Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1337
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da Silva Ana Carolina Pio - - 2006
The objective of this work was to evaluate the association between the average levels of blood pressure of 706 children in Porto Alegre with their nutritional state--body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, waist circumference--and with their social-economic state. A prevalence of 12.3% (n=87) of high blood pressure was found. ...
Benjamin Amos L - - 2006
This is a cross-sectional study conducted intermittently in Port Moresby, the National Capital District of Papua New Guinea, from 1996 to 1997; Mt Obree in Central Province in October 2000; Upper Strickland River in April 2001; and the Balopa Islands in Manus Province in December 2002. The aim of the ...
Jackson Lisa V - - 2007
To produce representative cross-sectional blood pressure reference centiles for children and young people living in Great Britain. Analysis of blood pressure data from seven nationally representative surveys: Health Surveys for England 1995-8, Scottish Health Surveys 1995 and 1998, and National Diet & Nutrition Survey 1997. Blood pressure was measured using ...
Di Bello Vitantonio - - 2006
Obesity is a well-established risk factor for congestive heart failure. Evidence has been provided indicating that insulin resistance could be the mediator between obesity and congestive heart failure, but the pathogenic mechanisms leading to myocardial alterations remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate, by ultrasonic integrated backscatter ...
Guenoun Thierry - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is commonly indicated in morbidly obese patients. There is controversy regarding the hemodynamic effects of pneumoperitoneum (PNP) in obese patients. PNP and changes in body posture have complex effects on venous return that may be detected by respiratory changes in the arterial pressure waveform. ...
Sumboonnanonda Achra - - 2006
A retrospective study was done in 66 children (0.21% of all admitted children) below the age of 18 years with persistent hypertension diagnosed at the Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital from Jan 1999 to Dec 2003. Male to female ratio was 1.4:1 with 54.5% aged between 6-12 ...
El-Serag Hashem B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Obesity may increase intra-abdominal pressure on the stomach leading to an increase in intragastric pressure, which in turn induces lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, with subsequent reflux. However, the association between anthropometric measures of total body as well as abdominal obesity and intragastric pressure has not been examined. MATERIAL AND ...
Strazzullo Pasquale - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying high blood pressure in the framework of metabolic syndrome (MS) are not clarified: we thus analyzed the relationship of MS and its components to renal tubular sodium handling among participants of the Olivetti Heart Study, an epidemiological investigation of a representative sample of adult white male ...
Davies Anna A - - 2006
Data on the early life origins of adult hypertension have been widely reported: however, recent research shows that the strength of association between small size at birth and higher blood pressure weakens as study size increases. In this article, we retest the association between birth weight and systolic blood pressure ...
Maschke Matthias - - 2006
The present study investigated whether a specific aspect of proprioception, the sense of heaviness or weight is affected in PD. We determined detection thresholds for the perception of a gravito-inertial load in 10 PD patients and 11 age-matched control subjects. A gradually increasing weight was applied to the index finger ...
Cunha Maristela Trevisan - - 2006
The 6-min walk test is a simple, rapid, and low-cost method that determines tolerance to exercise. We examined the reproducibility of the 6-min walk test in 16 children with cystic fibrosis (11 female, 5 male; age range, 11.0 +/- 1.9 years). We related the distance walked and the work performed ...
Framme Jenny - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the hypothesis that differences in day and night-time systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR) recordings were smaller in obese versus lean children and adolescents, and whether measurements obtained during a school week or during weekends or holidays influenced these nocturnal falls. We also wanted to ...
McCormick Covelli Maureen - - 2006
Epidemiological studies show a relationship between low birth weight (LBW) and adult cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure and cortisol hyper-responsiveness during physiologic stress may function as biological markers for hypertension. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of blood pressure and cortisol levels with induced physiologic stress to ...
Haque Zeba - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To measure serum leptin levels and compare them in lean and obese subjects and to identify correlation between serum leptin levels, heart rate and hypertension in lean and obese subjects among adult females. DESIGN: A case control study. PLACE AND DURATION: Jinnah Medical and Dental College Hospital's Outpatient Department ...
Branth Stefan - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The sympathetic nervous system may be involved in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and metabolic cardiovascular syndrome in young men. The aim was to study the effects of long-term stress on different features of the metabolic syndrome (MES) in formerly non-obese healthy young males during 5 months ...
Hemachandra Anusha H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To use neonatal and placental anthropometry as proxy measures of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and to relate these to blood pressure later in childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A post hoc analysis of full-term white and black children from the Collaborative Perinatal Project, followed from birth until age 7 years (n ...
Katona Eva - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess the role of the nitric oxide-endothelin imbalance in the development of target-organ damages (carotid intima-media thickness and left ventricular mass index) in adolescent hypertension. METHODS: 125 adolescents--67 hypertensive and 58 normotensive--underwent routine anthropology (height, weight) and blood pressure measurements, and laboratory (glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride ...
Krishna Pushpa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The blood pressure levels may vary in population because of genetic, ethnic and socio economic factors. Local reference values have to be established to understand the blood pressure variable. METHODS: Blood pressure data of 2278 boys and 2930 girls in the age group of 3-18 years were analysed to ...
Stolovitch Chaim - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNDO) is 5% to 20%. We examined our success rate of treating CNDO with hydrostatic pressure (the Crigler method) as an office procedure. METHODS: A total of 742 children with CNDO initially were treated noninvasively with hydrostatic pressure. The procedure was ...
Zdrojewski Tomasz - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main health problem in Poland. We decided to use modern social marketing methods to present the current epidemiological situation to political and key opinion leaders in Poland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The surveys were carried out in the following groups: members of the Polish parliament, ...
Tu Y-K - - 2006
The statistical validity of the negative associations observed between birthweight and disease in later life has recently been questioned, because these associations might be due, in part, to inappropriate adjustment for current body size, creating a statistical artefact known as the 'reversal paradox'. The aim of this study was to ...
John U - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In some studies, hypertension is more common in never and former smokers than in current smokers. AIM: To examine the associations between hypertension and smoking status, when divided into subgroups by overweight and obesity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We used data from a national health survey with a probability ...
Franco Maria C P - - 2006
Low birth weight has been associated with an increased incidence of adult cardiovascular disease. Endothelial dysfunction and high levels of serum uric acid are associated with hypertension. In this study, we have determined whether uric acid is related to blood pressure and vascular function in children with low birth weight. ...
Sanjuliani A F - - 2006
Obesity is the major risk factor for the development of hypertension. This association accentuates the risk of cardiovascular disease, as it is frequently accompanied by the components of the metabolic syndrome. This randomised open parallel study evaluated the chronic effects of moxonidine--a selective imidazoline receptor agonist--on blood pressure, plasma catecholamines, ...
Walker Robert - - 2006
This study investigates variation in body growth (cross-sectional height and weight velocity) among a sample of 22 small-scale societies. Considerable variation in growth exists among hunter-gatherers that overlaps heavily with growth trajectories present in groups focusing more on horticulture. Intergroup variation tends to track environmental conditions, with societies under more ...
Bełtowski Jerzy - - 2006
Leptin is a 16-kDa protein secreted by white adipose tissue that is primarily involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Plasma leptin concentration is proportional to the amount of adipose tissue and is markedly increased in obese individuals. Recent studies suggest that leptin is involved in cardiovascular ...
Narkiewicz K - - 2006
Cardiovascular risk in a patient with obesity hypertension increases with the extent of risk factor clustering. It is therefore important to determine the global risk of a patient with hypertension rather than to focus solely on blood pressure. Every hypertensive should be screened for other than blood pressure risk factors, ...
Alwi Idrus - - 2006
AIM: To determine the direct effect of obesity on echocardiographic indices of diastolic left ventricular function METHODS: 44 obese (BMI > or =25 kg/m2) and 45 normal weight women were studied. They had no other pathological conditions. Echocardiographic indices of diastolic function were obtained, and dysfunction was assumed when at ...
Polat Muzaffer - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effects of seasonal changes on urinary specific gravity, blood pressure and urinary erythrocyte number in children living in Mediterranean climate. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study was conducted on 547 children who presented for routine follow up to healthy-child care department between January 1997 and December 2002. ...
Schiel R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Since many years in adults associations between dyslipidaemia, increased insulin resistance, arterial hypertension and the risk for cardiovascular diseases have been recognized. It was the aim of the present trial to investigate these associations and interactions between height, weight, body-mass index and blood pressure values in overweight/obese and normal ...
Pearce M S - - 2006
This cross-sectional study investigates the relationship between birth weight and pulse pressure in childhood, after adjusting for mean blood pressure values and for potential confounding factors. Blood pressure was measured in 937 schoolchildren, free from cardiovascular disease, aged between 6 and 16 years. Pulse pressure was estimated as the difference ...
Fernstrom John D - - 2006
HYPOTHESIS: Systolic and diastolic pressure and the incidence of hypertension in very obese patients decline after bariatric surgery and do not rebound. DESIGN: Chart review. SETTING: Surgical practice in a university medical center. PATIENTS: Women and men, 18 years or older, with a body mass index (BMI) (calculated as weight ...
Horta Bernardo L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between breastfeeding duration and blood pressure in a large birth cohort of Brazilians followed from birth to adolescence. METHODS: All 5914 hospital births occurring in Pelotas in 1982 (over 99% of all deliveries) were studied prospectively. Detailed information on feeding practices was prospectively collected during ...
Pandolfino John E - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of the current study was to analyze the relationship between obesity and the morphology of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) pressure segment using high-resolution manometry. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-five patients (108 men, aged 18-87) were studied. A solid-state manometric assembly with 36 circumferential sensors spaced 1 ...
Tamakoshi Koji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been associated with adult hypertension in several Western populations. This association needs to be evaluated in Japanese people. METHODS AND RESULTS: A population-based cross-sectional study of 3,107 subjects (2,303 males and 804 females) aged 35-66 years was conducted. The participants responded to a questionnaire about ...
Bełtowski Jerzy - - 2006
We investigated the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in hemodynamic action of leptin. The effect of leptin (1 mg/kg i.p.) on systolic blood pressure (SBP) was examined in lean rats and in rats made obese by feeding highly palatable diet for either 1 or 3 ...
Falkner Bonita - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an association of overweight, or risk of overweight, and blood pressure can be detected in children in the pediatric primary care practice setting. STUDY DESIGN: We examined electronic medical record (EMR) data from primary care practices on 18,618 children age 2 to 19 years. Each child ...
Simoneau Martin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is the most common type of spinal deformity. In North American children, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) makes up about 90% of all cases of scoliosis. While its prevalence is about 2% to 3% in children aged between 10 to 16 years, girls are more at risk than boys ...
Metcalf Patricia - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with changes in blood pressure levels over 7 years. METHODS: The baseline Workforce Diabetes Survey was carried out between 1988 and 1990 on workers predominantly aged =40 years, and a follow-up survey of 4053 participants was carried out between ...
Umana Ernesto - - 2006
To assess the effect of obesity on blood pressure measurement the authors obtained simultaneous oscillometric and intraarterial systolic and diastolic blood pressures on 188 lean, overweight, class I/II obese, and class III obese subjects. Oscillometric arm cuff/bladder size was selected in accordance with standard guidelines. Oscillometry significantly underestimated systolic and ...
Bajcetic Milica - - 2006
The presence of cardiovascular risk factors in children may be important in the development of atherosclerosis in adulthood. Adequate control of blood pressure is a cornerstone in atherosclerosis prevention. The aim of the Yugoslav Study of the Precursors of Atherosclerosis in School Children (YUSAD) was to identify risk factors for ...
Amador Luis F - - 2006
Obesity and hypertension are major public health concerns in the US. We examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure in older Mexican Americans using data from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (EPESE), a longitudinal study of Mexican Americans aged 65 ...
Klasson-Heggebø L - - 2006
To measure the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and sum of skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure in children and adolescents participating in the European youth heart study. The participants were 4072 children and adolescents (aged 9 and 15) from Denmark, Portugal, Estonia, and Norway. Cardiorespiratory fitness was indirectly determined ...
Schutte R R School of Physiology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular profiles of a group of African women with different body mass indices and blood pressures. The study included a sample of 98 apparently healthy African women. The subjects were divided into three groups: lean normotensive (lean NT), overweight/obese normotensive (OW/OB ...
Jago Russell - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is a need to find ways to increase the physical activity levels and improve the body composition and blood pressure of girls. METHODS: Thirty 11-year-old girls were recruited from two after school programs in Houston Texas in Spring 2005. Participants from one program (16) were randomly assigned to ...
Tanaka Sawako - - 2006
Effects of pressure exerted on the skin by elastic cord on the core temperature, body weight loss and salivary secretion rate were studied under conditions of ambient temperature of 35 degrees C and a relative humidity of 60%. Twelve healthy females, aged 18-23 years, served as subjects. The subjects entered ...
Kivimäki Mika - - 2006
Studies have found an association between low socioeconomic position in childhood and high adult blood pressure. It is unclear whether this association is explained by a pathway directly linking disadvantage to elevated blood pressure in childhood and adolescence, which then tracks into adulthood. We assessed parental socioeconomic position and systolic ...
Namys?owski G - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate objectively the nasal patency in the obese patients. A total of 18 morbidly obese patients were recruited for the study. All of them were surgically treated because of morbid obesity using Bilo-Pancreatic Diversion (BPD) or Laparoscopic Gastric Banding (LGB) methods. The ...
Leon David A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of maternal and paternal factors to the inverse association between birth weight and later blood pressure in human offspring. A study of within- and between-family associations of birth weight with blood pressure, which collected data on both parents, would address this gap in ...
Johnson Fruzsina K - - 2006
Vascular heme oxygenase (HO) metabolizes heme to form carbon monoxide (CO). Increased heme-derived CO inhibits nitric oxide synthase and can contribute to hypertension via endothelial dysfunction in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Obese Zucker rats (ZR) are models of metabolic syndrome. This study tests the hypothesis that endogenous CO formation is increased ...
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