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Results 351 - 400 of 1143
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Martínez-Calatrava María J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies in humans and mice suggest that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) might be a candidate gene for arterial hypertension. Our aims were to analyse whether the functional 4G/5G PAI-1 polymorphism represents a risk marker for the development of arterial hypertension regardless of hypertension-related metabolic variables. METHODS: Eight hundred and ...
Wagenseil Jessica E - - 2007
Mice heterozygous for the elastin gene (ELN(+/-)) show unique cardiovascular properties, including increased blood pressure and smaller, thinner arteries with an increased number of lamellar units. Some of these properties are also observed in humans with supravalvular aortic stenosis, a disease caused by functional heterozygosity of the elastin gene. The ...
Riksen Niels P - - 2007
AIMS: In patients with coronary artery disease, the 34C > T variant of the adenosine mono-phosphate deaminase gene (AMPD1), encoding a dysfunctional protein, predicts improved survival. We hypothesized that in subjects with this variant allele, ischaemia-induced intracellular adenosine formation is increased, augmenting reactive hyperaemia and ischaemic tolerance. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Gu C Charles - - 2007
The Family Blood Pressure Program (FBPP) has data on 387 microsatellite markers in 13,524 subjects from four major ethnic groups. We investigated genetic association with hypertension of the linkage markers. Family-based methods were used to test association of the 387 loci with resting blood pressures (BPs) [systolic blood pressure (SBP) ...
Eap Chin B - - 2007
The permeability-glycoprotein efflux-transporter encoded by the multidrug resistance 1 (ABCB1) gene and the cytochromes P450 3A4/5 encoded by the CYP3A4/5 genes are known to interact in the transport and metabolism of many drugs. Recent data have shown that the CYP3A5 genotypes influence blood pressure and that permeability-glycoprotein activity might influence ...
Sie M P S - - 2007
Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Transforming growth factor beta1 is a pleiotropic cytokine, with many functions, including influence on the vascular wall (e.g., on angiogenesis, endothelial cells and the extracellular matrix). We investigated five functional polymorphisms in the transforming growth factor beta1 gene (-800 G/A, -509 ...
Martino Tami A - - 2007
Day/night rhythms are recognized as important to normal cardiovascular physiology and timing of adverse cardiovascular events; however, their significance in disease has not been determined. We demonstrate that day/night rhythms play a critical role in compensatory remodeling of cardiovascular tissue, and disruption exacerbates disease pathophysiology. We use a murine model ...
Pravenec Michal - - 2007
Genetic studies of human and experimental hypertension provide a means to identify key pathways that predispose individuals to increased blood pressure and associated risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The pathways so identified can then serve as targets for therapeutic intervention. This article discusses genetic studies in animal models ...
Handtrack Claudia - - 2007
Polymorphisms of the angiotensinogen (Agt) gene may affect blood pressure. We used a mouse model to test for the role of the Agt genotype in low-renin or high-renin forms of hypertension. Mice bearing one, two, three, or four copies of the Agt gene underwent renal artery clipping to induce high-renin ...
van Rijn Marie Josee E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the heritability of four blood pressure traits and the proportion of variance explained by four blood-pressure-related genes. METHODS: All participants are members of an extended pedigree from a Dutch genetically isolated population. Heritability and genetic correlations of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and ...
Kokaze Akatsuki - - 2007
NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism is associated with longevity in the Japanese population, and the ND2-237Met genotype may exert antiatherogenic effects. To investigate whether ND2-237 Leu/Met polymorphism is associated with risk of hypertension, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 398 Japanese male subjects. The frequency of hypertension ...
Freitas S R S - - 2007
Essential hypertension is a disease multifactorially triggered by genetic and environmental factors. The contribution of genetic polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and clinical risk factors to the development of resistant hypertension was evaluated in 90 hypertensive patients and in 115 normotensive controls living in Southwestern Brazil. Genotyping for insertion/deletion of ...
Jiménez Pablo Martin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The insertion/deletion (I/D) angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism has been established as a cardiovascular risk factor in some populations, but the association with essential hypertension is controversial. Predominantly diastolic hypertension (PDH), or narrow pulse pressure hypertension, has been shown to have increased peripheral resistance. Because a DD genotype has been ...
Gjesing A P - - 2007
AIMS: Activation of the beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB1) causes increased lipolysis in adipose tissue and enhances cardiac output. Analysis of the association of the functional ADRB1 Arg389Gly variant with obesity and hypertension has given ambiguous results. To clarify the potential impact of this variant on obesity and hypertension in the general ...
Hottenga Jouke-Jan - - 2007
Large-scale studies estimate the heritability of blood pressure at approximately 50%. We carried out a genome-wide linkage analysis to search for chromosomal loci that might explain this heritability using longitudinal, multiple measures of systolic and diastolic blood pressure obtained in sibling pairs and dizygotic twin pairs from 2 countries (a ...
Rando Oliver J - - 2007
According to classical evolutionary theory, phenotypic variation originates from random mutations that are independent of selective pressure. However, recent findings suggest that organisms have evolved mechanisms to influence the timing or genomic location of heritable variability. Hypervariable contingency loci and epigenetic switches increase the variability of specific phenotypes; error-prone DNA ...
Caron Kathleen - - 2007
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a potent vasodilator peptide in plasma at picomolar levels. Polymorphisms in the human AM gene have been associated with genetic predisposition to diabetic nephropathy and proteinuria with essential hypertension, and numerous studies have demonstrated that endogenous AM plays a role in protecting the heart and kidneys from ...
Iwai Naoharu - - 2007
Aldosterone plays essential roles in body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and blood pressure. However, the association between polymorphisms in the CYP11B2 gene and hypertension is controversial. We resequenced CYP11B1 and CYP11B2 and identified 35 polymorphisms in this region. We performed association studies between the plasma aldosterone concentration and 13 polymorphisms ...
Rame J Eduardo - - 2007
Corin activates pro-A-type naturetic peptide and pro-B-type naturetic peptide into biologically active molecules. We recently identified a minor allele in the corin gene defined by 2 highly linked single nucleotide polymorphisms (T555I and Q568P), which was associated with hypertension in blacks. Because of the direct antihypertrophic effects of the natriuretic ...
Wu Sheng-Nan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evidence from animal models and human studies suggests that CYP2J2 plays a mechanistic role in the development of hypertension. The present study aims to investigate the potential genetic contribution of the CYP2J2 gene to the etiology of essential hypertension (EH) and individual blood pressure. METHODS: We selected eight polymorphisms ...
Benetti-Pinto Cristina Laguna - - 2007
The differential diagnosis of hypertension associated with hypokalemia in infancy and adolescence should necessarily include deficiency of the 17alpha-hydroxylase enzyme, a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). In addition to hypertension, the classic syndrome caused by this deficiency is characterized by suppressed production of sex hormones and consequently sexual ...
Bastarrachea Raul A - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality in the Republic of Mexico, and metabolic syndrome, a complex of CVD risk factors, is increasingly prevalent. To date, however, there have been few studies of the genetic epidemiology of metabolic syndrome in Mexico. As a first step in implementing the ...
Rosskopf Dieter - - 2007
Human hypertension affects affects more than 20% of the adult population in industrialized countries, and it is implicated in millions of deaths worldwide each year from stroke, heart failure and ischemic heart disease. Available evidence suggests a major genetic impact on blood pressure regulation. Studies in monogenic hypertension revealed that ...
Van Vliet Bruce N - - 2007
Deficiencies in maternal endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) have been associated with pregnancy complications, intrauterine growth retardation, and altered vascular function in offspring. In the present study, we investigated the influence of the maternal eNOS genotype on offspring's blood pressure, heart rate, and locomotor activity. The effect of maternal eNOS genotype ...
Su Xiaowen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To identify the genetic contribution to the variation in blood pressure (BP) response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin receptor 1 (AGTR1), and angiotensin receptor 2 (AGTR2) genes were evaluated for their association with BP response to ACEI in Chinese patients with ...
Gumieniak Olga - - 2007
Accumulating evidence suggests that genes of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid pathway influence susceptibility to hypertension. Type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase is responsible for the conversion of thyroxine to tri-iodothyronine for use in peripheral tissues. The present study evaluated whether a type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase nonsynonymous polymorphism, threonine 92 to alanine (Thr92Ala), is a ...
van Rijn M J E - - 2007
The renin-angiotensin system is involved in the development of hypertension, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. We studied the association between the M235T polymorphism of the angiotensinogen gene (AGT) and the C573T polymorphism of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and blood pressure, carotid atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease. We genotyped over ...
Kardia Sharon L R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As part of the NHLBI Family Blood Pressure Program, the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy (GENOA) recruited 575 sibships (n = 1583 individuals) from Rochester, MN who had at least two hypertensive siblings diagnosed before age 60. Linkage analysis identified a region on chromosome 2 that was investigated using ...
Pereira Alexandre C - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A large body of evidence links plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations and cardiovascular disease. A common MTHFR polymorphism (C677T) leads to a variant with reduced activity and associated with increased Hcy levels. Coronary surgery precipitates a significant and sustained increase in the blood concentrations of Hcy and elevated levels of ...
Telgmann Ralph - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The endothelin system (ES) plays an important role in blood pressure (BP) regulation and also in the pathophysiology of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Recently, we demonstrated that a genetic polymorphism in the endothelin A (ET(A)) receptor gene was associated with survival in DCM patients. The aim of this study ...
Kiec-Wilk Beata - - 2007
Impaired function of calcium ion transporter sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase2 (SERCA2), encoded by ATP2A2 gene, was observed in hypertension. The aim of this study was to screen for mutations in the ATP2A2 gene, in hypertensive patients compared to healthy controls. The frequency of a novel mutation in exon 15 of ATP2A2, ...
Sookoian Silvia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The CYP11B2 gene (CYP11B2) encoding aldosterone synthase has been associated with essential hypertension and some, but not all, studies have reported that the C-344T variant may influence the risk of the disease. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of the literature by means of a meta-analysis to evaluate the ...
Xie Gaoqiang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of severity of hypertension on the association of genes with high blood pressure, which may cause the inconsistently reported associations of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) gene with blood pressure. METHODS: A cardiovascular epidemiology survey and genotyping were performed in a population-based sample ...
Rehman A - - 2007
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGT1R) gene 1166A > C polymorphism has been shown to be associated with essential hypertension and aortic stiffness as measured by carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV). This study was carried out to investigate the association of the 1166A > C polymorphism with blood pressure ...
Levy Daniel - - 2007
About one quarter of adults are hypertensive and high blood pressure carries increased risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and death. Increased arterial stiffness is a key factor in the pathogenesis of systolic hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Substantial heritability of blood-pressure (BP) and arterial-stiffness suggests important genetic contributions. In ...
Bartels Nina K - - 2007
The increased sympathetic nervous activity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is largely responsible for the high prevalence of arterial hypertension, and it is suggested to adversely affect triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels in these patients. The functionally relevant polymorphisms of the beta2-adrenergic receptor (Arg-47Cys/Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu) ...
Sáez María E - - 2007
Genes implicated in common complex disorders such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or cardiovascular diseases are not disease specific, since clinically related disorders also share genetic components. Cysteine protease Calpain 10 (CAPN10) has been associated with T2DM, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, increased body mass index (BMI) and polycystic ovary syndrome ...
Rana Brinda K - - 2007
The influence of genetic contributors, such as common single nucleotide polymorphisms, on blood pressure and essential hypertension may vary with the gender. We used the power of a large, community-based sample to probe whether gender interacts with genes in contributing to extremes of blood pressure in 611 male and 656 ...
Lapierre Alicia Viviana - - 2006
Essential hypertension is considered a multifactorial trait resulting from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. The angiotensin II type 1 receptor mediates the vasoconstrictor and growth-promoting effects of Ang II. The A1166C polymorphism of the AT1 receptor gene may be associated with cardiovascular phenotypes, such as high arterial blood ...
Dell'omo Giulia - - 2006
A D/D (deletion/deletion) polymorphism within the ACE (angiotensin 1-converting enzyme) gene increases the risk of microalbuminuria, a predictor of atherosclerotic vascular disease, in essential hypertension. It is unknown, however, whether this genetic profile is accompanied by disturbed macromolecular permeability of systemic capillary endothelium, possibly in the context of generalized endothelial ...
Sandrim Valéria C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Most hypertensive patients require two or more drugs to control arterial blood pressure effectively. Although endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) haplotypes have been associated with hypertension, it is unknown whether eNOS genotypes/haplotypes are associated with resistance to antihypertensive therapy. METHODS: We studied the distribution of three eNOS genetic polymorphisms: ...
Lieb Wolfgang - - 2006
A polymorphism in the cytochrome P450 3A CYP3A5 enzyme has been implicated in BP (blood pressure) control and arterial hypertension. Carriers of the CYP3A5*1 allele had high, whereas homozygous carriers of the CYP3A5*3 allele exhibit low, CYP3A5 expression in the kidney, where CYP3A5 represents the major CYP3A enzyme. The aim ...
Figtree G A - - 2007
Given the strong genetic contribution to blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and the influence of estrogen on these parameters, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) promoter may influence LVH. Three novel polymorphisms were identified upstream of the ERalpha alternatively spliced exon 1E, within sequence ...
Lefebvre Jean - - 2007
* The variability in drug metabolism has been recognized as an important factor in the occurrence of adverse effects or lack of therapeutic efficacy. * The metabolism of the third-generation beta(1)-receptor antagonist nebivolol has been shown to be highly dependent on cytochrome P450 2D6 enzymatic activity in preclinical studies. * ...
Ariceta Gema - - 2006
Inherited tubular disorders associated with metabolic alkalosis are caused by several gene mutations encoding different tubular transporters responsible for NaCl renal handling. Body volume and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system status are determined by NaCl reabsorption in the distal nephron. Two common hallmarks in affected individuals: hypokalemia and normal / high blood pressure, ...
Kaymak Cetin - - 2006
Pharmacogenetics is the study of genetic variations that cause a variable drug response characterized by alteration in drug metabolism or in pharmacodynamics. The polymorphisms in genes encoding receptors relevant to treatment cause variation in sensitivity to many drugs. beta2 Adrenoceptor genetic variation contributes to regulation of blood pressure and hemodynamic ...
Suwazono Y - - 2006
The relationship between the G-protein beta3 subunit variant C825T and risk of hypertension was examined in a prospective cohort study of Japanese workers. This study included observations over a 5-year period from 1997 to 2002 on 878 males and 692 females who were normotensive at entry. Hypertension was defined as ...
Gambier Nicolas - - 2006
BACKGROUND: CYP1A1, one of the key enzymes in detoxifying toxic components produced during cigarette smoking, is regulated by aromatic hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). A CYP1A1 T3801C polymorphism, associated with a higher CYP1A1 inducibility and enhanced catalytic activity, has been linked to stroke, triple vessel disease and may, therefore, be associated with ...
Lazar Andreas - - 2006
Impairment of the renal dopaminergic pathway has been shown to result in essential hypertension. The Organic Cation Transporter 2, OCT2 (SLC22A2), has been implicated in renal dopamine handling as well as in the inactivation of circulating catecholamines and is supposed to be involved in blood pressure regulation. This study investigated ...
Ingelfinger Julie R - - 2006
Blood pressure, the product of cardiac output and peripheral vascular resistance, follows a circadian rhythm and is altered by a host of circulating and local substances and by many physiologic events. The number of genes, signaling pathways, and systems involved in blood pressure regulation is enormous, and dissecting those factors ...
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