Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1143
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Schut A F C - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) have been associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis. Absence of the 192-bp (wild-type) allele in the promoter region of the IGF-I gene has been associated with low circulating IGF-I levels. We examined the role of this polymorphism ...
Skarić-Jurić Tatjana - - 2003
The familial resemblance in blood pressure in Middle Dalmatia, Croatia, has been analyzed using the Path-analytic approach. The sample consisted of 1,126 examinees (526 males and 600 females, aged 17 to 87), inhabitants of the Middle Dalmatia's islands of Brac, Hvar, Korcula and the Peljesac peninsula. The Path analysis was ...
Chen Yusen - - 2003
The beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR)-stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding (Gs) protein system has been shown to play important roles in the cardiovascular system. The gene encoding the alpha-subunit of Gs proteins (GNAS1) is a candidate genetic determinant for hypertension. Because alcohol consumption is known to affect blood pressure partly through the beta-AR-Gs protein system, ...
Givens Raymond C - - 2003
A single-nucleotide polymorphism (A6986G) in the cytochrome p-450 3A5 (CYP3A5) gene distinguishes an expressor (*1) and a reduced-expressor (*3) allele and largely predicts CYP3A5 content in liver and intestine. CYP3A5 is the prevailing CYP3A isoform in kidney. We report that, among renal microsomes from 21 organ donors, those from *1/*3 ...
Medley Tanya L - - 2003
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) include most major constituents of the arterial wall as substrates. A common promotor polymorphism (5A/6A) is associated with differences in MMP-3 (stromelysin-1) activity, and associations with certain forms of vascular disease have been shown. This study investigated whether the MMP-3 5A/6A promoter polymorphism contributes to age-related large ...
Olszanecka A - - 2003
The 825T allele of the G-protein beta(3)-subunit is associated with increased intracellular signalling. Its association with hypertension is inconsistent. We, therefore, studied the C825T polymorphism in relation to ambulatory blood pressure as well as left ventricular structure and function in two European populations. We genotyped 248 parents and 318 offspring, ...
Snieder Harold - - 2003
Hypertension prevalence is much higher in African-Americans (AAs) than in European-Americans (EAs). It is unknown whether this difference is related to potential ethnic differences in the relative contribution of genes and environment to population variation in blood pressure and underlying hemodynamics. We studied 308 EA and 226 AA twin pairs, ...
Suzuki Makoto - - 2003
The sensation of pressure, mechanosensation, in vertebrates remains poorly understood on the molecular level. The ion channel TRPV4 is in the TRP family and is a candidate for a mechanosensitive calcium-permeable channel. It is located in dorsal root ganglia. In the present study, we show that disrupting the Trpv4 gene ...
Reich Heather - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular effects of angiotensin II are mediated by the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGT1R); one polymorphism of the AGT1R gene, A1166-->C, has been associated with hypertension. The hemodynamic response to angiotensin II is blunted in women compared to men, but interactions between gender, blood pressure, and AGT1R ...
Brand Eva - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The 825T allele of the G-protein beta(3)-subunit gene is associated with increased intracellular signalling and adipogenesis in experimental studies. We studied the C825T polymorphism in relation to blood pressure, obesity and intermediate phenotypes in a Caucasian population. METHODS: We genotyped 737 men and 775 women (participation rate, 64.3%) enrolled ...
Monti Jan - - 2003
Linkage analyses in experimental crosses of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats have strongly suggested the presence of quantitative trait loci (QTL) influencing blood pressure and ACE levels on rat chromosome 10, which have been confirmed in multiple independent studies. Analysis of the orthologous region on human ...
Abraham William T - - 2003
HYPOTHESIS/INTRODUCTION: A polymorphic marker within the angiotensin- converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with circulating and tissue ACE activity and with a variety of forms of cardiovascular disease. Since angiotensin II (Ang II) causes pulmonary vasoconstriction and vascular and myocardial remodelling, we postulated a role for the renin-angiotensin system ...
Bousset L - - 2003
ABSTRACT To assemble a laboratory population of Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei for a competition experiment, controlled crosses were performed among 30 parent isolates, which were characterized by their pathotype (i.e., the phenotype observed on a differential set containing lines including host resistance alleles) and their response to the fungicides ...
Zhang Shaosong - - 2003
Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response to pressure overload and is associated with increased mortality. Mechanical stress in the heart can result in the integrin-mediated activation of focal adhesion kinase and the subsequent recruitment of the Grb2 adapter molecule. Grb2, in turn, can activate MAPK cascades via an interaction with ...
Dahl Morten - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Because elastase in alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency may attack elastin in the arterial wall, we tested whether alpha(1)-antitrypsin deficiency is associated with reduced blood pressure, risk of ischemic cerebrovascular (ICVD) and ischemic heart disease (IHD), and longevity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We genotyped 7963 control subjects from the adult general population of ...
Li Xiaotao - - 2003
The clinical significance of the apolipoprotein E genotype in patients with hypertension has been a subject of debate. We enrolled 94 patients with hypertension and 102 healthy controls in this study and determined their plasma levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, apolipoprotein AI, and apolipoprotein B. The ...
Porto Patricia I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system component genes have been associated to essential hypertension. Thus, we studied the association of singe locus or multilocus interactions with young-onset essential hypertension. SETTING AND DESIGN: This is a case-control study based on a population sample of adolescent at an inner city. PARTICIPANTS: We studied 54 adolescents ...
Oberkofler Hannes - - 2003
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 (PPARGC1/PGC-1) is a transcriptional coactivator of nuclear hormone receptors implicated in blood pressure regulation. We therefore ascertained whether the PPARGC1 gene locus is associated with hypertension. We studied associations of 3 polymorphisms in PPARGC1 transcripts with hypertension in 683 middle-aged men and 530 middle-aged women of ...
Ono Koh - - 2003
Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor mediates the vasoconstriction and growth-promoting effect of angiotensin II in humans. It has been reported that a polymorphism of the AT1 receptor gene (an A/C transversion at position 1166; A1166C) may be associated with essential hypertension (HT). However, several conflicting results have also been ...
Ge Dongliang - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Several genome-wide scans recently accomplished in the ethnic Chinese revealed a number of candidate loci possibly contributing to essential hypertension, and some appeared to be replicable in 2q14-q23 and 5q32. The current study aimed to examine the linkage of qualitative and blood pressure quantitative traits in essential hypertension with ...
Thiel Bonnie A - - 2003
Evidence for genomic regions influencing systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) were assessed in a whole genome linkage analysis in 211 African American and 160 white families as part of the GenNet network of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute-sponsored Family Blood Pressure Program. Multipoint regression and variance components ...
Castellano Maurizio - - 2003
Previous studies suggest that variants of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) may differently affect functional responses to adrenergic stimulation, thereby possibly modulating cardiovascular and metabolic phenotypes. We examined the hypothesis that G/R16 and Q/E27 polymorphism of ADRB2, or their haplotypes, may modulate blood pressure, cardiovascular structure, and function or metabolic cardiovascular ...
Ranade Koustubh - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Our understanding of genes that predispose to essential hypertension is poor. METHODS: A genome-wide scan for linkage at approximately 10 cM resolution was done on 1425 sibpairs of Chinese and Japanese origins that were concordant for hypertension (N = 661), low-normal blood pressure (BP) (N = 184), or discordant ...
Hölzl B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The Gly972Arg mutation in the IRS-1 gene has been found to be associated with insulin resistance and type II diabetes. A recently published study described an association between the Arg allele and an increased risk for coronary artery disease. In the present study we asked whether the presence of ...
Province Michael A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Four multicenter Networks (GenNet, GENOA, HyperGEN, SAPPHIRe) form the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Family Blood Pressure Program (FBPP), to search for hypertension/blood pressure (BP) genes. The networks used different family designs and targeted multiple ethnic groups, using standardized protocols and definitions. Linkage genome scans were done on ...
Kimura Tomomi - - 2003
Endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation plays an important role in reduction of blood pressure and is mediated through release of nitric oxide (NO), which is generated by constitutively expressed endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3). Exercise also augments NO release and has been recommended for primary prevention and improvement of hypertension, but individual responses ...
Strazzullo Pasquale - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin system is involved in adipocyte growth and differentiation and possibly in adipose tissue metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D gene, angiotensinogen M235T gene, and angiotensin II type 1 receptor A1166C gene with body mass index, body fat pattern, and ...
Matsubara Mitsunobu - - 2003
The angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphism M235T (a methionine to threonine amino acid substitution) has been investigated in association with essential hypertension (EHT) based on conventional measurement of blood pressure (BP); however, the results have been inconsistent. Recently, we have been conducting lines of genetic analysis on a general population of ...
Liljedahl Ulrika - - 2003
We aimed to develop a microarray genotyping system for multiplex analysis of a panel of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes encoding proteins involved in blood pressure regulation, and to apply this system in a pilot study demonstrating its feasibility in the pharmacogenetics of hypertension. A panel of 74 SNPs ...
Vasků A - - 2003
The aim of the study was to assess the association between promoter polymorphism [A(-596)G] in interleukin-6 gene and office systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and the heart rate (HR) in apparently healthy Czech subjects. Furthermore, we evaluated the possible influence of gender, BMI and smoking on these supposed associations. An ...
Cui Jisheng S - - 2003
The correlations between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and total cholesterol levels (CHOL) might result from genetic or environmental factors that determine variation in the phenotypes and are shared by family members. Based on 330 nuclear families in the Framingham Heart Study, we used a multivariate normal model, implemented in the ...
Garcia E A - - 2003
The combination of investigation of rare Mendelian forms of hypertension, candidate gene studies, comparative mapping and genome-wide screening in both animal models and man has led to significant progress in determining new mechanisms of blood pressure control. In this review, the newly discovered blood pressure/cardiovascular genes, WNK kinases and angiotensin ...
Lin Jennifer - - 2003
The genetic regulation of variation in intra-individual fluctuations in systolic blood pressure over time is poorly understood. Analysis of the magnitude of the average fluctuation of a person's systolic blood pressure around his or her age-adjusted trend line, however, shows moderate, albeit significant, family resemblance in Cohort 1 of the ...
Henskens Léon H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Several studies have assessed the relationship between the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D or angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R)-A C polymorphisms and blood pressure (BP). Since most data have been obtained in selected populations, the present study was performed in a healthy normotensive primary care population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate ...
Wang Kai - - 2003
A genome-wide linkage analysis was conducted on systolic blood pressure using a score statistic. The randomly selected Replicate 34 of the simulated data was used. The score statistic was applied to the sibships derived from the general pedigrees. An add-on R program to GENEHUNTER was developed for this analysis and ...
Chien Kuo-Liong - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Genetic factors play an important role in determining blood pressure values. Strong familial aggregation and estimated heritability values around 0.4-0.6 were reported in a white population. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the genetic components and mode of inheritance of blood pressure in Taiwan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional family study based on an ...
Turner Stephen T - - 2003
Hypertension is the most prevalent, treatable risk factor for diseases of the heart, brain and kidneys. In this review, we discuss advances in understanding of the genetics of blood pressure regulation, the development of hypertensive complications and the pharmacodynamics of antihypertensive drug responses. Discovery of single gene mutations that cause ...
Busjahn Andreas - - 2003
To test the hypothesis that the serum and glucocorticoid regulated kinase (SGK1) is of relevance to blood pressure in man, we recruited monozygotic (MZ) (126 pairs) and dizygotic (DZ) (70 pairs) normotensive twin subjects and parents of DZ twins. Blood pressure was measured in a controlled fashion recumbent, sitting, and ...
Rao Shaoqi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal data often have multiple (repeated) measures recorded along a time trajectory. For example, the two cohorts from the Framingham Heart Study (GAW13 Problem 1) contain 21 and 5 repeated measures for hypertension phenotypes as well as epidemiological risk factors, respectively. Direct modelling of a large number of serially ...
Kraft Peter - - 2003
Multivariate variance-components analysis provides several advantages over univariate analysis when studying correlated traits. It can test for pleiotropy or (in the longitudinal context) gene x age interaction. It can also have more power than univariate analyses to detect a quantitative trait locus influencing several traits. We apply multivariate variance components ...
de Andrade Mariza - - 2003
We compare two methods to detect genetic linkage by using serial observations of systolic blood pressure in pedigree data from the Framingham Heart Study focusing on chromosome 17. The first method is a variance components (VC) approach that incorporates longitudinal pedigree data, and the second method is a regression-based approach ...
Scurrah Katrina J - - 2003
This paper describes an analysis of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the Genetic Analysis Workshop 13 (GAW13) simulated data. The main aim was to assess evidence for both general and specific genetic effects on the baseline blood pressure and on the rate of change (slope) of blood pressure with time. ...
Pereira Alexandre C - - 2003
The genetic mechanisms underlying interindividual blood pressure variation among humans may reflect, at least in part, clustering of functional gene variants belonging to complex blood pressure control systems. In this study, we investigated the association of specific functional gene variants of the renin-angiotensin system, ACE (I/D) and angiotensinogen (M/T) genes, ...
Diego Vincent P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Using univariate and multivariate variance components linkage analysis methods, we studied possible genotype x age interaction in cardiovascular phenotypes related to the aging process from the Framingham Heart Study. RESULTS: We found evidence for genotype x age interaction for fasting glucose and systolic blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: There is polygenic ...
Daw E Warwick - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Often, multiple measures of a trait are available in a genetic linkage analysis. We compare Monte Carlo Markov chain analysis of two very different measures of hypertension in the simulated Genetic Analysis Workshop 13 data to examine how choice of measure affects the results. The measures selected were age-of-onset ...
Hindorff Lucia A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The angiotensin II type 1 receptor A1166C polymorphism has been associated with increased risks of hypertension and myocardial infarction in several small studies. We examined the association between this polymorphism and new-onset hypertension, blood pressure (BP) control, and incident cardiovascular events in a large population-based cohort of older adults. ...
Arid lands have always been important to the world's human population, but their significance has increased over the past few decades because of population demographics and continued use of natural resources (Hoekstra and Shachak, 1999). Jordan is faced with increasing population pressure in its already settled areas; hence, it will ...
Wright Christine E - - 2002
1. As a result of the ageing population, there are increasing numbers of patients with severe peripheral vascular occlusive disease associated with intermittent claudication (pain on walking) and decreased exercise tolerance. There is a great clinical need for pharmacological treatments that may stimulate collateral blood vessel growth, increase vascularity and ...
Cooper Richard S - - 2002
An understanding of the genetic influences on hypertension would help unravel the pathophysiology of this complex disorder and improve our understanding of causal mechanisms. Contemporary technology makes it possible to examine enough genetic markers to support a generalized search across the entire genome for candidate regions. In the present study, ...
Tamaki Shinji - - 2002
Recent studies have described a linkage between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism and hypertension in a large number of hypertensive sibs. Moreover, among Japanese, the DD genotype of the ACE gene has been reported to be a genetically predisposing factor for hypertension in a large general population. However, there ...
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