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Results 201 - 250 of 1143
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Roberts Kari E - - 2009
Portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN) occurs in 6% of liver transplant candidates. The pathogenesis of this complication of portal hypertension is poorly understood. To identify genetic risk factors for PPHTN in patients with advanced liver disease. We performed a multicenter case-control study of patients with portal hypertension. Cases had a mean pulmonary ...
Collins Sarah A - - 2009
Migratory birds are assumed to be under stronger sexual selection pressure than sedentary populations, and the fact that their song is more complex has been taken as confirmation of this fact. However, this assumes that sexual selection pressure due to both male competition and female choice increase together. A further ...
Masuda Naoki - - 2009
Individuals of different types, may it be genetic, cultural, or else, with different levels of fitness often compete for reproduction and survival. A fitter type generally has higher chances of disseminating their copies to other individuals. The fixation probability of a single mutant type introduced in a population of wild-type ...
Pönighaus Claudia - - 2009
An accumulation of extracellular matrix molecules, such as proteoglycans, is observed in the vascular wall of hypertensive patients. Xylosyltransferases I and II (XT-I and XT-II), the chain-initiating enzymes in the biosynthesis of proteoglycans, catalyze the transfer of D-xylose from UDP-D-xylose to specific serine residues of the core protein. Because associations ...
Peter I I Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2009
Increased arterial stiffness and wave reflection have been identified as cardiovascular disease risk factors. In light of significant sex differences and the moderate heritability of vascular function measures, we hypothesized that variation in the genes coding for oestrogen receptors alpha (ESR1) and beta (ESR2) and aromatase (CYP19A1) is associated with ...
Tripodi Grazia G Prassis Sigma-Tau, Research Institute, Milan, - - 2009
Endogenous ouabain (EO) has been linked with long-term changes in sodium balance and cardiovascular structure and function. The biosynthesis of EO involves, cholesterol side-chain cleavage (CYP11A1), 3-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B) with sequential metabolism of pregnenolone and progesterone. Furthermore, the renal excretion of cardiac glycosides is mediated by the organic anion transporter ...
Wilker Elissa - - 2009
Fine particulate matter [aerodynamic diameter </= 2.5 mum (PM(2.5))] has been associated with autonomic dysregulation. We hypothesized that PM(2.5) influences postural changes in systolic blood pressure (DeltaSBP) and in diastolic blood pressure (DeltaDBP) and that this effect is modified by genes thought to be related to chronic lung disease. We ...
Reece Sarah E - - 2009
Adaptive phenotypic plasticity in life history traits, behaviours, and strategies is ubiquitous in biological systems. It is driven by variation in selection pressures across environmental gradients and operates under constraints imposed by trade-offs. Phenotypic plasticity has been thoroughly documented for multicellular taxa, such as insects, birds and mammals, and in ...
San Jos? Gorka - - 2009
The objective of the present study was to analyse the influence of the ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) gene I/D (insertion/deletion) polymorphism on NADPH oxidase-dependent O(2)(*-) (superoxide radical) production, and to investigate the clinical implication of this association in hypertensive subjects. A case-control study was performed in a random sample of the ...
Oztürk Onder - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Evidence shows that an elevated pulse pressure (PP) may lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene on the PP after a first anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI). ...
Feng Minjie - - 2009
Hypertension is a leading cause of heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure and represents a serious medical issue worldwide. The genetic basis of hypertension is well-established, but few causal genes have been identified thus far. Non-invasive blood pressure measurements are a critical component of high-throughput genetic studies to identify genes ...
Connahs Heidi - - 2009
The extraordinary diversity of tropical herbivores may be linked to hostplant specialization driven in part by variation in pressure from natural enemies. We quantified levels of host-specificity and parasitoid attack for the specialist herbivore, Eois (Geometridae). The goals of this research were to examine: 1) whether Eois are specialized on ...
Kim Sun Moon - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypertension is one of the most significant prognostic factors of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). We investigated the role of polymorphisms of hypertension-related genes in the clinical impact of IgAN. METHODS: A total of 238 IgAN and 300 healthy cohorts were studied. The polymorphisms of angiotensinogen (AGT M235T), the angiotensin ...
Cruz-González Ignacio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 5% of the hypertensive patients are resistant to conventional antihypertensive therapy. Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene have been associated with high blood pressure levels, but not with resistant hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate if the -786T>C ...
Peng Yingxin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The beta1-adrenergic receptor (ADRB1) plays a pivotal role in mediating signal transduction of the sympathetic-adrenal system, which is involved in the regulation of cardiac output and peripheral resistance. Our goal was to determine whether the polymorphisms Arg389Gly (rs1801253) and Ser49Gly (rs1801252) of the ADRB1 gene were associated with essential ...
Dai Ching-Liang - - 2009
In this study, we fabricated a wireless micro FET (field effect transistor) pressure sensor based on the commercial CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) process and a post-process. The wireless micro pressure sensor is composed of a FET pressure sensor, an oscillator, an amplifier and an antenna. The oscillator is adopted ...
Dai Ching-Liang - - 2009
The study investigates a capacitive micro pressure sensor integrated with a ring oscillator circuit on a chip. The integrated capacitive pressure sensor is fabricated using the commercial CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) process and a post-process. The ring oscillator is employed to convert the capacitance of the pressure sensor into ...
Kokaze Akatsuki A Department of Public Health, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. - - 2009
Habitual coffee consumption has been reported to lower blood pressure in the Japanese population. The NADH dehydrogenase subunit-2 237 leucine/methionine (ND2-237 Leu/Met) polymorphism is associated with longevity and modifies the effects of alcohol consumption on blood pressure in the Japanese population. The objective of this study was to determine whether ...
Kelley-Hedgepeth Alyson A aMCRI Center for Translational Genomics, Molecular Cardiology Research Institute, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2009
Genetic variants that influence large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel's function may alter arterial function and contribute to the known heritability of arterial stiffness and blood pressure. The beta1-subunit (KCNMB1) of the large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel includes two coding region polymorphisms. E65K, a gain-of-function polymorphism, is predicted to enhance large ...
Sun Xiangqing X Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA. - - 2009
Population stratification is one of the major causes of spurious associations in association studies. A unified association approach based on principal-component analysis can overcome the effect of population stratification, as well as make use of both family and unrelated samples combined to increase power (family-case-control, or FamCC). In this study, ...
Rao Fangwen - - 2008
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis. Does common genetic variation at human TH alter autonomic activity and predispose to cardiovascular disease? We undertook systematic polymorphism discovery at the TH locus, and then tested variants for contributions to sympathetic function and blood pressure. We resequenced 80 ethnically ...
Mitro Peter - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the renin-angiotensin system and serotonin transporter gene polymorphisms in relation to hemodynamic parameters and heart rate variability during a head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients with vasovagal syncope. METHODS: DNA was collected from 191 patients (mean age 44+/-18 years, 61 men, ...
Yang Xiaojing - - 2009
Although thousands of in vitro selection and evolution experiments have been performed to seek different types of targets, most of them have only inspected the terminal evolutionary pool for patterns. In addition, to rapidly obtain the most favorable target, many experiments have been carried out under increasing selection pressure. However, ...
Nielsen Trine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The large Ca2+ and voltage-dependent potassium channel is important in regulating vascular tone in smooth muscle tissue. The rs11739136 KCNMB1 Glu65Lys polymorphism in the beta1 subunit of the Ca2+ and voltage-dependent potassium channel has, in some studies, been reported to associate with a protective effect on diastolic hypertension. The ...
Chen Yuqing - - 2008
We aimed to determine whether the common variation at the chromogranin A (CHGA) locus increases susceptibility to hypertension. CHGA regulates catecholamine storage and release. Previously we systematically identified genetic variants across CHGA. We carried out dense genotyping across the CHGA locus in >1,000 individuals with the most extreme blood pressures ...
van der Deure Wendy M - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid function and genetic variation in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis have been implicated in blood pressure regulation and susceptibility to hypertension. However studies conducted thus far were small with controversial results. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether serum thyroid parameters and polymorphisms in the type 2 deiodinase and the TSH receptor are ...
Chung Charles C - - 2009
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a key hormone in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis that regulates many pathways including blood pressure homeostasis. Thus, GR gene variation may influence interindividual differences in blood pressure in human populations. We resequenced individual GR alleles for comprehensive discovery of GR variants and their chromosomal phase in ...
Palomino-Doza Julian J Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2008
The P2X receptor gene family encodes a series of proteins that function as ATP-gated nonselective ion channels. P2X receptor channels are involved in transducing aldosterone-mediated signaling in the distal renal tubule and are potential candidate genes for blood pressure regulation. We performed a family based quantitative genetic association study in ...
Ng Xiaowei - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: 118 elderly participants (65-90 years) were assessed for any relationship between folate, related genes and hypertension. METHODS: Six B-vitamin-related SNPs were genotyped in 80 normotensive and 38 hypertensive subjects. RESULTS: Of six polymorphisms (677C>T-MTHFR, 1298A>C-MTHFR, 80G>A-RFC, 2756A>G-MS, 66A>G- MSR, 19bpDHFR and 1561C>T-GCPII), only 677C>T-MTHFR was a significant risk for ...
Caulfield Mark J MJ Clinical Pharmacology and The Genome Centre, William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Serum uric acid levels in humans are influenced by diet, cellular breakdown, and renal elimination, and correlate with blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, gout, and cardiovascular disease. Recent genome-wide association scans have found common genetic variants of SLC2A9 to be associated with increased serum urate level and gout. The SLC2A9 ...
Tang Min - - 2008
Blood pressure (BP) is a complex trait regulated by the interaction among multiple physiologic regulatory systems, likely involving numerous genes that lead to inconsistent findings in genetic studies. One possibility of failure to replicate some single-locus results is that the underlying genetics of hypertension is based on multiple genes with ...
Sayyed Ali H - - 2008
Bioassays (at generation G2) with a newly collected field population (designated MN) of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from Multan, Pakistan, indicated resistance to spinosad, indoxacarb, deltamethrin, abamectin, and acetamiprid. At G2 the field-derived population was divided into two subpopulations, one was selected (G2 to G11) with spinosad (Spino-SEL), whereas ...
Deng Alan Y - - 2008
Although it is well-known that quantitative trait loci (QTLs) influence blood pressure (BP) in male Dahl salt-sensitive rats (DSS), few studies have been carried out to ascertain the BP effect of these QTLs in females. In the current work, we analyzed BP of seven selected congenic strains constructed in the ...
Cha Min Ho - - 2008
Recent studies have provided some clues with regard to the relationship existing between uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and blood pressure in animal experiments. In an attempt to determine the genetic polymorphisms that are associated with blood pressure in humans, we have analyzed genetic polymorphisms in UCP1 gene. In this study, ...
Filigheddu Fabiana - - 2008
AIM: No definite factors predict blood pressure response to angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitors. The aim of this study was to test the association of gene polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system with essential hypertension and anthropometric variables, intermediate phenotypes and gene polymorphisms with blood pressure after fosinopril in a genetically homogeneous cohort. METHODS: ...
Alio─člu Emin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: G protein is one of the most important regulators of intracellular signaling pathways. C825T polymorphism of G protein b3 subunit is associated with increased intracellular signal transduction. The 825T allele has been found associated with a variety of cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension. The aim of the present study ...
Tobin Martin D MD Departments of Health Sciences and Genetics, Genetic Epidemiology Group, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom. - - 2008
WNK1 gene variants have been associated with adult blood pressure. We aimed to investigate relationships between WNK1 variants and blood pressure, as well as blood pressure change with age, in a longitudinal childhood study. Associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms in WNK1 and blood pressure and the rate of blood pressure ...
Conen David - - 2008
The renin-angiotensin system and endothelial function have both been associated with hypertension. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship of six previously characterized gene variants in the renin-angiotensin system and the NOS3 gene with blood pressure progression and incident hypertension. We analyzed data from 18 436 ...
Kurnik Daniel D Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology, Division of Clinical Pharmacology bDepartment of Biomedical Statistics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2008
Cardiovascular responses to stressors are regulated by sympathetic activity, increased in black Americans, and associated with future cardiovascular morbidity. Our aim was to determine whether two functional variants in genes regulating sympathetic activity, a deletion in the alpha2C-adrenergic receptor (ADRA2C del322-325) and a G-protein beta3-subunit variant (GNB3 G825T), affect cardiovascular ...
Basu Analabha A Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave., Room 901H HSW, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2008
Migrations to the new world brought together individuals from Europe, Africa and the Americans. Inter-mating between these migrant and indigenous populations led to the subsequent formation of new admixed populations, such as African and Latino Americans. These unprecedented events brought together genomes that had evolved independently on different continents for ...
Eloe Emiley A - - 2008
Motility is a critical function needed for nutrient acquisition, biofilm formation, and the avoidance of harmful chemicals and predators. Flagellar motility is one of the most pressure-sensitive cellular processes in mesophilic bacteria; therefore, it is ecologically relevant to determine how deep-sea microbes have adapted their motility systems for functionality at ...
Ohlin Bertil - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Job strain and the Arg389Gly polymorphism in the adrenergic beta1-receptor gene have been linked to hypertension. We aimed to study whether there is an interaction between the Arg389Gly polymorphism and job strain and its components (job demand and decision latitude) in relation to blood pressure. METHODS: From the Malmö ...
Yin Tong - - 2008
CYP2C9, a drug-metabolizing enzyme, converts the angiotensin II receptor blocker losartan to its active form, which is responsible for its antihypertensive effect. We resequenced CYP2C9 in 724 Japanese individuals, including 39 hypertensive patients under treatment with losartan. Of two novel missense mutations identified, the Arg132Gln variant showed a fivefold lower ...
Norat Teresa T MRC Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Cambridge, United - - 2008
Intervention studies have indicated an interaction between the blood pressure response to a low-sodium or a low-fat and high-fruit and -vegetable diet and the angiotensinogen gene (AGT) polymorphisms G-6A and M235T. We investigated whether this interaction is also present in a large free-living population. Urinary sodium, potassium as biomarkers of ...
Moraes Clayton F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Since variations on the renin angiotensin (RA) system tend to exert effects on blood pressure, we investigated the association of the common ACE and AT1R polymorphisms with response to a multivariate pharmacotherapy. METHODS: This prospective study involved 169 hypertensive, community-dwelling older women. Genotypes were obtained by length analysis or ...
Panoulas Vasileios F - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associates with excess cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Hypertension, a highly prevalent entity in RA, has been associated with the endothelin-1 (ET-1) gene locus (EDN1) in some groups, such as Afro-Caribbean, the obese, and in low-renin states, but not in the general population as a whole. High ...
Kirkpantur Alper - - 2008
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) predominantly acts as an anti-inflammatory factor. Polymorphisms in the IL-10 gene promoter determine quantitative cytokine production. Doppler echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) are superior to conventional echocardiography to evaluate diastolic dysfunction. The IL-10 gene promoter polymorphism at position (-1082) was studied for its association with conventional and ...
Khrustalev Vladislav Victorovich - - 2008
The purpose of our work was to analyze the case of the strong mutational GC-pressure influence on the ratio between nonsynonymous (DN) and synonymous (DS) distances (DN/DS ratio). We have used as the material the genes coding for ICP0 from five completely sequenced genomes of simplexviruses. DN/DS ratio, total GC-content ...
O'Connor Daniel T - - 2008
Chromogranin A (CHGA) triggers catecholamine secretory granule biogenesis, and its catestatin fragment inhibits catecholamine release. We approached catestatin heritability using twin pairs, coupled with genome-wide linkage, in a series of twin and sibling pairs from 2 continents. Hypertensive patients had elevated CHGA coupled with reduction in catestatin, suggesting diminished conversion ...
Diefenbach Konstanze - - 2009
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disorders. Thus, an association between endothelin-1 (EDN1) and OSA can be assumed. We investigated a cohort of 364 consecutive patients (age 57 +/- 10 years) with mild to severe OSA for the EDN1 variant Lys198Asn (G/T) and endothelin plasma ...
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