Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1338
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Israeli Eran - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that by 2025, >1.5 billion adults worldwide will be hypertensive. Early identification of the population at risk would lead to improved utilization of preventive measures. We aimed to evaluate whether baseline body mass index (BMI) and blood-pressure (BP) values during adolescence (categorized according to the guidelines ...
Kakhki Vahid Reza Dabbagh - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sincalide, in conjunction with cholescintigraphy, is necessary for the diagnosis of chronic acalculous cholecystitis. However sincalide is not widely available. This study investigates the use of a commercially available formula as an inexpensive alternative to sincalide, containing a sufficient and known amount of fat to cause gallbladder ...
Mzayek F - - 2007
Low birth weight has been found to be associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and with an adverse profile of several cardiovascular risk factors. The inverse association between birth weight and blood pressure was consistently reported from many populations. Using longitudinal data from the Bogalusa Heart Study (Louisiana), the authors ...
Min J W - - 2007
Size at birth and early postnatal growth rates appear to be important determinants of cardiovascular diseases. We examined whether intrauterine growth restriction or the subsequent catch-up postnatal weight gain leads to higher blood pressure in early life to confirm that size at birth and early postnatal growth rates appear to ...
Baba Reizo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with hypertension (HT) and high resting heart rate (HR), as well as metabolic disturbances. However, little is known about how strongly these hemodynamic abnormalities are associated with the degree of obesity in adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: Height, body weight, resting HR, and systolic and diastolic blood ...
Kent Alison L - - 2007
There has been a temporal trend towards increased birth weight over the past three decades. This increase in birth weight may have resulted in an increase in neonatal blood pressure. Neonatal hypertension is becoming more common, especially in neonatal intensive care unit survivors. Current normative values are required to assist ...
Khan Asmatullah - - 2008
Obesity and hypertension are two major inter-related cardiovascular risk factors. Decrease in adiposity is one of the most effective preventive measures not only in decreasing the overall cardiovascular risk but also the blood pressure. This cross-sectional study measured the effect of various measures of adiposity on blood pressure in normal ...
Snijder Marieke B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dairy consumption has been postulated to reduce the risk of obesity and metabolic disturbances. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of dairy consumption with body weight and other components of the metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: We used cross-sectional data for 2064 men and women aged ...
Nguyen Mai - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recommended work-up in a child who presents with elevated blood pressure as well as innovative evaluation techniques under development. RECENT FINDINGS: 'The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents' contains several updates on the diagnosis, ...
Lecheminant James D - - 2007
This study sought to determine the impact of different levels of weight loss on blood pressure in overweight/obese women. One hundred fifty-nine overweight/obese women (age 48.7 +/- 9.7, weight 101.3 +/- 18.7 kg, BMI 37.3 +/- 6.6 kg/m(2)) completed a six-month clinical weight loss program that included weekly nutrition, behavior, ...
Prineas Ronald J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Mid-arm circumference measurement is a prerequisite for the selection of properly sized blood pressure cuffs for accurate blood pressure readings in children and youth. This study examined recent trends in the mid-arm circumference distribution and the distribution of corresponding recommended blood pressure cuff sizes using National Health and Nutrition ...
He Qing Q St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, Obesity Research Center, and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University New York, NY 10025, - - 2007
The aims of this study were to investigate the body fat distribution pattern in prepubertal Chinese children and to investigate the relationship between central fat distribution and specific biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. The study was conducted in an urban Mainland Chinese (Jinan, Shandong) sample of children using a cross-sectional design. ...
Luque-Ramírez Manuel - - 2007
CONTEXT: Obesity and insulin resistance predispose patients with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) to abnormalities in blood pressure regulation. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the impact of obesity on the blood pressure profiles of PCOS patients. PATIENTS, SETTING, AND DESIGN: Thirty-six PCOS patients and 20 healthy women participated in ...
Mitchell Paul - - 2007
Retinal arteriolar narrowing is a known response of hypertension and independently predicts cardiovascular mortality in adults. Whether elevated blood pressure leads to retinal arteriolar narrowing in young children is unknown. We examined the relationship of retinal vascular caliber and blood pressure levels in 2 population-based cohorts among children aged 6 ...
Bello Aminu K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased levels of albuminuria have been recognized as a feature of obesity and the metabolic syndrome, and to be associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular and renal disease. The impact of weight change on albuminuria and its possible mechanism has not been studied yet in the general population. ...
Lawlor Debbie A - - 2007
The interpretation of the inverse association of birth weight with adult blood pressure after adjustment for concurrent size has been debated. In a large sample (n = 378,707) of Swedish men aged 18 years, born between 1973 and 1984, the authors found considerable variation in birth weight within strata of ...
Frezza Eldo E - - 2007
Intraabdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome are known to deleteriously affect a wide array of organ systems. We retrospectively reviewed 62 women who underwent either laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery or adjustable gastric banding. Their age, body mass index (BMI), and race were known. Their opening abdominal pressure was recorded ...
Chiolero Arnaud - - 2007
The associations between elevated blood pressure and overweight, on one hand, and the increasing prevalence over time of pediatric overweight, on the other hand, suggest that the prevalence of elevated blood pressure could have increased in children over the last few decades. In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence ...
Ghosh J R - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to compare the relationship of all obesity measures with blood pressures and to fi nd out the best obesity measure, associated with greater risk of hypertension. METHODS: A total of 180 adult Bengalee Hindu men from Hridoypur of 24 Pgs (N), West ...
Head Rosemary F RF St George's, University of London, London, UK. - - 2007
The inverse association between birth weight and blood pressure may partly be the result of inappropriate adjustment for adult body size, but it remains unclear whether adjustment for adult height elicits this effect. The study investigated the impact of adjustment for adult height on the relationship between birth weight and ...
Chandra Venita - - 2007
Pseudotumor cerebri is a disease characterized by increased intracranial pressure, often manifested by headaches, and occasionally leading to severe visual impairment or even blindness. Most cases in adolescents, as in adults, are associated with obesity. We report a 16-year-old morbidly obese adolescent girl (body mass index 42.3 kg/m(2)) with severely ...
Hinnen Jan-Willem - - 2007
This study was conducted to clarify the effect of the direction of pressure measurement on the pressure readout in fibrinous thrombus of the abdominal aortic aneurysm. Three weights of 468 g (weight 1), 578 g (weight 2), and 675 g (weight 3) were molded. A specimen of human fibrinous thrombus ...
Francischetti E A - - 2007
Considerable evidence has suggested that excessive weight gain is the most common cause of arterial hypertension. This association has been observed in several populations, in different regions of the world. Obesity-hypertension, a term that underscores the link between these two deleterious conditions, is an important public health challenge, because of ...
Brion M A MA Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. - - 2007
Elevated blood pressure (BP) in children is an early risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is positively associated with body mass index (BMI). However, BMI does not distinguish between fat and lean masses, and the relationship of BP in children to different elements of body composition is not well established. ...
Sun Shumei S SS Lifespan Health Research Center, Department of Community Health, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, 3171 Research Blvd, Dayton, OH 45420, USA. - - 2007
The goal was to link hypertension and the metabolic syndrome in adulthood directly to blood pressures measured decades earlier for the same individuals as children and to establish criterion values for blood pressure that predict hypertension and the metabolic syndrome later in life. We analyzed serial data for 240 men ...
Mulè Giuseppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) has been associated with an increased left ventricular (LV) mass in recent reports. Little is known about the association of MS with LV mass (LVM) in overweight and obese individuals. The aim of our study was to investigate the relation between MS and LVM in a ...
Longo-Mbenza B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of gender, nutritional anomalies, puberty and socio-economic status on the levels of blood pressure, fat distribution and heat rate in African school children and adolescents. This study also identified the risk factors of arterial hypertension in African adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study carried out between ...
Lawlor Debbie A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We conducted a family-based study to explore mechanisms underlying the associations of birth weight and gestational age with systolic blood pressure measured at 17 to 19 years of age. METHODS AND RESULTS: A record linkage study of 386,485 singleton-born men from 331,089 families was undertaken. Birth weight was inversely ...
Meral Bayat
The prevalence of hypertension is 1-3% in childhood population and it may cause high morbidity and mortality due to the complications. Therefore, the early diagnosis of hypertension is important. This study was performed to determine the frequency of the hypertension by interpreting of the blood pressure measurements of a primary ...
Larsson A - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy, obesity, peritoneal dialysis, pneumoperitoneum, prone position and application of positive end-expiratory pressure are associated with elevated intraabdominal pressure (lAP). OBJECTIVE:To review the relation between these conditions and procedures, and intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) or abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Search of PubMed and Google Scholar and review of article ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2007
AIM: The present research has been undertaken prospectively to study the impact of birthweight and growth pattern on blood pressure changes from birth through the first year of life. METHODS: Parents of newborns born at term (gestational age > 37 weeks) after uncomplicated pregnancies and in the absence of perinatal ...
Oner-Iyidoğan Y - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The orexigenic hormone ghrelin induces weight gain by stimulating food intake. Ghrelin has been shown to modulate sympathetic activity, to exert vasodilative effects and to counterreact with leptin on both food intake and blood pressure. Of these two hormones, ghrelin levels are decreased in obesity, whereas leptin levels are ...
Landa Maria Silvina - - 2007
Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, in part through development of hypertension. Leptin promotes weight loss by reducing food intake and increasing energy expenditure through sympathetic stimulation. It also counteracts the starvation-induced suppression of thyroid hormone by up-regulating the expression of TRH. On the other hand, it ...
Rohrer James E - - 2007
Prevention of pre-hypertension is an important goal for primary care patients. Obesity is a risk factor for hypertension, but has not been addressed for pre-hypertension in primary care populations. The objective of this study was to assess the degree to which obesity independently is associated with risk for pre-hypertension in ...
Redolfi Stefania - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Long-term nocturnal non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is an effective treatment for obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), improving central carbon dioxide (CO(2)) sensitivity. Leptin might contribute to sustain adequate ventilation in obesity. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of leptin in the OHS pathogenesis looking at its relationship ...
Murphy Marie H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to perform a meta-analysis on walking intervention studies in order to quantify the magnitude and direction of walking-induced changes that may alter selected cardiovascular risk factors. METHOD: Twenty-four randomised controlled trials of walking were assessed for quality on a three-point scale. Data from ...
Singhal Atul A Medical Research Council Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London, UK. - - 2007
Being born small for gestational age is associated with later risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure. Promotion of postnatal growth has been proposed to ameliorate these effects. There is evidence in animals and infants born prematurely, however, that promotion of growth by increased postnatal nutrition increases ...
Gentile, Christopher L.
Obesity is associated with sympathetic neural activation and elevated blood pressure(1,2). However, it is unclear whether modest elevations in body weight are sufficient to induce increases sympathetic activity (3). Furthermore, there is a large amount of individual variability in the blood pressure response to weight change (4). The reason(s) for ...
Menezes Ana M B - - 2007
Previous studies have suggested that birth size may influence blood pressure in later life. Most of these reported inverse associations only became evident after weight or body mass index at some later age was included in the regression model. In a prospective birth cohort study in Brazil, the effect of ...
Quintos Jose Bernardo - - 2006
We report a 16-year-old morbidly obese African-American female who developed pseudotumor cerebri, partially empty sella syndrome and transient central hypothyroidism. After reduction of the increased intracranial pressure by lumbar puncture, normalization of the thyroid function occurred. The mechanism of the transient pituitary dysfunction in relation to the pseudotumor cerebri and ...
Bera Sanjukta - - 2006
Both systolic and diastolic blood pressures are generally believed to vary in relation to various factors like sex, age, body build, altitude, socio-economic condition, chronic diseases, etc. but the evidences are not always unequivocal. This paper aims to study the effect of intergenerational change, age, sex, and body mass index ...
Rao S - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine the magnitude of overweight and its association with blood pressure (BP) among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with all children in age range 9-16 years (n=1146 boys and 1077 girls) from two schools catering to urban affluent high socio-economic class (HSE), for anthropometric measurements by trained investigators and ...
Shibao Cyndya - - 2007
Obesity is associated with alterations in the autonomic nervous system that may contribute to the increase in blood pressure and resting energy expenditure present in this condition. To test this hypothesis, we induced autonomic withdrawal with the ganglionic blocker trimethaphan in 10 lean (32+/-3 years) and 10 obese (35+/-3 years) ...
Wirth A - - 2006
AIM: In obesity, left ventricular hypertrophy is frequently observed, especially in the presence of hypertension. Following body weight reduction, the left ventricular mass (LVM) is reduced. It is not known to which extent this occurs after treatment with sibutramine. METHODS: In this multicentre trial, 195 male and female patients (18-65 ...
Washburn Lisa K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effects of a 42-day tapering course of dexamethasone on blood pressure and anthropometric measurements in school-age children who were born with very low birth weight. METHODS: Sixty-eight children, who as neonates participated in a randomized placebo-controlled trial of a 42-day ...
Fuiano N - - 2006
AIM: A continuous increase in overweight has been documented in the paediatric population. The increase occurred in many developed and also developing countries. In the United States prevalence of overweight is 21.5% among African-Americans, 21.8% among Hispanics, and 12.3% among non-Hispanic whites; in Europe, from 10% to 20% in Northern ...
Rubio-Guerra Alberto Francisco - - 2006
This paper sought to determine if the fixed-dose combination of trandolapril and verapamil is effective in the treatment of hypertensive obese patients resistant to monotherapy. Thirty-six hypertensive obese patients uncontrolled by monotherapy were given the combination of trandolapril-verapamil (2/180 mg) for 12 weeks. Before and after taking the drug, they ...
Völkl Thomas M K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia have been shown to be at risk for obesity associated with higher insulin and leptin levels. Because these factors are also known to cause hypertension, the aim of this study was to analyze 24-h blood pressure profiles and their relation to ...
Patil Basanagouda M - - 2006
In the present study, we examined the effect of olanzapine on weight gain, systolic blood pressure and metabolic changes in rats. Female Sprague Dawley rats were treated with either vehicle or olanzapine (1 and 2 mg/kg i.p, twice daily) for 20 days. Body weight, food and water intake, systolic blood ...
Ghosh Arnab - - 2006
The present longitudinal study was undertaken to study the effect of brisk walking on blood pressure, plasma glucose, and obesity measures in 55-64-year-old obese Asian Indian men. A total of 45 obese (body mass index > or =25 kg/m(2)) men took part in the study. They were monitored for 20 ...
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