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So H K - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the association between blood pressure and the frequency of structured physical training activity in Chinese adolescents. A total of 9558 students aged 11-18 years underwent anthropometric and blood pressure measurements in a cross-sectional growth study. Structured physical training activity was assessed by ...
Xu Xiaoyan - - 2010
Body dissatisfaction and body image disorders are becoming increasingly prevalent in developing non-Western countries such as China, but there is a lack of research examining the sociocultural factors that in other contexts have been associated with these problems. The current study investigated body dissatisfaction, engagement in body change behaviors, and ...
Pausova Zdenka - - 2010
Intra-abdominal accumulation of fat is a hallmark of male body-fat distribution and a major risk factor for hypertension. Sympathoactivation may be one of the mechanisms linking intra-abdominal obesity to hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a functional variation in the androgen-receptor gene (AR, a variable ...
McCabe Marita P - - 2010
This study examined how sociocultural messages differ for overweight and normal weight adolescents and how these messages predict body image and body change strategies. In total, 590 adolescents participated in the study. Overweight adolescents experienced greater body dissatisfaction, engaged in more strategies to lose weight, and experienced greater sociocultural messages ...
McCrindle Brian W - - 2010
The epidemic of overweight and obesity in youth is increasing the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension among children and adolescents. The younger the child is at presentation and the more severe the blood pressure abnormality, the more likely a secondary cause of hypertension is to be present. Measurement of blood ...
Zhang W - - 2010
In our previous study, moderate increases in plasma leptin levels achieved via administration of recombinant adenovirus containing the rat leptin cDNA were shown to correct the abnormal metabolic profile in rats with diet-induced obesity, suggesting that these animals had developed resistance to the metabolic effects of leptin, which could be ...
Hovi Petteri - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that, as compared with a matched control group born at term, young adults with very low birth weight (VLBW <1.5 kg) would have higher 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 118 18- to 27-year-old subjects born with VLBW within the greater Helsinki area and 120 ...
Mooij Christiaan F - - 2010
Evaluation of blood pressure in the first year of life in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Twenty-four children were included. Retrospective blood pressure values, fludrocortisone dosages, and serum renin, 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) and androstenedione levels in the first year of life were evaluated. Blood pressure values ...
Kshatriya Shilpa - - 2010
Adipose tissue is now considered to be an active physiologic system operating in concert with multiple other organs. Leptin is a peptide hormone that is primarily synthesized and secreted by adipose tissue whose principal action is the control of appetite and energy balance. However, current information suggests that leptin exerts ...
Pervanidou Panagiota - - 2010
Background: Obesity and hypertension are often comorbid, but the pathophysiologic mechanisms that link them are not fully understood. Natriuretic peptides might play a role in this association. The majority of studies show lower brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations as well as lower concentrations of the N-terminal of the prohormone (NT-proBNP) ...
Liu Jing - - 2010
The present study aims to evaluate the effects of orlistat-assisted weight loss on endothelium-dependent vasodilation by ultrasonography in obese Chinese subjects with hypertension. Thirty obese hypertensive patients (mean age: 46.6 +/- 10.3 yr, male:12) were given 120 mg of orlistat 120 mg three times daily for 12 weeks, without a ...
Gupta Alok K - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, although perceived to be high, is often difficult to demonstrate in disease free (healthy) obese adults. Changes in circadian blood pressure variability (CBPV) and endothelial function (EF) may be early correlates of cardiometabolic disorders. Asymptomatic men and women in 3 groups: normal weight (n = 10), ...
Shaikh Wasim A - - 2010
Recently, National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey-1 data analysis found short sleep duration as a risk factor for hypertension in the U.S. population. However, since ethnic differences exist in the aetiopathogenesis of diseases, the current study was undertaken to study the effect of sleep duration on the blood pressure profile ...
McKay William P - - 2010
We measured dynamic biomechanics of loss-of-resistance (LOR) epidural placement in prone cadavers, focussing on the period immediately following LOR, to estimate forces acting on the tissue of the epidural space. An epidural syringe with 17G Hustead needle was instrumented to track force on the plunger, pressure in the chamber, and ...
Booth Alison O - - 2010
Overweight, obesity and hypertension can be prevented through improvements in lifestyle including nutrition and physical activity. General practitioners (GPs) in Australia have access to over 90% of the population in the course of a year and therefore, the general practice setting may be ideal to assist patients with lifestyle change ...
Yao Xiao-Guang - - 2010
The prevalence of population-wide hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia has not been well studied in the pasture area of Xinjiang. The present epidemiological study was performed to determine the prevalence of hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia in minority populations from the pasture area of Xinjiang and to discuss the potential risk factors ...
Werkman Andrea - - 2010
The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity warrants preventive actions, particularly among people in transitional stages associated with lifestyle changes, such as occupational retirement. The purpose is to investigate the effect of a one year low-intensity computer-tailored energy balance programme among recent retirees on waist circumference, body weight and body ...
Kannan S S Department of Nutrition, 224 Chenoweth Laboratory, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, 100 Holdsworth Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2010
Observational studies and controlled experiments have provided evidence that airborne particulate matter (PM) is capable of acutely increasing blood pressure (BP) in certain scenarios. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether and to what extent obesity and community location affect relationships between fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) and blood ...
Sinha Arjun D - - 2010
Among hemodialysis patients, the assessment of dry weight remains a matter of clinical judgment because tests to assess dry weight have not been validated. The objective of this study was to evaluate and validate relative plasma volume (RPV) monitoring as a marker of dry weight. We performed RPV monitoring using ...
Hilzendeger Aline M - - 2010
The leptin-deficient ob/ob mice are insulin resistant and obese. However, the control of blood pressure in this model is not well defined. The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of leptin and of the renin-angiotensin system in the cardiovascular abnormalities observed in obesity using a model lacking ...
Tarantino Giovanni - - 2009
To identify which parameters could help to distinguish the "metabolically benign obesity", which is not accompanied by insulin resistance (IR) and early atherosclerosis. Eighty two of 124 overweight/obese females formed the study population, which was divided into two groups (52 and 30 subjects, respectively) with and without IR according to ...
Aglony Marlene - - 2009
In adults, hypertension has long been perceived as a public health problem. By contrast, its impact in childhood is far less appreciated. In fact, quite often, high blood pressure in children is not even diagnosed. Blood pressure is a vital sign that is routinely obtained during a physical examination of ...
Rea I Maeve - - 2009
Hypertension is a key risk factor for stroke, cardiovascular disease and dementia. Although the link between weight, sodium and hypertension is established in younger people, little is known about their inter-relationship in people beyond 80 years of age. Associations between blood pressure, anthropometric indices and sodium were investigated in 495 ...
Bhuiyan Azad R - - 2010
Low birth weight, an indicator of intrauterine growth restriction, is associated with adult cardiovascular (CV) disease, type 2 diabetes, and adverse levels of CV risk factors. Impaired pulsatile arterial function is also an independent predictor of early vascular damage and related CV outcome. However, information is scant regarding the influence ...
Samuelsson Anne-Maj - - 2010
Maternal obesity in rodents is associated with increased adiposity, impaired glucose tolerance, and hypertension in adult offspring. In this study we investigated the influence of maternal obesity in the rat on blood pressure and blood pressure regulatory pathways in juvenile and adult offspring. Obesity was induced before pregnancy in female ...
Sesso Ricardo - - 2010
Although numerous studies suggest an inverse relationship between birth weight and cardiovascular disease, the mechanistic basis of this phenomenon is not fully understood. Here, we postulate that alterations in plasma concentration of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and growth factors might show different associations between birth weight, blood pressure levels, and vascular ...
Wan Yan-Ping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity has made obesity-related diseases a worldwide problem. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of diet-oriented intervention on obese children with hypertension in China and to determine the relationship between anthropometric indexes and hypertension. METHODS: A total of 469 obese children, aged 6 to 18 years, were ...
Mahyar A - - 2009
This study determined the percentiles of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and theABSTRACT This study determined the percentiles of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and the prevalence of hypertension among 789 primary-school children aged 7-12 years in the city of Eghbalieh, Islamic Republic of Iran. Mean systolic and diastolic blood ...
Pirinçci Edibe - - 2009
Obesity and overweight are a significant public health problem that affects the quality of life of the individuals concerned. We studied the prevalence and related risk factors for obesity among academics. This descriptive cross-sectional study sampled 499 academic staff at Elazig Firat University, Turkey. Height, weight and blood pressure values ...
Banach Alayna M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to examine the differences in arterial distensibility between overweight/obese and normal weight pre- and early pubescent boys and girls. Arterial distensibility was measured in 65 children (43 normal weight and 22 overweight/obese) between the ages of 9 and 12 years. Weight classification was based ...
Cordente-Mart?nez Carlos A - - 2009
The aim of this paper was to study the correlations between blood pressure and other health variables in Spanish adolescents. 204 boys and 270 girls (aged 13-17 years, with written parental consent,) from 18 private and 17 public educative centers from 16 of 21 districts of the city of Madrid, ...
Kidambi Srividya - - 2009
Hypertension and obesity are highly prevalent among African Americans (AAs). We have previously reported that both plasma aldosterone (PA) and body mass index (BMI) are higher in hypertensive than in normotensive AAs. This study evaluates the relative contributions of adiposity and PA to hypertension in AAs. A total of 466 ...
Fernandes Romulo A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess viability of the development of percentage body fat cutoffs based on blood pressure values in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 358 male subjects from 8 to 18 years old. Blood pressure was measured by the oscilometric method, and body composition ...
Maffeis C - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence of children with hypertension is increasing, especially in obese children. This study was to assess the relationship between blood pressure, indexes of adiposity, body fat distribution and insulin resistance. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sample: 1044 children (M/F: 484/560; aged 6-11 years). Anthropometry and blood pressure were ...
Dimkpa U - - 2010
We aimed at investigating whether the degree of adiposity is related to haemodynamic variables such as systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and resting heart rate (HR), and to haemodynamic abnormalities such as hypertension and resting tachycardia. A cross-sectional study was carried out among young students in Ebonyi ...
Babisch Wolfgang - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The German Environment Agency carried out its fourth German Environmental Survey (GerES IV) from 2003 to 2006, which was especially for children. 1048 children, 8-14 years of age, were randomly selected from all over Germany. The sample is representative of children in this age group living in Germany with ...
Dela Cruz Charles S - - 2009
Obesity is becoming a worldwide problem of epidemic proportions, and its effect on the heart is increasingly being recognized. Obesity is often associated with an increased risk for heart failure. In this article, the authors review the evidence for obesity-related cardiomyopathy. The importance of metabolic disturbances in the development of ...
Serpa Neto Ary - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity (MO) is associated with increased renal plasma flow (RPL) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). This type of obesity usually does not respond to medical treatment, with bariatric surgery being the current treatment of choice. The present study aimed to evaluate whether weight loss may reverse the glomerular ...
Norton Gavin R - - 2009
AIM: To determine whether blood pressure (BP)-LVM relationships depend in-part on the influence of an excess adiposity and whether this translates into a greater effect of hypertension on LVM in obese as compared with lean people. METHODS: In 399 randomly recruited participants from a general population with a high prevalence ...
Burger J P W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that in young, normotensive obese subjects, physical activity at a fixed, moderate workload, causes a more pronounced hypertensive effect than in lean subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 24 subjects (12 with BMI >30 kg/m(2), 12 with BMI <25 kg/m(2)), underwent a moderate-intensity physical activity protocol (cycling ...
Kruse Anne - - 2009
PURPOSE: We investigated the association between nocturnal blood pressure and urine production in children with enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 39 consecutive children with a mean age of 9.8 years (range 6.2 to 14.9) with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis completed a bladder diary, including 2 weeks of basic documentation ...
Belin de Chantemèle Eric J - - 2009
Obesity causes hypertension and sympathoactivation, a process proposed to be mediated by leptin. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), a major new pharmaceutical target in the treatment of obesity and type II diabetes mellitus, constrains the metabolic actions of leptin, but the extent to which PTP1B regulates its cardiovascular effects is ...
Park Min-Jeong - - 2009
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated whether an intervention using a short message service (SMS) by cellular phone and Internet would improve blood pressure, weight control, and serum lipids of obese patients with hypertension during 8 weeks. METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental design with pre- and follow-up tests. Participants were recruited ...
Ribeiro Robespierre C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To verify an association, if it exists, between obesity and blood pressure raised beyond the 90th percentile in children and adolescents, and to determine the measure of adiposity that best correlates with blood pressure in these subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A school-based study in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Dhaliwal Satvinder S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Methods of estimating central obesity are important because of the increasing frequency of obesity related diseases worldwide. Here we evaluate the precision of measuring waist circumference and the waist to hip ratio with comparisons across ethnic groups. METHODS: The third Australian Risk Factor Prevalence Study (1989) of 9279 adults ...
Tamimi Waleed - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a correlation between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure or clinical features such as hirsutism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, 62 women with PCOS were allocated to one of 3 groups according to a BMI range ...
Cassani Roberta S L - - 2009
Hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and obesity are becoming a health problem in many developed and developing countries, as Brazil. Although hypertension and obesity are both closely associated, there is no universal anthropometric marker of this association. This is probably due to distinct population characteristics, and in the ...
Manrique Camila - - 2009
Use of beta-blockers in hypertensive obese patients remains controversial because of concerns about potential influences on weight, lipids, and glucose metabolism. The authors examined a pooled analysis of 3 multicenter randomized placebo-controlled trials. Patients were randomized to placebo or an increasing dose of nebivolol for 12 weeks. Primary outcome was ...
Colín-Ramírez Eloisa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated blood pressure at a young age is a predictor of blood pressure elevation later in life and has been associated with being overweight. However, it seems that there are other factors related to hypertension in childhood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the anthropometric, physical activity, and dietary factors associated with ...
da Silva Alexandre A - - 2009
Obesity is recognized as a major health problem throughout the world. Excess weight is a major cause of increased blood pressure in most patients with essential hypertension and greatly increases the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and end-stage renal disease. Although the mechanisms by which obesity raises blood pressure are ...
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