Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1143
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Kim Seok Hwan - - 2006
PURPOSE: In normal tension glaucoma (NTG), intraocular pressure is within normal the range; thus, some mechanism other than increased pressure contributes to the optic neuropathy. Endothelin may be an important contributor to the development of the optic neuropathy characteristic of glaucoma. We investigated whether polymorphisms of the endothelin-1, endothelin receptor ...
Drake John M - - 2005
Average inoculum size and number of introductions are known to have positive effects on population persistence. However, whether these factors affect persistence independently or interact is unknown. We conducted a two-factor experiment in which 112 populations of parthenogenetic Daphnia magna were maintained for 41 days to study effects of inoculum ...
Hunt Steven C - - 2006
The NaHCO3 cotransporter gene (SLC4A5) on chromosome 2 encodes a protein that transports sodium and bicarbonate across the cell membrane and regulates cellular pH. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Blood Pressure Program found linkage of blood pressure-related traits to the chromosomal region containing SLC4A5 and phenotype associations ...
Zhang Haifeng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The functional ADRA2B I/D polymorphism is associated with various cardiovascular and metabolic phenotypes in Caucasians. The purpose of our study was to investigate whether the ADRA2B I/D polymorphism is associated with such phenotypes in a Chinese population. METHODS: We enrolled 247 women and 234 men in a family-based Chinese ...
Yu Huimin - - 2005
This study examined the association between T1198C polymorphism of the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene and the blood pressure response to ACE inhibitors in a Chinese hypertensive cohort. After a 2-week single-blind placebo run-in period, benazepril (10-20 mg/day) or imidapril (5-10 mg/day) was administered for 6 weeks to 509 patients with mild-to-moderate ...
Peter Inga - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between variation in estrogen-related genes and cross-sectional and longitudinal blood pressure in men and women. DESIGN: In 1780 unrelated members of the community-based Framingham Heart Study offspring cohort, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were measured over a total of six examination cycles encompassing ...
Marteau Jean-Brice - - 2005
Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder that probably results from the inheritance of a number of susceptibility genes and involves multiple environmental determinants. Existing evidence suggests that the genetic contribution to blood pressure variation is about 30-50%. Although a number of candidate genes have been studied in different ethnic populations, results ...
Kreutz Reinhold - - 2005
Cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) enzymes are important for drug metabolism in gut and liver. The CYP3A5 isoenzyme is also expressed in the kidney and has been implicated in renal sodium reabsorption and blood pressure regulation. Its expression and activity is strongly linked to a polymorphism (i.e. 6986G > A). Thus, ...
Young J Hunter - - 2005
Hypertension is a leading cause of stroke, heart disease, and kidney failure. The genetic basis of blood pressure variation is largely unknown but is likely to involve genes that influence renal salt handling and arterial vessel tone. Here we argue that susceptibility to hypertension is ancestral and that differential susceptibility ...
Bielinski Suzette J - - 2005
Pulse pressure, the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Increased pulse pressure reflects reduced compliance of arteries and is a marker of atherosclerosis. To locate genes that affect pulse pressure, a genome-wide linkage scan for quantitative trait loci influencing pulse pressure ...
Lieb Wolfgang - - 2006
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity is considered to be of major importance for the conversion of angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II. Recently, a second ACE, named ACE2, has been identified. Experimental data provide evidence that ACE2 might be involved in modulating cardiac structure and function. In the present explorative study, ...
Suwazono Yasushi - - 2006
We examined the influence of the A1330V variant in the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 gene on blood pressure in a large cohort of Japanese workers. This study used analysis of covariance in a multivariate general linear model to adjust for other potential factors such as age, body mass index, ...
Brönner Günter - - 2006
CONTEXT: The melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) is an essential regulator of energy intake and body weight. Recently, the V103I polymorphism of MC4R has been shown to be negatively associated with body mass index. This suggests that serum lipids and blood pressure in individuals carrying the 103I allele might be influenced ...
Bruck Heike - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to find out whether, in humans, dobutamine-induced hemodynamic effects and increase in plasma-renin activity (PRA) might be beta1-adrenoceptor (beta1AR) genotype-dependent. BACKGROUND: In vitro Arg389Gly-beta1AR polymorphism exhibits decreased receptor signaling. METHODS: We studied 10 male homozygous Arg389-beta1AR subjects and 8 male homozygous Gly389beta1AR subjects; ...
Casiglia Edoardo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Whether the C-344T polymorphism of the aldosterone synthase gene is important for blood pressure control remains controversial. It has been proposed that an association between this polymorphism and blood pressure might be evident in elderly subjects. The aim of the present study was to test this hypothesis in an ...
Ormezzano Olivier - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The baroreflex plays an essential role in regulating the cardiovascular system. However, very few studies have focused on the links between genetic polymorphisms and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). METHODS: A total of 146 hypertensive individuals who had never been treated, and 105 healthy individuals (controls) were included in the study. ...
von Wowern Fredrik - - 2005
Insulin stimulation of the serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK-1) prolongs the half-life of the epithelial sodium channel, a protein which is essential for blood pressure regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate if variation in the SGK-1 gene is associated with increased blood pressure and strength of ...
Dries Daniel L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The natriuretic peptide system contributes to blood pressure regulation. Atrial and brain natriuretic peptides are cleaved into smaller biologically active molecules by corin, a transmembrane serine protease expressed in cardiomyocytes. METHOD AND RESULTS: This genotype-phenotype genetic association study included replication samples and genomic control to correct for population stratification. ...
Sookoian S - - 2005
Our objective was to search for differences in genotypes of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) (Pro12 Ala) and its coactivator PGC-1alpha (Gly482 Ser) in adolescents harboring features of metabolic syndrome. In a population-based study, we determined medical history, anthropometric variables, biochemical measurements and arterial blood pressures of 934 high-school students ...
Fromm Martin F - - 2005
The present study aimed to determine whether a polymorphism in CYP3A5, encoding the major CYP3A enzyme in the human kidney, is associated with blood pressure in Caucasians. A homogenous group of 115 young, white male students with normal or mildly elevated, but untreated blood pressure was included. Blood pressure was ...
Julu Peter O O - - 2005
We have investigated whether brainstem assessment using the Neuro Scope could be used for objective and quantitative monitoring of early development and later progress in Rett syndrome. Brainstem features can be seen on bedside examination of Rett patients and are included in the International Scoring system. The following cardiovascular vital ...
Mayer Bjoern - - 2005
Genetic variants of the arachidonic acid monooxygenase CYP4A11 result in decreased synthesis of 20-hydroxyeicostatetraenoic acid and experimental hypertension. Moreover, in humans, the T8590C polymorphism of CYP4A11 displayed association with arterial hypertension. The aim of the present study was to further investigate this association in a large population-based sample. Therefore, the ...
Wallerstedt S M - - 2005
The Arg16Gly and the Gln27Glu polymorphisms in the gene for the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR) have been linked to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the significance of these haplotypes for development of myocardial infarction (MI) as well as other cardiovascular phenotypes. ...
Koupepidou P - - 2005
AIM: The homozygous 677TT mutation of the MTHFR gene has been linked to deep vein thrombosis and to arterial atherosclerotic events of the coronary, carotid and peripheral arteries. Its putative association with renal arteriosclerosis and chronic renal failure (CRF) in the presence of hypertensive nephrosclerosis is yet to be investigated. ...
Geshi Eiichi - - 2005
Imidapril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor that is widely used in treating hypertension, although the responses vary among individuals. We investigated whether a single nucleotide polymorphism at position -816 of the carboxylesterase 1 (CES1) gene, which activates imidapril in the liver, is involved in the responsiveness to imidapril medication. A ...
Hsu Jong-Hau - - 2005
Calcitonin gene-related peptide has potent vasodilatory and inotropic actions. The aim of this study was to characterize the changes in this peptide in children with varying degrees of heart failure secondary to congenital heart disease with left to right shunt and to assess its relationship to systolic pulmonary arterial pressure. ...
Powell J T - - 2005
Aortic stiffness is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality. The mechanical properties of the arterial wall depend on the connective tissue framework, with variation in fibrillin-1 and collagen I genes being associated with aortic stiffness and/or pulse pressure elevation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether variation in fibrillin-1 ...
Russo Christopher J - - 2005
NEDD4L is a ubiquitin ligase that controls cell surface expression of kidney epithelial Na+ channels by ubiquitin-mediated endocytosis and lysosome targeting. Thus, it is a significant determinant of Na+ reabsorption in the distal nephron. The NEDD4L gene is located on human chromosome 18q21 within several blood pressure quantitative trait loci, ...
Jiang Shanqun - - 2005
Our recent study indicated that MTHFR C677T polymorphism may involve in genetic control of blood pressure response to treatment by benazepril, an ACE inhibitor. Currently, we proposed to further investigate whether short-term blood pressure response to benazepril, was modulated by haplotypes re-constructed from both C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in MTHFR ...
Ma Yan Qing - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Two MspI polymorphisms in the ApoA-I gene (G-75A and C83T) have been shown to be associated with plasma HDL-cholesterol levels. METHODS: We used a PCR-based RFLP method to determine the association of these polymorphisms with lipid parameters in 271 non-diabetic, normotriglyceridaemic Chinese subjects, of whom 104 were patients with ...
Catarsi Paolo - - 2005
It is highly controversial to define the role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms in essential hypertension. We studied a group of patients in whom hypertension was the major side effect of treatment by cyclosporine A (CsA). This study group comprised 227 Italian patients with nephrotic syndrome, 103 of which were ...
Lee Jiyoung - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the associations between the GNB3 C825T polymorphism, body fatness and fitness, and blood pressure in a sample of young Korean men. METHODS: A total of 282 apparently healthy Korean men (nonobese N = 152, obese N = 130) aged 19-33 ...
Adeyemo Adebowale - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) contributing to the variation in blood pressure in a west African population. METHODS: We conducted a multi-stage genome scan in a population sample from rural Nigeria. A 10 centimorgan genome-wide screen for log-transformed systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was ...
Williams Carolyn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Folic acid reduces plasma homocysteine and may be an important therapy for preventing cardiovascular disease. A key mechanism may be the reduction of arterial stiffness. OBJECTIVE: The effect of folic acid supplementation on blood pressure and large artery stiffness was examined in relation to methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotype. DESIGN: ...
Mellen Philip B - - 2005
PURPOSE IDENTIFICATION: Inter-individual variability in blood pressure response to treatment is well documented, but a clinically useful means to distinguish responders from non-responders has been elusive. With the advent of new technologies and genomic knowledge, more investigators are seeking to identify genetic determinants of blood pressure response to therapy. We ...
Wolff Birger - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The Glu298Asp (E/D) polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene has been related to hypertension. Since several studies have produced contradictory results, this issue is still subject to ongoing debate. We investigated the association of the eNOS E298D polymorphism with hypertension and with blood pressure (BP) in ...
Eisenach John H - - 2005
Normotensive adults homozygous for glycine (Gly) of the Arg16/Gly beta2-adrenergic-receptor polymorphism have 1) greater forearm beta2-receptor mediated vasodilation and 2) a higher heart rate (HR) response to isometric handgrip than arginine (Arg) homozygotes. To test the hypothesis that the higher HR response in Gly16 subjects serves to maintain the pressor ...
Masuo Kazuko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The genes responsible for obesity are candidate genes for obesity-related diseases, such as hypertension. Functional polymorphisms in the beta2- and beta3-adrenergic receptors have been reported to be associated with hypertension and obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: To longitudinally clarify the relevance to alterations in beta-adrenergic receptor polymorphisms related to weight ...
Etzel Jason P - - 2005
Exaggerated response to alpha2-adrenergic receptor (alpha2-AR) blockade by yohimbine in normotensive subjects is an intermediate phenotype that predicts increased risk for development of hypertension. Here, we assessed the 3 alpha2-AR loci (alpha2A, alpha2B, alpha2C) as candidate genes for their influence on baseline and yohimbine-mediated increase in mean arterial pressure. Because ...
Spiering Wilko - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Data on the association of the ACE I/D and AT1R A1166C polymorphisms with hypertension are conflicting. Most studies, however, have focused on office blood pressure (BP) only. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association of BP with the angiotensin-converting enzyme insertion/deletion (ACE I/D) and angiotensin ...
Safar Michel E - - 2005
PURPOSE: In rats, chronic aldosterone administration with high diet intake increases aortic stiffness independent of mechanical stress. In hypertensive humans, enhanced plasma aldosterone and arterial stiffness are positively associated. Whether the aldosterone synthase gene polymorphism (ASGP) CYP11B2 influences the age-related changes in blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness in hypertensive ...
Johnson Julie A - - 2005
Hypertension is the most common chronic disease in the Western world, and while there are many drug classes from which to choose therapy, only 34% of North Americans currently have their blood pressure controlled. The potential clinical utility of pharmacogenomics in helping to guide antihypertensive drug therapy selection is described. ...
Skarić-Jurić Tatjana - - 2005
A complex segregation analysis of systolic and diastolic blood pressure has been performed on pedigree data from rural populations inhabiting Middle Dalmatian islands of Brac, Hvar and Korcula and the Peljesac peninsula. The purpose of the performed analysis was to possibly elucidate a signal of a large-effect gene responsible for ...
Isaza C - - 2005
Different polymorphisms of the ADRB2 gene encoding the beta-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) are associated with changes in a variety of responses of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). In this study, we have investigated the distribution of frequencies of ADRB2-related allelic variants (Arg16Gly, Gln27Glu, Thr164Ile) in the Colombian population, as well as ...
Czarnecka D - - 2005
Reduced nitric oxide production is associated with pathological changes in the cardiovascular system. In a study of randomly chosen families, we analysed the relationship between two polymorphisms (Glu298Asp and intron 4) of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and vascular ...
Talke Pekka - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Alpha-2B adrenoceptors (AR) mediate vasoconstriction in the mice. A human alpha-2B AR deletion (D) variant has been associated with loss of short-term agonist-promoted receptor desensitization, which may lead to increased vasoconstriction upon alpha-2 AR activation. This study tested the hypothesis that alpha-2 AR activation will induce enhanced vasoconstriction in ...
Cheung B M Y - - 2005
Hypertension is related to sodium intake, and many patients with essential hypertension are overweight and have the metabolic syndrome. We therefore studied microsatellite markers close to the thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter on chromosome 16 and a quantitative trait locus for abdominal obesity-metabolic syndrome (AOMS2) on chromosome 17, which have been found ...
Chen Wei - - 2005
Genetic loci influencing the long-term levels and trends of blood pressure over time were investigated using 775 white siblings, ages 13 to 43 years, enrolled in the Bogalusa Heart Study, and 357 microsatellite markers on the 22 autosomal chromosomes. Subjects had been examined serially 2 to 12 times with 4365 ...
Persu Alexandre - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide is involved in the regulation of vascular basal tone and blood pressure. Polymorphisms of NOS3, the gene that codes for endothelial nitric oxide synthase, have been associated with essential hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To look for linkage and association of three di-allelic polymorphisms (Glu298Asp, intron 4 VNTR and T-786C) ...
Jeng Jing-Ren - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter G-174C polymorphism has been associated with insulin resistance, hypertension, and coronary artery disease; however, its relationship with plasma PAI-1 level has not yet been studied. METHODS: The G-174C genotypes and plasma PAI-1 antigen and activity were determined in 424 Chinese subjects, 207 with hypertension ...
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