Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1137
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Zhang Yan - - 2004
Individual variation in drug response is considered to have multiple origins arising from interactions among susceptible genes and environmental factors. A total of 726 hypertensive patients who took benazepril 10 mg once a day for 15 days and their families from Huoqiu county of Anhui Province, China, were used to ...
Williams Scott M - - 2004
While hypertension is a complex disease with a well-documented genetic component, genetic studies often fail to replicate findings. One possibility for such inconsistency is that the underlying genetics of hypertension is not based on single genes of major effect, but on interactions among genes. To test this hypothesis, we studied ...
Nowicka Aleksandra - - 2004
This paper analyses the relationship between the mutation data matrix 1PAM/PET91, representing the effect of both mutation and selection pressures exerted on 16130 homologous proteins of different organisms, and a mutation probability matrix (1PAM/MPM) representing the effect of pure mutation pressure on protein coding of the Borrelia burgdorferi genome. The ...
Lee Daniel K C - - 2004
AIMS: The relationship between beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphisms at positions 16 and 27, and the acute systemic beta2-adrenoceptor effects of inhaled salbutamol is unclear. We therefore elected to evaluate the influence of common homozygous beta2-adrenoceptor haplotypes on the acute systemic beta2-adrenoceptor effects following inhaled salbutamol in asthmatic subjects. METHODS: An initial database ...
Jiang Shanqun - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Elevated plasma homocysteine has been implicated as a risk factor for hypertension. C677T polymorphism in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) is a major determinant of hyperhomocysteinemia, which results in endothelial dysfunction. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors appear to remedy the endothelial dysfunction and restore endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. The co-existence of genetic polymorphisms ...
Kokubo Yoshihiro - - 2004
The deletion of thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter ( TSC, SLC12A3) causes Gitelman's syndrome characterized by low blood pressure, while deletions of the WNK1 ( PRKWNK1) and WNK4 ( PRKWNK4) genes cause familial hypertension known as pseudohypoaldosteronism type II. Recent studies have revealed that cell surface expression of TSC is regulated by ...
Ono Koh - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: It has been suspected that the mast cell chymase gene (CMA1) is important for the generation of angiotensin II and therefore might be associated with the pathogenesis of hypertension. METHODS: We sequenced the promoter region, exons, and exon-intron junctions of CMA1 and found 13 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, two of which ...
Brändström H - - 2004
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a secreted member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family, and in previous studies has been shown to regulate osteoclast activity and differentiation. Ablation of the OPG gene in mice results in calcification of the aorta and renal arteries. We have previously reported an association between a ...
Busjahn Andreas - - 2004
The serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase (SGK1) is well known to up-regulate the renal epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC. Excessive SGK1 activity would be expected to cause renal Na(+) retention and blood pressure increase. Certain polymorphisms of the SGK1 gene (E8CC/CT;I6CC) are indeed associated with moderately enhanced blood pressure. We have ...
Kokaze A - - 2004
It has been reported that the mitochondrial DNA 5178 adenine/cytosine (mt5178 A/C) polymorphism, also called NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2-237 methionine/leucine (ND2-237 Met/Leu) polymorphism, may be associated with longevity in Japanese individuals, and that the mt5178A genotype may have an antiatherogenic influence. To determine whether mt5178 A/C polymorphism influences blood pressure, ...
Kurland Lisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is important for the development of hypertension, and several antihypertensive drugs target this system. Our aim was to determine whether specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in RAAS genes were related to the blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of antihypertensive treatment. METHODS: Patients with mild to ...
Tiago Armindo D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The severity of hypertension has prognostic significance. Previous studies have assessed the relationship between renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) genotype and the severity of hypertension in either treated patients or those who have only recently discontinued treatment. METHODS: We assessed the impact of RAAS genotype on ambulatory and office blood pressure ...
Ikoma Eiko - - 2003
We investigated whether polymorphism of the type 6 adenylyl cyclase gene influences the occurrence of left ventricular hypertrophy in a Japanese population. Type 6 adenylyl cyclase is a major cardiac adenylyl cyclase isoform and plays an important role in regulating cardiac function. We examined the type 6 adenylyl cyclase gene ...
Ye Ping - - 2003
1. The natriuretic peptide precursor A (Nppa) and B (Nppb) genes are candidate genes for hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). The purpose of the present study was to determine the role of the Nppa and Nppb genes in the development of hypertension in the SHR. ...
Miller Robert F - - 2003
Isolates of Pneumocystis jiroveci from sulfa-exposed and nonexposed patients from London, United Kingdom, and Harare, Zimbabwe, were genotyped. At the dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) locus, there was evidence of selection pressure from sulfa drug exposure, and reversal of DHPS genotype ratios occurred when selection pressure was absent or was removed.
Li Jinliang - - 2003
1. In the present study, the effects of losartan on myocardial gene expression changes following cardiac hypertrophy were investigated. 2. Male Wistar rats were randomized to receive 5 or 30 mg/kg per day losartan (i.p.) 1 day after suprarenal abdominal aortic constriction. Two weeks later, cardiac morphology and function were ...
Yu Huimin - - 2003
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between polymorphism of the anglotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene and the blood pressure response to ACE inhibition in a hypertensive cohort. Imidapril (5-10 mg/day) or benazepril (10-20 mg/day) was administered for 6 weeks to 517 essential hypertensives. ACE gene polymorphism was ...
Tang Weihong - - 2003
BACKGROUND: beta-Adrenergic receptors (ARs), including beta1- and beta2-AR, are involved in modulation of cardiac contractility and heart rate. Arg16Gly, a functional polymorphism in the beta2-AR gene, has been reported to influence exercise capacity in heart failure patients. This study examined the association of the beta2-AR Arg16Gly polymorphism with left ventricular ...
Muray Salomé - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There are no studies that relate BsmI polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and with vitamin D to blood pressure (BP). OBJECTIVE: To analyze if this polymorphism and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (25OHD3) influence BP in a population of healthy subjects. DESIGN: Transversal study on healthy population. Stepwise ...
Ma Xiuying - - 2003
1. Neural mechanisms are of major importance in the regulation of arterial blood pressure, blood volume and other aspects of cardiovascular function. The recent explosion in gene discovery and advances in molecular technologies now provide the opportunity to define the molecular and cellular mechanisms essential to integrative neurocardiovascular regulation. The ...
Díez Javier - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We have investigated whether the A1166C polymorphism of the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor gene modulates the effects of angiotensin II on collagen type I turnover and myocardial stiffness in hypertension. METHODS: We studied 255 hypertensive patients before and after 1 year of treatment with either losartan (n ...
Faury Gilles - - 2003
Supravalvular aortic stenosis is an autosomal-dominant disease of elastin (Eln) insufficiency caused by loss-of-function mutations or gene deletion. Recently, we have modeled this disease in mice (Eln+/-) and found that Eln haploinsufficiency results in unexpected changes in cardiovascular hemodynamics and arterial wall structure. Eln+/- animals were found to be stably ...
Bozec Erwan - - 2003
The angiotensinogen M235T polymorphism has been linked to hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is an early marker of atherosclerosis. The objectives of the present study were to determine in previously untreated essential hypertensive patients whether carotid IMT was associated with the M235T polymorphism, and to determine whether ...
Uchida Shinya - - 2003
An 89-year-old man with severe hypertension (190/82 mm Hg) and chronic heart failure (New York Heart Association class II) despite treatment with benidipine, doxazosin mesylate (INN, doxazosin), and furosemide was given oral candesartan cilexetil (4 mg/d), an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker metabolized via cytochrome p450 (CYP) 2C9. Two ...
Sartori Michelangelo - - 2003
The 825T allele of the GNB3 gene has been associated with essential hypertension and obesity in cross-sectional studies. We have therefore planned a longitudinal cohort study to assess whether the GNB3 825T allele is predictive of blood pressure increase in young subjects with grade I hypertension. We genotyped at the ...
Frossard Philippe M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure regulation is a complex process influenced by numerous environmental and genetic factors. Consequently, there's no cookie-cutter approach for the elucidation of of the genetic mechanism involved. One of the goals of molecular geneticists in the field of hypertension is to unravel the genetic architecture of blood pressure ...
Turner Stephen T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pharmacogenetic discoveries may enable greater individualization of antihypertensive drug therapy. We investigated polymorphisms in the genes encoding endothelial nitric oxide synthase (Glu298-->Asp), alpha-adducin (Gly460-->Trp), the beta(1)-adrenoceptor (Arg389-->Gly), beta2-adrenoceptor (Arg16-->Gly), and lipoprotein lipase (Ser447-->Stop) for their potential influences on blood pressure (BP) response to a thiazide diuretic. METHODS: The sample ...
Castellano Maurizio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To detect the association of single polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), or different combinations thereof, with hypertension. DESIGN AND METHODS: The GENIPER database is the result of a collaborative effort of 13 Italian research centres to collect genomic DNA in subjects well characterized in terms of blood pressure ...
Hallberg Par - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Adipocyte-derived leucine aminopeptidase (ALAP) is a recently identified member of the M1 family of zinc-metallopeptidases and is thought to play a role in blood pressure control through inactivation of angiotensin II and/or generation of bradykinin. The enzyme seems to be particularly abundant in the heart. Recently, the Arg528-encoding allele ...
Treiber Frank A - - 2003
The Lys198Asn polymorphism of the endothelin-1 gene has been associated with increased blood pressure levels in several studies involving European and Australian adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the potential moderating influence of ethnicity, obesity, and socioeconomic status on associations between the ET-1/Lys198Asn polymorphism and hemodynamic ...
Ostgren Carl J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether the Pro12Ala polymorphism in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) is associated with blood pressure in subjects with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: Primary care. PATIENTS: One hundred and ninety-two men and 192 women with type 2 diabetes who consecutively underwent ...
Harrap Stephen B - - 2003
The insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene might have consequences for the risks of vascular diseases. We examined the ACE genotype and the effects of a perindopril-based blood pressure-lowering regimen on macrovascular events, dementia, and cognitive decline among hypertensive and nonhypertensive patients with a history of cerebrovascular ...
Jones Alun - - 2003
Renin-angiotensin systems may mediate cardiovascular disease pathogenesis through a balance of actions of angiotensin II on (potentially proatherogenic) constitutive type 1 (AT1R) and (potentially antiatherogenic) inducible type 2 (AT2R) receptors. We explored such potential roles in a prospective candidate gene association study. Cardiovascular end points (fatal, nonfatal, and silent myocardial ...
Pereira Alexandre C - - 2003
We investigated the association of beta2 adrenoceptor functional gene variants (Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, and Thr164Ile polymorphisms), obesity phenotypes, and blood pressure levels in a large, ethnically mixed urban population. The individuals (n=1576) were randomly selected for a cross-sectional study of cardiovascular risk factors in Vitória, Brazil. Statistically significant associations among systolic ...
Tikhonoff Valérie - - 2003
METHODS: The association of blood pressure (BP) with the beta-adducin C1797 T polymorphism was investigated in 388 men and 456 women aged 18-60 years recruited from three European populations (Cracow, Poland, n=300; Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, n=274; Mirano, Italy; n=270). Phenotypes included conventional measurements of BP obtained at the second contact ...
Pitzalis Maria Vittoria - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities in the natriuretic peptide system could play a key role in the genesis of hypertension. We evaluated the associations between a family history of hypertension, cardiovascular phenotype and allelic variants of Npr1 and Npr3, two candidate genes that codify for natriuretic peptide receptors. METHODS: We genotyped 45 young ...
Ortlepp J R - - 2003
The aim of this study was to assess the association of the angiotensinogen M235T polymorphism with arterial blood pressure (BP) at rest and under physical stress in a homogeneous large-scale study population. In all, 1903 men who passed routine medical examination for military flying duty were recruited. BP and heart ...
Camp Nicola J - - 2003
High pulse pressure, a measure of arterial aging, is an important predictor of cardiovascular and general mortality. It has been suggested that the genetic etiology of pulse pressure is the same as systolic blood pressure. We performed a genome-wide, multipoint, parametric linkage analysis in 26 large, extended Utah pedigrees to ...
Fagard Robert H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A basic assumption of the twin design is that environmental influences including prenatal experiences are equal across twin types. However, the intra-uterine environment may differ according to the chorionicity of the monozygotic twins, which may have biased previous heritability estimates of blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present ...
Takizawa Takako - - 2003
Pressure-overload hypertrophy results in downregulation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase pump encoding SERCA2 gene that regulates Ca(2+) uptake and myocardial relaxation. We previously characterized a proximal promoter region containing four Sp1 element consensus sequences (-284 to -72 base pairs (bp)) that was responsible for pressure-overload-induced transcriptional regulation. The purpose of ...
Nürnberger Jens - - 2003
The T allele of the C825T polymorphism in the gene encoding the G-protein beta 3 subunit (GNB3) is associated with hypertension. An enhanced signal transduction in response to alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor stimulation has been shown in carriers of the T allele in vitro. We hypothesized that T allele carriers would show ...
Johnson Julie A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Marked interpatient variability exists in blood pressure response to beta-blocker monotherapy. We tested the hypothesis that 2 common polymorphisms in the gene for beta(1)-adrenergic receptor are associated with antihypertensive response to metoprolol in patients with uncomplicated hypertension. METHODS: Forty hypertensive men and women aged 35 to 65 years were ...
Ofria Charles - - 2003
We describe the evolution of macromolecules as an information transmission process and apply tools from Shannon information theory to it. This allows us to isolate three independent, competing selective pressures that we term compression, transmission, and neutrality selection. The first two affect genome length: the pressure to conserve resources by ...
Sethi Amar Akhtar - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the M235T polymorphism in the angiotensinogen gene was associated with angiotensinogen levels, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, hypertension, and risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease in different ethnic populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred twenty-seven studies published between January 1992 and ...
Schut A F C - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) have been associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis. Absence of the 192-bp (wild-type) allele in the promoter region of the IGF-I gene has been associated with low circulating IGF-I levels. We examined the role of this polymorphism ...
Skarić-Jurić Tatjana - - 2003
The familial resemblance in blood pressure in Middle Dalmatia, Croatia, has been analyzed using the Path-analytic approach. The sample consisted of 1,126 examinees (526 males and 600 females, aged 17 to 87), inhabitants of the Middle Dalmatia's islands of Brac, Hvar, Korcula and the Peljesac peninsula. The Path analysis was ...
Chen Yusen - - 2003
The beta-adrenoceptor (beta-AR)-stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding (Gs) protein system has been shown to play important roles in the cardiovascular system. The gene encoding the alpha-subunit of Gs proteins (GNAS1) is a candidate genetic determinant for hypertension. Because alcohol consumption is known to affect blood pressure partly through the beta-AR-Gs protein system, ...
Givens Raymond C - - 2003
A single-nucleotide polymorphism (A6986G) in the cytochrome p-450 3A5 (CYP3A5) gene distinguishes an expressor (*1) and a reduced-expressor (*3) allele and largely predicts CYP3A5 content in liver and intestine. CYP3A5 is the prevailing CYP3A isoform in kidney. We report that, among renal microsomes from 21 organ donors, those from *1/*3 ...
Medley Tanya L - - 2003
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) include most major constituents of the arterial wall as substrates. A common promotor polymorphism (5A/6A) is associated with differences in MMP-3 (stromelysin-1) activity, and associations with certain forms of vascular disease have been shown. This study investigated whether the MMP-3 5A/6A promoter polymorphism contributes to age-related large ...
Olszanecka A - - 2003
The 825T allele of the G-protein beta(3)-subunit is associated with increased intracellular signalling. Its association with hypertension is inconsistent. We, therefore, studied the C825T polymorphism in relation to ambulatory blood pressure as well as left ventricular structure and function in two European populations. We genotyped 248 parents and 318 offspring, ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >