Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1143
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Zhu Haidong H Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, - - 2008
Prostasin, a serine protease, is suggested to be a novel mechanism regulating the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) expressed in the distal nephron. This study aimed to evaluate whether the human prostasin gene is a novel candidate gene underlying blood pressure (BP) elevation. In a sample of healthy African-American (AA) and ...
Guo Huazhang H Department of Physiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 894 Union Avenue, Suite 426, Memphis, TN 38163, - - 2008
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) has been implicated as causative in phenotypic modulation (PM) of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in their transition to the dedifferentiated phenotype. We evaluated the contribution of the three major LPA receptors, LPA1 and LPA2 GPCR and PPARgamma, on PM of VSMC. Expression of differentiated VSMC-specific ...
van Houten Vera A A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A common variant of the IGF-I gene has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The objective of this study was to examine whether this variant of the IGF-I gene is associated with blood pressure and left heart dimensions in early childhood. RESEARCH DESIGN ...
Zhao Qi - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent study supports the hypothesis that the abnormalities of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) that alter the intrinsic contractile state of the cell can directly cause abnormal vascular tone and disorders of blood pressure regulation, including hypertension. This study aimed to explore the individual and interactive effects ...
Siváková Daniela - - 2008
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that several specific environmental factors and candidate genes influence the human variation in blood pressure. The aim of this study was to investigate variables associated with blood pressure; with a particular emphasis on the differences in insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the human angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), the ...
Das Mithun - - 2008
The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion polymorphism has been identified as a potential genetic risk factor for essential hypertension. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the association of the insertion/deletion polymorphism of the ACE gene with essential hypertension in adult Asian Indians. Three hundred fifty (184 ...
Chi Neil C - - 2008
Vertebrate hearts depend on highly specialized cardiomyocytes that form the cardiac conduction system (CCS) to coordinate chamber contraction and drive blood efficiently and unidirectionally throughout the organism. Defects in this specialized wiring system can lead to syncope and sudden cardiac death. Thus, a greater understanding of cardiac conduction development may ...
Lessells C Kate M - - 2008
Almost all life histories are phenotypically plastic: that is, life-history traits such as timing of breeding, family size or the investment in individual offspring vary with some aspect of the environment, such as temperature or food availability. One approach to understanding this phenotypic plasticity from an evolutionary point of view ...
Ingelsson E - - 2008
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene have been related to endothelium-dependent vasodilation in either conduit or resistance arteries with divergent results. In the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors study, 959 participants aged 70 (51% men) were evaluated with brachial artery ultrasound ...
Kurland Lisa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the plasma concentration of irbesartan, a specific angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antagonist, and the blood pressure response in relation to AT1R gene polymorphisms. METHODS: Plasma irbesartan was analyzed in 42 patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension and left ...
Chauvet Cristina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci for blood pressure to large chromosome segments is readily achievable, their final identification confronts formidable hurdles. Restriction of the genes lodging in one quantitative trait locus interval to experimental limitation can facilitate their positional cloning. We previously delineated several quantitative trait loci ...
Annerbrink Kristina - - 2008
Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) degrades catecholamines and estrogens, both of which are of known importance for cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and hypertension. The gene coding for COMT contains a val158-met polymorphism that exerts a considerable influence on enzymatic activity. We hypothesized that this polymorphism might influence risk factors for ...
Liu H - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine whether specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their reconstructed haplotypes in renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) genes were associated with antihypertensive reduction to irbesartan treatment. Thousand one forty-two hypertensives were recruited and received 150 mg irbesartan daily for 4 weeks. Blood pressures (BPs) and ...
Tobin Martin D MD Department of Health Sciences & Genetics, University of Leicester, - - 2008
The genes responsible for several monogenic hypertensive and hypotensive disorders have been identified. Our aim was to evaluate whether common variants in these genes affect blood pressure in the general population. We studied 2037 adults from 520 nuclear families characterized for 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and related cardiovascular traits. We ...
Chen Y - - 2008
Chromogranin A (CHGA) is stored and released from the same secretory vesicles that contain catecholamines in chromaffin cells and noradrenergic neurons. We had previously identified common genetic variants at the CHGA locus in several human populations. Here we focus on whether inter-individual variants in the promoter region are of physiological ...
Westgate Elizabeth J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden death undergo diurnal variation. Although genes relevant to hemostasis and vascular integrity undergo circadian oscillation, the role of the molecular clock in thrombotic events remains to be established. METHODS AND RESULTS: A diurnal variation in the time to thrombotic vascular occlusion (TTVO) subsequent to ...
G?uszek Jerzy - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the A1166C polymorphism of the angiotensin AT1 receptor gene and reduction of blood pressure and pulse pressure in patients with mild and moderate arterial hypertension. Moreover, we sought to investigate the impact of insulin resistance and plasma renin ...
Pokojski Sebastian - - 2008
AIMS: Potassium channels are essential elements of endothelial function. Recently, evidence emerged that the TWIK (tandem of P domains in a weak inwardly rectifying K+ channel)-related K+ channel (TREK-1) of the two-pore domain potassium channel gene family (K2P) may be involved in the regulation of vascular tone. However, the functional ...
Ong K L - - 2008
Lipin 1 plays a role in abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and hypertriglyceridemia. The gene is located at 2p25.1, a susceptibility locus for hypertension. We studied the association of tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the lipin 1 (LPIN1) gene with hypertension and blood pressure. Twelve tagging SNPs from the HapMap database ...
Bautista Leonelo E - - 2008
The effect of polymorphisms of the RAS genes on the incidence of hypertension seems to be population-dependent. We studied the effects of the angiotensinogen T174M and M235T, angiotensin converting enzyme insertion/deletion (ACE I/D), and angiotensin II receptor 1 (AT1R) A1166C gene polymorphisms on the risk of hypertension among Hispanics. We ...
Wiltshire Steven - - 2008
Endothelin-1 is a potent vasoconstrictor in the body. Previous studies have identified associations between the coding polymorphism K198N and hypertension, systolic blood pressure and HDL levels. We sought to examine the evidence for these associations and, additionally, the association between K198N, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and coronary artery disease (CAD). ...
Fu Chunyan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Experimental evidence support a key role for beta (1)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB1) in the modulation of cardiac mass. This relationship has not yet been described in Chinese population. The goal of our study was to investigate the relationships between ADRB1 gene polymorphisms and left ventricular structure in human essential hypertension. ...
Kato Norihiro - - 2008
Statins have been reported to protect against end-organ damage in essential hypertension; however, detailed mechanisms underlying organ-protective actions of statins remain unclear. Statins can exert pleiotropic effects aside from lowering cholesterol and blood pressure levels through several different pathways, which may lead to distinct patterns of changes in gene expression ...
Tikhonoff Valérie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies found significant association of hypertension and hypertension-related phenotypes with genetic variation in SAH (Spontaneously hypertensive rat-clone A-Hypertension-associated). We sought independent confirmation of these findings in the European Project On Genes in Hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly recruited 2603 relatives from 560 families and 31 unrelated subjects ...
Yu Huimin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aldosterone controls sodium balance and intravascular volume, and thus helps regulate blood pressure. Secretion of aldosterone is mainly regulated at the level of expression of the aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene. The intron-2 conversion polymorphism of CYP11B2 was suggested to lead to overexpression of the gene, and may therefore have ...
Fuzikawa A K - - 2008
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism influences lipid metabolism, but its association with arterial hypertension is controversial. The objective of this study was to examine the association between ApoE polymorphism and prevalent hypertension in a large unselected population of older adults. Participants from the baseline of the Bambuí Health Aging Study whose ...
Vimaleswaran Karani S KS Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge, UK. - - 2008
The endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (NOS3) gene encodes the enzyme (eNOS) that synthesizes the molecule nitric oxide, which facilitates endothelium-dependent vasodilation in response to physical activity. Thus, energy expenditure may modify the association between the genetic variation at NOS3 and blood pressure. To test this hypothesis, we genotyped 11 NOS3 polymorphisms, ...
Franceschini Nora N Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. - - 2008
Pulse pressure, a measure of central arterial stiffness and a predictor of cardiovascular mortality, has known genetic components. To localize the genetic effects of pulse pressure, we conducted a genome-wide linkage analysis of 1,892 American-Indian participants of the Strong Heart Family Study (SHFS). Blood pressure was measured three times and ...
Rahman T - - 2008
The endothelins are among the most potent vasoconstrictors known. Pharmacological inhibition of endothelin receptors lowers blood pressure (BP). It is unknown whether naturally occurring genetic variation in the endothelin receptors influences BP. We have evaluated the type A endothelin receptor (EDNRA) as a candidate gene for hypertension in a large ...
Gociman Barbu - - 2008
Genetic variation in the human angiotensinogen gene (AGT) influences plasma AGT concentration and susceptibility to essential hypertension by a mechanism that remains to be clarified. When one or two additional copies of the gene were inserted by gene titration (by homologous recombination with gap-repair at the AGT locus), both plasma ...
Lin Ping-Ting - - 2008
Few studies have linked homocysteine, B vitamins and/or genetic defects to the risk of hypertension. The purpose of this study was to investigate homocysteine, B-vitamins, and genetic mutation in relation to the risk of hypertension. Subjects were assigned to the hypertension (HTN) group (n = 50) or non-hypertension (non-HTN) group ...
Ben Ali S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of a common -2548G/A (rs7799039) promoter variant of the human leptin gene (LEP) with obesity or body mass index (BMI) and its associated phenotypes such as blood pressure variability and the prevalence of hypertension in a sample of the Tunisian population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two ...
Przytycka Teresa M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In highly conserved widely distributed ortholog groups, the main evolutionary force is assumed to be purifying selection that enforces sequence conservation, with most divergence occurring by accumulation of neutral substitutions. Using a set of ortholog groups from prokaryotes, with a single representative in each studied organism, we asked the ...
Juhanson Peeter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Kidneys have an important function in blood pressure (BP) regulation and elevated BP may lead to kidney failure. Chr2p12-p13 region linked to BP traits in multiple studies harbours a potential candidate for BP and renal function, N-acetyltransferase 8 (NAT8) expressed in embryonic and adult kidney and associated with nephrotoxicity ...
Maixnerová D - - 2008
The clinical course of chronic renal diseases and their progression to ESRD is highly variable. The strongest predictors of poor outcome of IgAN involve hypertension, severe proteinuria and elevated serum creatinine level. Different candidate gene polymorphisms have been advocated as possible modulators of the progression of IgAN. Megsin belongs to ...
McArdle Patrick F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Systemic blood pressure, influenced by both genetic and environmental factors, is regulated via sympathetic nerve activity. We assessed the role of genetic variation in three subunits of the neuromuscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor positioned on chromosome 2q, a region showing replicated evidence of linkage to blood pressure. METHODS: We sequenced ...
Colomba Daniela - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) synthesized by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in regulation of endothelial function and in the control of blood pressure. However, the results from some studies on the association between three clinically relevant eNOS gene polymorphisms (G894T, T786C and intron 4b/a) and ...
Argano Christiano - - 2008
Distribution of T29C TGFbeta1 gene polymorphism was analysed in 260 hypertensive and 134 normotensive subjects. Circulating TGFbeta1 and procollagen type III levels, microalbuminuria, left ventricular geometry and function were evaluated in all the hypertensives subgrouped according to T29C TGFbeta1 gene polymorphism. Circulating TGFbeta1 by ELISA technique, procollagen type III by ...
Freitas Silvia R - - 2008
The alpha1A-adrenergic receptor (alpha1A-AR) regulates the cardiac and peripheral vascular system through sympathetic activation. Due to its important role in the regulation of vascular tone and blood pressure, we aimed to investigate the association between the Arg347Cys polymorphism in the alpha1A-AR gene and blood pressure phenotypes, in a large sample ...
Shor Marina - - 2007
Haptoglobin (Hp) is an antioxidant protein and the major susceptibility gene for atherosclerosis in diabetic patients. The effect of Hp phenotype on arterial compliance and metabolic and inflammatory parameters was investigated. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to Hp phenotype of Hp 2-2, Hp 2-1, and Hp 1-1. Arterial ...
Huggins C E - - 2008
Impaired glucose uptake is associated with both cardiac hypertrophy and contractile dysfunction, but whether there are common underlying mechanisms linking these conditions is yet to be determined. Using a 'gene dose' Cre-Lox GLUT4-deficient murine model, we examined the effect of suppressed glucose availability on global myocardial gene expression and glycolysis ...
Ong K L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: F11 receptor, also known as junctional adhesion molecule-1, in the autonomic nervous system is implicated in the development of hypertension in spontaneous hypertensive rats. We investigated the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the F11 receptor gene (F11R) with hypertension and central obesity in Hong Kong Chinese. METHODS: ...
山岸, 良匡
Thesis (Ph. D. in Medical Sciences)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 3239, 2003.3.25
Wang Tao - - 2007
AIM: The overexpression of the human tissue kallikrein (HK) gene can reduce blood pressure and ameliorate the secondary syndromes associated with hypertension in animal models. The current study was designed to investigate hypotensive effect of intramuscular delivery of HK gene. METHODS: We generated an recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector expressing ...
Aladin Darwesh M K - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: Biomechanical study into the association between genetic polymorphism in COL9A2 and mechanical properties of human nucleus pulposus. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there is an association between genetic polymorphism in a structural gene, and alterations in the mechanical properties of the intervertebral discs that may predispose to disc degeneration. ...
Milionis Haralampos J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of clinical, biochemical and genetic markers on the response to antihypertensive treatment in patients with essential hypertension and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Measurements of anthropometric indices, blood pressure (BP), and metabolic parameters were obtained from the medical records of 132 (77 women) newly diagnosed, ...
Halder Indrani I Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine Research Training Program and Behavioral Physiology Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2007
Although the etiology of the metabolic syndrome remains unclear, recent evidence suggests that dysregulation of brain serotonergic activity may partly underlie the covariation of risk factors comprising the syndrome. In addition, prior studies have shown polymorphisms in the serotonin 2A receptor (HTR2A) gene to be associated with two syndrome components, ...
Stavrinides John - - 2008
Many bacterial pathogens require a type III secretion system (T3SS) and suite of type III secreted effectors (T3SEs) to successfully colonize their hosts, extract nutrients and consequently cause disease. T3SEs, in particular, are key components of the bacterial arsenal, as they function directly inside the host to disrupt or suppress ...
Deforche K - - 2008
MOTIVATION: HIV-1 antiviral resistance is a major cause of antiviral treatment failure. The in vivo fitness landscape experienced by the virus in presence of treatment could in principle be used to determine both the susceptibility of the virus to the treatment and the genetic barrier to resistance. We propose a ...
Baker Michelle M The Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, - - 2007
Many previous studies have investigated whether there is an association between genotypes at the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene and hypertensive status, but few have incorporated quantitative data. Although meta-analyses support a possible effect of AGT variants on blood pressure (BP), substantial unexplained between-study heterogeneity has been observed. We hypothesized that a ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >