blood vessels under lumen blood pressure is essential to the maintenance of normal vascular function. Differential buckling equations have been established recently for linear and nonlinear elastic artery models. However, the strain energy in bent buckling and the corresponding energy method have not been investigated for blood ...
Roy J W - - 2010
Measurement of dissolved gases in groundwater is becoming increasingly common and important. Many of these measurements involve monitoring or sampling within wells or from water pumped from wells. We used total dissolved gas pressure (TDGP) sensors placed in the screened section of various wells (4 to 72 m deep) to ...
Peng Xing Yue Larry - - 2011
A non-membrane micro surface tension pump (MISPU) was fabricated on a glass microchip by one-step glass etching. It needs no material other than glass and is driven by digital gas pressure. The MISPU can be seen working like a piston pump inside the glass microchip under a microscope. The design ...
Kolyva Christina - - 2012
A mock circulatory system (MCS) was designed to replicate a physiological environment for in vitro testing and was assessed with the intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). The MCS was comprised of an artificial left ventricle (LV), connected to a 14-branch polyurethane-compound aortic model. Physiological distribution of terminal resistance and compliance according ...
Unno Naoki - - 2010
Lymph transportation through the body is partly controlled by the intrinsic pumping of lymphatic vessels. Although an understanding of this process is important for medical application, little is currently known because it is difficult to measure. Here, we introduce an easy, safe, and cost-effective technique for measuring lymphatic pumping in ...
Nightingale M J - - 2010
There is potential for inappropriate use of transfusion administration sets when used in combination with modern infusion pumps with consequences for patient safety. The aims of our study were to (i) establish if the design and testing of transfusion sets specified in International Standard ISO 1135-4 are adequate for their ...
Stocker Michael - - 2010
Fossil fuel demands are driving petroleum extraction operations into deeper marine settings and into oil reservoirs that are also deeper beneath the sea bed. To facilitate this new operating paradigm, operators are commonly placing processing equipment on the sea floor at 5000 feet or deeper where depth pressures can easily ...
Yokoyama Yoshimasa - - 2010
A new pulse duplicator was designed for evaluation of the performance of ventricular assist devices through pressure-volume (P-V) diagrams of the native heart. A linear drive system in combination with a pusher-plate mechanism was designed as a drive system to implement the passive fill mechanism during diastole of the mock ...
Lu Qin - - 2010
The packing of submicrometer sized silica beads inside a microchannel was enabled by a novel method which avoids the complication and limitations of generating a frit using conventional approaches and the restriction of flow using a submicrometer sized weir. A micrometer sized weir and two short columns of 5 μm ...
Yokoyama Yoshimasa - - 2010
The ventricular performance is dependent on the drainage effect of rotary blood pumps (RBPs) and the performance of RBPs is affected by the ventricular pulsation. In this study, the interaction between the ventricle and RBPs was examined using the pressure-volume (P-V) diagram of the ventricle and dynamic head pressure-bypass flow ...
Arndt Andreas - - 2010
A pulsatility-based control algorithm with a self-adapting pulsatility reference value is proposed for an implantable rotary blood pump and is to be tested in computer simulations. The only input signal is the pressure difference across the pump, which is deduced from measurements of the pump's magnetic bearing. A pulsatility index ...
Shiose Akira - - 2010
This study demonstrated the concept of using speed modulation in a continuous-flow total artificial heart (CFTAH) to shape arterial pressure waveforms and to adjust pressure pulsatility. A programmable function generator was used to determine the optimum pulsatile speed profile. Three speed profiles [sinusoidal, rectangular, and optimized (a profile optimized for ...
Bartoli Carlo R - - 2010
Debate exists regarding the merits and limitations of continuous versus pulsatile flow mechanical circulatory support. To characterize the hemodynamic differences between each mode of support, we investigated the acute effects of continuous versus pulsatile unloading of the failing left ventricle in a bovine model. Heart failure was induced in male ...
Horstkotte Burkhard - - 2010
In this work we have systematically studied the behavior of solenoid pumps (SMP) as a function of flow rate and flow resistance. Using a new, economic, and miniature control unit, we achieved improvements of the systems versatility, transportability, and pressure robustness. A further important improvement with respect to pressure resistance ...
Augustin Simon - - 2010
During extracorporeal life support (ECLS), blood is exposed to a myriad of unphysiological factors that can affect outcome. One aspect of this is the sub-atmospheric pressure generated by the ECLS pump and imparted to blood elements along the pump inlet line. This pressure can be measured on the inlet line ...
Rodefeld Mark D - - 2010
In a univentricular Fontan circulation, modest augmentation of existing cavopulmonary pressure head (2-5 mm Hg) would reduce systemic venous pressure, increase ventricular filling, and thus substantially improve circulatory status. An ideal means of providing mechanical cavopulmonary support does not exist. We hypothesized that a viscous impeller pump, based on the ...
Yanagisawa Naoki - - 2010
In this study, we report the design of a microchip-based hydraulic pump that comprises three glass conduits arranged in a T-geometry, one of which has a 2 mm long segment shallower (0.5-3 microm in depth) than the remaining 15 microm deep microfluidic network. Upon application of an electric field across ...
Maeda Taketoshi - - 2010
We have developed an ultraminiature centrifugal pump, TinyPump, with a priming volume of 5 ml. The in vivo performance of TinyPump was compared with that of HPM-05 for left ventricular support. Each pump group included seven rabbits weighing 3.4-3.8 kg. One rabbit in the TinyPump group and two rabbits in ...
Martina Jerson R - - 2010
Noninvasive blood pressure measurements are difficult when arterial pulsations are reduced, as in patients supported by continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVAD). We evaluated the feasibility of measuring noninvasive arterial blood pressure with the Nexfin monitor during conditions of reduced arterial pulsatility. During cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) in which a roller ...
Gaddum Nicholas Richard - - 2010
Recent studies into rotary biventricular support have indicated that inadequate left/right flow balancing may lead to vascular congestion and/or ventricular suckdown. The implementation of a passive controller that automatically adjusts left/right flow during total and partial cardiac support would improve physiological interaction. This has encouraged the development of a biventricular ...
Chen Naijian - - 2010
This note describes a compact electromagnetic hydraulic pump (EMHP) designed primarily to build a microdriving system for a robot joint actuator. A characteristic mathematical model integrating electricity, magnetism, and hydraulics is constructed to represent the working process of the EMHP. Tests show that a volumetric flow rate of up to ...
Aoki D - - 2010
We succeeded in growing high quality single crystals of URu(2)Si(2) and performed thermal expansion measurements under pressure. Applying a magnetic field along the [001] direction in the tetragonal structure, the so-called hidden-order phase reappears after the suppression of the antiferromagnetic phase above the critical pressure P(x). We determined the pressure-temperature-field ...
Ragg Philip G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the inadvertent creation of a connection between lumens of a multilumen catheter by use of an in-line intravenous hand pressure pump. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Operating theater. PATIENT: All lumens of a 4F triple lumen catheter were verified patent by irrigation with saline before insertion into an ...
Khalil Hassan A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We studied the hemodynamic effects of inducing an artificial pulse in a continuous-flow total artificial heart consisting of 2 axial-flow pumps in a mock circulatory system. METHODS: We varied the amplitude (maximum minus minimum speed), beat rate and systolic duration of the left pump, right pump or both. Mean ...
Frazier O H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this study, we describe the potential advantages of a continuous-flow total artificial heart (CFTAH) comprising two small, non-pulsatile pumps with optimized responsiveness to the pressure gradient. METHODS: We modified a MicroMed DeBakey axial-flow pump by increasing its inducer-impeller inlet angle, thereby increasing its pressure responsivity. We obtained the ...
Gyurjyan H V - - 2010
We have developed a prototype, in vitro anthropomorphic model for simulating pressure-guided, subxiphoid access procedures done to enable minimally invasive epicardial cardiac procedures including treatments for ventricular tachycardia. Life-size replicas of the heart and lungs were modelled using anatomically accurate surrogates. The dynamic pressure-frequency profiles of simulated pericardial fluid surrounding ...
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