Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1141
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Tivesten Asa - - 2004
Growth hormone (GH) deficiency is associated with abnormal vascular reactivity and development of atherosclerosis. GH treatment in GH deficient states restores systemic vascular resistance, arterial compliance, endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasodilation, and may reverse markers of early atherosclerosis. However, very little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects. In ...
Ismail Muhammad - - 2004
Several studies have demonstrated the importance of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphisms in the pathogenesis of hypertension. This study sought to determine the association between the ACE I/D polymorphism and essential hypertension in young Pakistanis. The frequency of the ACE I/D polymorphism was established by a comparative cross-sectional ...
Liljedahl Ulrika - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia has been associated with hypertension. The present study explored if polymorphisms in genes encoding proteins in lipid metabolism could be used as predictors for the individual response to antihypertensive treatment. METHODS: Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in genes related to lipid metabolism were analysed by a microarray based ...
Franks Paul W - - 2004
11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11betaHSD1) is a candidate gene for hypertension, diabetes, and obesity through altered glucocorticoid production. This study explored the association of 11betaHSD1 gene variants with diabetes, hypertension, and obesity in a longitudinal population study of American Indians (N=918; exams=5508). In multivariate mixed models assuming an additive effect ...
Bilusic Marijo - - 2004
The complex nature of hypertension makes identifying the pathophysiology and its genetic contributions a challenging task. One powerful approach for the genetic dissection of blood pressure regulation is studying inbred rat models of hypertension, as they provide natural allele variants but reduced heterogeneity (both genetic and etiologic). Furthermore, the detailed ...
Lin Ling - - 2004
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion polymorphism influences ACE activity, cardiovascular risk, blood pressure, and possibly the risk of developing Alzheimer's dementia. We explored the association of the insertion/deletion polymorphism with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and hypertension in 1,100 subjects of the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort. The polymorphism did not influence body ...
McNeill G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An inverse association between birthweight and later blood pressure has been found in many studies in singletons. Twin studies have been used to examine whether genetic factors or family environment could account for this association. METHODS: A systematic review identified 10 studies covering 3901 twin pairs. Meta-analysis of regression ...
Ohki Ruri - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The molecular response of human myocardium to mechanical stimuli, particularly the difference between pressure or volume overload cardiac hypertrophy, remains incompletely defined. METHODS: We investigated the transcriptional profile of genes induced in human pressure- or volume-overloaded myocardium with DNA microarray technology. We used right atrial tissue from patients who ...
Wang T - - 2004
Gene therapy of hypertension requires long-term expression of a therapeutic gene to achieve stable reduction of blood pressure. Human tissue kallikrein (HK) cleaves kininogen to produce a potent vasoactive peptide kinin, which plays an important role in the regulation of the cardiovascular and renal functions. In the present study, we ...
Beeks Esther - - 2004
Previous studies have shown an association between the alpha-adducin Gly460Trp polymorphism and salt-sensitive hypertension. Not much is known about the effects of the variants of this polymorphism on renal hemodynamics and function. Therefore, we performed the present study to investigate the effect of the 460Trp allele of the alpha-adducin gene ...
Gu Fangyi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We scanned human chromosome 17 to verify previous studies on the chromosome as well as to explore possible new loci of essential hypertension in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A genomic scan of chromosome 17 with 15 microsatellite markers was conducted in a total of 757 individuals from 147 ...
Liu Aiping - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the S447X polymorphism of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene and lipoprotein lipid and blood pressure (BP) levels in 904 Chinese subjects with essential hypertension. METHOD: Five hundred and sixty-three male and 341 female patients (aged 35-69 years) were randomly selected from hypertensive patients diagnosed ...
Le Corre Pascal - - 2004
BACKGROUND: alpha2-Adrenergic blockade responses suggest adrenergic dysfunction in hypertension. alpha2-Blockade is also used to treat autonomic dysfunction. However, pharmacokinetic determinants of yohimbine disposition are not understood. METHODS: We evaluated alpha2-blockade with intravenous yohimbine in 172 individuals. Specific cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoform-mediated metabolism was investigated. Results were evaluated by ANOVA and ...
Kaetsu Akihiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Some case-control association studies revealed the relationship between some endothelin-1 (ET-1) gene polymorphisms and blood pressure. Because no report was available about the relationship between any ET-1 gene polymorphism and incidence of hypertension, we examined the relationship between novel ET-1 gene polymorphism (G862T / Ala288Ser in exon 5) and ...
Ylihärsilä Hilkka - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The combination of small birth size and the Pro12Pro variant of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma 2 (PPAR-gamma 2) gene has been shown to be associated with insulin resistance, which is linked to hypertension. We examined whether the association between small body size at birth and adult blood pressure is ...
Chen Wei - - 2004
The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene is known to influence the regulation of blood pressure (BP) levels. However, whether the eNOS gene locus influences arterial stiffness independently of BP is unknown. This study examines the independent effect of the eNOS gene polymorphism (G894T) on arterial stiffness in 118 African ...
Dong Yanbin - - 2004
The 825C>T polymorphism of the G-protein beta3-subunit gene (GNB3) has been associated with hypertension, although results are not entirely consistent. In a sample of 282 female Caucasian dizygotic twins aged 21-80 years, we aimed to investigate the associations between blood pressure and five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) including the 825C>T ...
Sil Parames - - 2004
Hemodynamic load is a major determinant of cardiac mass and its phenotype, but very little is known about how mechanical load is converted into intracellular signals of gene expression and regulation. We have shown earlier that factors other than blood pressure control play a role in the mechanism involved in ...
Lustberg Mark E - - 2004
We evaluated whether the G -T polymorphism in exon 7 of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene is associated with blood pressure or modifies the relation between lead dose and blood pressure in 803 lead workers in Korea. A total of 84.9% of individuals were homozygous GG, 14.4% heterozygous ...
Rudan Igor - - 2004
The isolated population of the Island of Susak was thoroughly studied by a multidisciplinary team of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in early 1950's. Recently, a team of scientists revisited the island. This paper describes the main characteristics of the transition process during which a massive exodus occurred ...
Widarto T H - - 2004
We conducted a study to look at the effects of nonylphenol (NP) on the life-history of the parthenogenetic earthworm, Dendrobaena octaedra. During a 196-day study, we observed that the growth rate of juveniles and the percentage of worms producing cocoons were the only traits significantly affected by NP, while the ...
Sun Bei - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential implications of the genetic variability of angiotensin converting enzyme, angiotensinogen and angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene for essential hypertension in Tibetan. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in 173 hypertensive individuals and 193 individuals with normal blood pressure. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used ...
Karlsson J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that the Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly polymorphisms in the beta1-adrenergic receptor might be of functional importance for the cardiovascular system. Both have been associated with altered receptor activity in vitro, and with hypertension and cardiac failure in vivo. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to test whether ...
Zeegers Maurice P A - - 2004
The heritability of blood pressure estimated in previous studies may be confounded by the influence of potential blood pressure risk factors. We applied the classical twin design to estimate the contribution of these covariates to blood pressure heritability. The study consisted of 173 dizygotic and 251 monozygotic twin pairs aged ...
Ellis Justine A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is mounting physiological evidence for an important role of the oestrogen receptors, ERalpha and ERbeta, in vasodilatation and the response to vascular injury. In addition, genetic studies have suggested that the genes encoding these receptors may be involved in the genetic regulation of blood pressure. The existence of ...
Tago Naomi - - 2004
Although Gitelman's syndrome (GS) is considered a rare disorder, it is an autosomal recessive phenotype and the frequency of heterozygote subjects might be higher than suspected. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of GS in Japanese and the effects of heterozygous GS mutations on blood pressure ...
Robinson M T - - 2004
Population blood pressure variation is most likely due to multiple genes. This is likely the reason why monogenic testing with the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene polymorphisms on chromosome 1 (1q42-43), especially M235T, has met with negative results, especially in those of African descent. The RH blood group system, also on chromosome ...
Speirs Helen J L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To perform association studies of polymorphisms of the potential candidate essential hypertension (HT) genes GRK4, PTP1B and HSD3B1. METHODS: Subjects consisted of 168 unrelated, Caucasian essential hypertensive (HT) patients and 312 normotensive (NT) controls. Biological power was increased by ensuring subjects in each group had parents with the same ...
Hallberg P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that endothelin-1 contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension. A G5665T gene polymorphism of preproendothelin-1 has been shown to be associated with higher blood pressure in overweight patients. No study has yet determined the effect of this polymorphism on the change in blood pressure during antihypertensive treatment. HYPOTHESIS: ...
Landau Ruth - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia, the most common serious complication of pregnancy, is characterized by vasoconstriction, dysfunction of the vascular endothelium, and hypertension. Unidentified genetic factors and impaired nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation are thought to contribute to the development of the syndrome. Polymorphisms of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene affect NO ...
Wang Ji-Guang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In a prospective analysis of a Caucasian population, we recently found that the genes encoding angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE, I/D polymorphism), alpha-adducin (Gly460Trp) and aldosterone synthase (-344C/T) jointly influence the incidence of hypertension. We therefore investigated the association between blood pressure and these three genes in a Chinese population. METHODS: ...
Saadat Mostafa - - 2004
In order to find the effect of genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1 and GSTT1 on blood pressure of individuals chronically exposed to sulfur compounds, the present study was done. Study subjects (38 males, 38 females) were residents of contaminated areas of Masjid-i-Sulaiman (southwest of Iran). The GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes were ...
Nürnberger J - - 2004
Arterial stiffening is the major cause of increasing systolic blood pressure in arterial hypertension. Increased arterial stiffness is one major mechanism responsible for morbidity and mortality in hypertension. A C825T polymorphism was identified in the gene encoding the G-protein beta3 subunit (GNB3), and an association of the T-allele with hypertension ...
Williams Gordon H - - 2004
Defining the genetic basis of essential hypertension is most informative when the blood pressure regulation is correlated with physiologic mechanisms, e.g., responses of the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) in hypertensive subjects. The aldosterone response to angiotensin II (Ang II) on a low salt diet is influenced by gender, plasma renin ...
Rastas Sari - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked apolipoprotein E (ApoE) epsilon4 allele with elevated cholesterol and blood pressure levels. Data on the association of APOE genotypes with blood pressure, lipids, atrial fibrillation and ECG abnormalities in individuals aged 85 years and over is sparse. METHODS: This cross sectional study consisted of all ...
Pettersson-Fernholm Kim J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dopamine modulates blood pressure in the kidney. The aim of this study was to investigate whether two previously known (-707 G/C, Ser9Gly) and one novel (Ala17Ala) polymorphism in the dopamine D3 receptor gene and/or their haplotypes are associated with blood pressure, diabetic nephropathy or renal variables in the study ...
Suwazono Yasushi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hypertension and the C825T polymorphism in the G-protein beta 3 subunit gene in Japanese workers. METHODS: This study used logistic regression analysis and multiple regression analyses to investigate whether the C825T polymorphism was associated independently with hypertension or blood pressure when factors such as ...
Prat-Larquemin Lydie - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate AGT secretion in cultured adipocytes from obese patients and its relationship with obesity-related phenotypes, blood pressure, and the M235T polymorphism in the AGT gene. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Measurements, including anthropometry, body composition (DXA), and blood pressure, were performed in 61 overweight or obese women (BMI: 28 ...
Nakamura Yasuyuki - - 2004
To examine whether the response to the angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan varies depending on the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genotype, we prospectively studied the effect of losartan in 42 hypertensive patients (20 men, 22 women; mean age: 60.4 years). After a 4-week observation period, losartan was administered at 50 ...
Páll Dénes - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a positive correlation exists between the DD genotype of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) or left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in adolescents with hypertension. METHODS: We studied 120 hypertensive and 58 normotensive (control) adolescents. ACE gene ...
Hallberg Pär - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II, via the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor, may mediate myocardial fibrosis and myocyte hypertrophy seen in hypertensive left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy through production of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1); AT1-receptor antagonists reverse these changes. The TGF-beta1 G + 915C polymorphism is associated with interindividual variation in ...
Siani Alfonso - - 2004
Genes of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are natural candidates for sodium homeostasis and blood pressure regulation. To investigate the effect of a combination of polymorphisms of RAAS genes on renal sodium handling and blood pressure, 918 participants to the Olivetti Heart Study were genotyped for the following polymorphisms: I/D of ...
Speirs Helen J L - - 2004
A polymorphism in intron 10 of the serine-threonine kinase with no lysine (K) 4 gene WNK4 (G-->A, base 1156666 on chromosome 17) has recently been associated with essential hypertension in a white American population. We have attempted to replicate this finding in a well characterized cohort of 184 unrelated hypertensive ...
North Kari E - - 2004
Previous analysis in the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network (HyperGEN) of the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Family Blood Pressure Program, a multicenter study of genetic and environmental factors related to hypertension, indicated regions of linkage for blood pressure traits together with several coincident regions for phenotypically correlated traits, ...
Huang Guo - - 2004
The interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine in a broad spectrum of physiological processes. Previous investigations have observed that levels of the IL-1beta were higher in essential hypertensive patients and the IL-1beta gene polymorphism has been shown to be related to IL-1 production. We hypothesized that genetically determined differences ...
Eisenach John H - - 2004
A polymorphism in the gene encoding the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (arginine or glycine at amino acid position 16) is associated with altered vasodilator responses to beta(2)-agonists, which may modulate the pressor response to endogenous catecholamines during stress. To test the hypothesis that the Arg16/Gly polymorphism is associated with differences in acute ...
Harrap Stephen B - - 2004
The physiological adaptation to the erect posture involves integrated neural and cardiovascular responses that might be determined by genetic factors. We examined the familial- and individual-specific components of variance for postural changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in 767 volunteer nuclear adult families from the Victorian Family Heart Study. ...
Sass Catherine - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of 21 polymorphisms within 13 genes, APOE, APOB, APOC3, CETP, LPL, PON1, MTHFR, FGB, F5, GPIIIa, SELE, ACE and AGT, with inter-individual blood pressure (BP) variation. PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred and seventy-six men and 836 women, free of antihypertensive and lipid-lowering medications, were selected from the ...
Marteau Jean-Brice - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Associations between circulating concentrations of E-selectin, blood pressure and obesity, and between the Leu554Phe (L/F554) polymorphism and blood pressure have been documented. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the E-selectin L/F554 polymorphism is involved in longitudinal blood pressure changes, and how this polymorphism interacts with body mass index (BMI) on blood ...
Schut Anna F C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies on the role of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene in the development of hypertension have yielded conflicting results. Recent studies suggested that this gene might have smoking-dependent effects on the development of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism, blood pressure and ...
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