Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1141
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Wilk J B - - 2006
The association between polymorphisms in the beta1, beta2 and alpha2B adrenergic receptor (ADR) genes (ADRB1, ADRB2 and ADRA2B) and resting heart rate was examined in white and African-American participants of the HyperGEN Study. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, alcohol use, smoking status and daily exercise ...
Meffert Lisa M - - 2006
When a population faces long-term inbreeding, artificial selection, in principle, can enhance natural selection processes for purging the exposed genetic load. However, strong purge pressures might actually decrease fitness through the inadvertent fixation of deleterious alleles and allelic combinations. We tested lines of the housefly (Musca domestica L.) for the ...
Silva Gustavo J J - - 2006
The influence of genetic factors on complex phenotypes is context dependent, posing a challenge to quantify the role of single gene variants on this process. Moreover, redundancy and reserve capacity among control systems prevent most physiological stimuli to destabilize these processes. To test whether small gene perturbation can disrupt this ...
Dengel D R - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of the T-786C endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism on changes in renal hemodynamics and blood pressure due to Na(+) loading. Twenty-eight older (63+/-1 years), moderately obese (39+/-2 % fat) hypertensives had their glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal ...
Diatchenko Luda L University of North Carolina, Center for Neurosensory Disorders, North Carolina, USA. - - 2006
Adrenergic receptor beta(2) (ADRB2) is a primary target for epinephrine. It plays a critical role in mediating physiological and psychological responses to environmental stressors. Thus, functional genetic variants of ADRB2 will be associated with a complex array of psychological and physiological phenotypes. These genetic variants should also interact with environmental ...
Franceschini Nora N Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Bank of America Center, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-3628, USA. - - 2006
Age-adjusted systolic blood pressure is higher in males than females. Genetic factors may account for this sex-specific variation. To localize sex-specific quantitative trait loci (QTL) influencing blood pressure, we conducted a genome scan of systolic blood pressure, in males and females, separately and combined, and tested for aggregate and QTL-specific ...
Fava C - - 2006
Numerous linkage studies have indicated chromosome 18q21-22 as a locus of importance for blood pressure regulation. This locus harbors the neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 4-like (NEDD4L) gene, which is instrumental for the regulation of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). In a linkage study of 16 markers (including ...
Yu Hui-Min - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the association between the -344C/T or A6547G polymorphism of the aldosterone synthase gene and the blood pressure response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in a hypertensive cohort. METHODS: After a 2-week single-blind placebo run-in period, either benazepril or imidapril was administered for 6 weeks to ...
Cheung B M Y - - 2006
Genome scan in Chinese revealed an association of blood pressure with the microsatellite marker D17S1303, which lies in a quantitative trait locus for the abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome (AOMS2) at 17p12 on chromosome 17. We previously reported that D17S1303 was associated with hypertension and obesity. Therefore, we studied 10 single nucleotide ...
Woodiwiss Angela J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) monotherapy in subjects of African origin is determined by genetic variants within the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene. METHODS: A total of 194 hypertensive patients of African ancestry were recruited from district clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa. Eighty patients received open-label ...
Dufficy Lisa - - 2006
The functional consequences of the G80A RFC SNP on the expressed reduced folate carrier protein were evaluated by looking at the relationship between intake of folate, plasma folate and cellular stores of the vitamin. The effect on homocysteine was also examined. Homocysteine is a thiol that is known to be ...
Schelleman Hedi - - 2006
Despite the availability of a variety of effective antihypertensive drugs, inadequate control of blood pressure is common in hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was investigate whether the alpha-adducin G460W polymorphism or angiotensinogen M235T polymorphism has an effect on the mean difference in blood pressure in subjects using antihypertensive ...
Chen You-peng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms responsible for the pathogeneses of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are unclear. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a pro-inflammatory Th(1)-type cytokine. TNFA gene is located in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class III region of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on chromosome 6. The high TNF-alpha mRNA expression ...
Bochud Murielle - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Renal cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5) activity has been associated with blood pressure and salt sensitivity in humans. We determined whether CYP3A5 polymorphisms are associated with ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in African families. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 375 individuals from 72 families, each ...
Snyder Eric M - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Several common polymorphisms of the beta2 adrenergic (ADRB2) have been described including a Glycine (Gly) for arginine (Arg) substitution at amino acid 16. In vivo studies have attributed phenotypic differences in the Arg16Gly polymorphism of the ADRB2 to differences in agonist-mediated desensitization. Some studies, however, have shown differences between ...
Iacoviello Massimo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The offspring of hypertensive families are characterized by higher arterial blood pressure values and a depressed autonomic control of heart rate. The present study aimed to verify whether these differences are associated with a different genotype distribution of functionally relevant polymorphisms of the alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor (AR) genes. ...
Li Jia-Ling - - 2006
Sequence variations in the human alpha2 adrenergic receptor genes (ADRA2A and ADRA2C) have been implicated as a cause of hypertension in blacks. Although certain alleles are selectively enriched in blacks, their association with hypertension is based on small convenience samples and has not been evaluated in larger populations. From a ...
StefaƄski A - - 2006
The aim of the study was to examine an association between the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma2 gene and blood pressure values assessed by 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in obese patients with long-lasting type II diabetes. Two hundred and fourteen obese patients (95 men and ...
Li Y - - 2006
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasodilator and inhibits salt appetite. An A-to-G substitution at position -1984 in the promoter region of the ADM gene likely increases transcription. We therefore investigated this polymorphism in relation to blood pressure and urinary sodium in a Chinese population. We genotyped 427 Chinese enrolled in a ...
Yamamoto Miyuki - - 2006
Serotonin has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension because of its ability to induce vasoconstriction via stimulation of serotonin 2 (5-HT2) receptors. Recently, an association between the T102C functional polymorphism of the serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor gene and hypertension in the UK has been reported. Another association study, however, ...
Holomuzki Joseph R - - 2006
Studies documenting phenotypic variation among populations show that ecological performance in one activity is sometimes traded off against another. Identifying environment-specific costs and benefits associated with performance trade-offs is fundamental to knowing how conflicting selection pressures shape phenotype-environment matching in populations. We studied phenotypic variation in shell armature (spininess) of ...
Bremer Troy - - 2006
Retrospective pharmacogenetic analysis was performed on 120 Caucasian subjects. Subjects were obtained in collaboration with the Estonian Genome Project and Egeen Inc. (CA, USA), who provided blinded medical record and genetic data to the researchers, respectively. Subjects selected from the Estonian Genome Project had a diagnosis of hypertension confirmed by ...
Sarzani Riccardo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The 460Trp allele of the alpha-adducin gene (ADD1), which is involved in a form of salt-sensitive hypertension, has been associated with patterns of target organ damage. OBJECTIVES: As carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) largely depends upon unknown genetic factors, besides being associated to conventional risk factors, we tested the ...
Horan Martin - - 2006
An increased prevalence of both hypertension and cerebrovascular stroke is apparent in growth hormone (GH) deficiency whilst hypertension is a frequent complication in acromegaly. This has suggested a possible link between GH, stature and arterial function. Since the risk of both hypertension and stroke also appears to be inversely correlated ...
Tachibana Hideo - - 2006
Cardiac stress consistently activates c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways, however the role of different members of the JNK family is unclear. In this study, we applied pressure overload (TAC) in mice with selective deletion of the three JNK genes (Jnk1(-/-), Jnk2(-/-), and Jnk3(-/-)). Following TAC, all three JNK knockout mouse ...
Oka Toru - - 2006
The transcription factor GATA4 is a critical regulator of cardiac gene expression where it controls embryonic development, cardiomyocyte differentiation, and stress responsiveness of the adult heart. Traditional deletion of Gata4 caused embryonic lethality associated with endoderm defects and cardiac malformations, precluding an analysis of the role of GATA4 in the ...
Binder Alexander - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Current evidence demonstrates that both genetic and environmental factors influence blood pressure. The sympathetic nervous system is a key player in blood pressure control and functional genetic variants of the beta-2 adrenergic receptor (B2AR) have been identified and implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension. The present study aimed to ...
Zhang Qiong Gus - - 2006
The giraffe is unique as its head is 2500-3000 millimeters above its heart, thus the giraffe's heart must pump hard enough to overcome the huge hydrostatic pressure generated by the tall column of blood in its neck in order to provide its head with sufficient nutrients and oxygen. Giraffes therefore ...
Yasmin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is an independent determinant of cardiovascular risk, and there is evidence that it has a strong genetic component. Fibrillin-1 (FBN-1) is the disease gene for Marfan's syndrome and an FBN-1 polymorphism has been associated with large artery stiffening and elevated pulse pressure (PP) in patients with cardiovascular ...
Zhang Min - - 2006
Angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) has been proved to be involved in a cardioprotective role, but only a few studies have addressed the association of AT2R-genotype with this role. Whether the AT2R genotype is associated with hypertension is controversial. The aim of the study was to explore the information ...
Sharma Pankaj - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Left ventricular hypertrophy is recognized as one of the most important independent predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcome. The aetiology of LVH includes a number of well-recognized causes but there is considerable interest in the genetics of cardiac muscle hypertrophy. We used a large prospective twin database in order to ...
Firouzi Mehran - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Gap junctions, formed by connexins (Cx), are important in the regulation of vascular tone. Previously, we reported two closely linked polymorphisms (-44G --> A and +71A --> G) within regulatory regions of the gene for Cx40, a major connexin in the vascular wall and the kidney. In the present ...
Schelleman Hedi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of a variety of effective drugs, inadequate control of blood pressure is common. There are some indications that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene modifies the response to antihypertensive drugs, but the results have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the insertion/deletion polymorphism of the ACE gene ...
Del Campo Miguel - - 2006
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS), caused by a heterozygous deletion at 7q11.23, represents a model for studying hypertension, the leading risk factor for mortality worldwide, in a genetically determined disorder. Haploinsufficiency at the elastin gene is known to lead to the vascular stenoses in WBS and is also thought to predispose to ...
Islam Md Shaheenul - - 2006
The roles of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion-deletion (I/D) and angiotensinogen (AGT) m235t polymorphisms in cardiovascular diseases have been investigated extensively during the past decade but results have been inconsistent. A sex-specific association between the ACE I/D polymorphism and systolic blood pressure (BP) was seen among Finnish children and adolescents ...
Padmanabhan Sandosh S BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom. - - 2006
There is a lack of consistently linked loci influencing blood pressure and hypertension status, and this may be because of genetic or phenotypic heterogeneity. We hypothesize that stratification of subjects by response to antihypertensive drug groups could be used to stringently define subsets that will have reduced genetic and etiologic ...
Fava, Cristiano
Numerous linkage studies have indicated chromosome 18q21–22 as a locus of importance for blood pressure regulation. This locus harbors the neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 4-like (NEDD4L) gene, which is instrumental for the regulation of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). In a linkage study of 16 markers (including ...
Eslami Bita - - 2006
We investigated the possible association of solute carrier family 6 member 18 (SLC6A18) with hypertension and blood pressure in Japanese, since the homologous murine XT2 gene was recently reported to be associated with hypertension. The entire coding region of SLC6A18 was sequenced in 30 unrelated Japanese subjects. The deleterious effects ...
Suwazono Yasushi - - 2006
We examined the influence of the Q89R variant in low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 on hypertension in a large Japanese cohort. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to adjust for the effects of other factors known to influence hypertension such as age, body mass index, blood chemistry and lifestyle. Our ...
Smith Eve M D - - 2006
Previous genetic association studies in high-risk subjects have suggested that polymorphisms in the gene encoding endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) may be associated with susceptibility to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). We aimed to determine whether eNOS polymorphisms influence systolic pulmonary artery pressure measurements (PASP) in healthy trekkers ascending to ...
Kulah Eyup - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The contribution of genetic factors in hypertension cannot be denied. METHODS: In this study we evaluated the relationship between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms (Bsm-I, Apa-I and Fok-I), and target organ damage in 74 patients (female/male 49/25, mean age 49.2 +/- 8 years) with essential hypertension. The VDR ...
Chen G - - 2006
Our previous study demonstrated that the CYP2C9*3 gene variant was significantly associated with elevated plasma irbesartan concentration and blood pressure decline, assessed by a 4-week follow-up and revisit following daily administration of irbesartan. We conducted a further analysis to examine the acute effects of the CYP2C9 polymorphism on plasma concentration ...
Vermeulen C J - - 2006
Artificial selection experiments often confer important information on the genetic correlations constraining the evolution of life history. After artificial selection has ceased however, selection pressures in the culture environment can change the correlation matrix again. Here, we reinvestigate direct and correlated responses in a set of lines of Drosophila melanogaster ...
Schjoedt K J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that an aldosterone synthase gene polymorphism (CYP11B2 -344T/C) is predictive of the blood pressure lowering effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers in essential hypertension. We investigated whether this polymorphism is predictive of reductions in blood pressure and albuminuria and preservation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ...
Yamada Yoshiji - - 2006
Genetic variants of the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) have been associated with the serum concentration of low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, predisposition to coronary heart disease, or longevity. The relation of a -493Gright curved arrow T polymorphism in the promoter of MTP to blood pressure was examined in a population-based study. ...
Depypere Herman T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Haptoglobin (Hp) polymorphism has been associated with blood pressure regulation and essential hypertension. We investigated Hp polymorphism in patients with preeclampsia. METHODS: A total of 60 Caucasian women with preeclampsia were prospectively followed from hospital admission until delivery. Serum Hp phenotypes 1-1, 2-1, and 2-2 were determined by starch ...
Schelleman H - - 2006
Despite the availability of effective antihypertensive drugs, there is a large variation in response to these drugs. This study investigates whether polymorphisms in the angiotensin converting enzyme (I/D), angiotensinogen (M235T), alpha-adducin (G460W), angiotensin II type 1 receptor (1166A/C), or G protein beta(3)-subunit (825C/T) gene modify the mean difference in blood ...
Kato Akio - - 2006
Maize (Zea mays L.) is a model organism for various genetic and physiological studies. Induction of autotetraploid lines from elite inbred lines is valuable for investigating gene dosage effects on the molecular level. We applied nitrous oxide gas at the time of fertilization (30-36 h after pollination) for 20 h ...
Kim Seok Hwan - - 2006
PURPOSE: In normal tension glaucoma (NTG), intraocular pressure is within normal the range; thus, some mechanism other than increased pressure contributes to the optic neuropathy. Endothelin may be an important contributor to the development of the optic neuropathy characteristic of glaucoma. We investigated whether polymorphisms of the endothelin-1, endothelin receptor ...
Drake John M - - 2005
Average inoculum size and number of introductions are known to have positive effects on population persistence. However, whether these factors affect persistence independently or interact is unknown. We conducted a two-factor experiment in which 112 populations of parthenogenetic Daphnia magna were maintained for 41 days to study effects of inoculum ...
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