Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1340
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de Simone Giovanni - - 2005
Abnormalities in whole blood viscosity (WBV) have been implicated in hypertension. This study analyzes relations between WBV and blood pressure in the Strong Heart Study population of American Indians. We examined 676 participants (489 women, age 62+/-7 years) without prevalent cardiovascular disease or use of antihypertensive medications, digoxin, or aspirin. ...
Adami Gian Franco - - 2005
Hypertension is a medical disorder frequently associated with severe obesity, and the effect of weight loss on the reduction of blood pressure has been well established. In this study, the relationships between the weight loss surgically obtained by biliopancreatic diversion and blood pressure were investigated in a population of severely ...
Cornelissen Véronique A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of resistance training on resting blood pressure in healthy sedentary adults. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search with the MEDLINE computerized database was conducted and reference lists of published articles and reviews on the topic were checked. Inclusion criteria were as follows: the study involved a ...
Mahmutyazicio─člu Kamran - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In virgin policystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients transabdominal sonography is the preferential method of the pelvic examination. The purpose of this study was to determine ovarian morphology by the transabdominal route by pulse inversion harmonic imaging (PIHI) in virgin PCOS patients and to compare the diagnostic image quality with ...
Kraja Aldi T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In 2001 the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) provided a categorical definition for metabolic syndrome (c-MetS). We studied the extent to which two ethnic groups, Blacks and Whites were affected by c-MetS. The groups were members of the Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network (HyperGEN), a part of the Family Blood ...
Pillay, Tanushree
Physical inactivity is recognised as a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Current recommendations for participation in physical activity are 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity physical activity on most, but preferably all days of the week. The aim of the study ...
Moore Lynn L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Diets characterized by high intakes of fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy products (for example, the DASH diet) have been shown to reduce blood pressure in adults. The effects of similar diets on children's blood pressure are unknown. METHODS: We used 8 years of follow-up data from 95 children, ...
Hart Kenneth E - - 2005
In this study, the authors examined biomedical consequences of participation in a professionally delivered, multifaceted very low calorie diet (VLCD) program and whether the degree of benefit associated with treatment was moderated by history of weight cycling. The authors monitored body weight and biomedical health indicators in 66 severely obese ...
Fujita Frank - - 2005
Using data from 17 years of a large and nationally representative panel study from Germany, the authors examined whether there is a set point for life satisfaction (LS)--stability across time, even though it can be perturbed for short periods by life events. The authors found that 24% of respondents changed ...
Tu Yu-Kang - - 2005
Some researchers have recently questioned the validity of associations between birth weight and health in later life. They argue that these associations might be due in part to inappropriate statistical adjustment for variables on the causal pathway (such as current body size), which creates an artifactual statistical effect known as ...
Caqueret Aurore - - 2005
The hypothalamus is a critical integrator of several homeostatic processes that are required for the survival of vertebrates. Disruption of the development of the hypothalamus thus has the potential of perturbing important physiological processes with lifelong consequences. We review current knowledge about how cell types are specified and circuits are ...
Abellán José - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become an epidemic problem, contributing to metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. An adequate blood pressure control in this population of obese individuals is extremely difficult to achieve, and in most cases, therapeutic combinations are required. Pharmacologic treatment with moxonidine, a central I(1) imidazole ...
Agyemang Charles - - 2005
High blood pressure, once rare, is rapidly becoming a major public health burden in sub-Saharan/Africa. It is unclear whether this is reflected in children. The main purpose of this study was to assess blood pressure patterns among rural, semi-urban, and urban children and to determine the association of blood pressure ...
Rahmouni Kamal - - 2005
Obesity is strongly associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Several central and peripheral abnormalities that can explain the development or maintenance of high arterial pressure in obesity have been identified. These include activation of the sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Obesity is also associated with endothelial dysfunction and ...
Starner Tamie M - - 2004
The clinical significance of childhood hypertension is important as elevated pressures during childhood are found to follow a progressively increasing track into adulthood. Little work has been done to examine the relationship of emotions and emotional behavioral factors to the development of hypertension in children. Using the Roy Adaptation Model ...
Birtane Murat - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have generally reported increased plantar pressure values with obesity, none of these studies has classified the obesity. Our aim in this study was to compare the plantar pressure distribution in obese and control adults during standing and walking. METHODS: This study was performed on 100 feet ...
Yamori Yukio - - 2004
1. WHO-coordinated Cardiovascular Diseases and Alimentary Comparison Study (CARDIAC) and its follow-up, MONALISA Study covering 60 populations in 25 countries indicated an increasing prevalence of obesity, even in developing countries. 2. The index of obesity, BMI was confirmed to be related positively with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) ...
Mion Jr Decio - - 2004
PURPOSE: To find out the prevalence of hypertension in employees of the Hospital and relate it to social demographic variables. METHODS: Blood pressure measurement was performed with a mercury sphygmomanometer, using an appropriate cuff size for arm circumference, weight, and height in a population sample of 864 individuals out of ...
Tsukahara Chieko - - 2004
We characterized the systolic and diastolic blood pressures of 10-week-old males from 15 inbred mouse strains and found that blood pressures among strains were continuously distributed and that strain C3H/HeJ had the lowest mean systolic and diastolic pressure (100.5 +/- 3.2 and 66.8 +/- 3.5 mmHg), and a strain with ...
Cook Nancy R - - 2004
Tracking correlations of blood pressure, particularly childhood measures, may be attenuated by within-person variability. Combining multiple measurements can reduce this error substantially. The area under the curve (AUC) computed from longitudinal growth curve models can be used to improve the prediction of young adult blood pressure from childhood measures. Quadratic ...
Primatesta Paola - - 2005
Findings of previous reports relating low birth weight with raised blood pressure in childhood and adolescence have been inconsistent. The present study uses cross-sectional data from a series of nationally representative annual surveys--the Health Survey for England--between 1995 and 2002, totaling a sample of 15 629 children aged 5 to ...
Järvelin Marjo-Riitta - - 2004
Data on the birth weight-blood pressure relationship are inconsistent. Although an inverse association has been suggested in several large studies, interpretation is complicated by publication and other biases. Few data are available on the relationship between other early growth measures and blood pressure. We examined the shape and size of ...
Wong Chiew Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with heart failure, but an effect of weight, independent of comorbidities, on cardiac structure and function is not well established. We sought whether body mass index (BMI) and insulin levels were associated with subclinical myocardial disturbances. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transthoracic echocardiography, myocardial Doppler-derived systolic (sm) and ...
Fagerudd Johan - - 2004
In the general population, there is an inverse relationship between birth weight and adult systolic blood pressure. Because blood pressure in diabetic patients at least in part seems to be regulated by different mechanisms than in nondiabetic subjects, it is not known whether a similar correlation exists in diabetic individuals. ...
Lawlor Debbie A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We examined the associations of a range of parental and early life characteristics with systolic blood pressure at 5 years of age. METHODS AND RESULTS: Information from 3864 children who were followed up prospectively from their mother's first antenatal clinic assessment was used. Maternal age, body mass index, and ...
Bramlage Peter - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between body weight and blood pressure (BP) is well established, there is a lack of data regarding the impact of obesity on the prevalence of hypertension in primary care practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypertension and the diagnosis, treatment ...
Mann Vera - - 2004
In epidemiology the analyses of family or twin studies do not always fully exploit the data, as information on differences between siblings is often used while between-families effect are not considered. We show how cross-sectional time-series linear regression analysis can be easily implemented to estimate within- and between-families effects simultaneously ...
Woods Lori L - - 2004
In humans, infants who are born small have been reported to have higher blood pressure in adulthood than do larger infants. This suggests that factors in the intrauterine environment that affect fetal growth can program the individual for hypertension later in life. The present study determined whether there is a ...
Antal Magda - - 2004
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: To assess the age- and gender-specific anthropometric parameters and blood pressure in Hungarian adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between 1997 and 2000. Altogether 6,345 secondary school students (aged 15-18 years) were involved in the study. The representative sampling sites were selected randomly. In the capital city 3-stage ...
Amador Norma - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is multifactorial, but evidence that the sympathetic system is involved in progression of cardiovascular structural alterations in hypertension is substantial. However, the relationship between heart sympathetic activity and left ventricular mass in normotensive obese subjects has not been studied. METHODS: We studied 103 ...
Pontiroli A E AE Cattedra di Medicina Interna, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and prolonged QT interval at ECG (QTc) are common in both obesity and arterial hypertension (AH), and are risk factors for cardiovascular disease and sudden death. We compared the frequencies of LVH (ECG criteria) and QTc in obese-AH (n=41), in normotensive obese (n=75), in lean-AH (n=30), ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The objective was to study the influence of birth weight on office and ambulatory pulse pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred healthy children (176 girls), aged 10-18 years, born at term after a normotensive pregnancy were included. The subjects were divided according to birth weight: 2.000-2.500 kg, 2.501-3.000 kg, ...
Yudkin J S - - 2004
Risk of coronary heart disease has been related to insulin resistance, but the mechanism for this is incompletely understood. Variables attributed to insulin resistance are associated with low-grade inflammation. A case-control study was performed of 469 male myocardial infarction (MI) survivors aged < 60 years and 575 control subjects recruited ...
Mohan Bishav - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increasing trend of hypertension is a worldwide phenomenon. The data on sustained hypertension in school going children is scanty in India. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of sustained hypertension and obesity in apparently healthy school children in rural and urban areas of Ludhiana using standard ...
Watkins David - - 2004
To examine secular trends in blood pressure over a 10 year period between two representative cohorts of adolescents from Northern Ireland. Repeat cross sectional study. Randomly selected post-primary schools from Northern Ireland. 1015 adolescents studied between 1989 and 1990, and 2017 adolescents studied between 1999 and 2001. Participants were aged ...
Richard G. Ijzerman,Md Coen,D. ...
s associated with increased sympathetic activity, and this explains a large part of the association between birth weight and blood pressure. In addition, our findings suggest that the association between birth weight and sympathetic activity depends on genetic factors. (Circulation. 2003;108:566-571.) Key Words: blood pressure # nervous system # genetics ...
Friberg P - - 2004
AIMS: An increase of left ventricular mass (LVM) has been reported in obese adolescents in previous studies using echocardiography. The aim of our study was to determine the extent of the increase in LVM and correlation to other risk factors using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in obese and lean adolescents. ...
Ulbak Janne - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure tracks from childhood into adulthood, and early diet may have long-term effects on hypertension. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to investigate whether intakes of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs) during lactation and current intakes of macronutrients affect blood pressure in 2.5-y-old Danish children. DESIGN: Mothers ...
Sidhu S - - 2004
Blood pressure readings were collected from 1042 adult females of rural and urban Jat Sikh community of Punjab, a north Indian State. Anthropometric measurements like height, weight and skinfold thickness were also collected. The difference between rural and urban females in systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure was found ...
Lamounier-Zepter V - - 2004
Obesity has become an epidemic problem in western societies, contributing to metabolic diseases, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Although the importance of obesity as a cause of hypertension is well established, the molecular basis of the relationship between obesity and increased blood pressure remains poorly understood. This brief review examines the ...
Al-Basti Habib B HB Department of Plastic Surgery, Hamad General Hospital and Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar. - - 2004
This study measured intraabdominal pressure in morbidly obese and multiparous patients who underwent abdominoplasty with musculoaponeurotic plication. The purpose of this study was to evaluate any potential adverse effect on pulmonary function by virtue of pulmonary function tests and measurement of peak airway pressure. The study included 43 multiparous, morbidly ...
Aziz Kalimuddin - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the blood pressure profile of children in Metroville, a lower middle class urban community of Karachi, Pakistan, and compare it to Pakistan National Health Survey of children. DESIGN: A research survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted by National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Karachi ...
Argilés Angel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies in dialysis patients have identified seasonal variations in blood pressure that may follow climatic parameters such as external temperature and humidity. We aimed to assess the participation of interdialytic body weight gain variations in the seasonal profile of blood pressure. METHODS: Ninety-nine stable patients (40 F/59 M), ...
Starr John M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To establish the relationship between childhood mental ability and adult hypertension. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Non-clinical sample of people born in 1921 who participated in both the Scottish Mental Survey 1932 and the Midspan studies. Nine hundred and thirty-eight people were participants in both studies. MAIN ...
Davy Kevin P - - 2004
The association between obesity and hypertension is well documented, although the exact nature of this relation remains unclear. Sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation appear to play an important role in the sodium and water retention, rightward shift in the pressure-natriuresis, and blood pressure elevation observed in obese individuals. Visceral ...
Jones John Edward - - 2004
Hypertension is often viewed solely as a disease of the adult. However, early indicators of hypertension are frequently observed in young children and neonates. Having an adequate appreciation of the normal range of infant blood pressure is critical for the appropriate management of the conditions associated with elevated or abnormally ...
Pathan M F - - 2004
Co-existence of obesity and type 2 DM exacerbates metabolic and other remediable health consequences further. Various pharmacological therapies have been adopted when changing of lifestyle fail to achieve target glycaemic control. Our objective is to find out whether Orlistat can reduce both weight and need for oral hypoglycaemic agent (OHA) ...
Deschepper Christian F - - 2004
To better understand the contributions of various genetic backgrounds to complex quantitative phenotypes, we have measured several quantitative traits of cardiovascular interest [i.e., systolic blood pressure, weight (corrected by body weight) of several cardiac compartments and adrenals and kidneys, and histological correlates for kidneys and adrenals] in male and female ...
Poston Walker S Carlos - - 2004
Sibutramine is a selective serotonin and noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitor approved for the long-term management of obesity. Its primary mechanism of action is increased satiety, although some evidence also suggests increased energy expenditure could play a role in sibutramine-induced weight loss. It has established general efficacy in long-term trials, with clinically-approved ...
Vitale Giovanni - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is the most common cardiac abnormality in acromegaly. Left ventricular mass (LVM) is an important parameter measured to detect LVH, but the relationship with body size should be considered by correcting LVM to body surface area (BSA), height or height2.7. All trials concerning acromegaly have ...
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